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Illness Or Deviance

Illness Or Deviance Author Jennifer Murphy
ISBN-10 9781439910238
Release 2015-06-12
Pages 244
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Is drug addiction a disease that can be treated, or is it a crime that should be punished? In her probing study, Illness or Deviance?, Jennifer Murphy investigates the various perspectives on addiction, and how society has myriad ways of handling it—incarcerating some drug users while putting others in treatment. Illness or Deviance? highlights the confusion and contradictions about labeling addiction. Murphy’s fieldwork in a drug court and an outpatient drug treatment facility yields fascinating insights, such as how courts and treatment centers both enforce the “disease” label of addiction, yet their management tactics overlap treatment with “therapeutic punishment.” The “addict" label is a result not just of using drugs, but also of being a part of the drug lifestyle, by selling drugs. In addition, Murphy observes that drug courts and treatment facilities benefit economically from their cooperation, creating a very powerful institutional arrangement. Murphy contextualizes her findings within theories of medical sociology as well as criminology to identify the policy implications of a medicalized view of addiction.



Substance Abuse A Reference Handbook 2nd Edition

Substance Abuse  A Reference Handbook  2nd Edition Author David E. Newton
ISBN-10 9781440854781
Release 2017-04-30
Pages 350
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This go-to resource on substance abuse supplies the broad background knowledge and historical information needed to understand this important sociological issue and provides readers with a range of additional sources for continuing their study of the topic. • Offers a broad introduction to the physiological, anatomical, and psychological changes associated with substance use and a variety of perspectives from subject experts with special knowledge of and/or experience with substance abuse problems • Provides an easily accessible list of nearly 100 books, articles, reports, and electronic sources with additional information on the topic of substance abuse • Addresses sociological aspects of drug use and the current debate over the legalization of certain drugs, such as medical and recreational marijuana • Includes a collection of relevant data and documents, an extensive annotated bibliography, a chronology, and a glossary



Deviance and Medicalization

Deviance and Medicalization Author Peter Conrad
ISBN-10 1439903492
Release 2010-04-20
Pages 352
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A classic text on deviance is updated and reissued.



Hopeful Healing

Hopeful Healing Author Mackenzie Phillips
ISBN-10 9781501110573
Release 2017-02-07
Pages 208
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Actress and author of the courageous New York Times bestselling memoir High on Arrival, Mackenzie Phillips—Hollywood’s go-to person on substance abuse and a visible and outspoken advocate for addiction awareness and education—brings her knowledge and voice on the subject of recovery for the first time, and shares her experiences for those who are trying to overcome addiction. As the daughter of lead singers of the 1960s band The Mamas and The Papas, Mackenzie Phillips grew up in a dysfunctional environment and subsequently battled a near-fatal drug addiction. Now, delivered with warmth and candor, she presents the wisdom she gained from her own personal journey through addictions and her understanding of practical treatment from her work as a rehabilitation counselor. Using her own life experiences as examples of proven recovery methods, she shares the tools and holistic approaches that are available to help you on your journey to recovery. Treatment is not “one-size-fits-all” and Mackenzie encourages addicts and their support networks to research the methods that most effectively address their individual physical, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. Used by both recovering addicts and their families, Mackenzie’s book is a message of hope and reminds us that sobriety is a lifelong journey of the spirit that allows us to lift ourselves up even when we stumble and fall.



Pirates Prisoners and Lepers

Pirates  Prisoners  and Lepers Author Paul H Robinson
ISBN-10 9781612347325
Release 2015-07-15
Pages 360
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It has long been held that humans need government to impose social order on a chaotic, dangerous world. How, then, did early humans survive on the Serengeti Plain, surrounded by faster, stronger, and bigger predators in a harsh and forbidding environment? Pirates, Prisoners, and Lepers examines an array of natural experiments and accidents of human history to explore the fundamental nature of how human beings act when beyond the scope of the law. Pirates of the 1700s, the leper colony on Molokai Island, prisoners of the Nazis, hippie communes of the 1970s, shipwreck and plane crash survivors, and many more diverse groups—they all existed in the absence of formal rules, punishments, and hierarchies. Paul and Sarah Robinson draw on these real-life stories to suggest that humans are predisposed to be cooperative, within limits. What these “communities” did and how they managed have dramatic implications for shaping our modern institutions. Should today’s criminal justice system build on people’s shared intuitions about justice? Or are we better off acknowledging this aspect of human nature but using law to temper it? Knowing the true nature of our human character and our innate ideas about justice offers a roadmap to a better society.



