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How Many Subjects

How Many Subjects Author Helena Chmura Kraemer
ISBN-10 9781483319551
Release 2015-01-28
Pages 160
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With increased emphasis on helping readers understand the context in which power calculations are done, this Second Edition of How Many Subjects? by Helena Chmura Kraemer and Christine Blasey introduces a simple technique of statistical power analysis that allows researchers to compute approximate sample sizes and power for a wide range of research designs. Because the same technique is used with only slight modifications for different statistical tests, researchers can then easily compare the sample sizes required by different designs and tests to make cost-effective decisions in planning a study. These comparisons demonstrate important principles of design, measurement, and analysis that are rarely discussed in courses or textbooks, making this book a valuable instructional resource as well as a must-have guide for frequent reference.



How Many Subjects

How Many Subjects Author Helena Chmura Kraemer
ISBN-10 0803929498
Release 1987-09-01
Pages 120
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How Many Subjects? is a practical guide to sample size calculations and general principles of cost-effective research. It introduces a simple technique of statistical power analysis which allows researchers to compute approximate sample sizes and power for a wide variety of research designs. Because the same technique is used with only slight modifications for different statistical tests, researchers can easily compare the sample sizes required by different designs and tests to make cost-effective decisions in planning a study. These comparisons, emphasized throughout the book, demonstrate important principles of design, measurement and analysis that are rarely discussed in courses or textbooks.



How Many Subjects

How Many Subjects Author Helena Chmura Kraemer
ISBN-10 9781483319537
Release 2015-01-28
Pages 160
Download Link Click Here

With increased emphasis on helping readers understand the context in which power calculations are done, this Second Edition of How Many Subjects? by Helena Chmura Kraemer and Christine Blasey introduces a simple technique of statistical power analysis that allows researchers to compute approximate sample sizes and power for a wide range of research designs. Because the same technique is used with only slight modifications for different statistical tests, researchers can then easily compare the sample sizes required by different designs and tests to make cost-effective decisions in planning a study. These comparisons demonstrate important principles of design, measurement, and analysis that are rarely discussed in courses or textbooks, making this book a valuable instructional resource as well as a must-have guide for frequent reference.



Statistical Power Analysis

Statistical Power Analysis Author Kevin R. Murphy
ISBN-10 9781317680574
Release 2014-05-16
Pages 244
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Noted for its accessible approach, this text applies the latest approaches of power analysis to both null hypothesis and minimum-effect testing using the same basic unified model. Through the use of a few simple procedures and examples, the authors show readers with little expertise in statistical analysis how to obtain the values needed to carry out the power analysis for their research. Illustrations of how these analyses work and how they can be used to choose the appropriate criterion for defining statistically significant outcomes are sprinkled throughout. The book presents a simple and general model for statistical power analysis based on the F statistic and reviews how to determine: the sample size needed to achieve desired levels of power; the level of power needed in a study; the size of effect that can be reliably detected by a study; and sensible criteria for statistical significance. The book helps readers design studies, diagnose existing studies, and understand why hypothesis tests come out out the way they do. The fourth edition features: -New Boxed Material sections provide examples of power analysis in action and discuss unique issues that arise as a result of applying power analyses in different designs. -Many more worked examples help readers apply the concepts presented. -Expanded coverage of power analysis for multifactor analysis of variance (ANOVA) to show readers how to analyze up to four factors with repeated measures on any or all of the factors. -Re-designed and expanded web based One Stop F Calculator software and data sets that allow users to perform all of the book's analyses and conduct significance tests, power analyses, and assessments of N and alpha needed for traditional and minimum-effects tests. -Easy to apply formulas for approximating the number of subjects required to reach adequate levels of power in a wide range of studies. Intended as a supplement for graduate/advanced undergraduate courses in research methods or experimental design, intermediate, advanced, or multivariate statistics, statistics II, or psychometrics, taught in psychology, education, business, and other social and health sciences, researchers also appreciate the book‘s applied approach.



Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences Author Jacob Cohen
ISBN-10 9781134742707
Release 2013-05-13
Pages 567
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Statistical Power Analysis is a nontechnical guide to power analysis in research planning that provides users of applied statistics with the tools they need for more effective analysis. The Second Edition includes: * a chapter covering power analysis in set correlation and multivariate methods; * a chapter considering effect size, psychometric reliability, and the efficacy of "qualifying" dependent variables and; * expanded power and sample size tables for multiple regression/correlation.



