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Health and Poverty

Health and Poverty Author Gijs Walraven
ISBN-10 9781136537394
Release 2013-10-18
Pages 206
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There is growing interest and concern about the unacceptable differentials in health between and within countries. This comes out of the realization that poor people will only be able to prosper, and emerge from poverty, if they enjoy better health. Healthy populations are a precondition for sustainable development. Using a novel combination of the personal studies of patients and description of conditions or diseases, this book provides a highly original and accessible introduction to key issues in global health today. Especially during the past decade, global health initiatives have become a prominent part of the international aid picture, bringing new resources, political commitment, and more attention for international health issues in the media. The author provides examples of diseases and problems related to health that disproportionally impact the poor, and gives their experiences 'a human face' through individual case studies. A specific case study of a health problem, such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV or health financing, introduces each chapter and is followed by a historical review of the problem, why it is still now a problem for poor people or poor countries, and what can be done about it. These will inspire the reader to become more engaged with international health and development.

Pharmacy on a Bicycle

Pharmacy on a Bicycle Author Eric G. Bing
ISBN-10 9781609947897
Release 2013
Pages 223
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"Traditional pathways to delivering health care to the global poor are failing. Five million children die each year before their fifth birthday due to lack of basic health education, services, or low-cost treatments. Bing and Epstein show how focusing micro-innovations at the level of care is the way to end these grim health statistics"--

Energy Poverty

Energy Poverty Author Antoine Halff
ISBN-10 9780191504907
Release 2014-11-27
Pages 472
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This edited volume looks at energy poverty, an issue whose pivotal role in the fight for human development is only now being recognised by policymakers. Nearly one quarter of humanity still lacks access to electricity. Close to one third rely on traditional fuels like firewood and cow dung for cooking, at great cost to their health and welfare. While most prevalent in parts of Africa and Asia, energy poverty is a global problem which concerns us all. This book, which brings together economists, policymakers, entrepreneurs, and other practitioners from all over the world, is dedicated to a single goal: finding a solution to this haunting problem. It is part history, part economics, part political analysis, part business case review, and part field handbook. Part One focuses on defining and measuring the problem and benchmarking progress in solving it, an obvious prerequisite to any successful energy-access policy. Part Two reviews past and current energy access programs, with an eye towards finding out what worked and what didn't and what can be replicated elsewhere. These case reviews are told as seen on the ground - China's experience by top Chinese officials and Africa's by African regulators and scholars. Based in part on those cases, the book's last, more forward-looking section aims to present practitioners with a tool kit, a menu of options to speed up their efforts. The energy access agenda is gaining traction at a time of rising concerns about climate change and resource constraints. This book shows that bringing modern energy to those who lack it not just a moral imperative, but will likely benefit the world as a whole without harming the environment or unduly stretching finite resources.

Fighting the Diseases of Poverty

Fighting the Diseases of Poverty Author Philip Stevens
ISBN-10 9781412813884
Release 2011-12-31
Pages 324
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Public discussion of global healthcare issues is dominated by those who believe that top-down, government-driven interventions are the solution to the myriad health problems suffered by people in less developed countries. This thinking is responsible for a plethora of harmful policies, ranging from a drive towards socialized healthcare systems, to calls for the centralization and semi-nationalization of pharmaceutical research and development, to impractical but grandiose UN-sponsored schemes for tackling HIV/AIDS and malaria. In spite of the abysmal track record of top-down approaches, non-governmental organizations and UN agencies continue to promote them, to the detriment of the private sector, economic development, and human health. The resulting politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. Meanwhile, cost-effective and simple interventions such as vaccination are being subordinated to other more politically correct diseases. This centralizing mindset has also resulted in many governments in less developed countries attempting to plan and control universal healthcare systems, which has encouraged rationing, inequitable access, and entrenched corruption. It has also seriously undermined the effectiveness of overseas development aid. Moreover, the politicization of diseases such as HIV/AIDS has led to a diversion of resources away from more easily treatable diseases that affect more people. As a result, cost-effective and simple interventions are neglected by donors. There has to date been little public discussion of the role of markets and their underlying institutions--property rights and the rule of law--in improving human health. Economic growth and globalization has led to unprecedented improvements in human health. The challenge is to enable the poorest countries to take part more fully in this process. This work demonstrates how current thinking is flawed and proposes practical ways of improving health in lower income countries.