Critical Perspectives on Addiction

Critical Perspectives on Addiction Author Julie Netherland
ISBN-10 9781780529318
Release 2012-10-26
Pages 250
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Featuring the work of several up-and-coming scholars working to deepen theoretical perspectives on addiction and its relationship to social control and deviance, this volume fills a gap in addiction studies by offering critical perspectives that interrogate and challenge traditional and/or mainstream understandings of addiction.



Substance Use and Abuse

Substance Use and Abuse Author Victor N. Shaw
ISBN-10 0275971392
Release 2002
Pages 272
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Examines substance use and abuse from a variety of sociological perspectives.



Preventing Crime and Violence

Preventing Crime and Violence Author Brent Teasdale
ISBN-10 9783319441245
Release 2016-11-29
Pages 388
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This insightful volume integrates criminological theories, prevention science, and empirical findings to create an up-to-date survey of crime prevention research and strategies. Its interdisciplinary perspective expands on our knowledge of risk factors to isolate the malleable mechanisms that produce criminal outcomes, and can therefore be targeted for intervention. In addition, the text identifies developmental, lifespan, and social areas for effective intervention. Reviews of family-, community-, and criminal justice-based crime prevention approaches not only detail a wide gamut of successful techniques, but also provide evidence for why they succeed. And as an extra research dimension, the book’s chapters on methodological issues and challenges uncover rich possibilities for the next generation of crime prevention studies. Included in the coverage: Integrating criminology and prevention research Social disorganization theory: its history and relevance to crime prevention Research designs in crime and violence prevention Macro- and micro-approaches to crime prevention and intervention programs Implications of life course: approaches for prevention science Promising avenues for prevention, including confronting sexual victimization on college campuses Spotlighting current progress and continuing evolution of the field, Preventing Crime and Violence will enhance the work of researchers, practitioners, academicians, and policymakers in public health, prevention science, criminology, and criminal justice, as well as students interested in criminology and criminal justice.



Using Women

Using Women Author Nancy Campbell
ISBN-10 9781135961046
Release 2002-12-24
Pages 256
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From the 1950s 'girl junkie' to the 1990s 'crack mom', Using Women investigates how the cultural representations of women drug users have defined America's drug policies in this century. In analyzing the public's continued fear, horror and outrage wrought by the specter of women using drugs, Nancy Campbell demonstrates the importance that public opinion and popular culture have played in regulating women's lives. The book will chronicle the history of women and drug use, provide a critical policy analysis of the government's drug policies and offer recommendations for the direction our current drug policies should take. Using Women includes such chapters as 'Sex, Drugs and Race in the Age of Dope'; 'Regulating Adolescents in the Postwar US'; 'Fifties Femininity'; and 'Regulating Maternal Instinct'.



Outsiders

Outsiders Author Howard S. Becker
ISBN-10 9781439136362
Release 2008-06-30
Pages 224
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One of the most groundbreaking sociology texts of the mid-20th century, Howard S. Becker’s Outsiders is a thorough exploration of social deviance and how it can be addressed in an understanding and helpful manner. A compulsively readable and thoroughly researched exploration of social deviance and the application of what is known as "labeling theory" to the studies of deviance. With particular research into drug culture, Outsiders analyzes unconventional individuals and their place in normal society.



A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health

A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health Author Teresa L. Scheid
ISBN-10 9781108184083
Release 2017-06-08
Pages
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With chapters written by leading scholars and researchers, the third edition of A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health provides an updated, comprehensive review of the sociology of mental health. The volume presents an overview of the historical, social, and institutional frameworks for understanding mental health and illness. Part I examines the social factors that shape psychiatric diagnosis and the measurement of mental health and illness, the theories that explain the definition and treatment of mental disorders, and cultural variability in mental health. The section addresses the DSM-5 and its potential influence on diagnosis and research on mental health outcomes. Part II investigates the effects of social context on mental health and illness. Part III focuses on the organization, delivery, and social context of mental health treatment. The chapters in Part III address the likely impact of the Affordable Care Act on mental health care. This volume is a key resource for students, researchers, advocates, and policymakers seeking to understand mental health and mental health delivery systems.



