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Human Placental Trophoblasts

Human Placental Trophoblasts Author Asim K. Duttaroy
ISBN-10 9781482254297
Release 2015-11-05
Pages 426
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Human Placental Trophoblasts: Impact of Maternal Nutrition explores the vital roles of trophoblasts play in fetal growth and pregnancy, giving you new insight into the modulation of placental trophoblast functions by nutrients. It also reviews the role of fatty acids, folic acids, and specific vitamins in this aspect. The book highlights the critical role of nutrients on human placental development and its' in utero programming effects on the development of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and obesity in later life. The book begins with discussions of the central process of placentation and its regulation on size and growth of the fetus. It also covers the effects of key macronutrients on placental growth, metabolism, transport, and secretory function. The text details important vitamins and few micronutrients and their roles in the feto-placental growth and development. It includes information on the influence of maternal lifestyle and environmental factors on regulation of the growth, metabolism and gene expression in the feto-placental unit. A review of the genes linked to the process of placentation rounds out the coverage. An examination of a broad range of evidence in the areas of placental growth, function, and its impact on feto-placental outcome, the book presents new knowledge on nutrition and its relevance with early human development. This includes not only the effects of maternal nutrients on possible neonatal growth and development but also their regulation by maternal lifestyle associated factors. A fine blending of epidemiology, clinical nutrition, perinatal and neonatal medicine, and biochemistry and molecular biology areas of research activities, the book helps you to understand the impact of maternal nutrition on placentation and its relevance with pregnancy outcome and fetal programming of adult health and disease.



Vascular Biology of the Placenta

Vascular Biology of the Placenta Author Yuping Wang
ISBN-10 9781615047512
Release 2017-06-23
Pages 113
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The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall, thereby allowing nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply. Proper vascular development in the placenta is fundamental to ensuring a healthy fetus and successful pregnancy. This book provides an up-to-date summary and synthesis of knowledge regarding placental vascular biology and discusses the relevance of this vascular bed to the functions of the human placenta.



Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes

Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes Author Rajkumar Rajendram
ISBN-10 9783319564401
Release 2017-10-10
Pages 514
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This comprehensive volume covers all aspects of nutrition in different scenarios of maternal diabetes, including the Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic mother, gestational diabetes, and postpartum diabetes. The volumes offer a comprehensive, yet thorough, overview of the subject, from the prevalence, risk factors, and insulin requirements of the mother; to possible outcomes and effects on the infant; to dietary advice in general and specific scenarios; and information on macro and micronutrient supplements. There is also a special section on international perspectives on maternal diabetes, with ten chapters that each focus on a different country. Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes: An Evidence-Based Approach offers an overview of the Type 1 and type 2 diabetic mother, maternal and offspring aspects of gestation diabetes, and breastfeeding and maternal gestational diabetes.​



Early Nutrition and Lifestyle Factors

Early Nutrition and Lifestyle Factors Author Asim K. Duttaroy
ISBN-10 9783319388045
Release 2016-07-29
Pages 159
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This book highlights the impact of nutrients on early placentation processes and their relevance for fetal growth and pregnancy outcome.​ The role of maternal nutrition on fetal growth and development has been evidenced in many epidemiological studies that included infamous Dutch famine, Helsinki Birth cohort and others. Fetal programming hypothesis states that the nutritional and other environmental conditions under which an individual develops from pre-conception to birth has a major impact on the future health of the newborn child. The developmental environment of the fetus is primarily dependent on two major factors that are maternal nutritional state (excess/low/imbalance) and placental function. Placentation is characterized by the extensive remodeling of the maternal uterine vasculature producing low-resistance blood vessels that facilitate the exchange of nutrients and wastes between the mother and the fetus. Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in human placental blood vessel formation, which are now well established, are discussed.



Maternal Fetal Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation

Maternal Fetal Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation Author Michael E. Symonds
ISBN-10 9780521887090
Release 2010-01-28
Pages 208
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With the aim to improve clinicians' understanding of the important effects nutrition can have on maternal health and fetal and neonatal development, Maternal-Fetal Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation defines the nutritional requirements with regard to the stage of development and growth, placing scientific developments into clinical context.



Hormones in Neurodegeneration Neuroprotection and Neurogenesis

Hormones in Neurodegeneration  Neuroprotection  and Neurogenesis Author Achille G. Gravanis
ISBN-10 9783527633975
Release 2011-06-24
Pages 404
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As life expectancy increases and population ages, the already enormous impact of neurodegeneration on society will become even larger without better prevention and treatment. Developing strategies to prevent degeneration of neurons and to promote a healthy nervous system is, thus, critical. The development of pharmacological agents that would increase production of new neurons was recently facilitated by the identification of the hormonal regulators of various steps of adult neurogenesis. The proposed book is writen by a group of top world experts involved in the study of the mechanisms of hormonal control of brain damage and repair. The effects of thyroid and steroid hormones (estrogens, androgens, progestins, gluco-mineralo-corticoids, various neurosteroids) or polypeptide hormones (CRF, urocortins, somatostastin, GH/IGF, leptin, prolactin, PACAP, erythropoetin) on neuronal survival and neurogenesis in various neurodegenerative conditions and in brain aging will be discussed in detail. The proposed book is unique because it gives a comprehensive account of the neuroprotective and neurogenic effects of steroid and polypeptide hormones. Furthermore, new pharmacological approaches for treatment of neurodegenerative conditions are presented, based on the neuroprotective and neurogenic properties of natural and synthetic hormones.



Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction

Knobil and Neill s Physiology of Reproduction Author Tony M. Plant
ISBN-10 9780123977694
Release 2014-11-15
Pages 2684
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The Fourth Edition of Knobil & Neill continues to serve as a reference aid for research, to provide the historical context to current research, and most importantly as an aid for graduate teaching on a broad range of topics in human and comparative reproduction. In the decade since the publication of the last edition, the study of reproductive physiology has undergone monumental changes. Chief among these advances are in the areas of stem cell development, signaling pathways, the role of inflammation in the regulatory processes in the various tissues, and the integration of new animal models which have led to a greater understanding of human disease. The new edition synthesizes all of this new information at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels of organization and present modern physiology a more understandable and comparative context. The Fourth Edition has been extensively revised, reflecting new fundamental advancements in this rapidly advancing field. Provides a common language for researchers across the fields of physiology, endocrinology, and biology to discuss their understanding of reproduction. Saves academic researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on reproductive physiology, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles.



The Evolution of the Human Placenta

The Evolution of the Human Placenta Author Michael L. Power
ISBN-10 9781421408705
Release 2012-09-24
Pages 280
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As the active interface of the most biologically intimate connection between two living organisms, a mother and her fetus, the placenta is crucial to human evolution and survival. Michael L. Power and Jay Schulkin explore the more than 100 million years of evolution that led to the human placenta and, in so doing, they help unravel the mysteries of human life's first moments. Starting with some of the earliest events that have influenced the path of placental evolution in mammals and progressing to the specifics of the human placenta, this book examines modern gestation within an evolutionary framework. Human beings are a successful species and our numbers have increased dramatically since our earliest days on Earth. However, human fetal development is fraught with poor outcomes for both the mother and fetus that appear to be, if not unique, far more common in humans than in other mammals. High rates of early pregnancy loss, nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, preeclampsia and related maternal hypertension, and preterm birth are rare or absent in other mammals yet not unusual in humans. Power and Schulkin explain why this apparent contradiction exists and address such topics as how the placenta regulates and coordinates the metabolism, growth, and development of both mother and fetus, the placenta’s role in protecting a fetus from the mother’s immune system, and placental diseases. In the process, they reveal the vital importance of this organ—which is composed mostly of fetal cells—for us as individuals and as a species. -- Errol R. Norwitz, Tufts University School of Medicine and Tufts Medical Center



Maternal nutrition and pregnancy outcome

Maternal nutrition and pregnancy outcome Author Carl L. Keen
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105003401200
Release 1993
Pages 372
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Maternal nutrition and pregnancy outcome has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Maternal nutrition and pregnancy outcome also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Maternal nutrition and pregnancy outcome book for free.