Understanding Global Poverty

Understanding Global Poverty Author Serena Cosgrove
ISBN-10 9781315316826
Release 2017-08-16
Pages 290
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Understanding Global Poverty introduces students to the study and analysis of poverty, helping them to understand why it is pervasive across human societies, and how it can be reduced through proven policy solutions. Using the capabilities and human development approach, the book foregrounds the human aspects of poverty, keeping the voices, experiences and needs of the world’s poor in the centre of the analysis. Drawing on decades of teaching, research and fieldwork, this interdisciplinary volume is unique in its rigorous application of the multiple disciplines of anthropology, sociology, political science, public health and economics to the phenomenon of global poverty. Starting with definitions and measurement, the book goes on to explore causes of poverty and policy responses, aiming to give a realistic account of what poverty reduction programmes actually look like. Finally, the book draws together the ethics of why we should work to reduce poverty and what actions readers themselves can take to reduce poverty. This book is an accessible and engaging introduction to the key issues surrounding poverty, with key questions, case studies, discussion questions and further reading suggestions to support learning. Perfect as an introductory textbook for postgraduates and upper level undergraduates, Understanding Global Poverty will also be a valuable resource to policy makers and development practitioners looking for a comprehensive guide to the theoretical frameworks of poverty through the lens of human development.

Introducing Global Health Practice Policy and Solutions

Introducing Global Health  Practice  Policy  and Solutions Author Peter Muennig
ISBN-10 9781118233993
Release 2013-08-12
Pages 400
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Introducing Global Health: Practice, Policy, and Solutions is a contemporary overview of the major issues in global public health. The book explores how population health might be maximized with the right blend of health system, education, antipoverty, infectious disease, urban development, governance, and incentive-based policies. It covers topics critical for understanding the state of the world today, including wars for natural resources, the missing women phenomenon, and whether global aid really works. The book's case studies focus on developing economies, mixed economies, and new emerging superpowers. Thematic chapters are interwoven with running motifs, such as the health risks and benefits associated with different totalitarian, capitalist, and market socialist economies. Moving beyond statistics, the book represents a major innovation in the teaching of global health by presenting technical concepts including the incidence and prevalence of disease within the context of more accessible topics such as global poverty. This helps students contextualize otherwise challenging but critical concepts, such as the burden of infectious disease. By encouraging reflection, focusing on what works, and using activities and exercises, Introducing Global Health both teaches fundamentals of global public health and cultivates a policy perspective that is appealing and compelling for today's students.

An Introduction to Global Health

An Introduction to Global Health Author Michael Seear
ISBN-10 9781773380032
Release 2017-12-18
Pages 630
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Newly revised and thoroughly updated, the third edition of An Introduction to Global Health is constructed around three essential questions: why is population health so poor in developing countries, what is the scope of the issue, and how can it be remediated? By considering aspects of the topic that are often neglected—including poverty, malnutrition, wars, governance, and humanitarian disasters—Seear and Ezezika provide a comprehensive overview of the various determinants of global health and its inevitable companion, the modern aid industry. This informative and accessible introduction examines potential solutions to health inequity via a combination of primary health care strategies, poverty alleviation, developing world debt relief, and human rights interventions. With an updated discussion of global health in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals, as well as the addition of chapter summaries, critical-thinking questions, and recommended readings, this new edition is an ideal resource for both university-level students and anyone keen to inform themselves on this urgent problem.

Poverty and Health

Poverty and Health Author
ISBN-10 9789241562362
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 92
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Health is higher on the international agenda than ever before. Concern for the health of poor people is a central development issue. In addition to its intrinsic value for individuals, investment in health is an important and previously underestimated means of economic development; substantially improved health outcomes are a prerequisite if developing countries are to break out of the cycle of poverty. This DAC Reference Document on Poverty and Health, jointly published by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and WHO, extends the analysis and recommendations of the DAC Guidelines on Poverty Reduction by setting out the essential components of a pro-poor health approach. It provides a framework for action within the health system - and beyond it, through policies in other sectors and through global initiatives. The Reference Document is aimed at a broad range of development agency staff working in policy and operations, at headquarters and in the field. The recommendations are also relevant for policy-makers and planners in partner countries.

Global Health and Global Health Ethics

Global Health and Global Health Ethics Author Solomon Benatar
ISBN-10 9781139495905
Release 2011-02-10
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What can be done about the poor state of global health? How are global health challenges intimately linked to the global political economy and to issues of social justice? What are our responsibilities and how can we improve global health? Global Health and Global Health Ethics addresses these questions from the perspective of a range of disciplines, including medicine, philosophy and the social sciences. Topics covered range from infectious diseases, climate change and the environment to trade, foreign aid, food security and biotechnology. Each chapter identifies the ways in which we exacerbate poor global health and discusses what we should do to remedy the factors identified. Together, they contribute to a deeper understanding of the challenges we face, and propose new national and global policies. Offering a wealth of empirical data and both practical and theoretical guidance, this is a key resource for bioethicists, public health practitioners and philosophers.

