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Impediments to Trade in Services

Impediments to Trade in Services Author Christopher Findlay
ISBN-10 9781134550166
Release 2013-03-01
Pages 416
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First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia Author Kym Anderson
ISBN-10 0821376632
Release 2009-02-04
Pages 608
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The vast majority of the world's poorest households depend on farming for their livelihoods. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors and within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries. Comprehensive empirical studies of the disarray in world agricultural markets appeared approximately 20 years ago. Since then, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development had provided estimates each year of market distortions in high-income countries, but there have been no comparable estimates for the world's developing countries. This volume is the third in a series (other volumes cover Africa, Europe's transition economices, and Latin America and the Caribbean) that not only fills that void for recent years but extends the estimates in a consistent and comparable way back in time and provides analytical narratives for scores of countries that shed light on the evolving nature and extent of policy interventions over the past half-century. 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia' provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the 12 largest economies of East and South Asia. Together these countries constitute more than 95 percent of the region's population, agricultural output, and overall GDP. Sectoral, trade, and exchange rate policies in the region have changed greatly since the 1950s, and there have been substantial reforms since the 1980s, most notably in China and India. Nonetheless, numerous price distortions in this region remain and others have added in recent years. The new empirical indicators in these country studies provide a strong evidence-based foundation for assessing the successes and failures of the past and for evaluating policy options for the years ahead.



Quantitative Methods for Assessing the Effects of Non Tariff Measures and Trade Facilitation

Quantitative Methods for Assessing the Effects of Non Tariff Measures and Trade Facilitation Author Philippa Dee
ISBN-10 9789814481724
Release 2005-04-26
Pages 672
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' As tariffs have fallen worldwide, the increasing importance of non-tariff policies for further trade liberalization has become widely recognized. The methods for assessing the potential effects of such liberalization have lagged significantly behind those available for analyzing tariffs. This book is the first volume that comprehensively addresses this gap. It has been designed to be useful for both economists and policymakers, especially for those involved in communicating ideas and results between economists and policymakers. This indispensable book contains cutting-edge discussions of the full range of methodologies used in this area, including business surveys, summary statistics such as effective rates of protection and price gaps, time-series and panel econometrics, and simulation methods such as computable general equilibrium. It covers the entire spectrum of policies under discussion in current trade negotiations, including trade facilitation, services policies, quantitative measures, customs procedures, standards, movement of natural persons, and anti-dumping. Some prominent contributors to this book are Bijit Bora (World Trade Organization), John Wilson, Tsunehiro Otsuki and Vlad Manole (World Bank), Catherine Mann (Institute of International Economics), Alan Deardorff and Robert Stern (University of Michigan), Joe Francois (Erasmus University), Dean Spinanger (University of Kiel), Antoni Estevadeordal and Kati Suominen (Inter-American Development Bank), Thomas Prusa (Rutgers University), Thomas Hertel and Terrie Walmsley (Purdue University), Scott Bradford (Brigham Young University), Judith Dean, Robert Feinberg, Soamiely Andriamananjara and Marinos Tsigas (US International Trade Commission). Contents:Obtaining Data on the Incidence of NTMsThe Effects of Services-Type MeasuresTrade FacilitationThe Effects of Quota-Type and Standards-Type MeasuresEstimating Tariff Equivalents of NTMs Without SimulationThe Effects of Other PoliciesUsing Estimates of NTM Impacts in SimulationsMethodological Aids Readership: Economists and quantitative practitioners involved in trade policy analysis; policymakers with responsibility in non-tariff measures and trade facilitation; graduates in international economics. Keywords:Non-Tariff Measures;Non-Tariff Barriers;Trade Policy;Commercial Policy;International Economics;Trade FacilitationKey Features:The first book to address the importance of non-tariff policies for further trade liberalizationFor the policymaker, it brings together a wide selection of the most recent findings of the potential effects of liberalizing non-tariff measures and improving trade facilitationFor the empirical practitioner, in-depth discussions are provided of issues often covered lightly elsewhere, such as data sources, construction of indices, and neglected microeconomic foundations of liberalizationReviews:“As tariffs have declined, non-tariff barriers have become increasingly important in merchandise trade, and they remain the central concern in services. Yet our measures of these barriers are appallingly weak. This volume plays a vitally important role in focussing attention on non-tariff barriers and their assessment. It brings together top scholars working in this dynamic area, who offer sophisticated techniques grounded in real world data. This volume is a must-read for anyone working on the analysis of trade policies.”Will Martin Lead Economist World Bank “Trade policy in the real world has moved far beyond the familiar tariffs of textbook economics. Comprehending the impact of non-tariff barriers and trade facilitation measures on international trade is among the most important, and analytically difficult, challenges confronting economists and policy makers. This outstanding volume brings together state-of-the-art treatments of these critical issues and should be essential reading for both researchers and practitioners interested in understanding trade policy as it is really practiced today.”Marcus Noland Senior Fellow Institute for International Economics '



