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How Structures Work

How Structures Work Author David Yeomans
ISBN-10 9781119012276
Release 2015-12-21
Pages 272
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Structural engineering is central to the design of a building. How the building behaves when subjected to various forces - the weight of the materials used to build it, the weight of the occupants or the traffic it carries, the force of the wind etc - is fundamental to its stability. The alliance between architecture and structural engineering is therefore critical to the successful design and completion of the buildings and infrastructure that surrounds us. Yet structure is often cloaked in mathematics which many architects and surveyors find difficult to understand. How Structures Work has been written to explain the behaviour of structures in a clear way without resorting to complex mathematics. This new edition includes a new chapter on construction materials, and significant revisions to, and reordering of the existing chapters. It is aimed at all who require a good qualitative understanding of structures and their behaviour, and as such will be of benefit to students of architecture, architectural history, building surveying and civil engineering. The straightforward, non-mathematical approach ensures it will also be suitable for a wider audience including building administrators, archaeologists and the interested layman.



Building Structures Illustrated

Building Structures Illustrated Author Francis D. K. Ching
ISBN-10 9781118848302
Release 2014-03-04
Pages 352
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A new edition of Francis D.K. Ching's illustrated guide to structural design Structures are an essential element of the building process, yet one of the most difficult concepts for architects to grasp. While structural engineers do the detailed consulting work for a project, architects should have enough knowledge of structural theory and analysis to design a building. Building Structures Illustrated takes a new approach to structural design, showing how structural systems of a building—such as an integrated assembly of elements with pattern, proportions, and scale—are related to the fundamental aspects of architectural design. The book features a one-stop guide to structural design in practice, a thorough treatment of structural design as part of the entire building process, and an overview of the historical development of architectural materails and structure. Illustrated throughout with Ching's signature line drawings, this new Second Edition is an ideal guide to structures for designers, builders, and students. Updated to include new information on building code compliance, additional learning resources, and a new glossary of terms Offers thorough coverage of formal and spatial composition, program fit, coordination with other building systems, code compliance, and much more Beautifully illustrated by the renowned Francis D.K. Ching Building Structures Illustrated, Second Edition is the ideal resource for students and professionals who want to make informed decisions on architectural design.



The Life of Structures

The Life of Structures Author G.S.T Armer
ISBN-10 9781483100388
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 468
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The Life of Structures: Physical Testing covers the proceedings of a seminar of the same name. The said seminar is focused on the actions on structures and the performance of existing populations of structures; the properties and performance of building materials; and the internal and external environments of buildings. The book covers topics such as the methodology for the prediction of the life of existing structures; reliability of service-proven structural systems; and some effects of micro-environment on materials. Also covered are subjects such as the assessment of structures through field measured dynamic response; physical properties of structures investigated by dynamic methods; and the stiffness damage test. The text is recommended for engineers who would like to know more about the strength and lifespan of structures, as well as the effectivity of the materials involved in their construction.



Recent Advances in Structural Engineering Volume 1

Recent Advances in Structural Engineering  Volume 1 Author A. Rama Mohan Rao
ISBN-10 9789811303623
Release 2018-08-01
Pages 1172
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This book is a collection of select papers presented at the Tenth Structural Engineering Convention 2016 (SEC-2016). It comprises plenary, invited, and contributory papers covering numerous applications from a wide spectrum of areas related to structural engineering. It presents contributions by academics, researchers, and practicing structural engineers addressing analysis and design of concrete and steel structures, computational structural mechanics, new building materials for sustainable construction, mitigation of structures against natural hazards, structural health monitoring, wind and earthquake engineering, vibration control and smart structures, condition assessment and performance evaluation, repair, rehabilitation and retrofit of structures. Also covering advances in construction techniques/ practices, behavior of structures under blast/impact loading, fatigue and fracture, composite materials and structures, and structures for non-conventional energy (wind and solar), it will serve as a valuable resource for researchers, students and practicing engineers alike.



