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How to Solve It

How to Solve It Author G. Polya
ISBN-10 9781400828678
Release 2014-10-26
Pages 288
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A perennial bestseller by eminent mathematician G. Polya, How to Solve It will show anyone in any field how to think straight. In lucid and appealing prose, Polya reveals how the mathematical method of demonstrating a proof or finding an unknown can be of help in attacking any problem that can be "reasoned" out—from building a bridge to winning a game of anagrams. Generations of readers have relished Polya's deft—indeed, brilliant—instructions on stripping away irrelevancies and going straight to the heart of the problem.



Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Patterns of plausible inference

Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning  Patterns of plausible inference Author George Pólya
ISBN-10 069102510X
Release 1968
Pages 225
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A guide to the practical art of plausible reasoning, this book has relevance in every field of intellectual activity. Professor Polya, a world-famous mathematician from Stanford University, uses mathematics to show how hunches and guesses play an important part in even the most rigorously deductive science. He explains how solutions to problems can be guessed at; good guessing is often more important than rigorous deduction in finding correct solutions. Vol. II, on Patterns of Plausible Inference, attempts to develop a logic of plausibility. What makes some evidence stronger and some weaker? How does one seek evidence that will make a suspected truth more probable? These questions involve philosophy and psychology as well as mathematics.



The Random Walks of George Polya

The Random Walks of George Polya Author Gerald L. Alexanderson
ISBN-10 0883855283
Release 2000-04-27
Pages 303
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Both a biography of Pólya's life, and a review of his many mathematical achievements by today's experts.



Mathematical Thinking and Problem Solving

Mathematical Thinking and Problem Solving Author Alan H. Schoenfeld
ISBN-10 9781135440930
Release 2016-05-06
Pages 360
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In the early 1980s there was virtually no serious communication among the various groups that contribute to mathematics education -- mathematicians, mathematics educators, classroom teachers, and cognitive scientists. Members of these groups came from different traditions, had different perspectives, and rarely gathered in the same place to discuss issues of common interest. Part of the problem was that there was no common ground for the discussions -- given the disparate traditions and perspectives. As one way of addressing this problem, the Sloan Foundation funded two conferences in the mid-1980s, bringing together members of the different communities in a ground clearing effort, designed to establish a base for communication. In those conferences, interdisciplinary teams reviewed major topic areas and put together distillations of what was known about them.* A more recent conference -- upon which this volume is based -- offered a forum in which various people involved in education reform would present their work, and members of the broad communities gathered would comment on it. The focus was primarily on college mathematics, informed by developments in K-12 mathematics. The main issues of the conference were mathematical thinking and problem solving.



Notes on Introductory Combinatorics

Notes on Introductory Combinatorics Author George Polya
ISBN-10 9781475711011
Release 2013-11-27
Pages 193
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In the winter of 1978, Professor George P61ya and I jointly taught Stanford University's introductory combinatorics course. This was a great opportunity for me, as I had known of Professor P61ya since having read his classic book, How to Solve It, as a teenager. Working with P6lya, who ·was over ninety years old at the time, was every bit as rewarding as I had hoped it would be. His creativity, intelligence, warmth and generosity of spirit, and wonderful gift for teaching continue to be an inspiration to me. Combinatorics is one of the branches of mathematics that play a crucial role in computer sCience, since digital computers manipulate discrete, finite objects. Combinatorics impinges on computing in two ways. First, the properties of graphs and other combinatorial objects lead directly to algorithms for solving graph-theoretic problems, which have widespread application in non-numerical as well as in numerical computing. Second, combinatorial methods provide many analytical tools that can be used for determining the worst-case and expected performance of computer algorithms. A knowledge of combinatorics will serve the computer scientist well. Combinatorics can be classified into three types: enumerative, eXistential, and constructive. Enumerative combinatorics deals with the counting of combinatorial objects. Existential combinatorics studies the existence or nonexistence of combinatorial configurations.



Mathematical Methods in Science

Mathematical Methods in Science Author George Pólya
ISBN-10 0883856263
Release 1977
Pages 234
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This book captures some of Pólya's excitement and vision. Its distinctive feature is the stress on the history of certain elementary chapters of science; these can be a source of enjoyment and deeper understanding of mathematics even for beginners who have little, or perhaps no, knowledge of physics.