Cellular Proteins and Their Fatty Acids in Health and Disease

Cellular Proteins and Their Fatty Acids in Health and Disease Author Asim K. Duttaroy
ISBN-10 9783527605286
Release 2006-03-06
Pages 478
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In light of the increasing importance of these proteins and their ligands for our understanding of cellular growth, differentiation, and development, as well as of diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, cancer, and inflammation, a team of internationally renowned editors and authors have compiled here the very first comprehensive book on these topics. They describe fatty acid-activated transcription factors as well as membrane and soluble fatty acid transporters, covering such aspects as structure and function, lipid-protein interaction, delivery of ligands, and the roles of these proteins in gene expression pertaining to the homeostatic and diseased states of cells and organs. Incorporating recent findings, this is indispensable for basic scientists, health professionals in industry and clinics as well as postgraduate students. Contributors among others: N.A. Abumrad, J.E. Schaffer, G. Schmitz, N.J. Brunskill, J. Storch, U. Seedorf, S. Mandrup, C.N.A. Palmer, T. Perlmann, H.I. Nebb, J. Bar-Tana, H. Kondo, C. Wolfrum, C. Kerkhoff , S. Farmer, E.J. Murphy, J.F.C. Glatz, P. Besnard, J.M. Stewart, A. Meirhaeghe, J. Plutzky, W. Wahli, R.A. Roberts



Endocrinology E Book

Endocrinology   E Book Author J. Larry Jameson
ISBN-10 9781455711260
Release 2010-05-18
Pages 3064
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ENDOCRINOLOGY, edited by J. Larry Jameson, MD, PhD and Leslie J. De Groot, MD, has been considered the definitive source in its field for decades. Now this landmark reference has been exhaustively updated to bring you the latest clinical guidance on all aspects of diagnosis and treatment for the full range of endocrine and metabolism disorders, including new information on diabetes, obesity, MEN I and II, disorders of sex determination, and pituitary tumors. Entirely new chapters on Lipodystrophy Syndromes, Lipoprotein Metabolism, and Genetic Disorders of Phosphate Homeostasis keep you well informed on today’s hot topics. You’ll benefit from unique, global perspectives on adult and pediatric endocrinology prepared by an international team of renowned authorities. This reference is optimally designed to help you succeed in your demanding practice and ensure the best possible outcomes for every patient. Overcome virtually any clinical challenge with detailed, expert coverage of every area of endocrinology, authored by hundreds of leading luminaries in the field. Provide state-of-the-art care with comprehensive updates on diabetes, obesity, MEN I and II, disorders of sex determination, and pituitary tumors ... brand-new chapters on Lipodystrophy Syndromes, Lipoprotein Metabolism, and Genetic Disorders of Phosphate Homeostasis ... expanded coverage of sports performance, including testosterone, androgen research, and bone growth and deterioration ... and the newest discoveries in genetics and how they affect patient care. Make the best clinical decisions with an enhanced emphasis on evidence-based practice in conjunction with expert opinion. Rapidly consult with trusted authorities thanks to new expert-opinion treatment strategies and recommendations. Zero in on the most relevant and useful references with the aid of a more focused, concise bibliography. Locate information more quickly, while still getting the complete coverage you expect.



Enviromedics

Enviromedics Author Jay Lemery
ISBN-10 9781442243194
Release 2017-10-16
Pages 180
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Many of us have concerns about the effects of climate change on Earth, but we often overlook the essential issue of human health. This book addresses that oversight and enlightens readers about the most important aspect of one of the greatest challenges of our time. The global environment is under massive stress from centuries of human industrialization. The projections regarding climate change for the next century and beyond are grim. The impact this will have on human health is tremendous, and we are only just now discovering what the long-term outcomes may be. By weighing in from a physician’s perspective, Jay Lemery and Paul Auerbach clarify the science, dispel the myths, and help readers understand the threats of climate change to human health. No better argument exists for persuading people to care about climate change than a close look at its impacts on our physical and emotional well-being. The need has never been greater for a grounded, informative, and accessible discussion about this topic. In this groundbreaking book, the authors not only sound the alarm but address the health issues likely to arise in the coming years.



Fetal Medicine

Fetal Medicine Author Charles H. Rodeck
ISBN-10 9780443104084
Release 2009
Pages 780
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Fetal medicine has emerged as a separate subspecialty over the last 30 years as a result of major advances in a number of areas, in particular ultrasound imaging, cytogenetics, molecular biology and biochemistry. The widespread use of antenatal screening and diagnostic tests has led to an increased need for obstetricians to have knowledge and skills in fetal medicine. This book provides the information that underpins training programmes in fetal medicine and integrates science and clinical disciplines in a practical and useful way. Clinical sections include: the latest advances in prenatal screening; a systems-based presentation of the diagnosis and management of fetal malformations; complete coverage of common and rare fetal conditions including growth restriction, endocrine and platelet disorders, early pregnancy loss, and twins/multiple pregnancy. More focus on important basic-science concepts, such as maternofetal cell trafficking, and the relevance to clinical management.



