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GIS for Emergency Preparedness and Health Risk Reduction

GIS for Emergency Preparedness and Health Risk Reduction Author David J. Briggs
ISBN-10 9789401006163
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 326
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Geographical Information Systems (GIS) have developed rapidly in recent years and now provide powerful tools for the capture, manipulation, integration, interrogation, modelling, analysis and visualisation of data - tools that are already used for policy support in a wide range of areas at almost all geographic and administrative levels. This holds especially for emergency preparedness and health risk reduction, which are all essentially spatial problems. To date, however, many initiatives have remained disconnected and uncoordinated, leading to less powerful, less compatible and less widely implemented systems than might otherwise have been the case. The important matters discussed here include the probabilistic nature of most environmental hazards and the semi-random factors that influence interactions between these and human exposures; the effects of temporal and spatial scales on hazard assessment and imputed risk; the effects of measurement error in risk estimation and the stratification of risks and their impacts according to socioeconomic characteristics; and the quantification of socioeconomic differences in vulnerability and susceptibility to environmental hazards.



GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management

GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management Author Ric Skinner, GISP
ISBN-10 9781439821312
Release 2010-04-27
Pages 279
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Although many books have been published on the application of GIS in emergency management and disaster response, this is the first one to bring together a comprehensive discussion of the critical role GIS plays in hospital and healthcare emergency management and disaster response. Illustrating a wide range of practical applications, GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management explores how GIS data is being used to assess need, determine surge capacity, and improve logistics in emergency or disaster scenarios. Leading experts in the field provide authoritative coverage of all areas of emergency management involving GIS and related technologies. Making this complex subject accessible for professionals who want to improve their preparedness and response capabilities, this complete resource provides numerous examples, case studies, and proven simulation and modeling tools to aid in the development of effective and efficient emergency response plans. It also includes a CD-ROM with a user interface that supplies access to helpful forms, exercises, color versions of the figures in the book, hundreds of valuable resources, as well as a composite bibliography of all references included in the text. In today’s technology driven environment, failure to plan is planning to fail. This accessible resource provides emergency planners, operations managers, and hospital and healthcare administrators with the understanding and the tools needed to create emergency management and disaster preparedness systems that will help hospitals save lives, time, and money when the next emergency strikes.



Risk Communication and Public Health

Risk Communication and Public Health Author Peter Bennett
ISBN-10 9780199562848
Release 2010
Pages 339
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Bringing together a wide variety of perspectives on risk communication, this up-to-date review of a high profile and topical area includes practical examples and lessons



Risk Science and Sustainability

Risk Science and Sustainability Author Tom Beer
ISBN-10 9789401001670
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 240
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1 AUK ISMAIL-ZADEH ,2, TOM BEER3 1 International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Warshavskoye shosse 79-2, Moscow 113556, Russia; e-mail: [email protected] 2 Geophysikalisches Institut, Universittit Karlsruhe, Hertzstr. 16, Karlsruhe 76187, Germany; e-mail: [email protected] 3 CSIRO Environmental Risk Network, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Vic. 3195 Australia; e-mail: [email protected] The world faces major threats to the sustainability of our planet. These threats are accompanied by the immediate dangers of natural and man-made disasters. Our vulnerability to them is greatly magnified with each passing year undermining our ability to maintain a sustainable and productive world into the 21st Century and beyond. Both history and common sense teach us that science has a tremendous potential to find ways to cope with these threats. 1 The EUROSCIENCE working group "Science and Urgent Problems of Society" 2 and the IUGG Commission on Geophysical Risk and Sustainability were initiators of the EUROSCIENCE - IUGG Advanced Research Workshop "Science for Reduction of Risk and Sustainable Development of Society" sponsored by the NATO Science Program. The Workshop was held on 15-16 June 2002 in Budapest, Hungary. More than 40 participants from 17 countries took part in the Workshop. Talks and discussions addressed mainly the question of how science can help in reduction of risk and sustainable development of society.



