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India s Ocean

India s Ocean Author David Brewster
ISBN-10 9781317806981
Release 2014-03-26
Pages 228
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This book assesses India’s role as a major power in the Indian Ocean. Many see the Indian Ocean as naturally falling within India’s sphere of influence but, as this book demonstrates, India has a long way to go before it could achieve regional dominance. The book outlines the development of Indian thinking on its role in the Indian Ocean and examines India’s strategic relationships in the region, including with maritime South Asia, the Indian Ocean islands, East Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Australia. The book then discusses India’s ambivalent relationship with the United States and explores its attitude towards China’s growing power in the Indian Ocean. It concludes by discussing the region’s evolving strategic order – does India have what it takes to become the leading power in the region?



Maritime Governance And South Asia Trade Security And Sustainable Development In The Indian Ocean

Maritime Governance And South Asia  Trade  Security And Sustainable Development In The Indian Ocean Author Schottli Jivanta
ISBN-10 9789813238244
Release 2018-03-19
Pages 272
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Five out of the eight South Asian countries have direct access to the Indian ocean, yet research tends to focus instead on the region's landmass. Much less attention is paid to the extensive maritime space that links South Asian countries, provides their populations with vital access to resources, connects their economies to global trade networks and perhaps most importantly, contributes to law and order at sea. At a time when the Indian Ocean has gained great interest and relevance for many global actors, the role and location of South Asia will have critical implications for strategic calculation and alignment. Furthermore, if trade imbalances are to be tackled and economic globalization to regain steam, enhancing South Asia's ability to export and import through the oceans is essential. Finally, climate change is projected to impact South Asia massively. Coping with humanitarian crises and natural disasters will need critical investments in maritime capacities and cooperation. This edited volume brings together multiple perspectives on contemporary maritime governance in South Asia, from practitioners, policy-makers and academics around the world. They examine India's role as South Asia's leading naval and economic power and the capacity of key actors to shape maritime order in the Indian Ocean. Contents: Foreword (Tommy Koh) Preface and Acknowledgements List of Contributors Editorial Introduction (Jivanta Schoettli) Order: Security in the Indian Ocean (Shivshankar Menon) Sri Lanka's Role in the Indian Ocean and the Changing Global Dynamics (Harsha de Silva) Resolution of Maritime Boundary Disputes among Bangladesh, Myanmar and India in the Bay of Bengal (Md Khurshed Alam) Maritime Safety and Security and Development of the Blue Economy in the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (K V Bhagirath) oes India Use Trade Effectively? (Frank Lavin) Leadership: India as a Net Security Provider in the Indian Ocean Region: The Strategic Approach of a Responsible Stakeholder (Abhay Kumar Singh) Does South Asia Use Trade Effectively? (Frank Lavin) Indonesia's Maritime Vision in the Indian Ocean: Negotiating National Interest and Regional Commitment (Adriana Elisabeth) The United States and the Indian Ocean: Power Shifts and Uncertain Leadership (Deepa M Ollapally) Institutions: New Maritime Governance and Cooperation Arrangements in the Eastern Indian Ocean: Challenges and Prospects (David Brewster) Organized Against Organized Maritime Crimes — The National Maritime Single Point of Contact(Martin A Sebastian RMN (R)) IORA, The Blue Economy and Ocean Governance (V N Attri) The Jakarta IORA Summit: A Way Ahead for a Stable Indian Ocean Maritime Order? (Yogendra Kumar) Prospects and Perspectives: The Indian Ocean and China's Expanding Influence: Prospects for Cooperation among the Key Asian Energy Importers (Christopher Len) Governing the Ocean: Perspectives from Tanzania (Hoseana Bohela Lunogelo) Governing the Ocean: An EU Perspective (Marianne Péron-Doise) Postscript: The Blue Economy Beckons (James Alix Michel) Readership: Undergraduate students of maritime studies, international relations and South Asian politics, and general readers interested in the South Asian region. Keywords: Indian Ocean;Maritime Governance;South Asia;India;Sri Lanka;Boundary;Blue Economy;IORA;Trade;Indonesia;Cooperation;Maritime Crime;ChinaRev



Vietnam and the South China Sea

Vietnam and the South China Sea Author Do Thanh Hai
ISBN-10 9781317398202
Release 2016-12-01
Pages 262
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Studies of the escalating tensions and competing claims in the South China Sea overwhelmingly focus on China and its increasingly assertive approach, while the position of the other claimants is overlooked. This book focuses on the attitude of Vietnam towards the South China Sea dispute. It examines the position from a historical perspective, shows how Vietnam’s position is affected by its wish to maintain good relations with China on a range of issues, and outlines how Vietnam has occasionally made overtures to both the United States and Japan in order to bolster its position, and considered the possibility, so far resisted, of taking China to formal arbitration under the auspices of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The book concludes by assessing the future prospects for Vietnam’s position in the dispute.



