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Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Third Edition

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology  Third Edition Author Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN-10 9781466553286
Release 2014-03-21
Pages 1031
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Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, necessitating a new edition to cover the latest advances in the field. Like its predecessors, the Third Edition offers a unique, complete collection of topics in plant and crop physiology, serving as an up-to-date resource in the field. This edition contains more than 90 percent new material, and the remaining 10 percent has been updated and substantially revised. Divided into nine parts to make the information more accessible, this handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, and production processes. It addresses the physiological responses of plants and crops to environmental stresses, heavy metals, and agrichemicals; presents findings on small RNAs in response to temperature stress; and discusses the use of bioinformatics in plant/crop physiology. The book deals with the impacts of rising CO2 levels and climate change on plant/crop growth, development, and production. It also offers guidance on plants and crops that can be successfully cultivated under more stressful conditions, presented in six chapters that examine alleviation of future food security issues. With contributions from 105 scientists from 17 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant physiological processes ranging from the cellular level to whole plants. The content provided can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for dealing with plant and crop physiology problems. This edition includes numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to facilitate comprehension of the material as well as thousands of index words to further increase accessibility to the desired information.



Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress Second Edition

Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress  Second Edition Author Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN-10 0824746724
Release 1999-05-19
Pages 1254
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Detailing interrelated topics, this work addresses issues and concerns related to plant and crop stress. This edition includes information on pH stress, temperature stress, water-deficit conditions, carotenoids and stress, light stress, pollution stress, agrichemical stress, oxidative damage to proteins, UV-B induced stress and abiotic stress tolerance.



Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Author Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN-10 WISC:89052260643
Release 1995
Pages 1004
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Plants, crops, and growth environment; Pshysiology of plant/crop growth and developmental stages; Plant growth regulators; Whole plant vs. reductive research on physiological genetics of cro physiology.



Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress Third Edition

Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress  Third Edition Author Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN-10 9781439813997
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 1245
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The dynamic and expanding knowledge of environmental stresses and their effects on plants and crops have resulted in the compilation of a large volume of information in the last ten years since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. With 90 percent new material and a new organization that reflects this increased knowledge base, this new edition, like the first two, provides comprehensive and complete coverage of the issues on stress imposed on plants and crops. Accessibility of knowledge is among the most critical of factors involved with plant/crop stress problems. Without due consideration of all the factors contributing to a specific plant/crop stress problem, it is unlikely that a permanent solution can be found. Facilitating the accessibility of the desired information, the volume is divided into ten sections. Each section consists of one or more chapters that discuss as many aspects of stress as possible. While many references cover soil salinity, sodicity, specific plant/crop salt and water stress, pollution, and other environmental stresses, they exist relatively in isolation, focusing mainly on one specific topic. Prepared with input from more than a hundred contributors from twenty seven countries, this book combines information on these interrelated areas into a single resource. Packed with illustrations, figures, and tables, covering plant/crop stress problems from the soil to the atmosphere, this book puts this expanded environmental stressors knowledge base within easy reach.



Handbook of Photosynthesis Third Edition

Handbook of Photosynthesis  Third Edition Author Mohammad Pessarakli
ISBN-10 9781482230758
Release 2016-04-06
Pages 846
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Since the publication of the previous editions of the Handbook of Photosynthesis, many new ideas on photosynthesis have emerged in the past decade that have drawn the attention of experts and researchers on the subject as well as interest from individuals in other disciplines. Updated to include 37 original chapters and making extensive revisions to the chapters that have been retained, 90% of the material in this edition is entirely new. With contributions from over 100 authors from around the globe, this book covers the most recent important research findings. It details all photosynthetic factors and processes under normal and stressful conditions, explores the relationship between photosynthesis and other plant physiological processes, and relates photosynthesis to plant production and crop yields. The third edition also presents an extensive new section on the molecular aspects of photosynthesis, focusing on photosystems, photosynthetic enzymes, and genes. New chapters on photosynthesis in lower and monocellular plants as well as in higher plants are included in this section. The book also addresses growing concerns about excessive levels and high accumulation rates of carbon dioxide due to industrialization. It considers plant species with the most efficient photosynthetic pathways that can help improve the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Completely overhauled from its bestselling predecessors, the Handbook of Photosynthesis, Third Edition provides a nearly entirely new source on the subject that is both comprehensive and timely. It continues to fill the need for an authoritative and exhaustive resource by assembling a global team of experts to provide thorough coverage of the subject while focusing on finding solutions to relevant contemporary issues related to the field.



