Download or read online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Industrial Photoinitiators

Industrial Photoinitiators Author W. Arthur Green
ISBN-10 9781439827468
Release 2010-04-22
Pages 302
Download Link Click Here

The use of photoinitiators in the UV curing process shows remarkable possibilities in myriad applications. Highlighting critical factors such as reactivity, cure speeds, and application details, Industrial Photoinitiators: A Technical Guide is a practical, accessible, industrially oriented text that explains the theory, describes the products, and outlines the practice in simple language for the novice and expert alike. The basics of UV light The book begins by examining the nature of UV light and the types of commercial UV lamps that are available. It discusses the light absorption process and the excited states that are produced by the photoinitiator prior to the production of radicals. Next, the book examines the structure of the photoinitiator and the mechanism by which a reactive species is formed, along with the deactivating processes that inhibit the various photophysical and photochemical steps that occur as radicals are produced. Commercial photoinitiators Providing a list of companies and suppliers, the author explores the distinct groups of commercial photoinitiators and the variations in their structure. He describes the factors that determine which photoinitiators should be chosen for a particular application and how the different types are used. He also explains the reasons why a cured coating may display yellowing and describes the use of stabilizers to reduce the yellowing effect. Cationic curing Exploring a small but growing area of interest in the UV curing industry, the book concludes by discussing cationic curing and examines the different scope of parameters and different chemistry involved. It also describes factors that affect the use of cationic photoinitiators. Based on more than 30 years of experience working with photoinitiators, W. Arthur Green offers a unique resource that provides product developers and others working in industry with the practical information they need to fully understand the basics of this evolving field.



Photoinitiators for Polymer Synthesis

Photoinitiators for Polymer Synthesis Author Jean-Pierre Fouassier
ISBN-10 9783527648269
Release 2013-01-02
Pages 494
Download Link Click Here

Photoinitiating systems for polymerization reactions are largely encountered in a variety of traditional and high-tech sectors, such as radiation curing, (laser) imaging, (micro)electronics, optics, and medicine. This book extensively covers radical and nonradical photoinitiating systems and is divided into four parts: * Basic principles in photopolymerization reactions * Radical photoinitiating systems * Nonradical photoinitiating systems * Reactivity of the photoinitiating system The four parts present the basic concepts of photopolymerization reactions, review all of the available photoinitiating systems and deliver a thorough description of the encountered mechanisms. A large amount of experimental and theoretical data has been collected herein. This book allows the reader to gain a clear understanding by providing a general discussion of the photochemistry and chemistry involved. The most recent and exciting developments, as well as the promising prospects for new applications, are outlined.



Radiation Curing

Radiation Curing Author Patrick Glöckner
ISBN-10 3866309074
Release 2008
Pages 172
Download Link Click Here

Radiation curing is the fastest growing technology in the inks and coatings industries. It is being widely discussed in numerous publications and conferences and is being used or at least tested in all possible industrial applications. This book's objective is to link theory and practice in a reference guide for formulators in the field of radiation curing. The book is also intended for students and young professionals in coatings and printing inks with no previous experience of radiation curing. In addition to the fundamental principles, therefore, guidance is offered in the selection of raw materials. The Trouble Shooting Chapter summarizes approaches to solving problems that may arise during the manufacture and processing of radiation curable systems. The focus is on 100 % liquid coating systems that are radically or cationically curable by UV or electron beam radiation. Technologies that are still relatively unimportant are beyond the scope of this book and are discussed only briefly.



Emulsion Polymerization and Emulsion Polymers

Emulsion Polymerization and Emulsion Polymers Author Peter A. Lovell
ISBN-10 0471967467
Release 1997-04-03
Pages 826
Download Link Click Here

Emulsion Polymerization and Emulsion Polymers Edited by Peter A. Lovell Manchester Materials Science Centre, UMIST, Manchester, UK and Mohamed S. El-Aasser Emulsion Polymers Institute and Department of Chemical Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA Emulsion polymerization is a technologically and commercially important reaction used to produce synthetic polymers and latexes for a wide range of applications. It is the basis of a massive global industry that is expanding due to the versatility of the reaction and the greater realization of the ability to control properties of the polymer latexes produced. Emulsion Polymerization and Emulsion Polymers provides an up-to-date treatment of both academic and industrial aspects of the subject in a single self-contained volume. Established knowledge is integrated with latest developments and introductory chapters to give a state-of-the-art summary which is also suitable as a broad based introduction to the field. The individual chapters have been written by specialists from academia and industry and are presented in a way which ensures that the book will be of equal value to experienced researchers and students.