India and China at Sea

India and China at Sea Author David Brewster
ISBN-10 9780199091683
Release 2018-01-25
Pages 272
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China and India are emerging as major maritime powers as part of long-term shifts in the regional balance of power. As their wealth, interests, and power grow, the two countries are increasingly bumping up against each other across the Indo-Pacific. China’s growing naval presence in the Indian Ocean is seen by many as challenging India’s aspirations towards regional leadership and major power status. How India and China get along in this shared maritime space—cooperation, coexistence, competition, or confrontation—will be one of the key strategic challenges for the entire region. India and China at Sea is an essential resource in understanding how the two countries will interact as major maritime powers in the coming decades. The essays in the volume, by noted strategic analysts from across the world, seek to better understand Indian and Chinese perspectives about their roles in the Indian Ocean and their evolving naval strategies towards each other.



Denying the Comfort Women

Denying the Comfort Women Author Rumiko Nishino
ISBN-10 9781351690638
Release 2018-01-12
Pages 268
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Planned, instituted and run by the Japanese Imperial Military during the Asia-Pacific War, the ‘comfort women’ system remains hugely controversial. Although political leaders often contest the role of coercion, many argue that the ‘comfort women’ were mobilized forcibly, through processes of abduction and deception. Utilising archival research, court testimonies and eyewitness accounts of both survivors and military and civilian personnel, this book argues its case in three ways. Part I analyses the modalities of coercion employed by the authorities and investigates the historical differences and continuities between licensed peacetime prostitution and wartime sexual slavery. Part II then examines the failures f the Asian Women’s Fund to resolve the ‘comfort women’ issue, whilst Part III explores the removal of ‘comfort women’ content from school history texts after the late 1990s and details Japan’s diplomatic efforts to prevent war victims froms uing the post-war state. Presenting a strong argument in opposition to the revisionist school of thought, this book ultimately concludes that a realistic settlement would see a victim-oriented solution that the survivors can accept. Written by leading Japanese and zainichi Korean scholars, Denying the Comfort Women will be of huge interest to students and scholars of modern Japanese studies, gender studies, women’s studies and Asian history.



The Pariah Problem

The Pariah Problem Author Rupa Viswanath
ISBN-10 9780231537506
Release 2014-07-29
Pages 400
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Once known as "Pariahs," Dalits are primarily descendants of unfree agrarian laborers. They belong to India's lowest castes, face overwhelming poverty and discrimination, and continue to be a source of public anxiety. Drawing on a wealth of previously untapped sources, this book follows the conception and evolution of the "Pariah problem" in public consciousness in the 1890s. It shows how high-caste landlords, state officials, and well-intentioned missionaries conceived of Dalit oppression and prevented substantive solutions to the "Pariah Problem" -- with consequences that continue to be felt today. The book begins with a description of the everyday lives of Dalit laborers in the 1890s and highlights the systematic efforts made by the state and Indian elites to protect Indian slavery from public scrutiny. Protestant missionaries were the first non-Dalits to draw attention to their plight. However, their vision of the Pariahs' suffering as a result of Hindu religious prejudice obscured the fact that the entire agrarian political-economic system depended on Pariah labor. The Indian public as well as colonial officials came to share a view compatible with missionary explanations, which meant all subsequent welfare efforts directed at Dalits focused on religious and social transformation rather than on structural reform. Methodologically, theoretically, and empirically, this book breaks new ground to demonstrate how events in the early decades of state-sponsored welfare directed at Dalits laid the groundwork for the present day, where the postcolonial state and well-meaning social and religious reformers continue to downplay Dalits' landlessness, violent suppression, and political subordination.