Environmental Physiology of Plants

Environmental Physiology of Plants Author Alastair H. Fitter
ISBN-10 9780080549811
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 367
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This is the third edition of an established and successful university textbook. The original structure and philosophy of the book continue in this new edition, providing a genuine synthesis of modern ecological and physiological thinking, while entirely updating the detailed content. New features include a fresh, unified treatment of toxicity, emphasizing common features of plant response to ionic, gaseous, and other toxins, explicit treatment of issues relating to global change, and a section on the role of fire in plant physiology and communities. The illustrations in the text are improved over previous editions, including color plates for the first time, and the authors' continuing commitment to providing wide citation of the relevant literature has further improved the reference list. This revision of Environmental Physiology of Plants will ensure the reputation of this title as a useful and relevant text well into the 21st century. Includes enhanced illustrations, now with color plates Examines new molecular approaches which can be harnessed to solve problems in physiology Features new topics such as the unified treatment of toxicity, an explicit treatment of the issues relating to global change, and a section on the role of fire



Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering

Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering Author Izuru Takewaki
ISBN-10 9780080994291
Release 2013-06-03
Pages 400
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After the March 11, 2011, earthquake in Japan, there is overwhelming interest in worst-case analysis, including the critical excitation method. Nowadays, seismic design of structures performed by any seismic code is based on resisting previous natural earthquakes. Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering, 2e, develops a new framework for modeling design earthquake loads for inelastic structures. The 2e, includes three new chapters covering the critical excitation problem for multi-component input ground motions, and that for elastic-plastic structures in a more direct way are incorporated and discussed in more depth. Finally, the problem of earthquake resilience of super high-rise buildings is discussed from broader viewpoints. Solves problems of earthquake resilience of super high-rise buildings Three new chapters on critical excitation problem for multi-component input ground motions Includes numerical examples of one and two-story models



Crop Physiology

Crop Physiology Author Victor O. Sadras
ISBN-10 9780124169791
Release 2014-09-17
Pages 564
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From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy Written by leading scientists from around the world Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management



Handbook of Plant Nutrition

Handbook of Plant Nutrition Author Allen V. Barker
ISBN-10 9781420014877
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 632
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The burgeoning demand on the world food supply, coupled with concern over the use of chemical fertilizers, has led to an accelerated interest in the practice of precision agriculture. This practice involves the careful control and monitoring of plant nutrition to maximize the rate of growth and yield of crops, as well as their nutritional value. The Handbook of Plant Nutrition provides a readily accessible source of highly current and reliable information on the nutritional requirements of the most significant crops being cultivated worldwide. With their introduction, the editors provide an overview of plant nutrients and beneficial elements, distinguishing the difference between the two, and explaining research approaches and diagnostic criteria currently being applied. What then follows are twenty chapters, each one dedicated to an essential macro or micronutrient or beneficial element. Written by eminent researchers from across the world, each of the chapters- Offers historical information on the specific nutrient, explaining why it is either essential or a beneficial element, giving demonstration of its essentiality and functions in plants Explains how appearance and composition of plants can be used to assess nutritional status Discusses the value of soil tests for assessing nutritional status Recommends fertilizers that can be applied to remedy nutritional deficiencies Those chapters that cover beneficial elements discuss the history of the elements with regard to growth and yield, and provide current information concerning their impact on growth stimulation and plant metabolism for particular plant species. Of great value to growers, agricultural consultants, agronomists, and plant scientists, this handbook provides a practical easy-to-use reference for determining, monitoring, and improving the nutritional needs of plants. The graphical presentations of plant interactions with nutrients and beneficial elements, and the straight-forward explanations of how nutrient deficiencies arise are especially useful to those seeking knowledge of plant nutrition.



Plants and Microclimate

Plants and Microclimate Author Hamlyn G. Jones
ISBN-10 9781107511637
Release 2013-12-12
Pages
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This rigorous yet accessible text introduces the key physical and biochemical processes involved in plant interactions with the aerial environment. It is designed to make the more numerical aspects of the subject accessible to plant and environmental science students, and will also provide a valuable reference source to practitioners and researchers in the field. The third edition of this widely recognised text has been completely revised and updated to take account of key developments in the field. Approximately half of the references are new to this edition and relevant online resources are also incorporated for the first time. The recent proliferation of molecular and genetic research on plants is related to whole plant responses, showing how these new approaches can advance our understanding of the biophysical interactions between plants and the atmosphere. Remote sensing technologies and their applications in the study of plant function are also covered in greater detail.



Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations Author M.B. Kirkham
ISBN-10 9780124200784
Release 2014-04-21
Pages 598
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Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations, 2e describes the principles of water relations within soils, followed by the uptake of water and its subsequent movement throughout and from the plant body. This is presented as a progressive series of physical and biological interrelations, even though each topic is treated in detail on its own. The book also describes equipment used to measure water in the soil-plant-atmosphere system. At the end of each chapter is a biography of a scientist whose principles are discussed in the chapter. In addition to new information on the concept of celestial time, this new edition also includes new chapters on methods to determine sap flow in plants dual-probe heat-pulse technique to monitor water in the root zone. Provides the necessary understanding to address advancing problems in water availability for meeting ecological requirements at local, regional and global scales Covers plant anatomy: an essential component to understanding soil and plant water relations



Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease

Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease Author Lawrence E. Datnoff
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105129869405
Release 2007
Pages 278
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The chemistry of plant nutrients in soil. The physiological role of minerals in the plant. Nitrogen and plant disease. Phosphorus and plant disease. Potassium and plant disease. Calcium and plant disease. Magnesium and plant disease. Sulfur and plant disease. Iron and plant disease. Manganese and plant disease. Zinc and plant disease. Copper and plant disease. Chlorine and plant disease. Molybdenum and plant disease. Boron and plant disease. Nickel and plant disease. Silicon and plant disease. Aluminum and plant disease.



Emerging Trends of Plant Physiology for Sustainable Crop Production

Emerging Trends of Plant Physiology for Sustainable Crop Production Author Zafar Abbas, PhD.
ISBN-10 9781351588461
Release 2018-03-12
Pages 394
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Plant physiology is now considered as an essential ingredient for improving crop productivity, a continuing necessity with today’s ever-increasing world population. This new volume provides an understanding of the physiological basis of the various plant processes and their underlying mechanisms under fluctuating environments, which is of great importance for sustainable crop production. Further advances in cellular and molecular biology hold promise to modify physiological processes, thereby improving the quality and quantity of major food crops and ensuring stability in yield of the produce even under severe abiotic stress. This book covers the latest information on the physiological basis of plant productivity, including abiotic stress adaptation and management, plant nutrition, climate change and plant productivity, transgenic and functional genomics, and plant growth regulators and their applications. The chapters in this volume tackle some of these key issues of sustainable plant production and evolve future strategies in overcoming challenges faced by the agricultural sector as a whole. The topics covered in this book presents important from research reputed scientists. This volume is a rich source of information in one place. It will be a useful resource for researchers and extension workers involved in plant physiology and related disciplines. Key features: Provide the latest information on developments in plant physiology Covers abiotic and biotic stress on economically important crop species Presents a detailed collection of biotechnological approaches in plant physiology Covers plant growth regulators, secondary metabolites, germination, crop growth and development of different crop species Provides research from experts at internationally renowned institutes



Manual of Environmental Microbiology

Manual of Environmental Microbiology Author Christon J. Hurst
ISBN-10 9781555813796
Release 2007-05-14
Pages 1293
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The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.



Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops Third Edition

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops  Third Edition Author Nand Kumar Fageria
ISBN-10 1439816964
Release 2010-10-19
Pages 586
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By the year 2050, the world’s population is expected to reach nine billion. To feed and sustain this projected population, world food production must increase by at least 50 percent on much of the same land that we farm today. To meet this staggering challenge, scientists must develop the technology required to achieve an "evergreen" revolution—one that increases crop productivity without degrading natural resources. With 30 percent new material, the updated and revised third edition of Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops covers all aspects of crop growth and mineral nutrition that contribute to sustainable, high-yield agriculture. Bringing together international scientific knowledge of crop production and the impacts of agriculture on the environment, this book: Includes two new chapters on remediation of heavy-metal contaminated soils and cover crops Covers theoretical and practical aspects of mineral nutrition of field crops Provides recommendations for judicious use of fertilizers, which will reduce cost of crop production and enhance high crop yields without risking environmental pollution Provides growth patterns for annual crops and forages Includes a handful of color pictures of nutrient deficiencies for easy diagnostic purposes To make the book as practical as possible, each chapter is supported by experimental results and extensive references. A large number of figures and tables are also included to save readers time when researching. The overall emphasis of this reference is on the soil’s ability to sustain high crop yields and a healthy human population.



Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants

Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants Author Horst Marschner
ISBN-10 0124735436
Release 1995
Pages 889
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An understanding of the mineral nutrition of plants is of fundamental importance in both basic and applied plant sciences. The Second Edition of this book retains the aim of the first in presenting the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of current advances. This volume retains the structure of the first edition, being divided into two parts: Nutritional Physiology and Soil-Plant Relationships. In Part I, more emphasis has been placed on root-shoot interactions, stress physiology, water relations, and functions of micronutrients. In view of the worldwide increasing interest in plant-soil interactions, Part II has been considerably altered and extended, particularly on the effects of external and interal factors on root growth and chapter 15 on the root-soil interface. The second edition will be invaluable to both advanced students and researchers. Key Features * Second Edition of this established text * Structure of the book remains the same * 50% of the reference and 50% of the figures and tables have been replaced * Whole of the text has been revised * Coverage of plant (soil interactions has been increased considerably)



Principles of Environmental Physics

Principles of Environmental Physics Author John Monteith
ISBN-10 9780123869937
Release 2013-07-26
Pages 422
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Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture