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Inclusive Global Value Chains

Inclusive Global Value Chains Author Ana Paula Cusolito
ISBN-10 9781464808432
Release 2016-08-23
Pages 156
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This report's focus is making global value chains (GVCs) more inclusive. To achieve inclusiveness is by overcoming participation constraints for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and facilitation access for Low Income Developing Countries (LIDCs). The underlying assumption is that most firms in LIDCs are SMEs. Even larger firms in LIDCs are likely to face similar challenges to SMEs, including a less supportive domestic operating environment and weaker institutions that lead to higher fixed costs and challenges to compete on the international markets. The two major points of this report are (1) participation in GVCs is heterogeneous and uneven, across and within countries, and (2) available data and survey-based evidence suggest that SMEs’ participation in GVCs is mostly taking place through indirect contribution to exports, rather than through exporting directly. The report makes the case that policy action, at the national and multilateral level, can make a difference in achieving more inclusive GVCs through: a holistic approach to reform spanning trade, investment, and domestic policies countries and investments in expanding the statistical base and analysis of GVCs and in sharing knowledge on best practices on enabling policies and programs. The report elaborates on three broad areas of recommendations: (1) establishing a trade and investment action plan for inclusiveness defining clear and achievable objectives on trade and investment policy and identifying the necessary complementary domestic policy actions; (2) complementing trade, investment, and domestic policy actions by providing the needed political leadership and support to enhance collaboration across the sectors, and establishing global platforms for sharing best practices; and (3) providing political support for the establishment of a multi-year plan to expand and upgrade the statistical foundation necessary to increase the capacity of all countries to identify and implement policies that can contribute to stronger, more inclusive and sustainable growth and development, globally.



Making Global Trade Work for People

Making Global Trade Work for People Author Kamal Malhotra
ISBN-10 9781136561962
Release 2012-03-29
Pages 374
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The world's trade regime is promoted by international agencies and most governments as the best way to lift the poor out of poverty and achieve sustainable development. But does it contribute to human development or not? This reassessment looks in detail at the way it has worked under the GATT and under the World Trade Organization, and analyses how it is working and how it can be improved. The book aims to make major contribution to the debates surrounding globalization and the impact of trade on the poor, on social stability and on the environment. It is intended to provide a benchmark for future policy discussion and analysis.



Bringing E money to the Poor

Bringing E money to the Poor Author Thyra A. Riley
ISBN-10 9781464810893
Release 2017-09-11
Pages 242
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Moving toward universal access to financial services is within reach, thanks to new technologies, transformative business models, and ambitious reforms. Instruments such as e-money accounts and mobile accounts, along with debit cards and low-cost traditional bank accounts, can significantly increase financial access for those who are excluded. Bringing e-Money to the Poor: Successes and Failures examines the lessons of success from four country case studies of “gazelles†?†•Kenya, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and Thailand†•that leapt from limitation to innovation by successfully enabling the deployment of e-money technology. These countries have thereby transformed the landscape of financial access to their poor. In addition, two country case studies (Maldives and the Philippines) yield lessons learned from constraints that stalled e-money deployments. Because technology is not a silver bullet, the case studies also explore other strategic elements that need to be in place for a country to expand access to financial services through digital technology.



Sin Tax Reform in the Philippines

Sin Tax Reform in the Philippines Author Kai Kaiser
ISBN-10 9781464808074
Release 2016-07-14
Pages 146
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Excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol products can be an effective instrument for promoting public health through the curbing of smoking and excessive drinking, while raising significant financing for development priorities. Designed and implement well, excise taxes represent a win-win for public health and finances. While the public policy rationale for excise reforms is strong in both developed and developing countries, realizing reforms in practice often faces significant opposition by the industry and vested interests. Low level, complex and poorly designed excise tax regimes persist. Getting the technical details right, and effectively managing the political economy of reforms, are vital to securing better excise tax outcomes. The Philippines passed in 2012, implemented, and has been results monitoring a successful tobacco and alcohol tax, dubbed Sin Tax. The reform not only greatly increased, simplified and improved the excise tax reform, but also earmarked the significant part of the large ensuring incremental revenues to helping finance Universal Health Care (UHC) for the bottom forty percent of the population. Sin Tax Reform in the Philippines summarizes both the technical and political economy aspects of tobacco and excise tax reforms. The study analyzes issues of rate structure and levels, implementation phasing, and equity impact analysis. The book is intended as a resource for audiences in both the Philippines and other countries wishing to promote successful excise tax reforms to towards between public sector governance, finances and health. For the Philippines, it highlights measures to ensure that the revenue and expenditure measures associated with the reform continue to be delivered, and can be deepened over time. The Philippines experience should prove encouraging and useful for reform champions in other countries advancing similar types of excise tax and development financing/expenditure earmarking for equitable development and public health.



International Finance and Development

International Finance and Development Author Jose Antonio Ocampo
ISBN-10 1842778625
Release 2007-06-15
Pages 207
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This publication reviews the major financing issues influencing economic development since the historic Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development in 2002. It contains four main chapters under the headings of: international private capital flows; official development financing; external debt; and systemic issues.