Comparative Risk Assessment and Environmental Decision Making

Comparative Risk Assessment and Environmental Decision Making Author Igor Linkov
ISBN-10 1402018967
Release 2004-05-31
Pages 436
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Rome (Anzio), Italy, October 13-16, 2002



Improving Disaster Resilience and Mitigation IT Means and Tools

Improving Disaster Resilience and Mitigation   IT Means and Tools Author Horia-Nicolai Teodorescu
ISBN-10 9789401791366
Release 2014-09-08
Pages 344
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The focus of this volume is comprised of the fundamentals, models, and information technologies (IT) methods and tools for disaster prediction and mitigation. A more detailed list of topics includes mathematical and computational modeling of processes leading to or producing disasters, modeling of disaster effects, IT means for disaster mitigation, including data mining tools, knowledge-based and expert systems for use in disaster circumstances, GIS-based systems for disaster prevention and mitigation and equipment for disaster-prone areas. A specific type or class of disasters (natural or human-made), however will not be part of the main focus of this work. Instead, this book was conceived to offer a comprehensive, integrative view on disasters, seeking to determine what various disasters have in common. Because disaster resilience and mitigation involve humans, societies and cultures, not only technologies and economic models, special attention was paid in this volume to gain a comprehensive view on these issues, as a foundation of the IT tool design.



Index of Conference Proceedings

Index of Conference Proceedings Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105024163532
Release 2002
Pages
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Index of Conference Proceedings has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Index of Conference Proceedings also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Index of Conference Proceedings book for free.



Strong Safe and Resilient

Strong  Safe  and Resilient Author Abhas K. Jha
ISBN-10 9780821398319
Release 2013-04-10
Pages 202
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Disaster risk management is essential in the fight against poverty. Disasters can, in an instant, wipe out decades of hard-fought poverty reduction and development gains and push countless households into poverty. Disasters disproportionally affect the poor: Vulnerable and marginalized groups, including women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities, are at particular risk. East Asia and the Pacific is the most disaster-stricken region in the world, suffering from small recurrent as well as rare high-impact events. East Asia is rapidly urbanizing, and cities are becoming disaster hotspots. Unplanned or poorly planned urbanization, which puts more people and assets in harm’s way, is the single largest driver of disaster risk. There is deep uncertainty about future disaster and climate risks, challenging our ability to adapt to new developments and changing the physical and natural environment. Decision makers can make a significant difference by effectively managing disaster risk and building resilience. With education and communication, preparedness, and investments, urbanization can be channeled as a tremendous positive force for development. By decreasing disaster exposure and vulnerability through systematic assessments and communication of risks, better land-use planning, and many other practical measures, the impacts of natural hazards can be reduced significantly. At the same time, it is necessary to recognize that the risks of disasters cannot be entirely eliminated, and countries need to plan for failure by considering different scenarios, especially within complex systems and networks. Preventive investments in risk reduction and emergency preparedness can be extremely cost-effective and can greatly reduce the impact of natural hazards. Governments can prioritize actions based on informed decisions about the level of risk to reduce the risks from disasters. Public investments, such as early-warning systems, retrofitting of critical infrastructure at risk, and mainstreaming systematic risk assessments into relevant public investment planning processes, can help to reduce poverty and promote sustainable economic growth. The World Bank supports countries around the world in mainstreaming a comprehensive and integrated approach to disaster risk management into development. The World Bank provides analytical and advisory services, helps to build climate and disaster resilience into core investments across sectors, and offers unique financial solutions to better manage the contingent fiscal risks from disasters.



Environmental health in Central Asia

Environmental health in Central Asia Author Dilorom Fayzieva
ISBN-10 1853129453
Release 2004
Pages 257
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This book provides information on how environmental conditions in Central Asia have been affected by anthropogenic activity and reviews research carried out during the last decades on the impact of the environment on the health of the region's people. Contents: Air Quality and Population Health in Central Asia; Hydrosphere and Health of Population in the Aral Sea Basin; Influence of Environmental Factors on Development of Non-Communicable Diseases; Environment and Infectious Diseases; Occupational Hygiene in Industry and Agriculture and Some Aspects of Professional Pathology; Environment and Children's Health in Central Asia; Use of Pesticides in Agriculture and Health of Population; Environmental Health Research in the Aral Sea Area: Past Achievements and Future Prospects.



Role of GIS in Lifting the Cloud Off Chernobyl

Role of GIS in Lifting the Cloud Off Chernobyl Author Jaromir Kolejka
ISBN-10 140200768X
Release 2002-08-31
Pages 160
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Role of Geoinformation Technology in Mitigation of Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, held in Yalta, Ukraine, 17-21 September 2001



Science

Science Author John Michels
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112037729792
Release 2001
Pages
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Science has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Science also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Science book for free.



