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How The West Grew Rich

How The West Grew Rich Author Nathan Rosenberg
ISBN-10 0786723483
Release 2008-08-01
Pages 416
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How did the West--Europe, Canada, and the United States--escape from immemorial poverty into sustained economic growth and material well-being when other societies remained trapped in an endless cycle of birth, hunger, hardship, and death? In this elegant synthesis of economic history, two scholars argue that it is the political pluralism and the flexibility of the West's institutions--not corporate organization and mass production technology--that explain its unparalleled wealth.

War Wine and Taxes

War  Wine  and Taxes Author John V. C. Nye
ISBN-10 9780691190495
Release 2018-06-26
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In War, Wine, and Taxes, John Nye debunks the myth that Britain was a free-trade nation during and after the industrial revolution, by revealing how the British used tariffs--notably on French wine--as a mercantilist tool to politically weaken France and to respond to pressure from local brewers and others. The book reveals that Britain did not transform smoothly from a mercantilist state in the eighteenth century to a bastion of free trade in the late nineteenth. This boldly revisionist account gives the first satisfactory explanation of Britain's transformation from a minor power to the dominant nation in Europe. It also shows how Britain and France negotiated the critical trade treaty of 1860 that opened wide the European markets in the decades before World War I. Going back to the seventeenth century and examining the peculiar history of Anglo-French military and commercial rivalry, Nye helps us understand why the British drink beer not wine, why the Portuguese sold liquor almost exclusively to Britain, and how liberal, eighteenth-century Britain managed to raise taxes at an unprecedented rate--with government revenues growing five times faster than the gross national product. War, Wine, and Taxes stands in stark contrast to standard interpretations of the role tariffs played in the economic development of Britain and France, and sheds valuable new light on the joint role of commercial and fiscal policy in the rise of the modern state.

Exploring the Black Box

Exploring the Black Box Author Nathan Rosenberg
ISBN-10 0521459559
Release 1994-03-10
Pages 274
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This book presents a unique account of how technological change is generated and the processes by which improved technologies are introduced into economic activity. The central theme of the book is the idea that technological changes are often "path dependent": their form and direction tend to be influenced strongly by the particular sequence of earlier events out of which a new technology has emerged. Individual chapters explore the particular features of new technologies in different historical and sectoral contexts.

Globalization and History

Globalization and History Author Kevin H. O'Rourke
ISBN-10 0262650592
Release 2001
Pages 343
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Winner in the category of Economics in the 1999 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of American Publishers, Inc. Globalization is not a new phenomenon; nor is it irreversible. In Globalization and History, Kevin O'Rourke and Jeffrey Williamson present a coherent picture of trade, migration, and international capital flows in the Atlantic economy in the century prior to 1914—the first great globalization boom. The book's originality lies in its application of the tools of open-economy economics to this critical historical period—differentiating it from most previous work, which has been based on closed-economy or single-sector models. The authors also keep a close eye on globalization debates of the 1990s, using history to inform the present and vice versa. The book brings together research conducted by the authors over the past decade—work that has profoundly influenced how economic history is now written and that has found audiences in economics and history, as well as in the popular press. "Fans and foes of globalization usually agree on one thing: its inevitability. But that is a big mistake, as this fine piece of scholarship makes clear. . . . It is an exceptionally rigorous and insightful history of globalization. Its main message—that globalization can sow the seeds of its own destruction—is salutary. It should be required reading for anyone inclined to think that economic history is bunk." —The Economist

India s Late Late Industrial Revolution

India s Late  Late Industrial Revolution Author Sumit K. Majumdar
ISBN-10 9781107379084
Release 2012-05-24
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There is a paradox at the heart of the Indian economy. Indian businessmen and traders are highly industrious and ingenious people, yet for many years Indian industry was sluggish and slow to develop. One of the major factors in this sluggish development was the command and control regime known as the License Raj. This regime has gradually been removed and, after two decades of reform, India is now awakening from its slumber and is experiencing a late, late industrial revolution. This important new book catalogues and explains this revolution through a combination of rigorous analysis and entertaining anecdotes about India's entrepreneurs, Indian firms' strategies and the changing role of government in Indian industry. This analysis shows that there is a strong case for a manufacturing focus so that India can replicate the success stories of Asian countries such as Japan, South Korea and China.