Handbook of Industrial Inkjet Printing

Handbook of Industrial Inkjet Printing Author Werner Zapka
ISBN-10 9783527338320
Release 2018-01-11
Pages 984
Download Link Click Here

Unique in its integration of individual topics to achieve a full-system approach, this book addresses all the aspects essential for industrial inkjet printing. After an introduction listing the industrial printing techniques available, the text goes on to discuss individual topics, such as ink, printheads and substrates, followed by metrology techniques that are required for reliable systems. Three iteration cycles are then described, including the adaptation of the ink to the printhead, the optimization of the ink to the substrate and the integration of machine manufacturing, monitoring, and data handling, among others. Finally, the book summarizes a number of case studies and success stories from selected areas, including graphics, printed electronics, and 3D printing as well a list of ink suppliers, printhead manufacturers and integrators. Practical hints are included throughout for a direct hands-on experience. Invaluable for industrial users and academics, whether ink developers or mechanical engineers, and working in areas ranging from metrology to intellectual property.



Handbook of Industrial Inkjet Printing

Handbook of Industrial Inkjet Printing Author Werner Zapka
ISBN-10 9783527338320
Release 2018-01-11
Pages 984
Download Link Click Here

Unique in its integration of individual topics to achieve a full-system approach, this book addresses all the aspects essential for industrial inkjet printing. After an introduction listing the industrial printing techniques available, the text goes on to discuss individual topics, such as ink, printheads and substrates, followed by metrology techniques that are required for reliable systems. Three iteration cycles are then described, including the adaptation of the ink to the printhead, the optimization of the ink to the substrate and the integration of machine manufacturing, monitoring, and data handling, among others. Finally, the book summarizes a number of case studies and success stories from selected areas, including graphics, printed electronics, and 3D printing as well a list of ink suppliers, printhead manufacturers and integrators. Practical hints are included throughout for a direct hands-on experience. Invaluable for industrial users and academics, whether ink developers or mechanical engineers, and working in areas ranging from metrology to intellectual property.



UV Coatings

UV Coatings Author Reinhold Schwalm
ISBN-10 0080466893
Release 2006-12-21
Pages 322
Download Link Click Here

Since UV curing (light induced polymerisation of multifunctional oligomers) is a very ecoefficient and energy saving curing method, the growth rates of UV curable coatings are in the range of 10% per year. The typical UV coatings are solvent free (100% solids), thus helping the industry and the environment to reduce significantly VOC (volatile organic compounds). Recently, the automotive industry has discovered that UV cured coatings are very scratch resistant, which stimulated very extensive work into the development of UV coatings for automotive applications. Since UV curing is very universal, also other systems besides the 100% solid (typical) UV coatings are developed, like waterbased UV- , UV powder and Dual cure (UV and thermal) systems. UV Coatings contains an overview of the technology, the curing process including the equipment necessary, the raw materials (resins, diluents, photoinitiators) used, the advantages and drawbacks of this fast emerging technology, as well as proposed technical solutions to tackle the disadvantages. Structure-property relationships will be given, especially regarding the mechanical properties of coatings as well as scratch resistance, mainly dealing with automotive performance criteria. The main part of the book will deal with new developments, like water-based UV coatings, UV powder coatings and dual cure systems, cured by UV and thermal energy, which have been developed to cure the coating on three dimensional substrates in shadow areas. The main applications of UV Coatings will be described, starting with the classical ones on temperature sensitive substrates, like wood, paper and plastics, where the UV curable coatings are already well established. * Looking at UV curing as a key to scratch resistant automotive clear coats * Ecoefficiency of UV Coatings * Comprehensive overview of the technology, materials and markets



Photocured Materials

Photocured Materials Author Atul Tiwari
ISBN-10 9781782620013
Release 2014-11-26
Pages 370
Download Link Click Here

The materials technologies based on photocuring are gaining momentum, and this will be the first book to provide an in-depth focus on the subject.



Photoinitiated Polymerization

Photoinitiated Polymerization Author Kevin D. Belfield
ISBN-10 0841238138
Release 2003
Pages 565
Download Link Click Here

Photoinitiated Polymerization is divided into five sections. Free radical photopolymerizations command most of the interest and activity within the field and thus is discussed first. The second section discusses kinetic studies of the mechanism of free radical polymerizations. The third section covers cationic photopolymerizations, which along with free radical polymerizations, are being used in many industrial applications. The fourth section is devoted to recent developments in novel photopolymeriztion chemistry. This section describes new photobase generators, developments in monomers, oligomers and templated polymerizations of liquid crystal polymers. Finally, the fifth section portrays new and emerging applications for photopolymerizations.



Polymers and Light

Polymers and Light Author Thomas Lippert
ISBN-10 3540404716
Release 2004-03-23
Pages 361
Download Link Click Here

Polymers and Light has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Polymers and Light also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Polymers and Light book for free.



UV EB Curing Primer

UV EB Curing Primer Author Camille J. Rechel
ISBN-10 1878664174
Release 1997
Pages 87
Download Link Click Here

UV EB Curing Primer has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from UV EB Curing Primer also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full UV EB Curing Primer book for free.



Leachables and Extractables Handbook

Leachables and Extractables Handbook Author Douglas J. Ball
ISBN-10 9780470173657
Release 2012-01-24
Pages 700
Download Link Click Here

"Because leachables are non-drug-related impurities, there are increased concerns regarding the risks of inhaling them on a daily basis. This book describes the development and application of safety thresholds for Orally Inhaled and Nasal Drug Products (OINDP). It discusses best practices for evaluation and management of leachables and extractables throughout the pharma product lifecycle by providing practical knowledge about how and why safety thresholds were developed. This book also illustrates how to apply these concepts and principles to products beyond OINDP, and includes an appendix of experimental protocols for laboratory analysis"--Provided by publisher.



