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Handbook of Detergents Part B

Handbook of Detergents  Part B Author Uri Zoller
ISBN-10 9780203020500
Release 2004-08-30
Pages 838
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The second installment of the multivolume Handbook of Detergents deals with the potential environmental impact of detergents as a result of their production, formulation, usage, consumption, and disposal. This volume forms a comprehensive treatise on the multidimensional issues involved and emphasizes the alignment of scientific knowledge with the relevant contemporary data and methodologies in toxicology, ecotoxicology, and environmental risk assessment. With contributions from over 50 experts worldwide, this volume discusses industry procedures involving surfactant and detergent treatments and explores global concerns centering on recent legislative and regulatory developments.



Handbook for cleaning decontamination of surfaces

Handbook for cleaning decontamination of surfaces Author Ingegard Johansson
ISBN-10 0080555535
Release 2007-06-20
Pages 992
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The focus of Handbook for Cleaning/Decontamination of Surfaces lies on cleaning and decontamination of surfaces and solid matter, hard as well as soft. Bringing together in a 2-volume reference source: - current knowledge of the physico-chemical fundamentals underlying the cleaning process; - the different needs for cleaning and how these needs are met by various types of cleaning processes and cleaning agents, including novel approaches; - how to test that cleaning has taken place and to what extent; - the effects of cleaning on the environment; - future trends in cleaning and decontamination, for example the idea of changing surfaces, to hinder the absorbance of dirt and thus make cleaning easier. A brief introduction is given to the legal demands concerning the environment and a historical background, in terms of development of detergents, from soaps to the modern sophisticated formulations. Bactericides, their use and the environmental demands on them are covered. Thorough discussions of mechanisms for cleaning are given in several chapters, both general basic concepts and special cases like particle cleaning and cleaning using microemulsion concepts. * General understanding of how cleaning works, function of ingredients and formulations * Overview of environmental issues and demands from the society in the area * Gives basic formulas for cleaning preparations in most areas



Sustainable Solutions for Modern Economies

Sustainable Solutions for Modern Economies Author Rainer Hofer
ISBN-10 9781847552686
Release 2009-11-20
Pages 524
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Limited supplies of fossil fuels and concerns about global warming have created a strong desire to solve the resource issue in the age "beyond petroleum". This reference book, from the "Green Chemistry Series", contains the essential areas of green chemistry and sustainability in modern economies. It is the first book to outline the contribution of chemistry, and of renewable chemical or biological resources, to the sustainability concept and to the potential resolution of the world's energy problems. It describes the current status of technical research, and industrial application, as well as the potential of biomass as a renewable resource for energy generation in power stations, as alternative fuels, and for various uses in chemistry. It outlines the historical routes of the sustainability concept and specifies sustainability in metrics, facts and figures. The book is written by European experts from academia, industry and investment banking who are world leaders in research and technology regarding sustainability, alternative energies and renewable resources. The sustainability aspects covered include: * consumer behaviour and demands, lifestyles and mega trends, and their impact on innovation in the industry * consumer industry requirements and their impact on suppliers * emerging paradigm changes in raw material demand, availability, sourcing, and logistics * the contribution of the industry to restore the life support systems of the Earth * socially responsible banking and investment * sustainability metrics The book highlights the potential of the different forms of renewable raw materials including: * natural fats and oils * plant-based biologically active ingredients * industrial starch * sucrose * natural rubber * wood * natural fibres It also covers the actual status of biomass usage for green energy generation, green transportation, green chemistry and sustainable nutrition and consumer goods, and it depicts the potentials of green solvents and white biotechnology for modern synthesis and manufacturing technologies. The book is aimed at technical and marketing people in industry, universities and institutions as well as readers in administrations and NGOs. The book will also be of value to the worldwide public interested in sustainability issues and strategies as well as others interested in the practical means that are being used to reduce the environmental impact of chemical processes and products, to further eco-efficiency, and to advance the utilization of renewable resources.