Structural Cross Sections

Structural Cross Sections Author Naveed Anwar
ISBN-10 9780128044834
Release 2016-11-08
Pages 614
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Structural Cross Sections: Analysis and Design provides valuable information on this key subject covering almost all aspects including theoretical formulation, practical analysis and design computations, various considerations and issues related to cross-sectional behavior, and computer applications for determination of cross-sectional response. The presented approach can handle all complex shapes, material behaviors and configurations. The book starts with a clear and rigorous overview of role of cross-sections and their behavior in overall structural design process. Basic aspects of structural mechanics are reviewed and procedures to determine basic cross-sectional properties, stress and strain distributions, stress resultants and other response parameters, are provided. A brief discussion about the role of material behavior in cross-sectional response is also included. The unified and integrated approach to determine axial-flexural capacity of cross-sections is utilized in development of P-M and M-M interaction diagrams of cross-sections of various shapes. The behavior and design of cross-sections subjected to shear and torsion is also included with emphasis on reinforced concrete sections. Several detailed flow charts are included to demonstrate the procedures used in ACI, BS and Euro codes for design of cross-section subjected to shear and torsion, followed by solved examples. The book also presents the discussion about various factors that can lead to ductile response of cross-sections, especially those made of reinforced concrete. The definition and development of action-deformation curves especially moment-curvature (-) curve is discussed extensively. Various factors such as confinement, rebar distribution and axial load effect on the ductility are shown through examples. The use of moment-curvature curve to compute various section response parameters is also explained though equations and examples. Several typical techniques and materials for retrofitting of cross-sections of reinforced concrete beams, columns and slabs etc. are reviewed. A brief discussion of various informative references related to the evaluation and retrofitting of structures is included for practical applications. Towards the end, the book provides an overview of various software applications available for cross-section design and analysis. A framework for the development of a general-purpose cross-section analysis software, is presented and various features of few commercially available software packages are compared using some example cross-sections. Presents a generalized procedure to compute axial-flexural capacity of cross-sections of any number and configuration of materials Heavily illustrated with schematics, diagrams, and line drawings Includes the convenient approach to develop P-M interaction, M-M Interaction and Moment-Curvature relationships for reinforced concrete cross-sections Provides detailed flowcharts for code-based (ACI, BS and Eurocode) design of reinforced concrete cross-sections subjected to axial-flexural actions as well as shear-torsion. Presents formulae and expressions to compute various commonly used cross-sectional properties of common section shapes Discusses various parameters affecting the ductility of cross-sections and the role of confinement in the behavior reinforced concrete cross-sections Reviews various practical retrofitting techniques to rehabilitate the damaged cross-sections Covers the concepts discussed in main text using various solved and unsolved numerical examples Presents an overview of various computer applications and packages available for analysis of cross-sections Supported by author-developed computer-based apps to be used in conjunction with the practical applications presented in the book



Recent Advances in Structural Engineering Volume 2

Recent Advances in Structural Engineering  Volume 2 Author A. Rama Mohan Rao
ISBN-10 9789811303654
Release 2018-08-01
Pages 852
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This book is a collection of select papers presented at the Tenth Structural Engineering Convention 2016 (SEC-2016). It comprises plenary, invited, and contributory papers covering numerous applications from a wide spectrum of areas related to structural engineering. It presents contributions by academics, researchers, and practicing structural engineers addressing analysis and design of concrete and steel structures, computational structural mechanics, new building materials for sustainable construction, mitigation of structures against natural hazards, structural health monitoring, wind and earthquake engineering, vibration control and smart structures, condition assessment and performance evaluation, repair, rehabilitation and retrofit of structures. Also covering advances in construction techniques/ practices, behavior of structures under blast/impact loading, fatigue and fracture, composite materials and structures, and structures for non-conventional energy (wind and solar), it will serve as a valuable resource for researchers, students and practicing engineers alike.



Structural Systems

Structural Systems Author Leonidas T. Stavridis
ISBN-10 0727741063
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 384
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Promoting and underlining the importance of structural thinking, Structural Systems: Behaviour and Design will provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of the behaviour of a wide range of structural systems based on the load-carrying mechanisms involved.



Constructing Architecture

Constructing Architecture Author Andrea Deplazes
ISBN-10 9783764371906
Release 2005-07-25
Pages 508
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Now in its second edition: the trailblazing introduction and textbook on construction includes a new section on translucent materials and an article on the use of glass.



The Idea of Building

The Idea of Building Author Steven Groak
ISBN-10 9781135827847
Release 2002-09-11
Pages 268
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This book is unique in its attempt to explore the many ways we have of thinking about buildings. In particular it raises questions about the kinds of knowledge we have and will need in designing, making and enjoying our buildings. At the very least this book provides an overview of the fragmented construction industry, making it a vital purchase for all construction related students. However, the author has written for a wider audience making the book an essential guide for those interested in the form of buildings or the deliberate ways in which people build them.