The Placenta and Human Developmental Programming

The Placenta and Human Developmental Programming Author Graham J. Burton
ISBN-10 9781139494229
Release 2010-12-16
Pages
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Developmental programming is a rapidly advancing discipline of great importance to basic scientists and health professionals alike. This text integrates, for the first time, contributions from world experts to explore the role of the placenta in developmental programming. The book considers the materno-fetal supply line, and how perturbations of placental development impact on its functional capacity. Chapters examine ways in which environmental, immunological and vascular insults regulate expression of conventional and imprinted genes, along with their impact on placental shape and size, transport, metabolism and endocrine function. Research in animal models is integrated with human clinical and epidemiological data, and questions for future research are identified. Transcripts of discussions between the authors allow readers to engage with controversial issues. Essential reading for researchers in placental biology and developmental programming, as well as specialists and trainees in the wider field of reproductive medicine.



Perinatal Nutrition

Perinatal Nutrition Author Jatinder Bhatia
ISBN-10 0203997336
Release 2004-12-27
Pages 392
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Perinatal Nutrition describes the role of nutrition in newborn growth and development, the reduction of health risks, and the prevention of morbidity in the neonatal period and infancy. This important reference presents valuable nutritional strategies for the care of perinatal patients from preconception through infancy and after hospital release, and analyzes in-hospital and post discharge methods to promote infant growth. The book investigates the positive effects of calcium, protein, and other micronutrients on infant development as well as the mechanisms, function, and impact of a wide range of nutrients and provides recommendations for iron and vitamin intake based on maternal BMI.



Endocrinology Adult and Pediatric E Book

Endocrinology  Adult and Pediatric E Book Author J. Larry Jameson
ISBN-10 9780323321952
Release 2015-02-25
Pages 2700
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Considered the definitive source in its field for over 35 years, Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric, has been thoroughly updated to reflect today's recent advances in adult and pediatric endocrinology. Unique perspectives from a team of trusted, world-renowned experts ensure this medical reference book remains the most highly-regarded text in the field. Make the best clinical decisions with an enhanced emphasis on evidence-based practice and expert opinions on treatment strategies. Zero in on the most relevant and useful references with the aid of a more focused, concise bibliography. Locate information quickly, while still getting the complete coverage you expect. Expanded coverage for key topics such as pediatric endocrinology and obesity mechanisms and treatment, in addition to today's hot topics in endocrinology, including endocrine disruptors, bariatric surgery, androgen deficiency, genetic causes of obesity, endocrine rhythms, and the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in thyroid cancer. New content addressing the latest advances in testosterone and estrogen replacement, as well as the new causes of calcium and phosphate disorders, new molecular causes of endocrine cancers, new genetic causes of reproductive disorders, and more. Updated clinical guidelines for diabetes, lipid disorders, obesity management, osteoporosis, and more, as well as essential treatment updates for the medical management of acromegaly, Cushing's Disease, hypercalcemia, and diabetes mellitus. New Key Points provide snapshots of what to expect in each chapter, or serve as a refresher of what you just read. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader.



Manual of Pathology of the Human Placenta

Manual of Pathology of the Human Placenta Author Rebecca N Baergen
ISBN-10 1441974946
Release 2011-01-06
Pages 544
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Manual of Pathology of the Human Placenta, Second Edition is a concise, practical manual of placental pathology. While references are made to the more encyclopedic Pathology of the Human Placenta, this Manual is designed as a user-friendly, easy-to-read bench manual that can be used in the grossing room as well as at the microscope. Features of the text include:- A section on the approach to the placental specimen, providing suggestions on what to do, as well as when and how to do it.- Discussion of detailed development and normal histology of all parts of the placenta for those wanting to learn about specific areas of the placenta.- Discussion of placental lesions, disease processes related to the placenta, neoplasms, and trophoblastic lesions. An overview of the legal implications of placental examination and future direction. "Suggestions for Examination and Report" includes key points in gross examination, sectioning, and diagnosis. Suggestions for comments in the surgical pathology report guide the reader in problematic situations or when the diagnosis or diagnostic implications are unclear.An abundance of tables summarize pertinent information and provide easy access to the differential diagnoses of various lesions. Manual of Pathology of the Human Placenta is a must-have reference for every pathologist, resident and pathology assistant.