Global Health in the 21st Century

Global Health in the 21st Century Author Debra L. DeLaet
ISBN-10 9781317258995
Release 2015-11-17
Pages 286
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Perhaps no other public policy issue has greater potential to affect some of the most significant economic, political, social, and ethical changes of the 21st century than global health. In this book, a scholar/physician team authors a comprehensive introduction to global health issues and emphasises the potential of public health intervention to improve the longevity and quality of human life across the globe. The authors have lived and worked in Africa as well as in medically underserved areas of the United States, so they write with firsthand experience and authority. Using themes of interconnectedness, globalisation, and united concern from citizens, this book encourages readers to consider the role that they might play as engaged citizens in taking on the global public health challenges of the 21st century including everything from AIDs and flu to tobacco, obesity, and threats in conflict zones.

Why Global Health Matters

Why Global Health Matters Author Chris Stout
ISBN-10 1548094250
Release 2017-06-29
Pages 684
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Global health represents an integration of multi-causal problems, and as such, it must be considered by a diverse set of professions and humanitarian actors. Disasters of nature as well as of war and conflict are exacerbated by sustainability issues, lack of resources, poverty, and illness. Problems of global health will never be solved by healthcare professionals alone. Political science, agriculture, engineering, military intervention, and policy experts are needed as well. Why Global Health Matters aims to address multiple global health issues in multiple regions of the world from multiple perspectives. Admittedly, it's an ambitious effort - but when tackling global crises, it would be a mistake to expect anything else. Why Global Health Matters is divided into four sections: backgrounds and trends, approaches and clinical solutions, approaches and structural solutions, and sustainability. Whether you're an academic looking for classroom material, a policymaker researching an issue, or a boots-on-the-ground humanitarian, there is something in this book for you. Readers should use the table of contents to find the chapters they are most interested in, but should also explore chapters they might not otherwise be personally drawn to - oftentimes an unexpected perspective or an unanticipated voice is the most eye-opening. The hope is that this book will both inspire new projects and improve existing ones, and that readers will not only be informed by this book but motivated by it. REVIEWS Chris Stout has compiled an incredible cadre of humanitarian activists, scholars, and share insights on why global health matters... These diverse global health practitioners help shed light on the...interrelated nature of this work, with an emphasis on understanding the importance of mental health in overall well-being. This book will no doubt serve to inspire a new generation to embrace this meaningful calling... - Valerie Dobiesz, MD, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard Medical School Chris Stout's latest publication provides a wealth of resources for...groups who are interested in health...We now have a practical approach to examining the scope of the global health problems...and a clear case for community-based solutions. - Breeda McGrath, PhD, The Chicago School of Professional Psychology Why Global Health Matters addresses some of the most important issues facing humanity today. Not only does it provide an insightful description of global health problems, but the book focuses on important, sustainable solutions. An insightful and eye-opening read that will challenge you to engage. - Greg Martin, MD, Chief Editor at Globalization and Health The diverse sections of the book share a core message: a multidisciplinary, multisectoral, and multicultural approach is essential...Why Global Health an indispensable benchmark resource... [and] is an inspiration to anyone interested in...improving the well-being of at-risk...individuals and communities. - Michael Stevens, PhD, Past-President of the APA Division of International Psychology Why Global Health Matters...aims to illustrate how seemingly disparate disciplines intersect... ...[T]he achievement of health is multifaceted, complicated, and not a guarantee...This book excels in highlighting...what people have done and people can do to tackle seemingly impossible challenges... - Janet Lin, MD, MPH, Director of Health Systems Development, Center for Global Health, University of Illinois at Chicago I know no one more qualified and more expert in world mental health than Chris Stout, and he has brought together an amazing team to discuss global health and mental health issues and their interaction. This volume can actually help make the world a better, healthier place. - Kurt F. Geisinger, PhD, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Reimagining Global Health

Reimagining Global Health Author Paul Farmer
ISBN-10 9780520954632
Release 2013-09-07
Pages 508
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Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Women s Global Health and Human Rights

Women s Global Health and Human Rights Author Padmini Murthy
ISBN-10 0763756318
Release 2010-10-25
Pages 556
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Women's Global Health and Human Rights serves as an overview of the challenges faced by women in different regions of the world. Ideal as a tool for both professionals and students, this book discusses the similarities and differences in health and human rights challenges that are faced by women globally. Best practices and success stories are also included in this timely and important text. Major Topics include: „X Globalization „X Gender Based Terrorism and Violence „X Cultural Practices „X Health Problems „X Progress and Challenges