Mathematical Discovery on Understanding Learning and Teaching Problem Solving

Mathematical Discovery on Understanding  Learning  and Teaching Problem Solving Author George Pólya
ISBN-10 4871878325
Release 2009
Pages 218
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"Solving problems," writes Polya, "is a practical art, like swimming, or skiing, or playing the piano: You can learn it only by imitation and practice. This book cannot offer you a magic key that opens all the doors and solves all the problems, but it offers you good examples for imitation and many opportunities for practice: If you wish to learn swimming you have to go into the water and if you wish to become a problem solver you have to solve problems." "In enough cases to allay . . . discouragement over not immediately discovering a solution, Professor Polya masterfully leads the reader down several unproductive paths. At the end of each chapter he provides examples for the render to solve. By means of these carefully selected and arranged problems, many of them directly related to others that precede, and guided by just the right suggestions at just the proper time, the reader's own ability is developed and extended. Solutions to the examples and, in many cases, outlines of procedures for discovering solutions. arc given at the back of the book. With striking promise for effectiveness, the entire book as a unit is one great experience in learning processes for problem solving through participation. The author has captured with great success the implication of his basic premise stated in the preface ..." The Mathematics Teacher



Problem Solving Strategies

Problem Solving Strategies Author Arthur Engel
ISBN-10 9780387226415
Release 2008-01-19
Pages 403
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A unique collection of competition problems from over twenty major national and international mathematical competitions for high school students. Written for trainers and participants of contests of all levels up to the highest level, this will appeal to high school teachers conducting a mathematics club who need a range of simple to complex problems and to those instructors wishing to pose a "problem of the week", thus bringing a creative atmosphere into the classrooms. Equally, this is a must-have for individuals interested in solving difficult and challenging problems. Each chapter starts with typical examples illustrating the central concepts and is followed by a number of carefully selected problems and their solutions. Most of the solutions are complete, but some merely point to the road leading to the final solution. In addition to being a valuable resource of mathematical problems and solution strategies, this is the most complete training book on the market.



The Stanford Mathematics Problem Book

The Stanford Mathematics Problem Book Author George Polya
ISBN-10 9780486318325
Release 2013-04-09
Pages 80
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Based on Stanford University's well-known competitive exam, this excellent mathematics workbook offers students at both high school and college levels a complete set of problems, hints, and solutions. 1974 edition.



Mathematical Methods in Elasticity Imaging

Mathematical Methods in Elasticity Imaging Author Habib Ammari
ISBN-10 9781400866625
Release 2015-04-05
Pages 240
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This book is the first to comprehensively explore elasticity imaging and examines recent, important developments in asymptotic imaging, modeling, and analysis of deterministic and stochastic elastic wave propagation phenomena. It derives the best possible functional images for small inclusions and cracks within the context of stability and resolution, and introduces a topological derivative–based imaging framework for detecting elastic inclusions in the time-harmonic regime. For imaging extended elastic inclusions, accurate optimal control methodologies are designed and the effects of uncertainties of the geometric or physical parameters on stability and resolution properties are evaluated. In particular, the book shows how localized damage to a mechanical structure affects its dynamic characteristics, and how measured eigenparameters are linked to elastic inclusion or crack location, orientation, and size. Demonstrating a novel method for identifying, locating, and estimating inclusions and cracks in elastic structures, the book opens possibilities for a mathematical and numerical framework for elasticity imaging of nanoparticles and cellular structures.



The Art of Problem Posing

The Art of Problem Posing Author Stephen I. Brown
ISBN-10 9781135612238
Release 2005-01-15
Pages 888
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The new edition of this classic book describes and provides a myriad of examples of the relationships between problem posing and problem solving, and explores the educational potential of integrating these two activities in classrooms at all levels. The Art of Problem Posing, Third Edition encourages readers to shift their thinking about problem posing (such as where problems come from, what to do with them, and the like) from the "other" to themselves and offers a broader conception of what can be done with problems. Special features include: an exploration of the logical relationship between problem posing and problem solving; sketches, drawings, and diagrams that illustrate the schemes proposed; and a special section on writing in mathematics. In the updated third edition, the authors specifically: *address the role of problem posing in the NCTM Standards; *elaborate on the concept of student as author and critic; *include discussion of computer applications to illustrate the potential of technology to enhance problem posing in the classroom; *expand the section on diversity/multiculturalism; and *broaden discussion of writing as a classroom enterprise. This book offers present and future teachers at the middle school, secondary school, and higher education levels ideas to enrich their teaching and suggestions for how to incorporate problem posing into a standard mathematics curriculum.