General Economic History

General Economic History Author Max Weber
ISBN-10 9780486147765
Release 2012-07-12
Pages 432
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DIVStarting with descriptions and analyses of the agrarian systems, the famed economist explores manorial system, guilds, and early capitalism, organization of industry and mining, development of commerce, the transporting of goods, and more. /div

Global Political Economy

Global Political Economy Author Robert Gilpin
ISBN-10 9781400831272
Release 2011-08-29
Pages 440
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This book is the eagerly awaited successor to Robert Gilpin's 1987 The Political Economy of International Relations, the classic statement of the field of international political economy that continues to command the attention of students, researchers, and policymakers. The world economy and political system have changed dramatically since the 1987 book was published. The end of the Cold War has unleashed new economic and political forces, and new regionalisms have emerged. Computing power is increasingly an impetus to the world economy, and technological developments have changed and are changing almost every aspect of contemporary economic affairs. Gilpin's Global Political Economy considers each of these developments. Reflecting a lifetime of scholarship, it offers a masterful survey of the approaches that have been used to understand international economic relations and the problems faced in the new economy. Gilpin focuses on the powerful economic, political, and technological forces that have transformed the world. He gives particular attention to economic globalization, its real and alleged implications for economic affairs, and the degree to which its nature, extent, and significance have been exaggerated and misunderstood. Moreover, he demonstrates that national policies and domestic economies remain the most critical determinants of economic affairs. The book also stresses the importance of economic regionalism, multinational corporations, and financial upheavals. Gilpin integrates economic and political analysis in his discussion of "global political economy." He employs the conventional theory of international trade, insights from the theory of industrial organization, and endogenous growth theory. In addition, ideas from political science, history, and other disciplines are employed to enrich understanding of the new international economic order. This wide-ranging book is destined to become a landmark in the field.

The Elusive Transformation

The Elusive Transformation Author Eugene B. Skolnikoff
ISBN-10 1400820928
Release 1994-08-22
Pages 336
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Eugene Skolnikoff treats the roles of science and technology across the entire range of relations among nations, including security and economic issues, environmental questions, international economic competitiveness, the spread of weapons technology, the demise of communism, the new content of dependency relations, and the demanding new problems of national and international governance. He shows how the structure and operation of the scientific and technological enterprises have interacted with international affairs to lead to the dramatic evolution of world politics experienced in this century, particularly after World War II.

A Capitalist Manifesto

A Capitalist Manifesto Author Gary Wolfram
ISBN-10 0965604071
Release 2013-08
Pages 152
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"The socialist principles of the Communist Manifesto of 1848 have delivered oppression, poverty, and misery wherever they have been implemented. Yet remarkably, many of them endure in contemporary political discourse ... Gary Wolfram refutes these principles with a clear exposition of the capitalist system--the only economic system compatible with both social justice and individual liberty"--Page 4 of cover.

Kicking Away the Ladder

Kicking Away the Ladder Author Ha-Joon Chang
ISBN-10 0857287613
Release 2002-07-01
Pages 196
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How did the rich countries really become rich? In this provocative study, Ha-Joon Chang examines the great pressure on developing countries from the developed world to adopt certain 'good policies' and 'good institutions', seen today as necessary for economic development. His conclusions are compelling and disturbing: that developed countries are attempting to 'kick away the ladder' with which they have climbed to the top, thereby preventing developing countries from adopting policies and institutions that they themselves have used.

Industrial Development in Africa

Industrial Development in Africa Author Berhanu Abegaz
ISBN-10 9781351671101
Release 2018-02-21
Pages 306
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Industrial Development in Africa critically synthesizes and reframes the debates on African industrial development in a capability-opportunity framework. It recasts the challenge in a broader comparative context of successive waves of catchup industrialization experiences in the European periphery, Latin America, and East Asia. Berhanu Abegaz explores the case for resource-based and factor-based industrialization in North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa by drawing on insights from the history of industrialization, development economics, political economy, and institutional economics. Unpacking complex and diverse experiences, the chapters look at Africa at several levels: continent-wide, sub-regions on both sides of the Sahara, and present analytical case studies of 12 representative countries: Egypt, Tunisia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, and Cote d’Ivoire. Industrial Development in Africa will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students studying African development, African economics, and late-stage industrialization. The book will also be of interest to policymakers.

