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Incentives for Global Public Health

Incentives for Global Public Health Author Thomas Pogge
ISBN-10 9781139487771
Release 2010-06-24
Pages
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This portrait of the global debate over patent law and access to essential medicines focuses on public health concerns about HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, the SARS virus, influenza, and diseases of poverty. The essays explore the diplomatic negotiations and disputes in key international fora, such as the World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization. Drawing upon international trade law, innovation policy, intellectual property law, health law, human rights and philosophy, the authors seek to canvass policy solutions which encourage and reward worthwhile pharmaceutical innovation while ensuring affordable access to advanced medicines. A number of creative policy options are critically assessed, including the development of a Health Impact Fund, prizes for medical innovation, the use of patent pools, open-source drug development and forms of 'creative capitalism'.



The Public Law of Gender

The Public Law of Gender Author Kim Rubenstein
ISBN-10 9781107138575
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 588
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Examines the public law of gender and equality from the perspectives of comparative constitutional law, international law and governance.



Trade Investment Innovation and their Impact on Access to Medicines

Trade  Investment  Innovation and their Impact on Access to Medicines Author Locknie Hsu
ISBN-10 9781316531228
Release 2016-02-12
Pages
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The last two decades have seen great economic change in Asia and this has impacted upon the vexed question of access to affordable healthcare and medicines in many Asian states. In this book Locknie Hsu examines the issue of access to medicines in Asia from a fresh perspective which embraces trade and investment law, innovation, intellectual property law, competition policy and public health issues. Hsu explores the key evolving legal issues in these areas, including ASEAN integration, free trade agreement negotiations (such as those for the TPP), bilateral investment agreements and significant court decisions. The book goes on to present proposals for steps to be taken in addressing access to medicines in Asia and will be useful to academic researchers, regulators, law-makers and global organizations involved in the issues surrounding access to affordable healthcare and medicines.



Environmental Discourses in Public and International Law

Environmental Discourses in Public and International Law Author Brad Jessup
ISBN-10 9781107019423
Release 2012-02-02
Pages 536
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How do dominant views and arguments about environmental problems traverse and connect international and public law?



A Human Rights Framework for Intellectual Property Innovation and Access to Medicines

A Human Rights Framework for Intellectual Property  Innovation and Access to Medicines Author Joo-Young Lee
ISBN-10 9781317187806
Release 2016-03-09
Pages 300
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This book examines the relationship between intellectual property in pharmaceuticals and access to medicines from a human rights perspective, with a view to contributing to the development of a human rights framework that can guide States in enacting and implementing intellectual property law and policy. The study primarily explores whether conflicts between patents and human rights in the context of access to medicines are inevitable, or whether patents can be made to serve human rights. What could be a normative framework that human rights might provide for patents and innovation? Joo-Young Lee argues that it is necessary to have a deepened understanding of each of the two sets of norms that govern this issue, that is, patent law and international human rights law. The chapters investigate the relevant dimensions of patent law, and analyse particular human rights bearing upon the issue of intellectual property and access to medicines. This study will be of great interest to academic specialists, practitioners or professionals in the fields of human rights, trade, and intellectual property, as well as policy makers, activists, and health professionals across the world working in intellectual property and human rights.



Making Medicines in Africa

Making Medicines in Africa Author Maureen Mackintosh
ISBN-10 9781137546470
Release 2016-02-03
Pages 334
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This book is open access under a CC-BY license. The importance of the pharmaceutical industry in Sub-Saharan Africa, its claim to policy priority, is rooted in the vast unmet health needs of the sub-continent. Making Medicines in Africa is a collective endeavour, by a group of contributors with a strong African and more broadly Southern presence, to find ways to link technological development, investment and industrial growth in pharmaceuticals to improve access to essential good quality medicines, as part of moving towards universal access to competent health care in Africa. The authors aim to shift the emphasis in international debate and initiatives towards sustained Africa-based and African-led initiatives to tackle this huge challenge. Without the technological, industrial, intellectual, organisational and research-related capabilities associated with competent pharmaceutical production, and without policies that pull the industrial sectors towards serving local health needs, the African sub-continent cannot generate the resources to tackle its populations' needs and demands. Research for this book has been selected as one of the 20 best examples of the impact of UK research on development. See http://www.ukcds.org.uk/the-global-impact-of-uk-research for further details.