Handbook Of Detergents Part C

Handbook Of Detergents  Part C Author Heinrich Waldhoff
ISBN-10 9781420030334
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 654
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The scope and spectrum of methods and techniques applied in detergent analysis have changed significantly during the last decade. Handbook of Detergents, Part C: Analysis demonstrates state-of-the-art strategies, methods, and techniques for the analytical deformulation of modern detergents. It offers a comprehensive view of all aspects of detergents, including typical ingredients of modern products, testing of detergent formulations, the determination of detergent ingredients in the environment, and the application of modern instrumental techniques. The handbook outlines features and experimental parameters for many essential procedures, and emphasizes the latest techniques and methods.



Handbook of Detergents Part E

Handbook of Detergents  Part E Author Uri Zoller
ISBN-10 9781574447576
Release 2008-10-29
Pages 504
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An Examination of Detergent Applications The fifth volume in a six volume project penned by detergent industry experts, this segment deals with the various applications of detergent formulations – surfactants, builders, sequestering/chelating agents – as well as other components. These applications are discussed with respect to the scope of their domestic, institutional, or industrial usages. Special focus is given to technological advancement, health and environmental concerns, and the rapid changes occurring in the field within the past several years. With each chapter providing the special access of a pioneering researcher, this text offers an insider’s look at the most current advances.



Surfactants from Renewable Resources

Surfactants from Renewable Resources Author Mikael Kjellin
ISBN-10 0470686618
Release 2010-01-26
Pages 336
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Most modern surfactants are readily biodegradable and exhibit low toxicity in the aquatic environment, the two criteria for green surfactants. However the majority are synthesised from petroleum, so over the past decade the detergent industry has turned its attention to developing greener routes to create these surfactants via renewable building blocks. Surfactants from Renewable Resources presents the latest research and commercial applications in the emerging field of sustainable surfactant chemistry, with emphasis on production technology, surface chemical properties, biodegradability, ecotoxicity, market trends, economic viability and life-cycle analysis. Reviewing traditional sources for renewable surfactants as well as recent advances, this text focuses on techniques with potential for large scale application. Topics covered include: Renewable hydrophobes from natural fatty acids and forest industry by-products Renewable hydrophiles from carbohydrates, amino acids and lactic acid New ways of making renewable building blocks; ethylene from renewable resources and complex mixtures from waste biomass Biosurfactants Surface active polymers This book is a valuable resource for industrial researchers in companies that produce and use surfactants, as well as academic researchers in surface and polymer chemistry, sustainable chemistry and chemical engineering.



Handbook of Detergents

Handbook of Detergents Author Guy Broze
ISBN-10 143983332X
Release 1999-04-14
Pages 814
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Part A of this handbook describes the raw materials and potential interactions of detergent products before, during and after use, focusing on the development and mechanisms of action of cleaning components. The text presents the basic physiochemical concepts necessary to formulate new, safer and more effective detergent products.



Detergency of Specialty Surfactants

Detergency of Specialty Surfactants Author Floyd Friedli
ISBN-10 0824704916
Release 2001-02-07
Pages 312
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This volume seeks to advance cost-effective methods using newly-developed surfactants. It summarizes data from physical, chemical, surface, detergency, cleaning, toxicity and environmental sources for designing new formulations of classic organic head-tail surfactants in response to increased environmental, toxicity, safety and performance demands.



Nonionic Surfactants

Nonionic Surfactants Author NicoM. vanOs
ISBN-10 9781351428385
Release 2017-10-19
Pages 312
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Discusses the laboratory and industrial synthesis of nonionic surfactants. Furnishes exhaustive coverage of the most recent advances in nonionic surfactant organic chemistry. Analyzes a novel class of catalysts for the production of surfactants with highly narrow distributions.



Surfactant Science and Technology

Surfactant Science and Technology Author Drew Myers
ISBN-10 9780471746065
Release 2005-11-11
Pages 448
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A general introduction to surfactants, surface activity, and surfactant applications Important advances in the tools available for studying the activity of surfactants has significantly increased scientific understanding of interfaces at the molecular level. However, there is still much to be learned. In this Third Edition of the successful classic, author and expert Drew Myers combines the latest information available in the field of surfactants with his original, accessible text on the subject. Now fully updated to reflect recent developments in working with surfactants in both model and practical systems, the Third Edition of Surfactant Science and Technology provides a solid introduction to the field of surfactant science. Written especially for beginners and nonspecialists who would like a practical but not necessarily comprehensive knowledge of the field, this clear, cogent text conveys the most fundamental and useful concepts of surfactant action and application. New chapters bring readers up to date on current biological and medical applications of surfactants, as well as applications in food science, cosmetics, and other areas. In addition to new chapters, Surfactant Science and Technology includes illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. These problems explain concepts discussed and stimulate imaginative solutions on the part of the reader. A helpful bibliography of supplementary resources for readers who desire more detail has also been included. Surfactant Science and Technology, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for surface and polymer chemists, chemical and industrial engineers, and a wide range of chemistry students.