Design Sensitivity

Design Sensitivity Author Mark W. Lipsey
ISBN-10 0803930631
Release 1990
Pages 207
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All researchers face an important challenge - designing research that will have sufficient sensitivity to detect those effects it purports to investigate. Sample size, validity and sensitivity, experimental error, subject variability, and the type of statistical analysis all influence the sensitivity of a research design. Through careful explanations and selection of examples, Lipsey examines the concept of design sensitivity and explains statistical power and the elements that determine it.



Sample Sizes for Clinical Trials

Sample Sizes for Clinical Trials Author Steven A. Julious
ISBN-10 1584887400
Release 2009-08-26
Pages 317
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Drawing on various real-world applications, Sample Sizes for Clinical Trials takes readers through the process of calculating sample sizes for many types of clinical trials. It provides descriptions of the calculations with a practical emphasis. Focusing on normal, binary, ordinal, and survival data, the book explores a range of trials, including superiority, equivalence, non-inferiority, bioequivalence, and precision for both parallel group and crossover designs. The author discusses how trial objectives impact the study design with respect to the derivation of formulae for sample size calculations. He uses real-life studies throughout to show how the concepts and calculations can be employed. This work underscores the importance of sample size calculation in the design of a clinical trial. With useful calculation tables throughout, it enables readers to quickly find an appropriate formula, formula application, and associated worked example. Watch the author speak about this book at JSM 2012 in San Diego.



Power Analysis for Experimental Research

Power Analysis for Experimental Research Author R. Barker Bausell
ISBN-10 1139441663
Release 2002-09-19
Pages
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Power analysis is an essential tool for determining whether a statistically significant result can be expected in a scientific experiment prior to the experiment being performed. Many funding agencies and institutional review boards now require power analyses to be carried out before they will approve experiments, particularly where they involve the use of human subjects. This comprehensive, yet accessible, book provides practising researchers with step-by-step instructions for conducting power/sample size analyses, assuming only basic prior knowledge of summary statistics and the normal distribution. It contains a unified approach to statistical power analysis, with numerous easy-to-use tables to guide the reader without the need for further calculations or statistical expertise. This will be an indispensable text for researchers and graduates in the medical and biological sciences needing to apply power analysis in the design of their experiments.



The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes

The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes Author Paul D. Ellis
ISBN-10 9780521194235
Release 2010-07-01
Pages 173
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A jargon-free introduction for students and researchers looking to interpret the practical significance of their results.



Statistical Power Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Statistical Power Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences Author Xiaofeng Steven Liu
ISBN-10 9781136464188
Release 2013-11-07
Pages 400
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This is the first book to demonstrate the application of power analysis to the newer more advanced statistical techniques that are increasingly used in the social and behavioral sciences. Both basic and advanced designs are covered. Readers are shown how to apply power analysis to techniques such as hierarchical linear modeling, meta-analysis, and structural equation modeling. Each chapter opens with a review of the statistical procedure and then proceeds to derive the power functions. This is followed by examples that demonstrate how to produce power tables and charts. The book clearly shows how to calculate power by providing open code for every design and procedure in R, SAS, and SPSS. Readers can verify the power computation using the computer programs on the book's website. There is a growing requirement to include power analysis to justify sample sizes in grant proposals. Most chapters are self-standing and can be read in any order without much disruption.This book will help readers do just that. Sample computer code in R, SPSS, and SAS at www.routledge.com/9781848729810 are written to tabulate power values and produce power curves that can be included in a grant proposal. Organized according to various techniques, chapters 1 – 3 introduce the basics of statistical power and sample size issues including the historical origin, hypothesis testing, and the use of statistical power in t tests and confidence intervals. Chapters 4 - 6 cover common statistical procedures -- analysis of variance, linear regression (both simple regression and multiple regression), correlation, analysis of covariance, and multivariate analysis. Chapters 7 - 11 review the new statistical procedures -- multi-level models, meta-analysis, structural equation models, and longitudinal studies. The appendixes contain a tutorial about R and show the statistical theory of power analysis. Intended as a supplement for graduate courses on quantitative methods, multivariate statistics, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and/or multilevel modeling and SEM taught in psychology, education, human development, nursing, and social and life sciences, this is the first text on statistical power for advanced procedures. Researchers and practitioners in these fields also appreciate the book‘s unique coverage of the use of statistical power analysis to determine sample size in planning a study. A prerequisite of basic through multivariate statistics is assumed.



Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods

Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods Author Paul J. Lavrakas
ISBN-10 9781506317885
Release 2008-09-12
Pages 1072
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In conjunction with top survey researchers around the world and with Nielsen Media Research serving as the corporate sponsor, the Encyclopedia of Survey Research Methods presents state-of-the-art information and methodological examples from the field of survey research. Although there are other "how-to" guides and references texts on survey research, none is as comprehensive as this Encyclopedia, and none presents the material in such a focused and approachable manner. With more than 600 entries, this resource uses a Total Survey Error perspective that considers all aspects of possible survey error from a cost-benefit standpoint.



Determination of Sample Size and Power Analysis with G Power Software

Determination of Sample Size and Power Analysis with G Power Software Author Priyam Verma
ISBN-10 1521864411
Release 2017-08-17
Pages 161
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The book provides a step-wise approach to determine the sample size and power in survey studies and hypothesis testing experiments. Concepts involved in the process have been discussed in a crisp and easy manner so that one can understand them even without having much knowledge of statistical techniques. The G*Power software, which is a freeware has been used to determine sample size and power in research studies. In order to make it more simple lots of screenshots have been used so that the researchers can determine their own sample size in different types of experiments for specific power.



Introduction to Power Analysis

Introduction to Power Analysis Author E. C. Hedberg
ISBN-10 9781506343143
Release 2017-12-05
Pages 160
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Introduction to Power Analysis: Two-Group Studies provides readers with the background, examples, and explanation they need to read technical papers and materials that include complex power analyses. This clear and accessible guide explains the components of test statistics and their sampling distributions, and author Eric Hedberg walks the reader through the simple and complex considerations of this research question. Filled with graphics and examples, the reader is taken on a tour of power analyses from covariates to clusters, seeing how the complicated task of comparing two groups, and the power analysis, can be made easy.



Power Analysis of Trials with Multilevel Data

Power Analysis of Trials with Multilevel Data Author Mirjam Moerbeek
ISBN-10 9781498729901
Release 2015-07-01
Pages 288
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Power Analysis of Trials with Multilevel Data covers using power and sample size calculations to design trials that involve nested data structures. The book gives a thorough overview of power analysis that details terminology and notation, outlines key concepts of statistical power and power analysis, and explains why they are necessary in trial design. It guides you in performing power calculations with hierarchical data, which enables more effective trial design. The authors are leading experts in the field who recognize that power analysis has attracted attention from applied statisticians in social, behavioral, medical, and health science. Their book supplies formulae that allow statisticians and researchers in these fields to perform calculations that enable them to plan cost-efficient trials. The formulae can also be applied to other sciences. Using power analysis in trial design is increasingly important in a scientific community where experimentation is often expensive, competition for funding among researchers is intense, and agencies that finance research require proposals to give thorough justification for funding. This handbook shows how power analysis shapes trial designs that have high statistical power and low cost, using real-life examples. The book covers multiple types of trials, including cluster randomized trials, multisite trials, individually randomized group treatment trials, and longitudinal intervention studies. It also offers insight on choosing which trial is best suited to a given project. Power Analysis of Trials with Multilevel Data helps you craft an optimal research design and anticipate the necessary sample size of data to collect to give your research maximum effectiveness and efficiency.



Hyperstat

Hyperstat Author David M. Lane
ISBN-10 193144210X
Release 1999-12-01
Pages 236
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This text covers the analysis and interpretation of data emphasizing statistical methods used most frequently in psychological, educational, and medical research. The focus is on the application of statistical methods including computer methods of data analysis rather than on the mathematical bases of the methods.



Physical Activity Assessments for Health related Research

Physical Activity Assessments for Health related Research Author Greg Welk
ISBN-10 0736037489
Release 2002
Pages 269
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And examples -- References -- Construct validity in physical activity research / Matthew T. Mahar and David A. Rowe -- Definitional stage -- Confirmatory stage -- Theory-testing stage -- Summary -- References -- Physical activity data : odd distributions yield strange answers / Jerry R. Thomas and Katherine T. Thomas -- Overview of the general linear model and rank-order procedures -- Determining whether data are normally distributed -- Application of rank-order procedures -- Data distributions and correlation -- Extensions of GLM rank-order statistical procedures -- Summary -- Endnote -- References -- Equating and linking of physical activity questionnaires / Weimo Zhu -- What is scale equating? -- Equating methods -- Practical issues of scale equating -- Remaining challenges and future research directions -- Summary -- References



Statistics Done Wrong

Statistics Done Wrong Author Alex Reinhart
ISBN-10 9781593276201
Release 2015
Pages 152
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Statistics Done Wrong describes how researchers often go wrong and teaches you the best practices for avoiding their mistakes.