Can East Asia Compete

Can East Asia Compete Author Simon J. Evenett
ISBN-10 9780821383421
Release 2002-09-27
Pages 228
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East Asian economies of the 1980s and much of the 1990s were among the most competitive exporters of manufactured products and were also able to sustain growth rates far higher than those of other countries, developing or industrial. However, the economic crisis of 1997-98 impacted the economies of these countries. Although recovery began fairly quickly in some countries, others have yet to regain their growth momentum. 'Can East Asia Compete?' looks at whether or not East Asia can restore its near magical performance, or is its competitive strength beginning to wane. This volume argues that East Asian countries have far from exhausted their growth potential. However, future competitiveness will depend on much greater innovative capability in manufacturing and services, innovativeness that is grounded in stronger institutions, improved macroeconomic policies, and closer regional coordination. 'Can East Asia Compete?' clearly summarizes the issues currently being debated and provides guidance to East Asian economies on how to deal with the policy concerns that lie ahead.



Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe s Transition Economies

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe s Transition Economies Author Kym Anderson
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D02806326V
Release 2008
Pages 379
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The vast majority of the world's poorest households depend on farming for their livelihood. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors as well as within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries. Comprehensive empirical studies of the disarray in world agricultural markets first appeared approximately 20 years ago. Since then the OECD has provided estimates each year of market distortions in high-income countries, but there has been no comparable estimates for the world's developing countries. This volume is the first in a series (other volumes cover Africa, Asia, and Latin America) that not only fill that void for recent years but extend the estimates in a consistent and comparable way back in time--and provide analytical narratives for scores of countries that shed light on the evolving nature and extent of policy interventions over the past half-century. 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe's Transition Economies' provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the economies of Eastern Europe and Central Asia that are transitioning away from central planning. The book includes country and subregional studies of the ten transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe that joined the European Union in 2004 or 2007, of seven other large member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, and of Turkey. Together these countries comprise over 90 percent of the Europe and Central Asia region's population and GDP. Sectoral, trade, and exchange rate policies in the region have changed greatly since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, but price distortions remain. The new empirical indicators in these country studies provide a strong evidence-based foundation for evaluating policy options in the years ahead.



Services Trade Liberalisation

Services Trade Liberalisation Author Motoshige Itō
ISBN-10 0864132921
Release 2003
Pages 32
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Services Trade Liberalisation has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Services Trade Liberalisation also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Services Trade Liberalisation book for free.



Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America Author Kym Anderson
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D028023396
Release 2008
Pages 411
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The vast majority of the world's poorest households depend on farming for their livelihood. During the 1960s and 1970s, most developing countries imposed pro-urban and anti-agricultural policies, while many high-income countries restricted agricultural imports and subsidized their farmers. Both sets of policies inhibited economic growth and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Although progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce those policy biases, many trade- and welfare-reducing price distortions remain between agriculture and other sectors as well as within the agricultural sector of both rich and poor countries. Comprehensive empirical studies of the disarray in world agricultural markets first appeared approximately 20 years ago. Since then the OECD has provided estimates each year of market distortions in high-income countries, but there has been no comparable estimates for the world's developing countries. This volume is the second in a series (other volumes cover Africa, Asia, and Europe's transition economies) that not only fills that void for recent years but extends the estimates in a consistent and comparable way back in time--and provides analytical narratives for scores of countries that shed light on the evolving nature and extent of policy interventions over the past half-century. 'Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America' provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the economies of South America, plus the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, and Mexico. Together these countries constitute about 80 percent of the region's population, agricultural output, and overall GDP. Sectoral, trade, and exchange rate policies in the region have changed greatly since the 1950s, and there have been substantial reforms, especially in the 1980s. Nonetheless, numerous price distortions in this region remain, others have been added, and there have even been some policy reversals in recent years. The new empirical indicators in these country studies provide a strong evidence-based foundation for assessing the successes and failures of the past and for evaluating policy options for the years ahead.



