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Gustav Robert Kirchhoff s Treatise On the Theory of Light Rays 1882

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff s Treatise  On the Theory of Light Rays   1882 Author G. Kirchhoff
ISBN-10 981314713X
Release 2016-08-25
Pages 155
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The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to Kirchhoff's life, an analysis of the reception to Kirchhoff's paper through the ages, a discussion on why Kirchhoff's theory manages to produce accurate predictions in spite of being "wrong," and views on the theory as well as its predecessor and subsequent developments. This anthology will make all English-speaking scientists, engineers, historians, and interested laymen aware of the great fecundity of Kirchhoff's thought and historical context.



Gustav Robert Kirchhoff s Treatise On the Theory of Light Rays 1882

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff s Treatise    On the Theory of Light Rays     1882 Author Klaus Hentschel
ISBN-10 9789813147164
Release 2016-08-25
Pages 168
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The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to Kirchhoff's life, an analysis of the reception to Kirchhoff's paper through the ages, a discussion on why Kirchhoff's theory manages to produce accurate predictions in spite of being "wrong", and views on the theory as well as its predecessor and subsequent developments. This anthology will make all English-speaking scientists, engineers, historians, and interested laymen aware of the great fecundity of Kirchhoff's thought and historical context.



Gustav Robert Kirchhoff s Treatise n the Theory of Light Rays 1882

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff s Treatise    n the Theory of Light Rays  1882 Author Gustav Kirchhoff
ISBN-10 9813147156
Release 2016
Pages 166
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"The 1882 paper by the mathematical physicist Gustav Robert Kirchhoff on diffraction theory is still being discussed to this day, but has never been translated into English. This volume contains the first English translation of the Kirchhoff treatise, as well as background and commentary on it. Included are a biographical introduction to Kirchhoff's life, an analysis of the reception to Kirchhoff's paper through the ages, a discussion on why Kirchhoff's theory manages to produce accurate predictions in spite of being "wrong", and views on the theory as well as its predecessor and subsequent developments. This anthology will make all English-speaking scientists, engineers, historians, and interested laymen aware of the great fecundity of Kirchhoff's thought and historical context."--Publisher's website.



Photons

Photons Author Klaus Hentschel
ISBN-10 9783319952529
Release 2018-08-16
Pages 231
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This book focuses on the gradual formation of the concept of ‘light quanta’ or ‘photons’, as they have usually been called in English since 1926. The great number of synonyms that have been used by physicists to denote this concept indicates that there are many different mental models of what ‘light quanta’ are: simply finite, ‘quantized packages of energy’ or ‘bullets of light’? ‘Atoms of light’ or ‘molecules of light’? ‘Light corpuscles’ or ‘quantized waves’? Singularities of the field or spatially extended structures able to interfere? ‘Photons’ in G.N. Lewis’s sense, or as defined by QED, i.e. virtual exchange particles transmitting the electromagnetic force? The term ‘light quantum’ made its first appearance in Albert Einstein’s 1905 paper on a “heuristic point of view” to cope with the photoelectric effect and other forms of interaction of light and matter, but the mental model associated with it has a rich history both before and after 1905. Some of its semantic layers go as far back as Newton and Kepler, some are only fully expressed several decades later, while others initially increased in importance then diminished and finally vanished. In conjunction with these various terms, several mental models of light quanta were developed—six of them are explored more closely in this book. It discusses two historiographic approaches to the problem of concept formation: (a) the author’s own model of conceptual development as a series of semantic accretions and (b) Mark Turner’s model of ‘conceptual blending’. Both of these models are shown to be useful and should be explored further. This is the first historiographically sophisticated history of the fully fledged concept and all of its twelve semantic layers. It systematically combines the history of science with the history of terms and a philosophically inspired history of ideas in conjunction with insights from cognitive science.



Researches on the Solar Spectrum and the Spectra of the Chemical Elements

Researches on the Solar Spectrum  and the Spectra of the Chemical Elements Author Gustav Robert Kirchhoff
ISBN-10 WISC:89070961198
Release 1862
Pages 36
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Researches on the Solar Spectrum and the Spectra of the Chemical Elements has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Researches on the Solar Spectrum and the Spectra of the Chemical Elements also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Researches on the Solar Spectrum and the Spectra of the Chemical Elements book for free.



Introduction to Quantum Field Theory

Introduction to Quantum Field Theory Author Roberto Casalbuoni
ISBN-10 9789813146686
Release 2017-04-06
Pages 380
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This book deals with quantum field theory, the language of modern elementary particles physics. Based on university lectures given by the author, this volume provides a detailed technical treatment of quantum field theory that is particularly useful for students; it begins with the quantization of the most important free fields, the scalar, the spin-1/2 and the photon fields, and is then followed by a detailed account of symmetry properties, including a discussion on global and local symmetries and the spontaneous breaking of symmetries. Perturbation theory, one-loop effects for quantum electrodynamics, and renormalization properties are also covered. In this second edition new chapters have been introduced with a general description of path integral quantization both on quantum mechanics and in quantum field theory, with a particular attention to the gauge fields. The path integral quantization of Fermi fields is also discussed. Request Inspection Copy



The Laws of Radiation and Absorption Memoirs by PR vost Stewart Kirchhoff and Kirchhoff and Bunsen

The Laws of Radiation and Absorption  Memoirs by PR  vost  Stewart  Kirchhoff  and Kirchhoff and Bunsen Author Gustav Kirchhoff
ISBN-10 1376534444
Release 2018-02-02
Pages 152
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.



Free And Interacting Quantum Fields

Free And Interacting Quantum Fields Author Merches Ioan
ISBN-10 9789813145481
Release 2017-10-25
Pages 740
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Modern physics is characterized by two great theories, which make it fundamentally different from its predecessor: quantum theory and theory of relativity. In this book we want to bring to the reader's attention several solutions to problems connected to the quantum-relativistic interaction of particles. Remarkably, such solutions furnished rigorous and pertinent explanations of a large set of phenomena, both in microscopic world and galactic universe. Contents: PrefaceIntroductionClassical and Quantum Free FieldsThe Gravitational Transmutations HypothesisTomonaga–Schwinger Representation of Dynamics of a Quantum Physical System. Matrix Elements of the Field Operators and Feynman{Dyson-Type Rules for High-Spin ParticlesFundamentals of Gauge Theories. The Minimal Coupling PrincipleThe Gravitational Field Interacting with Other FieldsInteraction of Scalar, Spinorial, Spin-Vectorial and Tensorial Particles, and the Gravitational Field Described by the Schwarzschild MetricScattering of Electrons and Photogeneration of Gravitons in External Gravitational FieldInteraction of Scalar, Spinorial, Vectorial, Spin-Vectorial and Tensorial Particles with the Axially-Symmetric Gravitational Field Described by the Kerr MetricSoftware Package for Analytical Calculation of Differential Cross-Sections of Gravitational Scattering of High-Spin ParticlesAppendices: Isotopic FormalismThe Dirac Matrices and the Dirac EquationOperatorial TransformationsSingular FunctionsIntegration Formulas in Momentum SpaceMatrix Elements of the Field Operators and First-Order Vertices for the Gravitational Interaction of ParticlesExpressions of the Coeffcients-Functions of the Differential and Integral Scattering Cross-Sections of Particles in the External Axially-Symmetric Gravitational Field Described by the Kerr MetricValues of Several Physical Quantities in CGS and Natural (ħ = 1, c = 1) Unit Systems. Equivalence Between Different Units of Measurement Readership: Researchers and graduate students in quantum field theory and theoretical physics. Keywords: Quantum FieldsReview: Key Features: In this book we present several solutions to problems connected to the quantum-relativistic interaction of particles. Remarkably, such solutions furnished rigorous and pertinent explanations of a large set of phenomena, both in microscopic world and universe



Abhandlungen Uber Mechanische Warmetheorie Scholar s Choice Edition

Abhandlungen Uber Mechanische Warmetheorie   Scholar s Choice Edition Author Max Planck
ISBN-10 1297350987
Release 2015-02-19
Pages 52
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.



Dictionary of World Biography

Dictionary of World Biography Author Barry Jones
ISBN-10 1922144495
Release 2013
Pages
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Dictionary of World Biography has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Dictionary of World Biography also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Dictionary of World Biography book for free.



Emergent Phenomena In Atomic Nuclei From Large scale Modeling A Symmetry guided Perspective

Emergent Phenomena In Atomic Nuclei From Large scale Modeling  A Symmetry guided Perspective Author Launey Kristina D
ISBN-10 9789813146068
Release 2017-07-05
Pages 392
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This book is a unique collection of reviews that share a common topic, emergent phenomena in atomic nuclei, while revealing the multifaceted nature of the subject, from quarks to heavy nuclei. It tells an amazing story of a decades-long journey of trials and successes, up to present days, with the aim to understand the vast array of experimental data and the fundamentals of strongly interacting fermions. The emphasis is on discovering emergent orderly patterns amidst the overarching complexity of many-particle quantum-mechanical systems. Recent findings are discussed within an interesting framework: a combination of nuclear theory and experiment, of group theory and computational science, and of pivotal models of astonishing simplicity and state-of-the-art models empowered by supercomputers. A special theme resonates throughout the book: the important role of symmetries, exact and approximate, in exposing emergent features and guiding large-scale nuclear modeling. World-renowned experts offer their unique perspective on symmetries in the world of quarks and gluons, and that of protons and neurons — from chiral symmetry, through spin-isospin and quasi-spin symmetries, to symplectic symmetry, — as well as on the emergent nature of nuclear collectivity, clustering, and pairing, viewed from spectroscopy, microscopic considerations, and first principles. The book provides an excellent foundation that allows researchers and graduate students in physics and applied mathematics to review the current status of the subject, and to further explore the research literature through exhaustive sets of references that also point to studies underpinned by similar techniques in condensed matter and atomic physics along with quantum information.