International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime

International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime Author Keith E. Maskus
ISBN-10 1139444336
Release 2005-06-08
Pages
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Distinguished economists, political scientists, and legal experts discuss the implications of the increasingly globalized protection of intellectual property rights for the ability of countries to provide their citizens with such important public goods as basic research, education, public health, and environmental protection. Such items increasingly depend on the exercise of private rights over technical inputs and information goods, which could usher in a brave new world of accelerating technological innovation. However, higher and more harmonized levels of international intellectual property rights could also throw up high roadblocks in the path of follow-on innovation, competition and the attainment of social objectives. It is at best unclear who represents the public interest in negotiating forums dominated by powerful knowledge cartels. This is the first book to assess the public processes and inputs that an emerging transnational system of innovation will need to promote technical progress, economic growth and welfare for all participants.



Private Power Public Law

Private Power  Public Law Author Susan K. Sell
ISBN-10 052152539X
Release 2003
Pages 218
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Analysis of the power of multinational corporations in moulding international law on intellectual property rights.



Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs

Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs Author Committee on Understanding the Global Public Health Implications of Substandard, Falsified, and Counterfeit Medical Products
ISBN-10 9780309269391
Release 2013-05-20
Pages 351
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The adulteration and fraudulent manufacture of medicines is an old problem, vastly aggravated by modern manufacturing and trade. In the last decade, impotent antimicrobial drugs have compromised the treatment of many deadly diseases in poor countries. More recently, negligent production at a Massachusetts compounding pharmacy sickened hundreds of Americans. While the national drugs regulatory authority (hereafter, the regulatory authority) is responsible for the safety of a country's drug supply, no single country can entirely guarantee this today. The once common use of the term counterfeit to describe any drug that is not what it claims to be is at the heart of the argument. In a narrow, legal sense a counterfeit drug is one that infringes on a registered trademark. The lay meaning is much broader, including any drug made with intentional deceit. Some generic drug companies and civil society groups object to calling bad medicines counterfeit, seeing it as the deliberate conflation of public health and intellectual property concerns. Countering the Problem of Falsified and Substandard Drugs accepts the narrow meaning of counterfeit, and, because the nuances of trademark infringement must be dealt with by courts, case by case, the report does not discuss the problem of counterfeit medicines.



International Intellectual Property Law and Policy

International Intellectual Property Law and Policy Author Graeme B. Dinwoodie
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105064263382
Release 2001-01-01
Pages 1446
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This clearly-written casebook discusses public international intellectual property law (the obligations regarding intellectual property protection undertaken and imposed on states) found in treaties and similar instruments. It also includes extensive discussion of the acquisition and enforcement of intellectual property rights internationally by private rights holders. This latter discussion encompasses treatment of international and regional industrial property registration agreements. The authors include materials relating to all forms of intellectual property: patents, copyrights and related rights, trademark and unfair competition, trade secrets, geographical indications, and industrial designs.



Compulsory Licensing for Public Health

Compulsory Licensing for Public Health Author Frederick M. Abbott
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105121819820
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 64
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This work addresses the complexity of the WTO's August 30, 2003 decision on the implementation of paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health. It provides an explanation of the decision and model legal texts for the required notifications to the WTO and for the amendments of their patent law that most developing countries will need to pass in order to incorporate the decision in their domestic legal framework.



Suffolk transnational law review

Suffolk transnational law review Author
ISBN-10 UCAL:B5129324
Release 2002
Pages
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Suffolk transnational law review has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Suffolk transnational law review also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Suffolk transnational law review book for free.



Legal Perspectives on Security Institutions

Legal Perspectives on Security Institutions Author Hitoshi Nasu
ISBN-10 9781107102781
Release 2015-07-24
Pages 438
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Explores the tensions that arise when institutions address contemporary security threats.