Industrial Ecology and Global Change

Industrial Ecology and Global Change Author R. Socolow
ISBN-10 0521577837
Release 1997
Pages 500
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This book describes how humankind can more fully industrialize our society without overwhelming the Earth's natural systems. In the five main parts of this book, contributors discuss the industrialization of society; the main natural systems cycles; toxic chemicals in the environment; industrial ecology in firms; and policy-making with respect to industrial ecology. The book will appeal to professionals in a wide range of environmental fields.

Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not

Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not Author Prasannan Parthasarathi
ISBN-10 9781139498890
Release 2011-08-11
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Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not provides a striking new answer to the classic question of why Europe industrialised from the late eighteenth century and Asia did not. Drawing significantly from the case of India, Prasannan Parthasarathi shows that in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the advanced regions of Europe and Asia were more alike than different, both characterized by sophisticated and growing economies. Their subsequent divergence can be attributed to different competitive and ecological pressures that in turn produced varied state policies and economic outcomes. This account breaks with conventional views, which hold that divergence occurred because Europe possessed superior markets, rationality, science or institutions. It offers instead a groundbreaking rereading of global economic development that ranges from India, Japan and China to Britain, France and the Ottoman Empire and from the textile and coal industries to the roles of science, technology and the state.

Stalin s Economic Advisors

Stalin s Economic Advisors Author Kyung Deok Roh
ISBN-10 9781786723178
Release 2018-02-09
Pages 256
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Soviet foreign policy in the Stalin era is commonly assumed to have been a direct product of either Marxist ideology or the leader’s whims. Both assumptions, however, oversimplify the complex and subtle factors involved in its creation and implementation. Kyung-Deok Roh provides an alternative, more nuanced, explanation and demonstrates the key role played by Stalin’s economic advisors. The so-called ‘Varga Institute’ , a ‘think tank’ led by Evgenii Varga, developed a unique scholarly discourse on the capitalist economy and international politics, based on an amalgam of Marxist economics and, notably, the work of American economist W. E. Mitchell. The institute’s scholarship, which suggested the resilience, adaptability and stability of the capitalist economy, created the discursive space within which decisions were made, and influenced Stalin to move increasingly from aggressive strategies towards more cautious international policies.

The Economic Struggle for Power in Tito s Yugoslavia

The Economic Struggle for Power in Tito   s Yugoslavia Author Vladimir Unkovski-Korica
ISBN-10 9781786720313
Release 2016-08-24
Pages 304
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Josep Broz Tito’s reshaped Yugoslav state became an influential pivot between East and West during the Cold War. Here, Vladimir Unkovski-Korica re-assesses the key episodes of Tito’s rule - from the joint Stalin-Tito offensive of 1944, through to the Tito-Stalin split of 1948, the market reforms of the 1950s and the ‘turn to the West’ which led to Yugoslavia’s non-alignment policy. For the first time, Unkovski-Korica also outlines Tito’s internal battle with the Workers’ Councils - empowered union bodies which emerged with the ‘withering away of the party’ in the early 1950s.The Economic Struggle for Power in Tito’s Yugoslavia draws out the impact of the period economically and politically, and its long-term effects. A comprehensive history based on new archival research, this book will appeal to scholars and students of European Studies, International Relations and Politics, as well as to historians of the Balkans.

Economic Development in the Americas Since 1500

Economic Development in the Americas Since 1500 Author Stanley L. Engerman
ISBN-10 9781107009554
Release 2012
Pages 417
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Examines differences in the rates of economic growth in Latin America and mainland North America since the seventeenth century.

War Peace and Prosperity in the Name of God

War  Peace  and Prosperity in the Name of God Author Murat Iyigun
ISBN-10 9780226232287
Release 2015-05-07
Pages 208
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Differences among religious communities have motivated—and continue to motivate—many of the deadliest conflicts in human history. But how did political power and organized religion become so thoroughly intertwined? And how have religion and religiously motivated conflicts affected the evolution of societies throughout history, from demographic and sociopolitical change to economic growth? War, Peace, and Prosperity in the Name of God turns the focus on the “big three monotheisms”—Judaism, Islam, and Christianity—to consider these questions. Chronicling the relatively rapid spread of the Abrahamic religions among the Old World, Murat Iyigun shows that societies that adhered to a monotheistic belief in that era lasted longer, suggesting that monotheism brought some sociopolitical advantages. While the inherent belief in one true god meant that these religious communities had sooner or later to contend with one another, Iyigun shows that differences among them were typically strong enough to trump disagreements within. The book concludes by documenting the long-term repercussions of these dynamics for the organization of societies and their politics in Europe and the Middle East.