Movement of Workers in ASEAN

Movement of Workers in ASEAN Author
ISBN-10 UCBK:C097901860
Release 2005
Pages 104
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East Asian economic integration and its impact on future growth

East Asian economic integration and its impact on future growth Author Philippa S. Dee
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105115117470
Release 2005
Pages 19
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Trade Investment and Economic Development in Asia

Trade  Investment and Economic Development in Asia Author Debashis Chakraborty
ISBN-10 9781317207818
Release 2016-05-26
Pages 388
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In an era of globalization, trade in goods and cross-border services and capital flows play a key role in determining the economic growth path of countries. Over the last two decades, countries have embarked on several alternate tracks to liberalize and deepen their linkage with the world economy. The growing trade-investment nexus and the emerging developments lead to deeper international production networks, rise in cross-border trade in services and in regional trade agreements and so on. The debate of whether it is possible to empirically validate the potential benefits of this deepening trade-investment linkage is ongoing. The evidence in literature is, however, ambiguous. This book contributes to the literature by looking at Asian economies and at the EU, Maghreb countries and Pacific Island economics. It examines the issues under four broad areas, namely: (1) trade: theoretical and policy issues, (2) factor flows: impact on trade and welfare, (3) impact of trade and factor flows on environment and (4) institutions, international trade and policy issues.



Analysis of the trade negotiation options in the East Asian context

Analysis of the trade negotiation options in the East Asian context Author Nak-kyun Chʻoe
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105114001162
Release 2003
Pages 109
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A Handbook of International Trade in Services

A Handbook of International Trade in Services Author Aaditya Mattoo
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822035425321
Release 2008
Pages 650
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International trade and investment in services are an increasingly important part of global commerce. Advances in information and telecommunication technologies have expanded the scope of services that can be traded cross-border. Many countries now allow foreign investment in newly privatized and competitive markets for key infrastructure services, such as energy, telecommunications, and transport. More and more people are travelling abroad to consume tourism, education, and medical services, and to supply services ranging from construction to software development. In fact, services are the fastest growing components of the global economy, and trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) in services have grown faster than in goods over the past decade and a half. International transactions, however, continue to be impeded by policy barriers, especially to foreign investment and the movement of service-providing individuals. Developing countries in particular are likely to benefit significantly from further domestic liberalization and the elimination of barriers to their exports. In many instances, income gains from a reduction in protection to services may be far greater than from trade liberalization in goods. In light of the increasing importance of international trade in services and the inclusion of services issues on the agendas of the multilateral, regional and bilateral trade negotiations, there is an obvious need to understand the economic implications of services trade and liberalization. A Handbook of International Trade in Services provides a comprehensive introduction to the subject, making it an essential reference for trade officials, policy advisors, analysts, academics, and students. Beginning with an overview on the key issues in trade in services and discussion of the GATS, the book then looks at trade negotiations in the service sector, the barriers to trade in services, and concludes by looking at a number of specific service sectors, such as financial services, e-commerce, health services, and the temporary movement of workers.



Liberalizing international trade in services

Liberalizing international trade in services Author Matthias Lücke
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822030183529
Release 2004
Pages 48
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Sustaining Competitiveness in the New Global Economy

Sustaining Competitiveness in the New Global Economy Author Ramkishen S. Rajan
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822031192396
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 296
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'This is a thoughtful volume providing a well-rounded treatment of some of the main economic issues currently confronting Singapore. It will be of greatest interest to Singapore watchers, but given the range of issues it grapples with, a much wider audience of policymakers and those interested in development economics will also find it stimulating.' - Alfred Oehlers, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature While the Singaporean economy has experienced one of the highest rates of growth in the world over the past three decades, questions have recently been raised about the sustainability of the Singapore development model and its continued relevance in the global economy. This book is a compilation of specially written essays by a select group of leading international scholars. The authors analytically examine a number of related issues pertaining to national competitiveness, structural and macroeconomic concerns and policy options for the Singapore economy in order for it to sustain its economic viability in the global economy.



Multilateral liberalisation of services trade

Multilateral liberalisation of services trade Author Philippa S Dee
ISBN-10 1740371682
Release 2000-03-01
Pages 26
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Changes in the Japanese food sector

Changes in the Japanese food sector Author Motoshige Itō
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822031352024
Release 2001
Pages 91
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Rationale for a China Japan Korea FTA and its impact on the Korean economy

Rationale for a China Japan Korea FTA and its impact on the Korean economy Author Chang Jae Lee
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123684669
Release 2005
Pages 124
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