Synthesis and Applications of Copolymers

Synthesis and Applications of Copolymers Author Anbanandam Parthiban
ISBN-10 9781118860489
Release 2014-06-23
Pages 400
Download Link Click Here

Understanding the reactivity of monomers is crucial in creating copolymers and determining the outcome of copolymerization. Covering the fundamental aspects of polymerization, Synthesis and Applications of Copolymers explores the reactivity of monomers and reaction conditions that ensure that the newly formed polymeric materials exhibit desired properties. Referencing a wide-range of disciplines, the book provides researchers, students, and scientists with the preparation of a diverse variety of copolymers and their recent developments, with a particular focus on copolymerization, crystallization, and techniques like nanoimprinting and micropatterning.



UV Curing Technology

UV Curing Technology Author Bea Purcell
ISBN-10 147760619X
Release 2012-06-21
Pages 86
Download Link Click Here

Written in an easy to read and concise manner, this book is intended to serve as a guide for printers, printing industry sales, marketing, and technical professionals, non-printing industry professionals, students, and anyone interested in the relationship between the use of science and the printing industry. Have you ever wondered why some things fade when exposed to the sun? Are you a printer, and the ink you're using is delaminating from the plastic? Do you have questions regarding UV LED as a means to cure UV inks? UV Curing Technology: Traditional UV Curing & UV LED Curing is for anyone who is interested in the science behind ultraviolet-cured inks as used in the printing industry. Chapter 13 explains the effect of ultraviolet energy on organic materials. Chapter 9 answers frequently asked questions on the use of UV-curable inks. Chapters 6 and 8 cover the basics of UV LED.



Radiation Technology for Polymers Second Edition

Radiation Technology for Polymers  Second Edition Author Jiri George Drobny
ISBN-10 142009405X
Release 2010-05-21
Pages 307
Download Link Click Here

The first edition of Radiation Technology for Polymers set the standard as a valuable, time-saving resource offering systematic fundamental information about industrial radiation technologies. Raising the bar even further, Radiation Technology for Polymers, Second Edition explores emerging applications of ultraviolet (UV) and electron beam (EB) radiation to polymer processing, detailing significant changes in the field since the first publication. Presents important new processing and engineering data from selected commercial products Since the publication of the previous edition, many technological developments have taken place, new applications and products have been developed and commercialized, and some already established ones have been discontinued. This book updates changes, trends, and general issues in radiation technology. It presents vital, cutting-edge information to aid further reduction of volatile organic compounds and toxic substances in the environment, develop alternative sources of energy, and harness energy in both medical and industrial applications. The author considers novel uses of UV/EB technology in: Equipment and instrumentation developments in automotive, electronics, and wood-processing industries Applications used in waterborne coatings and adhesives, film modifications, high-performance coatings, and inkjet technology Processing of coatings, paints, inks, and adhesives, as well as thermoplastics and elastomers in film, sheet, and other forms This reference discusses new uses for UV and EB irradiation, the response of polymers to irradiation, tests related to dosimetry and radiometry, and related safety and hygiene. It is also fortified with new problems and worked solutions, as well appendices with supplementary information on equipment manufacturers, raw materials suppliers, and principles of green chemistry and sustainability.



Biomedical and Dental Applications of Polymers

Biomedical and Dental Applications of Polymers Author Charles Gebelein
ISBN-10 9781475795103
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 492
Download Link Click Here

The development and use of medical and dental materials are highly interdisciplinary endeavors which require expertise in chemistry, materials science, medicine and/or dentistry, mechanics and design engineering. The Symposium upon which this treatise is based was organized to bring members from these communities together to explore problems of mutual interest. The biomaterials which are used in medical or dental prostheses must not only exhibit structural stability and provide the desired function, but they must also perform over extended periods of time in the environment of the body. The latter is a very stringent requirement. The oral and other physiological environments are designed by nature to break down many organic substances. Also of importance is the requirement that materials used in the prosthesis not have a deleterious effect on body tissues. Most foreign (to the body) substances are somewhat toxic to human tissues; in fact, few factors are more limiting in the medical prosthesis field than the biocompatibility problem. Some of these problems and the attempts to solve them are discussed in this volume.



Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers  Fundamentals and Applications Author Johannes Karl Fink
ISBN-10 9780128145104
Release 2017-10-31
Pages 712
Download Link Click Here

Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers, Third Edition introduces engineers and scientists to a range of reactive polymers and then details their applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g., epoxides, cyanacrylates), followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are covered as well. The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process, which, in turn, cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to achieve optimal performance. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers and case studies. Covers the basics and most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites and fluorosilicones Offers an indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike Provides extensive literature and patent review Reflects a thorough review of all literature published in this area since 2014 Features revised and updated chapters to reflect the latest research in reactive polymers