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Handbook of Software Solutions for ICME

Handbook of Software Solutions for ICME Author Georg J. Schmitz
ISBN-10 9783527693597
Release 2016-09-20
Pages 632
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As one of the results of an ambitious project, this handbook provides a well-structured directory of globally available software tools in the area of Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME). The compilation covers models, software tools, and numerical methods allowing describing electronic, atomistic, and mesoscopic phenomena, which in their combination determine the microstructure and the properties of materials. It reaches out to simulations of component manufacture comprising primary shaping, forming, joining, coating, heat treatment, and machining processes. Models and tools addressing the in-service behavior like fatigue, corrosion, and eventually recycling complete the compilation. An introductory overview is provided for each of these different modelling areas highlighting the relevant phenomena and also discussing the current state for the different simulation approaches. A must-have for researchers, application engineers, and simulation software providers seeking a holistic overview about the current state of the art in a huge variety of modelling topics. This handbook equally serves as a reference manual for academic and commercial software developers and providers, for industrial users of simulation software, and for decision makers seeking to optimize their production by simulations. In view of its sound introductions into the different fields of materials physics, materials chemistry, materials engineering and materials processing it also serves as a tutorial for students in the emerging discipline of ICME, which requires a broad view on things and at least a basic education in adjacent fields.



Computer Vision for Multimedia Applications Methods and Solutions

Computer Vision for Multimedia Applications  Methods and Solutions Author Wang, Jinjun
ISBN-10 9781609600266
Release 2010-10-31
Pages 354
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"This book presents the latest developments in computer vision methods applicable to various problems in multimedia computing, including new ideas, as well as problems in computer vision and multimedia computing"--Provided by publisher.



Handbook of Mobile Communication Studies

Handbook of Mobile Communication Studies Author James Everett Katz
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105131708641
Release 2008
Pages 472
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Mobile communication has become mainstream and even omnipresent. It is arguably the most successful and certainly the most rapidly adopted new technology in the world: more than one of every three people worldwide possesses a mobile phone. This volume offers a comprehensive view of the cultural, family, and interpersonal consequences of mobile communication across the globe. Leading scholars analyze the effect of mobile communication on all parts of life, from the relationship between literacy and the textual features of mobile phones to the use of ringtones as a form of social exchange, from the "aspirational consumption" of middle class families in India to the belief in parts of Africa and Asia that mobile phones can communicate with the dead. The contributors explore the ways mobile communication profoundly affects the tempo, structure, and process of daily life around the world. They discuss the impact of mobile communication on social networks, other communication strategies, traditional forms of social organization, and political activities. They consider how quickly miraculous technologies come to seem ordinary and even necessary--and how ordinary technology comes to seem mysterious and even miraculous. The chapters cut across social issues and geographical regions; they highlight use by the elite and the masses, utilitarian and expressive functions, and political and operational consequences. Taken together, the chapters demonstrate how mobile communication has affected the quality of life in both exotic and humdrum settings, and how it increasingly occupies center stage in people's lives around the world.James E. Katz is Chair of the Department of Communication at Rutgers University and director of the Center for Mobile Communication Studies. He is the author of Magic in the Air: Mobile Communication and the Transformation of Social Life and coauthor of Social Consequences of Internet Use (MIT Press, 2002).



Improved Ceramics through New Measurements Processing and Standards

Improved Ceramics through New Measurements  Processing  and Standards Author Minoru Matsui
ISBN-10 9781118371497
Release 2012-03-28
Pages 282
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This new book presents new ceramic information in two parts. The first section presents state-of-the-art information on new measurements and characterization methods in the ceramic manufacturing process including characterization of mechanical properties microstructure, and machining techniques, as well as the status on the activity of standards in ceramics. The second part is a selection of peer reviewed research papers in this field. This volume will prove indispensable for academic as well as industry researchers and for anyone seeking broader knowledge on the quality improvements through new measurements and processing technology.



Multidisciplinary Computational Intelligence Techniques Applications in Business Engineering and Medicine

Multidisciplinary Computational Intelligence Techniques  Applications in Business  Engineering  and Medicine Author Ali, Shawkat
ISBN-10 9781466618312
Release 2012-06-30
Pages 365
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"This book explores the complex world of computational intelligence, which utilizes computational methodologies such as fuzzy logic systems, neural networks, and evolutionary computation for the purpose of managing and using data effectively to address complicated real-world problems"--



Uses of Technology in Upper Secondary Mathematics Education

Uses of Technology in Upper Secondary Mathematics Education Author Stephen Hegedus
ISBN-10 9783319426112
Release 2016-11-02
Pages 36
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This survey addresses the use of technology in upper secondary mathematics education from four points of view: theoretical analysis of epistemological and cognitive aspects of activity in new technology mediated learning environments, the changes brought by technology in the interactions between environment, students and teachers, the interrelations between mathematical activities and technology, skills and competencies that must be developed in teacher education. Research shows that the use of some technologies may deeply change the solving processes and contribute to impact the learning processes. The questions are which technologies to choose for which purposes, and how to integrate them, so as to maximize all students’ agency. In particular the role of the teacher in classrooms and the content of teacher education programs are critical for taking full advantage of technology in teaching practice.



