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Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience

Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience Author Diana Scharff Peterson
ISBN-10 9781315351476
Release 2017-11-02
Pages 340
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Inspired by the dialogue between practitioners and academics of nearly thirty countries, this edited volume includes updated articles on global crime prevention initiatives and best practices in building community resilience presented at the International Police Executive Symposium’s (IPES) 25th annual meeting in Sofia, Bulgaria in 2014. A new book in the highly-regarded IPES Co-Publications series, Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience offers strategies for crime and violence prevention and community initiatives for crime reduction, while promoting current best practices for police effectiveness, safety, and professionalism. The book includes eighteen chapters from police leaders, practitioners and academics around the world in efforts to demonstrate effective strategies for the prevention of crime and innovative techniques in assisting crime victims. In an increasingly global reality, this text gives voice to valuable members of the international policing community.



Economic Development Crime and Policing

Economic Development  Crime  and Policing Author Frederic Lemieux
ISBN-10 9781482204575
Release 2014-12-04
Pages 364
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The 22nd Annual Meeting of the International Police Executive Symposium was held in August 2012 at the United Nations Plaza in New York. Chaired by Dr. Garth den Heyer, the symposium focused on the links between economic development, armed violence, and public safety. Drawn from these proceedings, Economic Development, Crime, and Policing: Global Perspectives presents the insight of police leaders and researchers from a number of countries. They provide worldwide perspectives and case studies about the complex interrelations and influence of these issues on police practice in developed, developing, and transitioning countries. Topics include: Youth violence in society Economic downturn and global crime trends Restorative justice and recidivism Community-based policing Investigation techniques applied to financial crimes Policing gang violence Implementation of the rule of law in postconflict countries Policing transportation infrastructures The book organizes these topics according to regional perspectives (global, modern democracies, emerging democracies, and newly industrialized countries). It highlights ongoing response efforts related to challenges facing the police in emerging or newly democratized states. The book concludes with a comprehensive review of the fundamental elements of police reform and explores how such changes might affect society. It discusses the role of society in reforming police systems and suggests new directions for this broad research agenda. This book is a co-publication with the International Police Executive Symposium.



Global Perspectives on Youth Gang Behavior Violence and Weapons Use

Global Perspectives on Youth Gang Behavior  Violence  and Weapons Use Author Harding, Simon
ISBN-10 9781466699397
Release 2016-02-02
Pages 425
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Youth violence has become a concern as gangs become a popular option for urban children and teenagers and weapons use among young populations becomes more prevalent. Exploring the psychological motivations and foundations upon which such violence is developed and cultivated can assist in better understanding the modern dilemma of violence, weapons use, and gang behavior among children, teenagers, and young adults. Global Perspectives on Youth Gang Behavior, Violence, and Weapons Use reconsiders the traditional understandings of youth violence in various forms, such as gang activities, criminal behavior, and weapons use. Focusing on the psychosocial elements of violence among children, teenagers, and young adults, this timely publication is ideally designed for use by policy makers and government executives, professionals, educators, and graduate-level students involved in psychology, criminology, social work, and criminal justice studies.



Beyond Suppression

Beyond Suppression Author Joan Serra Hoffman
ISBN-10 0313383456
Release 2011
Pages 251
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"This book presents a most captivating and thorough account of trafficking in human beings in the context of a globalized world of the 21st century. This publication, unlike many others, provides a full account of the extent of human misery, crime, and the exploitation of those misusing democracy, mobility, as well as human rights and civic liberties. It is fascinating reading for all those who seek to deepen their knowledge of the international community and its reaction to the ever-growing trade with human beings, the new form of slavery of the 21st century."---Peter von Bethlenfalvy Director, 10M Vienna/Head of Special Liaison Mission to the OSCE and International Organizations, 10M Ambassador to the UN "Criminal justice professors Clarke and Newman present a systematic approach that security agencies can use to fight terrorism. The focus is on identifying opportunities for attacks and then blocking or removing them before terrorists can strike. The authors, who are affiliated with the Center for Problem Oriented Policing, also offer suggestions for developing a more rational and effective homeland security policy in the United States."---Reference & Research Book News All around the world, youth violence---defined as violence committed by or against individuals ages 10-29---is occurring with alarming frequency; 565 young people die every day as a result of interpersonal assaults. What can be done to end this needless violence? The magnitude of the problem of youth violence in nations throughout the world is shocking. What is encouraging is that strategies to combat this issue do appear to work. For example, community-based restorative justice programs in Northern Ireland reduced retaliatory strikes by paramilitary youth groups by 75 percent, and research trials of policy and intervention strategies, such as parent training and early childhood education, have been shown to significantly reduce youth violence. This text offers a comprehensive overview of youth violence, including background information that defines the problem internationally, a conceptual framework for understanding approaches to youth violence, examinations of multiple case studies, and examples of prevention programs. The final section presents conclusions and suggested strategies for dealing with interpersonal violence and recommendations for future policy.



Police Misconduct

Police Misconduct Author Cliff Roberson
ISBN-10 9781315393728
Release 2017-02-17
Pages 177
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This book explores the different types of police misconduct including the use of excessive force. It also explores what types of officers become involved in illegal misconduct, steps jurisdictions may take to prevent such problems, and discusses who should police the police. Also included is a historical analysis of police misconduct, discussions on the legal restrictions designed to prevent police misconduct, and steps that the jurisdiction may take to limit their liability. Ancillary material is available with course adoption.



The Pocket Universal Methods of Design

The Pocket Universal Methods of Design Author Bruce Hanington
ISBN-10 9781631595349
Release 2017-11-21
Pages 208
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This handy, pocket-version of the Universal Methods of Design provides the same thorough and critical presentation of 100 research methods, synthesis/analysis techniques, and research deliverables for human centered design. And now it’s delivered in a concise, accessible format that fits in any bag or purse! Each method of research is distilled down to its most powerful essence, in a format that will help design teams select and implement the most credible research methods best suited to their design culture within the constraints of their projects.



Handbook on the Crime Prevention Guidelines

Handbook on the Crime Prevention Guidelines Author United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
ISBN-10 9211303001
Release 2010
Pages 114
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All countries strive to ensure safety and security for their citizens and to increase the quality of their lives. The Handbook offers a concise overview of the main considerations to be taken into account in planning and implementing crime prevention strategies and interventions. it also recognises that there are some major differences between regions and countries in terms of the challenges posed by crime and victimization And The importance of adapting programmes to local contexts. The main emphasis is on how crime prevention strategies based on the guidelines developed by the United Nations can be entrenched and sustained over time. it includes information on the kinds of methods and tools that can be utilised and are becoming increasingly available.



Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health Author Bruce W. Clements
ISBN-10 9780128019894
Release 2016-02-23
Pages 538
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Disasters and Public Health: Planning and Response, Second Edition, examines the critical intersection between emergency management and public health. It provides a succinct overview of the actions that may be taken before, during, and after a major public health emergency or disaster to reduce morbidity and mortality. Five all-new chapters at the beginning of the book describe how policy and law drive program structures and strategies leading to the establishment and maintenance of preparedness capabilities. New topics covered in this edition include disaster behavioral health, which is often the most expensive and longest-term recovery challenge in a public health emergency, and community resilience, a valuable resource upon which most emergency programs and responses depend. The balance of the book provides an in-depth review of preparedness, response, and recovery challenges for 15 public health threats. These chapters also provide lessons learned from responses to each threat, giving users a well-rounded introduction to public health preparedness and response that is rooted in experience and practice. Contains seven new chapters that cover law, vulnerable populations, behavioral health, community resilience, preparedness capabilities, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, and foodborne threats Provides clinical updates by new MD co-author Includes innovative preparedness approaches and lessons learned from current and historic public health and medical responses that enhance clarity and provide valuable examples to readers Presents increased international content and case studies for a global perspective on public health



Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad

Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad Author Ami C. Carpenter
ISBN-10 9781461488125
Release 2013-10-04
Pages 156
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The recent conflict in Iraq evolved from an insurgency against the interim U.S. led government (the Coalition Provisional Authority or CPA) into a sectarian civil war. Violence became widespread, especially in areas of Baghdad City such as Sadr City, Al Amiriyah, and Al Adhamiya. However, a number of multiethnic neighborhoods in Baghdad successfully prevented sectarian attitudes and behaviors from taking hold. Four communities stand out in their self-organization to prevent the escalation of violence. This book looks at what makes these communities different from other areas within Baghdad. In-depth interviews in Sunni-dominant, Shia-dominant and Mixed neighborhoods generated a few key insights about conflict-resilience, or the capacity to prevent structural changes associated with conflict escalation. Key factors turned out to be the organization of non-sectarian self-defense groups, place attachment, collective efficacy, active intervention to de-escalate tensions, and also the presence of local religious leaders who forbid sectarian attacks. The continuity or strength of interpersonal relationships supported by the integrated physical structure of these neighborhoods and internal versus tribal conflict resolution mechanisms played a role as well. This volume examines the characteristics of the communities that have successfully prevented the rise of violence, and how they are able to maintain qualities of resilience to violent conflict.



The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society

The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society Author John S. Dryzek
ISBN-10 9780199566600
Release 2011-08-18
Pages 727
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A systematic examination by the best writers in a variety of fields working on issues of how climate change affects society, and how social, economic, and political systems can, do, and should respond.



Hazards Risks and Disasters in Society

Hazards  Risks  and Disasters in Society Author Andrew E. Collins
ISBN-10 9780123964748
Release 2014-11-21
Pages 424
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Hazards, Risks, and Disasters in Society provides analyses of environmentally related catastrophes within society in historical, political and economic contexts. Personal and corporate culture mediates how people may become more vulnerable or resilient to hazard exposure. Societies that strengthen themselves, or are strengthened, mitigate decline and resultant further exposure to what are largely human induced risks of environmental, social and economic degradation. This book outlines why it is important to explore in more depth the relationships between environmental hazards, risk and disasters in society. It presents challenges presented by mainstream and non-mainstream approaches to the human side of disaster studies. By hazard categories this book includes critical processes and outcomes that significantly disrupt human wellbeing over brief or long time-frames. Whilst hazards, risks and disasters impact society, individuals, groups, institutions and organisations offset the effects by becoming strong, healthy, resilient, caring and creative. Innovations can arise from social organisation in times of crisis. This volume includes much of use to practitioners and policy makers needing to address both prevention and response activities. Notably, as people better engage prevalent hazards and risks they exercise a process that has become known as disaster risk reduction (DRR). In a context of climatic risks this is also indicative of climate change adaptation (CCA). Ultimately it represents the quest for development of sustainable environmental and societal futures. Throughout the book cases studies are derived from the world of hazards risks and disasters in society. Includes sections on prevention of and response to hazards, risks and disasters Provides case studies of prominent societal challenges of hazards, risks and disasters Innovative approaches to dealing with disaster drawing from multiple disciplines and sectors



The Oxford Handbook of Stress Health and Coping

The Oxford Handbook of Stress  Health  and Coping Author Susan Folkman
ISBN-10 9780195375343
Release 2011
Pages 469
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The Oxford Handbook of Stress, Health, and Coping is an essential reference work for students, practitioners, and researchers across the fields of health psychology, medicine, and palliative care. Featuring 22 topic-based chapters -- including two by Folkman -- this volume offers unprecedented coverage of the two primary research topics related to stress and coping: mitigating stress-related harms and sustaining well-being in the face of stress. Both topics are addressed within their relevant contexts, including chronic illness, calamity, bereavement, and social hardship. This handbook is sure to serve as the benchmark publication in this growing field for years to come.