Women s Health and the World s Cities

Women s Health and the World s Cities Author Afaf Ibrahim Meleis
ISBN-10 9780812205084
Release 2011-08-19
Pages 352
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Growing urbanization affects women and men in fundamentally different ways, but the relationship between gender and city environments has been ignored or misunderstood. Women and men play different roles, frequent different public areas, and face different health risks. Women suffer disproportionately from disease, injury, and violence because their access to resources is often more limited than that of their male counterparts. Yet, when women are healthy and safe, so are their families and communities. Urban policy makers and public health professionals need to understand how conditions in densely populated places can help or harm the well-being of women in order to serve this large segment of humanity. Women's Health and the World's Cities illuminates the intersection of gender, health, and urban environments. This collection of essays examines the impact of urban living on the physical and psychological states of women and girls in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the United States. Urban planners, scholars, medical practitioners, and activists present original research and compelling ideas. They consider the specific needs of subpopulations of urban women and evaluate strategies for designing spaces, services, and infrastructure in ways that promote women's health. Women's Health and the World's Cities provides urban planners and public health care providers with on-the-ground examples of projects and policies that have changed women's lives for the better.

Global Health Nursing

Global Health Nursing Author Michele J. Upvall, PhD, RN, CRNP
ISBN-10 9780826118691
Release 2014-04-14
Pages 360
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"Primarily, the book covers different global health partnerships and initiatives, focusing on what works/what doesn't work and providing guidance for future partnerships. This is ideal for readers who focus their work in this area."--Doody's Medical Reviews This innovative text for graduate and undergraduate nursing students fills a void in global health nursing literature by providing essential tools and strategies for building and sustaining productive international partnerships. Based on the premise that partnership is paramount for sustainable outcomes, the book demonstrates how nurses can build sustainable health programs that will improve health outcomes worldwide. Written by two highly experienced global nurses, the book offers expert guidance gained from many years of successful involvement in international collaboration that is supported by detailed real-life examples. It will be of particular interest to nurse educators who undertake projects with their students to ensure that both students and host partners are able to meet their collaborative goals. Additionally, the text provides information that will help nurse educators to perpetuate a successful educational program even after they depart or funding ends. Case studies from many different perspectives demonstrate positive change effected by nurses working across international boundaries and within their own countries. The text builds on the Conceptual Framework for Partnership and Sustainability in Global Health Nursing developed by Leffers and Mitchell (2010). Additionally, the book reflects the focus on global health competence for nurses in the future (IOM, 2011) as well as that of the American Academyís of Nursingís recently established committee on Global Health. Key Features: Provides expert, essential guidance for nurses who work internationally to build successful partnerships for sustainable programs Recommends global solutions to the challenges facing international nursing collaboration Includes detailed case studies of successful collaboration Based on the Conceptual Framework for Partnership and Sustainability in Global Health Nursing Chapters end with reflective questions challenging the reader to apply ìlessons learned.î

An Introduction to International Health

An Introduction to International Health Author Michael Seear
ISBN-10 9781551304137
Release 2012-11
Pages 400
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At a time when developed world populations are healthier and richer than they have ever been, why is there still so much poverty and disease in the world? Why do rich countries hold so many poor countries in debt and why do millions of children die every year from avoidable diseases? This new edition attempts to answer these pressing questions. An Introduction to International Health, Second Edition is a comprehensive and detailed exploration of international health and the modern aid industry. This provocative new edition is masterfully constructed around four essential themes: What is international health? Why is population health so poor in developing countries? What is the extent of the problem? What can be done about it? The thoroughly updated second edition provides answers to these questions and includes new discussions on war, governance and human rights in developing countries, and the various issues surrounding water, sanitation, and infectious diseases. Solutions are examined via primary health care strategies, poverty alleviation, and developing world debt relief, as well as human rights interventions. Unique to this book is its ""how-to"" component. The final section discusses how to work safely and effectively in a developing country. This eye-opening text is an essential read for all those interested in international health.

The U S Commitment to Global Health

The U S  Commitment to Global Health Author Board on Global Health
ISBN-10 9780309127677
Release 2009-01-02
Pages 11
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At this historic moment, the incoming Obama administration and leaders of the U.S. Congress have the opportunity to advance the welfare and prosperity of people within and beyond the borders of the United States through intensified and sustained attention to better health. The United States can improve the lives of millions around the world, while reflecting America's values and protecting and promoting the nation's interests. The Institute of Medicine-with the support of four U.S. government agencies and five private foundations-formed an independent committee to examine the United States' commitment to global health and to articulate a vision for future U.S. investments and activities in this area.