Invited Lectures from the 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education

Invited Lectures from the 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education Author Gabriele Kaiser
ISBN-10 9783319721705
Release 2018-02-05
Pages 786
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This book is Open Access under a CC BY 4.0 license. The book presents the Invited Lectures given at 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME-13). ICME-13 took place from 24th- 31st July 2016 at the University of Hamburg in Hamburg (Germany). The congress was hosted by the Society of Didactics of Mathematics (Gesellschaft für Didaktik der Mathematik - GDM) and took place under the auspices of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI). ICME-13 – the biggest ICME so far - brought together about 3500 mathematics educators from 105 countries, additionally 250 teachers from German speaking countries met for specific activities. The scholars came together to share their work on the improvement of mathematics education at all educational levels.. The papers present the work of prominent mathematics educators from all over the globe and give insight into the current discussion in mathematics education. The Invited Lectures cover a wide spectrum of topics, themes and issues and aim to give direction to future research towards educational improvement in the teaching and learning of mathematics education. This book is of particular interest to researchers, teachers and curriculum developers in mathematics education.



Teaching and Learning of Calculus

Teaching and Learning of Calculus Author David Bressoud
ISBN-10 9783319329758
Release 2016-06-14
Pages 37
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This survey focuses on the main trends in the field of calculus education. Despite their variety, the findings reveal a cornerstone issue that is strongly linked to the formalism of calculus concepts and to the difficulties it generates in the learning and teaching process. As a complement to the main text, an extended bibliography with some of the most important references on this topic is included. Since the diversity of the research in the field makes it difficult to produce an exhaustive state-of-the-art summary, the authors discuss recent developments that go beyond this survey and put forward new research questions.



Handbook of Research on the Psychology of Mathematics Education

Handbook of Research on the Psychology of Mathematics Education Author Angel Gutiérrez
ISBN-10 9789077874196
Release 2006
Pages 521
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This volume is a compilation of the research produced by the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (PME) since its creation, 30 years ago. It has been written to become an essential reference for mathematics education research in the coming years



Reduced Order Methods for Modeling and Computational Reduction

Reduced Order Methods for Modeling and Computational Reduction Author Alfio Quarteroni
ISBN-10 9783319020907
Release 2014-06-05
Pages 334
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This monograph addresses the state of the art of reduced order methods for modeling and computational reduction of complex parametrized systems, governed by ordinary and/or partial differential equations, with a special emphasis on real time computing techniques and applications in computational mechanics, bioengineering and computer graphics. Several topics are covered, including: design, optimization, and control theory in real-time with applications in engineering; data assimilation, geometry registration, and parameter estimation with special attention to real-time computing in biomedical engineering and computational physics; real-time visualization of physics-based simulations in computer science; the treatment of high-dimensional problems in state space, physical space, or parameter space; the interactions between different model reduction and dimensionality reduction approaches; the development of general error estimation frameworks which take into account both model and discretization effects. This book is primarily addressed to computational scientists interested in computational reduction techniques for large scale differential problems.



Managing Trust in Cyberspace

Managing Trust in Cyberspace Author Sabu M. Thampi
ISBN-10 9781466568457
Release 2013-12-14
Pages 498
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In distributed, open systems like cyberspace, where the behavior of autonomous agents is uncertain and can affect other agents' welfare, trust management is used to allow agents to determine what to expect about the behavior of other agents. The role of trust management is to maximize trust between the parties and thereby provide a basis for cooperation to develop. Bringing together expertise from technology-oriented sciences, law, philosophy, and social sciences, Managing Trust in Cyberspace addresses fundamental issues underpinning computational trust models and covers trust management processes for dynamic open systems and applications in a tutorial style that aids in understanding. Topics include trust in autonomic and self-organized networks, cloud computing, embedded computing, multi-agent systems, digital rights management, security and quality issues in trusting e-government service delivery, and context-aware e-commerce applications. The book also presents a walk-through of online identity management and examines using trust and argumentation in recommender systems. It concludes with a comprehensive survey of anti-forensics for network security and a review of password security and protection. Researchers and practitioners in fields such as distributed computing, Internet technologies, networked systems, information systems, human computer interaction, human behavior modeling, and intelligent informatics especially benefit from a discussion of future trust management research directions including pervasive and ubiquitous computing, wireless ad-hoc and sensor networks, cloud computing, social networks, e-services, P2P networks, near-field communications (NFC), electronic knowledge management, and nano-communication networks.



Arsenic

Arsenic Author Charles O. Abernathy
ISBN-10 9789401158640
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 429
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The Society of Environmental Geochemistry and Health (SEGH) Second International Conference on Arsenic Exposure and Health Effects was held June 12-14, 1995 in San Diego, California. The conference was at tended by 152 people who heard 41 presentations on all aspects of arsenic research. The speakers represented 14 countries. Approximately 40 of the participants and speakers were from countries other than the US. The participants represented government, academia, industry and the interested public. The sponsorship ofthe conference is a good indicationofthe wide spread interest in the subject and the meeting. The sponsors, in addition to SEGH, were the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), the American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AWWARF), Kennecott Corporation, the American Smelting and Refining Company (ASARCO), and the International Council on Metals in the Environment (ICME). The funding was split approximately equally between industry (including industrial organizations such as EPRI) and government. In addition to the many fine presentations, the meeting provided a forum for scientists from different countries to compare experiences and share information. It also provided a forum for the discussion of both scientific and policy issues between representatives of various governmental bodies (at the local, state, and federal level) and representatives of various indus trial organizations. These discussions occurred both in the formal meetings and informal settings during the meeting.



Problem Solving in Mathematics Education

Problem Solving in Mathematics Education Author Peter Liljedahl
ISBN-10 9783319407302
Release 2016-06-27
Pages 39
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This survey book reviews four interrelated areas: (i) the relevance of heuristics in problem-solving approaches – why they are important and what research tells us about their use; (ii) the need to characterize and foster creative problem-solving approaches – what type of heuristics helps learners devise and practice creative solutions; (iii) the importance that learners formulate and pursue their own problems; and iv) the role played by the use of both multiple-purpose and ad hoc mathematical action types of technologies in problem-solving contexts – what ways of reasoning learners construct when they rely on the use of digital technologies, and how technology and technology approaches can be reconciled.



Mechatronic Futures

Mechatronic Futures Author Peter Hehenberger
ISBN-10 9783319321561
Release 2016-06-10
Pages 259
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Offering a comprehensive overview of the challenges, risks and options facing the future of mechatronics, this book provides insights into how these issues are currently assessed and managed. Building on the previously published book ‘Mechatronics in Action,’ it identifies and discusses the key issues likely to impact on future mechatronic systems. It supports mechatronics practitioners in identifying key areas in design, modeling and technology and places these in the wider context of concepts such as cyber-physical systems and the Internet of Things. For educators it considers the potential effects of developments in these areas on mechatronic course design, and ways of integrating these. Written by experts in the field, it explores topics including systems integration, design, modeling, privacy, ethics and future application domains. Highlighting novel innovation directions, it is intended for academics, engineers and students working in the field of mechatronics, particularly those developing new concepts, methods and ideas.



Uses of Technology in Lower Secondary Mathematics Education

Uses of Technology in Lower Secondary Mathematics Education Author Paul Drijvers
ISBN-10 9783319336664
Release 2016-06-14
Pages 34
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This topical survey provides an overview of the current state of the art in technology use in mathematics education, including both practice-oriented experiences and research-based evidence, as seen from an international perspective. Three core themes are discussed: Evidence of effectiveness; Digital assessment; and Communication and collaboration. The survey’s final section offers suggestions for future trends in technology-rich mathematics education and provides a research agenda reflecting those trends. Predicting what lower secondary mathematics education might look like in 2025 with respect to the role of digital tools in curricula, teaching and learning, it examines the question of how teachers can integrate physical and virtual experiences to promote a deeper understanding of mathematics. The issues and findings presented here provide an overview of current research and offer a glimpse into a potential future characterized by the effective integration of technology to support mathematics teaching and learning at the lower secondary level.



Attitudes Beliefs Motivation and Identity in Mathematics Education

Attitudes  Beliefs  Motivation and Identity in Mathematics Education Author Markku S. Hannula
ISBN-10 9783319328119
Release 2016-06-14
Pages 35
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This book records the state of the art in research on mathematics-related affect. It discusses the concepts and theories of mathematics-related affect along the lines of three dimensions. The first dimension identifies three broad categories of affect: motivation, emotions, and beliefs. The book contains one chapter on motivation, including discussions on how emotions and beliefs relate to motivation. There are two chapters that focus on beliefs and a chapter on attitude which cross-cuts through all these categories. The second dimension covers a rapidly fluctuating state to a more stable trait. All chapters in the book focus on trait-type affect and the chapter on motivation discusses both these dimensions. The third dimension regards the three main levels of theorizing: physiological (embodied), psychological (individual) and social. All chapters reflect that mathematics-related affect has mainly been studied using psychological theories.



Handbook of Iris Recognition

Handbook of Iris Recognition Author Kevin W. Bowyer
ISBN-10 9781447167846
Release 2016-07-28
Pages 568
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The definitive work on iris recognition technology, this comprehensive handbook presents a broad overview of the state of the art in this exciting and rapidly evolving field. Revised and updated from the highly-successful original, this second edition has also been considerably expanded in scope and content, featuring four completely new chapters. Features: provides authoritative insights from an international selection of preeminent researchers from government, industry, and academia; reviews issues covering the full spectrum of the iris recognition process, from acquisition to encoding; presents surveys of topical areas, and discusses the frontiers of iris research, including cross-wavelength matching, iris template aging, and anti-spoofing; describes open source software for the iris recognition pipeline and datasets of iris images; includes new content on liveness detection, correcting off-angle iris images, subjects with eye conditions, and implementing software systems for iris recognition.