Liquid Detergents

Liquid Detergents Author Kuo-Yann Lai
ISBN-10 9781420027907
Release 2005-08-23
Pages 712
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A bestseller in its first edition, Liquid Detergents, Second Edition captures the most significant advances since 1996, maintaining its reputation as a first-stop reference in all fundamental theories, practical applications, and manufacturing aspects of liquid detergents. Featuring new material and updates in every chapter, the book expands its coverage of emulsions to include nanoemulsions, adds new data to elucidate the rheology of current commercial detergent raw materials as compared to finished products, and offers a more complete theoretical treatment of the aggregation in non-aqueous solvents. The book now covers all rheology modifiers and thickeners for detergent applications, antibacterial and sensorial light-duty liquid products, color/fabric care and wrinkle reduction in heavy-duty liquid detergents, and household cleaning wipes in specialty liquid household surface cleaners. Rewriting the chapters on the latest improvements and growing benefits in fabric softeners, liquid hand soaps and body washes, and shampoos and conditioners, the latter contains extensive summaries of patents for various new products and technologies. The final chapter, dedicated to the manufacturing of liquid detergents, offers a discussion on continuous vs. batch processes and micro-contamination. The most comprehensive guide of its kind, Liquid Detergents, Second Edition, is a balanced and practical reference that will continue to inspire students, researchers, chemists, and product developers in detergent industry, surfactant science and industrial chemistry.



Giant Micelles

Giant Micelles Author Raoul Zana
ISBN-10 0849373085
Release 2007-05-30
Pages 576
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The co-evolution of a strong theoretical framework alongside application of a range of sophisticated experimental tools engendered rapid advancement in the study of “giant micelles.” Beginning with Anacker and Debye’s 1951 experimental study of elongated micelles by light scattering and their subsequent theoretical inference that the thermodynamics of these structures would have to reflect an opposing force model, theory and experiment have progressed hand in hand. This progress, along with growing interest in the practical and industrial applications of these structures in cleansers, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and energy production, demands a comprehensive, single-source reference to the current state-of-the-science. Drawing on the expertise of internationally known scientists, Giant Micelles: Properties and Applications summarizes the range of behaviors encountered in solutions of micelles and their applications in industrial processes. The book introduces theoretical aspects of the rheological behavior and formation of giant micelles from different viewpoints including molecular-level thermodynamic theory and computer simulations. It continues by focusing on the results of a variety of experimental studies using methods such as cryo-transmission electron microscopy, scattering techniques, phase diagrams, linear and non-linear rheology, and chemical relaxation. Illustrating the properties of giant micelles on solid surfaces, the book also considers systems of smart micelles that respond to external stimuli by a change of shape. The authors describe giant micelles formed from amphiphilic block copolymers as well as non-covalent polymers that exhibit similar rheological behavior to giant micelles. Finally, the chapters address current and emerging applications of giant micelles in oil and gas production, drag reduction, drug-delivery formulations, and personal care products such as shampoo. By gathering a range of information into one volume, Giant Micelles: Properties and Applications provides scientists with an essential reference on these fascinating materials and their emerging role in industrial application.



Handbook of Ecotoxicology Second Edition

Handbook of Ecotoxicology  Second Edition Author David J. Hoffman
ISBN-10 9781420032505
Release 2002-11-13
Pages 1312
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Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Second Edition focuses on toxic substances and how they affect ecosystems worldwide. It presents methods for quantifying and measuring ecotoxicological effects in the field and in the lab, as well as methods for estimating, predicting, and modeling in ecotoxicology studies. Completely revised and updated with 18 new chapters, this second edition includes contributions from over 75 international experts. Also, a Technical Review Board reviewed all manuscripts for accuracy and currency. This authoritative work is the definitive reference for students, researchers, consultants, and other professionals in the environmental sciences, toxicology, chemistry, biology, and ecology - in academia, industry, and government.