Aligning Unevenly

Aligning Unevenly Author Assistant Professor of Political Science Dinshaw Mistry
ISBN-10 0866382720
Release 2016-04-22
Pages 80
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In the early and mid-2000s, US policymakers anticipated India becoming one of America's top global partners. Have New Delhi's policies on key strategic issues actually aligned strongly with US objectives, as would be typical of close partners? An analysis of twelve prominent issues in US-India relations indicates that New Delhi's policies mostly converged moderately, rather than to a high extent, with US objectives. Specifically, the alignment between New Delhi's policies and US objectives was high or moderate-to-high on three issues--UN peacekeeping, nonproliferation export controls, and arms sales. It was moderate or low-to-moderate on six issues--China, Iran, Afghanistan, Indian Ocean security, Pakistan, and bilateral defense cooperation. And it was low or negligible on three issues--nuclear reactor contracts for US firms, nuclear arms control, and the war in Iraq. To be sure, despite the low or negligible convergence, New Delhi did not take an anti-US position on these issues. Four factors explain why New Delhi's policies aligned unevenly with US objectives across the issues: India's strategic interests (that diverged from US interests on some issues); domestic political and economic barriers (that prevented greater convergence between India's policies and US objectives); incentives and disincentives (that induced New Delhi to better align with US objectives); and certain case-specific factors. This analysis suggests that, rather than expecting India to become a close ally, US policymakers should consider it a friendly strategic partner whose policies would align, on the average, moderately with US strategic interests.



Regionalism and Globalization in East Asia

Regionalism and Globalization in East Asia Author Mark Beeson
ISBN-10 9781137332370
Release 2014-01-27
Pages 336
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This book examines the distinctive evolution of the political and economic relationships of East Asia. It does this by placing East Asian development in the unique historical circumstances that have underpinned its rise to power over the last few decades. This detailed analysis provides the basis for an assessment of a unified East Asian region.



CHINA IN INDIAN OCEAN REGION

CHINA IN INDIAN OCEAN REGION Author Dr. Sidda Goud
ISBN-10 9788184249774
Release 2015-02-28
Pages 288
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This edited book is the outcome of the International Conference on ‘China in Indian Ocean Region’, held on 13th–14th November 2014, organized by UGC Centre for Indian Ocean Studies, Osmania University, Hyderabad. Indian Ocean, third largest ocean in the world surpasses the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans as the world’s largest and most strategically significant trade corridor. Indian Ocean Region (IOR) which is surrounded by Africa, Asia and Australia serves as a maritime highway, linking trans-continental human and economic relationships. Being the world’s most populated region, one third of the world’s bulk cargo and around two thirds of world’s oil ship tankers pass through it. China’s interest in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) can be traced back to the early 1960s. Ever since Beijing has been increasingly deepening its presence in the IOR for a variety of reasons—oil, trade, security, etc., over 30 per cent of China’s seaborne trade worth about US $300 billion transits across IOR. Sharing a quarter of the world’s population, China faces ever increasing demand for energy. China has little choice but to look beyond its borders for its energy needs. About 77 per cent of its oil imports are sourced from West Asia and Africa and these are transported through the Indian Ocean. Thus China’s dependence on the Indian Ocean continues to grow for energy imports from the Gulf, to import resources from Africa and trade with Europe. With China steadily spreading its footprints in the Indian Ocean Region with increasing military presence and with the rapidly growing Navy being equipped with warships, destroyers and nuclear submarines, this book analyses in depth growing Chinese influence in Indian Ocean Region (IOR), Geopolitical interests of China, Security and Economic implication for India. This volume will be of considerable interest to the students and scholars of international relations in the contemporary situation.



The New Pacific Diplomacy

The New Pacific Diplomacy Author Greg Fry
ISBN-10 9781925022827
Release 2015-12-17
Pages 305
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Since 2009 there has been a fundamental shift in the way that the Pacific Island states engage with regional and world politics. The region has experienced, what Kiribati President Anote Tong has aptly called, a ‘paradigm shift’ in ideas about how Pacific diplomacy should be organised, and on what principles it should operate. Many leaders have called for a heightened Pacific voice in global affairs and a new commitment to establishing Pacific Island control of this diplomatic process. This change in thinking has been expressed in the establishment of new channels and arenas for Pacific diplomacy at the regional and global levels and new ways of connecting the two levels through active use of intermediate diplomatic associations. The New Pacific Diplomacy brings together a range of analyses and perspectives on these dramatic new developments in Pacific diplomacy at sub-regional, regional and global levels, and in the key sectors of global negotiation for Pacific states – fisheries, climate change, decolonisation, and trade.



Avoiding The Trap

Avoiding The Trap Author David Lai
ISBN-10 1387591371
Release 2018-02-12
Pages 474
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This U.S. Army War College report provides analysis and policy recommendations on topics regarding the instruments of national power, regional affairs, and key Asia-Pacific countries. The key findings are rooted in the following overarching concepts: Strategic Goal: Ensure American leadership, security, and prosperity; Strategic Task: Accommodate China's rise through competition without conflict;Strategic Vision: Economy by priority; enabled by military power; tempered by diplomacy.