Pusher Myths

Pusher Myths Author Ross Coomber
ISBN-10 1853439487
Release 2006
Pages 207
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Drug dealers are commonly presented as 'dealing in death', preying on the young and innocent and spreading addiction with little care or regard for those they entangle. Drug markets are commonly depicted as being hierarchically organized and riddled with unscrupulous practices and chaotic violence. While a strong case has been made in recent years that the powers of particular drugs have often led to an unreasonable demonization of drug users, there has been little by way of understanding drug dealers as part of that same process. Who is a drug dealer? How does the dealer operate in the drug market? What if many common perceptions, both about dealers themselves and drug markets more generally, are either incorrect or unreasonably distorted? Reviewing recent research into the minutiae of drug dealing and drug market operations, Pusher Myths suggests that these overly simplistic characterizations of who the drug dealer is, what drug dealers do, and the context within which they operate serve to perpetuate unhelpful ideas of what the drug problem is and, thus ultimately, how it should be resolved. Focusing on issues such as dangerous drug adulteration, the pushing of street drugs onto the young and innocent, the provision of free drugs to hook new clients, and the legend of the Blue Star LSD Tattoo, this book goes in the direction of recasting our understanding of the drug dealer as one that has been unreasonably demonized and de-humanized. This book also provides a contemporary analysis of how the various myths (untruths) surrounding drug dealers may be understood within the broader conceptual analysis of the place of myth in modern society.



Folk Devils and Moral Panics

Folk Devils and Moral Panics Author Stanley Cohen
ISBN-10 9781136807046
Release 2011-04-01
Pages 328
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'Richly documented and convincingly presented' -- New Society Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, designer drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. Every era has its own moral panics. It was Stanley Cohen’s classic account, first published in the early 1970s and regularly revised, that brought the term ‘moral panic’ into widespread discussion. It is an outstanding investigation of the way in which the media and often those in a position of political power define a condition, or group, as a threat to societal values and interests. Fanned by screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this leads to such groups being marginalised and vilified in the popular imagination, inhibiting rational debate about solutions to the social problems such groups represent. Furthermore, he argues that moral panics go even further by identifying the very fault lines of power in society. Full of sharp insight and analysis, Folk Devils and Moral Panics is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand this powerful and enduring phenomenon. Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology (1985) and is on the Board of the International Council on Human Rights. He is a member of the British Academy.



Alcohol and Drugs in North America A Historical Encyclopedia 2 volumes

Alcohol and Drugs in North America  A Historical Encyclopedia  2 volumes Author David M. Fahey
ISBN-10 9781598844795
Release 2013-08-27
Pages 919
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Alcohol and drugs play a significant role in society, regardless of socioeconomic class. This encyclopedia looks at the history of all drugs in North America, including alcohol, tobacco, prescription drugs, cannabis, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, and even chocolate and caffeinated drinks.



Addiction

Addiction Author Howard Padwa
ISBN-10 9781598842296
Release 2010-01
Pages 398
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Presents alphabetically-arranged entries covering major figures, organizations, events, and United States government policies covering a variety of addictive substances and addictive behaviors.



Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse

Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse Author Aaron T. Beck
ISBN-10 9781462504329
Release 2011-11-18
Pages 354
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Cognitive therapy offers a well-documented and cost-effective psychosocial treatment model for working with substance abuse disorders. Comprehensive and accessible, this volume clearly details the cognitive model of addiction, the specifics of case formulation, management of the therapeutic relationship, and the structure of the therapy sessions. It discusses how to educate patients in the treatment model and procedures and manage their cravings and urges for drugs and alcohol. Specific cognitive and behavioral strategies and techniques are described in detail, as are methods for understanding and working with patients who present concomitant problems of depression, anxiety, low frustration tolerance, anger, and personality disorders. Also addressed are such significant issues as crisis management and relapse prevention. Enhancing the utility of the volume are appendices featuring sample client inventories and checklists. These forms are designed to help the clinician identify targets for intervention, track progress over time, and develop an individualized relapse prevention plan for each client.



Just One More Hand

Just One More Hand Author Ellen Mutari
ISBN-10 9781442236684
Release 2015-02-02
Pages 284
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Just One More Hand tells a story that workers all over can relate to: an industry that promised a solid and stable livelihood is being transformed by competitive pressures, causing employees to lose their economic footing. What seemed like a good job one day becomes a bad job the next. Incorporating the lived experiences of casino employees, the book demonstrates the difficulties for local communities that are building new casinos in the hopes of luring tourists.