Sanctions Accountability and Governance in a Globalised World

Sanctions  Accountability and Governance in a Globalised World Author Jeremy Farrall
ISBN-10 9781139481823
Release 2009-11-05
Pages
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This book is the first in a series examining how public law and international law intersect in five thematic areas of global significance: sanctions, global health, environment, movement of people and security. Until recently, international and public law have mainly overlapped in discussions on how international law is implemented domestically. This series explores the complex interactions that occur when legal regimes intersect, merge or collide. Sanctions, Accountability and Governance in a Globalised World discusses legal principles which cross the international law/domestic public law divide. What tensions emerge from efforts to apply and enforce law across diverse jurisdictions? Can we ultimately only fill in or fall between the cracks or is there some greater potential for law in the engagement? This book provides insights into international, constitutional and administrative law, indicating the way these intersect, creating a valuable resource for students, academics and practitioners in the field.



Human Rights Obligations of Non State Actors

Human Rights Obligations of Non State Actors Author Andrew Clapham
ISBN-10 9780191018626
Release 2006-03-02
Pages 648
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The threats to human rights posed by non-state actors are of increasing concern. Human rights activists increasingly address the activity of multinational corporations, the policies of international organizations such as the World Bank and the World Trade Organization, and international crimes committed by entities such as armed opposition groups and terrorists. This book presents an approach to human rights that goes beyond the traditional focus on states and outlines the human rights obligations of non-state actors. Furthermore, it addresses some of the ways in which these entities can be held legally accountable for their actions in various jurisdictions. The political debate concerning the appropriateness of expanding human rights scrutiny to non-state actors is discussed and dissected. For some, extending human rights into these spheres trivializes human rights and allows abusive governments to distract us from ongoing violations. For others such an extension is essential if human rights are properly to address the current concerns of women and workers. The main focus of the book, however, is on the legal obligations of non-state actors. The book discusses how developments in the fields of international responsibility and international criminal law have implications for building a framework for the human rights obligations of non-state actors in international law. In turn these international developments have drawn on the changing ways in which human rights are implemented in national law. A selection of national jurisdictions, including the United States, South Africa and the United Kingdom are examined with regard to the application of human rights law to non-state actors. The book's final part includes suggestions with regard to understanding the parameters of the human rights obligations of non-state actors. Key to understanding the legal obligations of non-state actors are concepts such as dignity and democracy. While neither concept can unravel the dilemmas involved in the application of human rights law to non-state actors, a better understanding of the tensions surrounding these concepts can help us to understand what is at stake.



India and the Patent Wars

India and the Patent Wars Author Murphy Halliburton
ISBN-10 9781501713989
Release 2017-11-15
Pages 202
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India and the Patent Wars contributes to an international debate over the costs of medicine and restrictions on access under stringent patent laws showing how activists and drug companies in low-income countries seize agency and exert influence over these processes. Murphy Halliburton contributes to analyses of globalization within the fields of anthropology, sociology, law, and public health by drawing on interviews and ethnographic work with pharmaceutical producers in India and the United States. India has been at the center of emerging controversies around patent rights related to pharmaceutical production and local medical knowledge. Halliburton shows that Big Pharma is not all-powerful, and that local activists and practitioners of ayurveda, India’s largest indigenous medical system, have been able to undermine the aspirations of multinational companies and the WTO. Halliburton traces how key drug prices have gone down, not up, in low-income countries under the new patent regime through partnerships between US- and India-based companies, but warns us to be aware of access to essential medicines in low- and middle-income countries going forward.



Transnational Legal Orders

Transnational Legal Orders Author Terence C. Halliday
ISBN-10 9781107069923
Release 2015-01-19
Pages 536
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"This book offers an empirically grounded theory that reframes the study of law and society from a predominantly national context, which dichotomizes the study of international law and national compliance into a dynamic perspective that places national, international, and transnational lawmaking and practice within a coherent single frame. By presenting and elaborating on a new concept, transnational legal orders it offers an original approach to the emergence of legal orders beyond nation-states. It shows how they originate, where they compete and cooperate, and how they settle on institutions that legally order fundamental economic and social behaviors that transcend national borders. This original theory is applied and developed by distinguished scholars from North America and Europe in business law, regulatory law and human rights"--