Millions Fed

Millions Fed Author David J. Spielman
ISBN-10 9780896296619
Release 2009
Pages 165
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Humanity has made enormous progress in the past 50 years toward eliminating hunger and malnutrition. Some five billion people--more than 80 percent of the world's population--have enough food to live healthy, productive lives. Agricultural development has contributed significantly to these gains, while also fostering economic growth and poverty reduction in some of the world's poorest countries.



Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook Author World Bank
ISBN-10 9780821375884
Release 2008-10-07
Pages 764
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The 'Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook' provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues and a rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. It is serves as a tool for: guidance; showcasing key principles in integrating gender into projects; stimulating the imagination of practitioners to apply lessons learned, experiences, and innovations to the design of future support and investment in the agriculture sector. The Sourcebook draws on a wide range of experience from World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and other donor agencies, governments, institutions, and groups active in agricultural development. The Sourcebook looks at: access to and control of assets; access to markets, information and organization; and capacity to manage risk and vulnerability through a gender lens. There are 16 modules covering themes of cross-cutting importance for agriculture with strong gender dimensions (Policy, Public Administration and Governance; Agricultural Innovation and Education; Food Security; Markets; Rural Finance; Rural Infrastructure; Water; Land; Labor; Natural Resource Management; and Disaster and Post-Conflict Management) and specific subsectors in agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Fisheries). A separate module on Monitoring and Evaluation is included, responding to the need to track implementation and development impact. Each module contains three different sub-units: (1) A Module Overview gives a broad introduction to the topic and provides a summary of major development issues in the sector and rationale of looking at gender dimension; (2) Thematic Notes provide a brief and technically sound guide in gender integration in selected themes with lessons learned, guidelines, checklists, organizing principles, key questions, and key performance indicators; and (3) Innovative Activity Profiles describe the design and innovative features of recent and exciting projects and activities that have been implemented or are ongoing.



OECD Science Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

OECD Science  Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264222281
Release 2014-11-12
Pages 480
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The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies.



Cities Farming for the Future

Cities Farming for the Future Author René van Veenhuizen
ISBN-10 9781552502167
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 473
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Cities Farming for the Future has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Cities Farming for the Future also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Cities Farming for the Future book for free.



OECD Science Technology and Industry Outlook 2012

OECD Science  Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264170391
Release 2012-09-13
Pages 464
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Based on the latest information and indicators in science and innovation, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 reviews key trends in STI policies and performance in OECD countries and major emerging economies, and across a number of thematic areas.



Agricultural Commodities Trade and Sustainable Development

Agricultural Commodities  Trade and Sustainable Development Author Thomas Lines
ISBN-10 1843695936
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 254
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Based on two global strategic dialouges in 2004 and 2005 hosted by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)



African Women and ICTs

African Women and ICTs Author Ineke Buskens
ISBN-10 9781848131927
Release 2009-04-15
Pages 222
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This book explores the ways in which women in Africa utilize Information and Communication Technologies to facilitate their empowerment; whether through the mobile village phone business, through internet use, or through new career and ICT employment opportunities. Based on the outcome of an extensive research project, this timely books features chapters based on original primary field research undertaken by academics and activists who have investigated situations within their own communities and countries. The discussion includes such issues as the notion of ICTs for empowerment and as agents of change, ICTs in the fight against gender-based violence, and how ICTs could be used to re-conceptualize public and private spaces.



Providing Agri environmental Public Goods through Collective Action

Providing Agri environmental Public Goods through Collective Action Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264197213
Release 2013-06-28
Pages 306
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This study analyses the promotion of collective action for agri-environmental public goods and addresses externalities by reviewing the experience of various OECD member countries.



Internet and Electronic Business in China

Internet  and Electronic Business in China Author Qiongwei Ye
ISBN-10 9781787431164
Release 2017-12-12
Pages 350
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Internet + and Electronic Business in China is a comprehensive resource that provides insights and analysis into how E-commerce has revolutionized and continues to revolutionize business and society in China.



Proven Successes in Agricultural Development

Proven Successes in Agricultural Development Author David J. Spielman
ISBN-10
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 632
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The world has made enormous progress in the past 50 years toward eliminating hunger and malnutrition. While, in 1960, roughly 30 percent of the world's population suffered from hunger and malnutrition, today less than 20 percent doessome five billion people now have enough food to live healthy, productive lives. Agricultural development has contributed significantly to these gains by increasing food supplies, reducing food prices, and creating new income and employment opportunities for some of the world's poorest people.This book examines where, why, and how past interventions in agricultural development have succeeded. It carefully reviews the policies, programs, and investments in agricultural development that have reduced hunger and poverty across Africa, Asia, and Latin America over the past half century. The 19 successes included here are described in in-depth case studies that synthesize the evidence on the intervention's impact on agricultural productivity and food security, evaluate the rigor with which the evidence was collected, and assess the tradeoffs inherent in each success. Together, these chapters provide evidence of "what works" in agricultural development.



China Dream Still Coming True

China Dream  Still Coming True Author A. Amighini
ISBN-10 8899647178
Release 2016
Pages
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China Dream Still Coming True has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from China Dream Still Coming True also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full China Dream Still Coming True book for free.



Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Ireland

Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Ireland Author Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
ISBN-10 9264270884
Release 2017-10-23
Pages
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Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Ireland