Analytical Instrumentation Handbook Third Edition

Analytical Instrumentation Handbook  Third Edition Author Jack Cazes
ISBN-10 0849390397
Release 2004-11-30
Pages 1064
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Compiled by the editor of Dekker’s distinguished Chromatographic Science series, this reader-friendly reference is as a unique and stand-alone guide for anyone requiring clear instruction on the most frequently utilized analytical instrumentation techniques. More than just a catalog of commercially available instruments, the chapters are written from the standpoint of instrumentation as it is in use today, with an introductory description of the technique(s) and a theoretical treatment of the science and technology, wherever it is applicable or where it will facilitate an understanding of the instrumentation. Helps researchers and specialists select the most appropriate technique for their particular application.



Mine Wastes

Mine Wastes Author Bernd Lottermoser
ISBN-10 3642124194
Release 2010-07-09
Pages 400
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This book is not designed to be an exhaustive work on mine wastes. It aims to serve undergraduate students who wish to gain an overview and an understanding of wastes produced in the mineral industry. An introductory textbook addressing the science of such wastes is not available to students despite the importance of the mineral industry as a resource, wealth and job provider. Also, the growing imp- tance of the topics mine wastes, mine site pollution and mine site rehabilitation in universities, research organizations and industry requires a textbook suitable for undergraduate students. Until recently, undergraduate earth science courses tended to follow rather classical lines, focused on the teaching of palaeontology, cryst- lography, mineralogy, petrology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, structural geology, and ore deposit geology. However, today and in the future, earth science teachers and students also need to be familiar with other subject areas. In particular, earth science curriculums need to address land and water degradation as well as rehabili- tion issues. These topics are becoming more important to society, and an increasing number of earth science students are pursuing career paths in this sector. Mine site rehabilitation and mine waste science are examples of newly emerging disciplines. This book has arisen out of teaching mine waste science to undergraduate and graduate science students and the frustration at having no appropriate text which documents the scienti?c fundamentals of such wastes.



Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology Fourth Edition

Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology  Fourth Edition Author André O. Barel
ISBN-10 9781842145647
Release 2014-04-09
Pages 725
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Written by experienced and internationally renowned contributors, this is the fourth edition of what has become the standard reference for cosmetic scientists and dermatologists seeking the latest innovations and technology for the formulation, design, testing, use, and production of cosmetic products for skin, hair, and nails. New to this fourth edition are chapters on dermatocosmetic vehicles, surface film, causes and measurement of skin aging, make-up products, skin healing, cosmetics in sports, cosmetotextiles, nutricosmetics, natural ingredients, cosmeceuticals, and regulatory vigilance.



Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Solution

Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Solution Author Krister Holmberg
ISBN-10 0471498831
Release 2002-11-22
Pages 562
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Many industrial formulations such as detergents, paints, foodstuff and cosmetics contain both surfactants and polymers and their interaction govern many of the properties. This book is unique in that it discusses the solution chemistry of both surfactants and polymers and also the interactions between the two. The book, which is based on successful courses given by the authors since 1992, is a revised and extended version of the first edition that became a market success with six reprints since 1998. Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Solution is broad in scope, providing both theoretical insights and practical help for those active in the area. This book contains a thorough discussion of surfactant types and gives information of main routes of preparation. A chapter on novel surfactants has been included in the new edition. Physicochemical phenomena such as self-assembly in solution, adsorption, gel formation and foaming are discussed in detail. Particular attention is paid to the solution behaviour of surfactants and polymers containing polyoxyethylene chains. Surface active polymers are presented and their interaction with surfactants is a core topic of the book. Protein-surfactant interaction is also important and a new chapter deals with this issue. Microemulsions are treated in depth and several important application such as detergency and their use as media for chemical reactions are presented. Emulsions and the choice of emulsifier is discussed in some detail. The new edition also contains chapters on rheology and wetting. Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous Solution is aimed at those dealing with surface chemistry research at universities and with surfactant formulation in industry.