Visual Cultures in Science and Technology

Visual Cultures in Science and Technology Author Klaus Hentschel
ISBN-10 9780198717874
Release 2014
Pages 496
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This book offers a broad, comparative survey of a booming field within the history of science: the history, generation, use, and function of images in scientific practice. It explores every aspect of visuality in science, arguing for the concept of visual domains. What makes a good scientific image? What cultural baggage is essential to it? How are imagery and text interwined? The interdisciplinary field of visual studies borders on the history of the arts andculture. Intended for a general audience, the present book is based on an extensive range of historical sources in the natural sciences, technology and medicine, particularly physics, astronomy, andchemistry. The temporal context is the early-modern period up to the late 20th century.



The Reader s Encyclopedia

The Reader s Encyclopedia Author William Rose Benét
ISBN-10 0713649852
Release 1998
Pages 1144
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A revised one-volume encyclopedia with over 10,000 informative entries,covering biographies of poets, playwrights, novelists and essayistsfrom Aristophanes, to Toni Morrison, from Chuang Tzu to Gabriel GarciaMarquez. There are plot summaries, sketches of principal characters,myths, legends and folklore, biographies of artists, musicians andhistorical personages, as well as accounts of significant schools andmovements in literature, and recipients of major literary awards.



Electromagnetics and Network Theory and their Microwave Technology Applications

Electromagnetics and Network Theory and their Microwave Technology Applications Author Stefan Lindenmeier
ISBN-10 3642183751
Release 2011-07-13
Pages 381
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This volume provides a discussion of the challenges and perspectives of electromagnetics and network theory and their microwave applications in all aspects. It collects the most interesting contribution of the symposium dedicated to Professor Peter Russer held in October 2009 in Munich.



Quantifying Music

Quantifying Music Author H.F. Cohen
ISBN-10 9789401576864
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 308
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The soul rejoices in perceiving harmonious sound; when the sound is not harmonious it is grieved. From these affects of the soul are derived the name of consonances for the harmonic proportions, and the name of dissonances for the unharmonic proportions. When to this is added the other harmonie proportion whieh consists of the longer or shorter duration of musical sound, then the soul stirs the body to jumping dance, the tongue to inspired speech, according to the same laws. The artisans accommodate to these harmonies the blows of their hammers, the soldiers their pace. As long as the harmonies endure, everything is alive; everything stiffens, when they are disturbed.! Thus the German astronomer, Johannes Kepler, evokes the power of music. Where does this power come from? What properties of music enable it to stir up emotions which may go far beyond just feeling generally pleased, and which may express themselves, for instance, in weeping; in laughing; in trembling over the whole body; in a marked acceleration of breathing and heartbeat; in participating in the rhythm with the head, the hands, the arms, and the feet? From the beginning of musical theory the answer to this question has been sought in two different directions.



Balances

Balances Author Erich Robens
ISBN-10 9783642364471
Release 2013-10-01
Pages 730
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The book deals mainly with direct mass determination by means of a conventional balances. It covers the history of the balance from the beginnings in Egypt earlier than 3000 BC to recent developments. All balance types are described with emphasis on scientific balances. Methods of indirect mass determination, which are applied to very light objects like molecules and the basic particles of matter and celestial bodies, are included. As additional guidance, today’s manufacturers are listed and the profile of important companies is reviewed. Several hundred photographs, reproductions and drawings show instruments and their uses. This book includes commercial weighing instruments for merchandise and raw materials in workshops as well as symbolic weighing in the ancient Egyptian’s ceremony of ‘Weighing of the Heart’, the Greek fate balance, the Roman Justitia, Juno Moneta and Middle Ages scenes of the Last Judgement with Jesus or St. Michael and of modern balances. The photographs are selected from the slide-archives of the late Richard Vieweg (1896-1972) (former President of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany), of the late Hans R. Jenemann (1920-1966) (former head of the Analytical Laboratory of Schott & Gen., Mainz, Germany) and of his wife Irene (1933-2008) and of Erich Robens.



Theory of Diffraction

Theory of Diffraction Author I︠U︡riĭ Aleksandrovich Kravt︠s︡ov
ISBN-10 1842653725
Release 2010
Pages 387
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This title outlines the asymptotic methods in the theory of diffraction, which manifest their strong heuristic nature, including the geometrical theory of diffraction by J.B. Keller.