Modern Earth Buildings

Modern Earth Buildings Author Matthew R Hall
ISBN-10 9780857096166
Release 2012-07-11
Pages 800
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The construction of earth buildings has been taking place worldwide for centuries. With the improved energy efficiency, high level of structural integrity and aesthetically pleasing finishes achieved in modern earth construction, it is now one of the leading choices for sustainable, low-energy building. Modern earth buildings provides an essential exploration of the materials and techniques key to the design, development and construction of such buildings. Beginning with an overview of modern earth building, part one provides an introduction to design and construction issues including insulation, occupant comfort and building codes. Part two goes on to investigate materials for earth buildings, before building technologies are explored in part three including construction techniques for earth buildings. Modern earth structural engineering is the focus of part four, including the creation of earth masonry structures, use of structural steel elements and design of natural disaster-resistant earth buildings. Finally, part five of Modern earth buildings explores the application of modern earth construction through international case studies. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Modern earth buildings is a key reference work for all low-impact building engineers, architects and designers, along with academics in this field. Provides an essential exploration of the materials and techniques key to the design, development and construction of modern earth buildings Comprehensively discusses design and construction issues, materials for earth buildings, construction techniques and modern earth structural engineering, among other topics Examines the application of modern earth construction through international case studies



Research and Applications in Structural Engineering Mechanics and Computation

Research and Applications in Structural Engineering  Mechanics and Computation Author Alphose Zingoni
ISBN-10 9781315850788
Release 2013-08-15
Pages 960
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Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation contains the Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2013, Cape Town, South Africa, 2-4 September 2013). Over 420 papers are featured. Many topics are covered, but the contributions may be seen to fall into one of four broad themes of the conference, namely: (i) structural mechanics (dynamics, vibration, seismic response, statics, bifurcation, buckling, stability, impact response, contact mechanics, fluid-structure interaction, soil-structure interaction, etc); (ii) mechanics of materials (elasticity, plasticity, fracture, damage, fatigue, creep, shrinkage, etc); (iii) modelling and testing (finite-element modelling, numerical methods, numerical simulations, experimental methods, experimental testing); (iv) structural-engineering practice (planning, analysis, design, construction, maintenance, repair, retrofitting, decommissioning). Not only do the considerations cover many types of engineering structures (buildings, bridges, tunnels, towers, space frames, roofs, foundations, shells, plates, mechanical assemblies, etc), they also span a diversity of engineering materials ranging from the traditional to the novel: steel, concrete, timber, masonry, aluminium, special alloys, glass, composites, functionally-graded materials, smart materials, etc. Two versions of each paper are available. The printed book features 2-page versions of the papers, intended to be concise but sufficiently informative summaries of the full papers. Details may be seen in the full papers, which are carried on the accompanying CD-ROM. Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation is of interest to civil, structural, mechanical, marine and aerospace engineers concerned with the modelling, analysis, design, construction and maintenance of engineering structures. Researchers, practitioners and academics in these discipines will find the book useful. The SEMC international conferences, inaugurated in 2001, aim at bringing together from around the world academics, researchers and practitioners in the broad fields of structural mechanics, associated computation and structural engineering, to review recent achievements in the advancement of knowledge and understanding in these areas, share the latest developments, and address the challenges that the present and the future pose.



Basic Principles of Concrete Structures

Basic Principles of Concrete Structures Author Xianglin Gu
ISBN-10 9783662485651
Release 2015-12-09
Pages 606
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Based on the latest version of designing codes both for buildings and bridges (GB50010-2010 and JTG D62-2004), this book starts from steel and concrete materials, whose properties are very important to the mechanical behavior of concrete structural members. Step by step, analysis of reinforced and prestressed concrete members under basic loading types (tension, compression, flexure, shearing and torsion) and environmental actions are introduced. The characteristic of the book that distinguishes it from other textbooks on concrete structures is that more emphasis has been laid on the basic theories of reinforced concrete and the application of the basic theories in design of new structures and analysis of existing structures. Examples and problems in each chapter are carefully designed to cover every important knowledge point. As a basic course for undergraduates majoring in civil engineering, this course is different from either the previously learnt mechanics courses or the design courses to be learnt. Compared with mechanics courses, the basic theories of reinforced concrete structures cannot be solely derived by theoretical analysis. And compared with design courses, this course emphasizes the introduction of basic theories rather than simply being a translation of design specifications. The book will focus on both the theoretical derivations and the engineering practices.



Building Design and Construction Handbook 6th Edition

Building Design and Construction Handbook  6th Edition Author Frederick S. Merritt
ISBN-10 0071501797
Release 2000-12-06
Pages 1600
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A where-would-you-be-without-it handbook covering every single important step in building design and construction, now updated to include key changes in design and construction practices. Surveys materials, structures, soil mechanics and foundations, building types, hardware, insulation, acoustics, plumbing, and more--all the material that will help architects, engineers, contractors, and others work better, faster, and smarter. Includes new design specifications; the latest developments in seismic and wind design criteria; new building systems and material; updated building codes throughout; NFPA requirements; and new wood material and codes.