Community Disaster Recovery and Resiliency

Community Disaster Recovery and Resiliency Author DeMond S. Miller
ISBN-10 1420088238
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 634
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Once again nature’s fury has taken a toll in pain, suffering, and lives lost. In recognition of the need for a rapid and appropriate response, CRC Press will donate $5 to the American Red Cross for every copy of Community Disaster Recovery and Resiliency: Exploring Global Opportunities and Challenges sold. In the past, societies would learn from disasters and move the location of their urban development to safer areas, allowing naturally occurring ecosystems to maintain themselves and for societies to exist symbiotically with the environment. These days, however, it seems that society no longer takes cues from the environment but rather relies on technical advancement to attempt to control and overcome the environment, sometimes with wholly unsuccessful and even catastrophic results. Emphasizing non-traditional approaches to disaster recovery and rebuilding communities, Community Disaster Recovery and Resiliency: Exploring Global Opportunities and Challenges brings together leading research from top academics and scholars on the different ways various societies have experienced disasters, learned from them, and revised their thinking about building community preparedness and resiliency pre- and post-disaster. Provides a clear, concise, and up-to-date understanding of best practices for rebuilding community institutions and community development after a disaster Focuses on integrated solutions for ecological restoration and community development in disaster recovery planning and implementation Compares and contrasts community rebuilding between different nations at different stages of development, economic power, and stability Includes case studies that illustrate best practices, integrating the concept of community and community rebuilding for local, national, and international stakeholders All chapters offer diverse community examples that form a framework for comparing best practices. They focus on integrated solutions for ecological restoration and community development and explain how communities can reduce their vulnerability to disasters and reduce recovery time following a disaster. The book indentifies the opportunities and challenges communities are most likely to face on the road to recovery and supplies the interdisciplinary, social scientific understanding required to effectively address those challenges.



The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship

The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship Author Kim S. Cameron
ISBN-10 9780199989959
Release 2013-05-02
Pages 1106
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Revised edition of: Oxford handbook of positive psychology and work / edited by P. Alex Linley, Susan Harrington, Nicola Garcea. -- Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.



Oxford Handbook of Happiness

Oxford Handbook of Happiness Author Susan David
ISBN-10 9780198714620
Release 2014-02-13
Pages 1097
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A text for researchers and practitioners interested in human happiness. Its editors and chapter contributors are world leaders in the investigation of happiness across the fields of psychology, education, philosophy, social policy and economics.



United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Newsletter

United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Newsletter Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105113500966
Release 1996
Pages
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United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Newsletter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Newsletter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Newsletter book for free.



Urban Disaster Resilience and Security

Urban Disaster Resilience and Security Author Alexander Fekete
ISBN-10 9783319686066
Release 2017-12-04
Pages 518
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This edited book investigates the interrelations of disaster impacts, resilience and security in an urban context. Urban as a term captures megacities, cities, and generally, human settlements, that are characterised by concentration of quantifiable and non-quantifiable subjects, objects and value attributions to them. The scope is to narrow down resilience from an all-encompassing concept to applied ways of scientifically attempting to ‚measure’ this type of disaster related resilience. 28 chapters in this book reflect opportunities and doubts of the disaster risk science community regarding this ‚measurability’. Therefore, examples utilising both quantitative and qualitative approaches are juxtaposed. This book concentrates on features that are distinct characteristics of resilience, how they can be measured and in what sense they are different to vulnerability and risk parameters. Case studies in 11 countries either use a hypothetical pre-event estimation of resilience or are addressing a ‘revealed resilience’ evident and documented after an event. Such information can be helpful to identify benchmarks or margins of impact magnitudes and related recovery times, volumes and qualities of affected populations and infrastructure.