Books in Print

Books in Print Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062097707
Release 2005
Pages
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Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.



Flood Risk Management Hazards Vulnerability and Mitigation Measures

Flood Risk Management  Hazards  Vulnerability and Mitigation Measures Author Jochen Schanze
ISBN-10 9781402045981
Release 2007-09-17
Pages 319
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Floods are of increasing public concern world-wide due to increasing damages and unacceptably high numbers of injuries. Previous approaches of flood protection led to limited success especially during recent extreme events. Therefore, an integrated flood risk management is required which takes into consideration both the hydrometeorogical and the societal processes. Moreover, real effects of risk mitigation measures have to be critically assessed. The book draws a comprehensive picture of all these aspects and their interrelations. It furthermore provides a lot of detail on earth observation, flood hazard modelling, climate change, flood forecasting, modelling vulnerability, mitigation measures and the various dimensions of management strategies. In addition to local and regional results of science, engineering and social science investigations on modelling and management, transboundary co-operation of large river catchments are of interest. Based on this, the book is a valuable source of the state of the art in flood risk management but also covers future demands for research and practice in terms of flood issues.



Successful Response Starts with a Map

Successful Response Starts with a Map Author Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure
ISBN-10 9780309103404
Release 2006-12-19
Pages 198
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In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself. Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management, and recommends ways to increase and improve their use. This book explores emergency planning and response; how geospatial data and tools are currently being used in this field; the current policies that govern their use; various issues related to data accessibility and security; training; and funding. Successful Response Starts with a Map recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and the tools themselves.



GeoSpatial Visual Analytics

GeoSpatial Visual Analytics Author Raffaele de Amicis
ISBN-10 9789048128990
Release 2009-07-11
Pages 508
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Access, distribution and processing of Geographic Information (GI) are basic preconditions to support strategic environmental decision-making. The heterogeneity of information on the environment today available is driving a wide number of initiatives, on both sides of the Atlantic, all advocating both the strategic role of proper management and processing of environme- related data as well as the importance of harmonized IT infrastructures designed to better monitor and manage the environment. The extremely wide range of often multidimensional environmental information made available at the global scale poses a great challenge to technologists and scientists to find extremely sophisticated yet effective ways to provide access to relevant data patterns within such a vast and highly dynamic information flow. In the past years the domain of 3D scientific visualization has developed several solutions designed for operators requiring to access results of a simulation through the use of 3D visualization that could support the understanding of an evolving phenomenon. However 3D data visualization alone does not provide model and hypothesis-making neither it provide tools to validate results. In order overcome this shortcoming, in recent years scientists have developed a discipline that combines the benefits of data mining and information visualization, which is often referred to as Visual Analytics (VA).



Software Agents Agent Systems and Their Applications

Software Agents  Agent Systems and Their Applications Author Mohammad Essaaidi
ISBN-10 9781607508175
Release 2012
Pages 347
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Seen by many as the next revolution in software development for large, complex, distributed systems, agent systems represent one of the more exciting research areas in computer science. With the development of powerful personal devices, the vision of a personal agent now seems increasingly appealing too. It can even be claimed that intelligent software agents will eventually become an essential part of Web 4.0. Software agents are finding their way into areas such as environmental security, climate change, seismic safety, epidemic prevention, detection and response, computer emergency response and human and societal dynamics. Because these are of direct interest to the NATO Science for Peace and Security Program, a NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) dealing with the subject was held in Tangier, Morocco, in September 2010. This book presents the content of that ASI. This book is divided into three sections: Foundations, Applications and Student Papers. Subjects covered include agent system modeling, system design and experimentation, sensor networks, disaster management, ehealth and medical emergencies, management of UAVs and agents in the grid. Agent systems security and the application of agents in network security are also addressed and the final section includes participant presentations. The book has been designed to be usable as a textbook - for example, in a graduate course covering software agents, agent systems and their applications - and will be of interest to all those involved in related fields



Integration of Information for Environmental Security

Integration of Information for Environmental Security Author H. Gonca Coskun
ISBN-10 9781402065743
Release 2008-10-28
Pages 484
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Water management and disasters, including droughts and floods are becoming very important subjects in the international platforms. This book will provide information about high technology techniques to solve important problems using remote sensing and GIS for topics such as the environmental security, water resources management, disaster forecast and prevention and information security.