Life Cycle of Structural Systems

Life Cycle of Structural Systems Author Hitoshi Furuta
ISBN-10 9781315761800
Release 2014-11-07
Pages 466
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Life-Cycle of Structural Systems: Design, Assessment, Maintenance and Management contains the papers presented at IALCCE2014, the fourth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2014), held in Tokyo, Japan, November 16-19, 2014. It consists of a book of extended abstracts (466 pp) and a DVD (2332 pp) with 312 full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 7 keynote lectures, and 304 technical papers from 38 countries. All major aspects of life-cycle engineering are addressed, with special focus on structural damage processes, life-cycle design, inspection, monitoring, assessment, maintenance and rehabilitation, life-cycle cost of structures and infrastructures, life-cycle performance of special structures, and life-cycle oriented computational tools. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source for anyone interested in life-cycle of civil infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and practitioners from all areas of engineering and industry.



Why Buildings Fall Down

Why Buildings Fall Down Author Matthys Levy
ISBN-10 039331152X
Release 2002
Pages 346
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Takes readers on a journey through the history of architectural and structural disasters, from the Parthenon to the Tower of Pisa to the Tacoma Narrows Bridge



Fundamentals of Structural Engineering

Fundamentals of Structural Engineering Author Jerome J. Connor
ISBN-10 9783319243313
Release 2016-02-10
Pages 1050
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This updated textbook provides a balanced, seamless treatment of both classic, analytic methods and contemporary, computer-based techniques for conceptualizing and designing a structure. New to the second edition are treatments of geometrically nonlinear analysis and limit analysis based on nonlinear inelastic analysis. Illustrative examples of nonlinear behavior generated with advanced software are included. The book fosters an intuitive understanding of structural behavior based on problem solving experience for students of civil engineering and architecture who have been exposed to the basic concepts of engineering mechanics and mechanics of materials. Distinct from other undergraduate textbooks, the authors of Fundamentals of Structural Engineering, 2/e embrace the notion that engineers reason about behavior using simple models and intuition they acquire through problem solving. The perspective adopted in this text therefore develops this type of intuition by presenting extensive, realistic problems and case studies together with computer simulation, allowing for rapid exploration of how a structure responds to changes in geometry and physical parameters. The integrated approach employed in Fundamentals of Structural Engineering, 2/e make it an ideal instructional resource for students and a comprehensive, authoritative reference for practitioners of civil and structural engineering.



The Manual of Bridge Engineering

The Manual of Bridge Engineering Author M. J. Ryall
ISBN-10 0727727745
Release 2000
Pages 1012
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The bridge engineering industry creates an ever-increasing variation of challenges. This landmark publication brings together all topics which are of interest to bridge engineers around the world in one comprehensive manual, and will quickly establish itself as an invaluable reference work. It not only provides a broad overview of the whole subject of bridge engineering, but also focuses on some of the detailed aspects of analysis, design, construction and maintenance. The Manual of Bridge Engineering will be a definitive text for practising civil and structural engineers in consulting firms and government agencies, bridge contractors, research institutes, universities and colleges - in short, all engineers involved in any aspect of the design, construction and repair, maintenance and refurbishment of bridges. Further details The manual begins with a chapter introducing readers to all of the bridge types encountered in bridge construction, from the simplest beam, through arches, to the more complex cable stayed and suspension bridges, and describes their behaviour in a qualitative manner. The second chapter is devoted to the loads which have to be sustained by bridge structures, and in particular looks at traffic load specifications around the world. It covers the brief history of loading specifications, looks in detail at some current code specifications and makes reference to loads due to wind, temperature, shrinkage and construction. This chapter also introduces the reader to the concepts of load distribution and explains the use of influence lines in bridge design. The middle section of the manual deals with the analysis, design and the construction of the more commonly known bridge types. It discusses the analysis tools normally employed and explains the general design concepts - both globally and locally. Finally, for each particular bridge type, the modern methods of construction are explained. These chapters cover a vast area of work, and provide enough information for the understanding of the design process of many different kinds of bridges. The manual then deals with modern developments in the construction of bridges and the consideration of aluminium, fibre composites, bridge enclosures and intelligent structures. There are also chapters dealing with expansion joints, bearings, parapets, drainage, waterproofing, and substructures. The final chapters cover in some detail those topics akin to bridge management. These are vital for a full appreciation of bridge engineering, and give guidance on what is to be considered once the bridge has been commissioned. The subjects covered include protection of both concrete and steel (also with reference to scour protection), project planning, management systems and strategies, inspection, monitoring, assessment and repair and strengthening.