India as an Asia Pacific Power

India as an Asia Pacific Power Author David Brewster
ISBN-10 9781136620089
Release 2012-03-12
Pages 240
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"This book provides a comprehensive assessment of India's international relations in the Asia Pacific region. It charts the development of India's increasingly important role as a major world power, discusses India's international relations strategy and examines India's relationship with each of the major countries of East and Southeast Asia."--Publisher's description.



China s Maritime Silk Road Initiative and South Asia

China   s Maritime Silk Road Initiative and South Asia Author Jean-Marc F. Blanchard
ISBN-10 9789811052392
Release 2017-12-01
Pages 240
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This book brings together a diverse range of responses to China's Marine Silk Road Initiative, which proposes to redraw the map of Asia, particularly South Asia. China’s 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI) is a massive scheme to connect wide swaths of East, Southeast, South, and West Asia through a dense web of interconnected hard and soft infrastructure involving ports, roads, logistics facilities, special industrial zones, and free trade and investment agreements. This book will be invaluable for students of Chinese foreign security and foreign economic policy, those interested in South Asia including Indian foreign security and economic policy as well as Indian relations with China, those attentive to international economic developments in East and South Asia, and those interested in the political and economic situation in specific MSRI participant countries such as Pakistan, Maldives, and Sri Lanka as well as their political and economic relations with China.



The Tragedy of Great Power Politics Updated Edition

The Tragedy of Great Power Politics  Updated Edition Author John J. Mearsheimer
ISBN-10 0393076245
Release 2003-01-17
Pages 576
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"A superb book.…Mearsheimer has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the behavior of great powers."—Barry R. Posen, The National Interest The updated edition of this classic treatise on the behavior of great powers takes a penetrating look at the question likely to dominate international relations in the twenty-first century: Can China rise peacefully? In clear, eloquent prose, John Mearsheimer explains why the answer is no: a rising China will seek to dominate Asia, while the United States, determined to remain the world's sole regional hegemon, will go to great lengths to prevent that from happening. The tragedy of great power politics is inescapable.



The South China Sea Maritime Dispute

The South China Sea Maritime Dispute Author Leszek Buszynski
ISBN-10 9781317935476
Release 2014-09-25
Pages 222
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The South China Sea is a major strategic waterway for trade and oil shipments to Japan, Korea as well as southern China. It has been the focus of a maritime dispute which has continued now for over six decades, with competing claims from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia and Brunei. Recently China has become more assertive in pressing its claims – harassing Vietnamese fishing vessels and seizing reefs in the Philippine claim zone. China has insisted that it has "indisputable sovereignty" over the area and has threatened to enforce its claim. All of this is unsettling and draws in the United States which is concerned about freedom of navigation in the area. The US has been supporting the Philippines and has been developing security ties with Vietnam as a check upon China. This book examines the conflict potential of the current dispute, it discusses how the main claimants and the United States view the issue, and assesses the prospects for a resolution of the problem.



The New US Strategy towards Asia

The New US Strategy towards Asia Author William T Tow
ISBN-10 9781317586111
Release 2014-12-17
Pages 222
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Barack Obama’s "rebalancing" or "pivot" strategy, intended to demonstrate continued US commitment to the Asia-Pacific region in a variety of military, economic, and diplomatic contexts, was launched with much fanfare in 2011. Implicit in the new strategy is both a focus on China – engagement with, and containment of – and a heavy reliance by the United States on its existing friends and allies in the region in order to implement its strategy. This book explores the impact of the new strategy on America’s regional friends and allies. It shows how these governments are working with Washington to advance and protect their distinct national interests, while at the same time avoiding any direct confrontation with China. It also addresses the reasons why many of these regional actors harbour concerns about the ability of the US to sustain the pivot strategy in the long run. Overall, the book illustrates the deep complexities of the United States’ exercise of power and influence in the region.



Regionalism Security and Cooperation in Oceania

Regionalism  Security and Cooperation in Oceania Author Rouben Azizian
ISBN-10 097194167X
Release 2015-06-01
Pages
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This volume examines the complex relationship between regionalism andsecurity in Oceania through the prisms of unfolding cooperation and competition. It explains how and why the region remains torn between various visions of regional architecture, underwhelmed by piecemeal and reactiveresponse and cooperation on security as well as challenged by the entry into the regional scene of new powerful players.