Over and Over Again

Over and Over Again Author Gengzhe Chang
ISBN-10 0883856417
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 309
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Mathematical theme that relates chaos, graphics and geometry, all with just high school maths background.



Infinity and the Mind

Infinity and the Mind Author Rudy Rucker
ISBN-10 9781400849048
Release 2013-07-14
Pages 368
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In Infinity and the Mind, Rudy Rucker leads an excursion to that stretch of the universe he calls the "Mindscape," where he explores infinity in all its forms: potential and actual, mathematical and physical, theological and mundane. Rucker acquaints us with Gödel's rotating universe, in which it is theoretically possible to travel into the past, and explains an interpretation of quantum mechanics in which billions of parallel worlds are produced every microsecond. It is in the realm of infinity, he maintains, that mathematics, science, and logic merge with the fantastic. By closely examining the paradoxes that arise from this merging, we can learn a great deal about the human mind, its powers, and its limitations. Using cartoons, puzzles, and quotations to enliven his text, Rucker guides us through such topics as the paradoxes of set theory, the possibilities of physical infinities, and the results of Gödel's incompleteness theorems. His personal encounters with Gödel the mathematician and philosopher provide a rare glimpse at genius and reveal what very few mathematicians have dared to admit: the transcendent implications of Platonic realism.



The Mathematical Mechanic

The Mathematical Mechanic Author Mark Levi
ISBN-10 9780691154565
Release 2012
Pages 186
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In this delightful book, Levi turns math and physics upside down, revealing how physics can simplify proofs and lead to quicker solutions and new theorems, and how physical solutions can illustrate why results are true in ways lengthy mathematical calculations never can.



Topics in Ergodic Theory PMS 44

Topics in Ergodic Theory  PMS 44 Author Iakov Grigorevich Sinai
ISBN-10 9781400887255
Release 2017-03-14
Pages 226
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This book concerns areas of ergodic theory that are now being intensively developed. The topics include entropy theory (with emphasis on dynamical systems with multi-dimensional time), elements of the renormalization group method in the theory of dynamical systems, splitting of separatrices, and some problems related to the theory of hyperbolic dynamical systems. Originally published in 1993. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.



Mathematical Techniques in Finance

Mathematical Techniques in Finance Author Ales Cerný
ISBN-10 9781400831487
Release 2009-07-06
Pages 416
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Originally published in 2003, Mathematical Techniques in Finance has become a standard textbook for master's-level finance courses containing a significant quantitative element while also being suitable for finance PhD students. This fully revised second edition continues to offer a carefully crafted blend of numerical applications and theoretical grounding in economics, finance, and mathematics, and provides plenty of opportunities for students to practice applied mathematics and cutting-edge finance. Ales Cerný mixes tools from calculus, linear algebra, probability theory, numerical mathematics, and programming to analyze in an accessible way some of the most intriguing problems in financial economics. The textbook is the perfect hands-on introduction to asset pricing, optimal portfolio selection, risk measurement, and investment evaluation. The new edition includes the most recent research in the area of incomplete markets and unhedgeable risks, adds a chapter on finite difference methods, and thoroughly updates all bibliographic references. Eighty figures, over seventy examples, twenty-five simple ready-to-run computer programs, and several spreadsheets enhance the learning experience. All computer codes have been rewritten using MATLAB and online supplementary materials have been completely updated. A standard textbook for graduate finance courses Introduction to asset pricing, portfolio selection, risk measurement, and investment evaluation Detailed examples and MATLAB codes integrated throughout the text Exercises and summaries of main points conclude each chapter



How to Solve it by Computer

How to Solve it by Computer Author Dromey
ISBN-10 8131705625
Release 2008
Pages 442
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How to Solve it by Computer has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from How to Solve it by Computer also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full How to Solve it by Computer book for free.