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Inference to the Best Explanation

Inference to the Best Explanation Author Peter Lipton
ISBN-10 0415242029
Release 2004
Pages 219
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How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses, and making inferences? According to the model of Inference to the Best Explanation, we work out what to infer from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In Inference to the Best Explanation, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves. The second edition has been substantially enlarged and reworked, with a new chapter on the relationship between explanation and Bayesianism, and an extension and defence of the account of contrastive explanation. It also includes an expanded defence of the claims that our inferences really are guided by diverse explanatory considerations, and that this pattern of inference can take us towards the truth. This edition of Inference to the Best Explanation has also been updated throughout and includes a new bibliography.



Best Explanations

Best Explanations Author Kevin McCain
ISBN-10 9780198746904
Release 2017-11-26
Pages 288
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Explanatory reasoning is ubiquitous. Not only are rigorous inferences to the best explanation used pervasively in the sciences, this kind of reasoning is common in everyday life. Despite its widespread use, inference to the best explanation is still in need of precise formulation, and itremains controversial. On the one hand, supporters of explanationism take inference to the best explanation to be a justifying form of inference; some even take all justification to be a matter of explanatory reasoning. On the other hand, critics object that inference to the best explanation is nota fundamental form of inference, and some argue that we should be skeptical of inference to the best explanation in general. This volume brings together twenty philosophers to explore various aspects of inference to the best explanation and the debates surrounding it. These specially commissionedessays constitute the cutting edge of research on the role explanatory considerations play in epistemology and philosophy of science.



Scientific Realism

Scientific Realism Author Stathis Psillos
ISBN-10 9781134619825
Release 2005-08-02
Pages 368
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Scientific realism is the optimistic view that modern science is on the right track: that the world really is the way our best scientific theories describe it . In his book, Stathis Psillos gives us a detailed and comprehensive study which restores the intuitive plausibility of scientific realism. We see that throughout the twentieth century, scientific realism has been challenged by philosophical positions from all angles: from reductive empiricism, to instrumentalism and to modern sceptical empiricism. Scientific Realism explains that the history of science does not undermine the arguments for scientific realism, but instead makes it reasonable to accept scientific realism as the best philosophical account of science, its empirical success, its progress and its practice. Anyone wishing to gain a deeper understanding of the state of modern science and why scientific realism is plausible, should read this book.



The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science Author Martin Curd
ISBN-10 9781135011086
Release 2013-07-24
Pages 736
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The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science is an indispensable reference source and guide to the major themes, debates, problems and topics in philosophy of science. It contains sixty-two specially commissioned entries by a leading team of international contributors. Organized into four parts it covers: historical and philosophical context debates concepts the individual sciences. The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science addresses all of the essential topics that students of philosophy of science need to know - from empiricism, explanation and experiment to causation, observation, prediction and more - and contains many helpful features including chapters on individual sciences (such as biology, chemistry, physics and psychology), further reading and cross-referencing at the end of each chapter. Expanded and revised throughout, this second edition includes new chapters on Conventionalism, Social Epistemology, Computer Simulation, Thought Experiments, Pseudoscience, Species and Taxonomy, and Cosmology.



Abductive Inference

Abductive Inference Author John R. Josephson
ISBN-10 0521575451
Release 1996-08-28
Pages 306
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This book analyses abduction as an information-processing phenomenon.



Understanding Philosophy of Science

Understanding Philosophy of Science Author James Ladyman
ISBN-10 9781134597901
Release 2012-08-06
Pages 304
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Few can imagine a world without telephones or televisions; many depend on computers and the Internet as part of daily life. Without scientific theory, these developments would not have been possible. In this exceptionally clear and engaging introduction to philosophy of science, James Ladyman explores the philosophical questions that arise when we reflect on the nature of the scientific method and the knowledge it produces. He discusses whether fundamental philosophical questions about knowledge and reality might be answered by science, and considers in detail the debate between realists and antirealists about the extent of scientific knowledge. Along the way, central topics in philosophy of science, such as the demarcation of science from non-science, induction, confirmation and falsification, the relationship between theory and observation and relativism are all addressed. Important and complex current debates over underdetermination, inference to the best explaination and the implications of radical theory change are clarified and clearly explained for those new to the subject.



Logique et analyse

Logique et analyse Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123016250
Release 2006
Pages
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Logique et analyse has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Logique et analyse also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Logique et analyse book for free.



What is Value

What is Value Author Everett W. Hall
ISBN-10 0415225396
Release 2000
Pages 255
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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association

Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association Author American Philosophical Association
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P00322124I
Release 1993
Pages
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Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association book for free.



Psychology of Science

Psychology of Science Author Robert W. Proctor
ISBN-10 9780199753628
Release 2012-07-12
Pages 523
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Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.



Causation Evidence and Inference

Causation  Evidence  and Inference Author Julian Reiss
ISBN-10 9781317675884
Release 2015-05-22
Pages 258
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In this book, Reiss argues in favor of a tight fit between evidence, concept and purpose in our causal investigations in the sciences. There is no doubt that the sciences employ a vast array of techniques to address causal questions such as controlled experiments, randomized trials, statistical and econometric tools, causal modeling and thought experiments. But how do these different methods relate to each other and to the causal inquiry at hand? Reiss argues that there is no "gold standard" in settling causal issues against which other methods can be measured. Rather, the various methods of inference tend to be good only relative to certain interpretations of the word "cause", and each interpretation, in turn, helps to address some salient purpose (prediction, explanation or policy analysis) but not others. The main objective of this book is to explore the metaphysical and methodological consequences of this view in the context of numerous cases studies from the natural and social sciences.



Statistical and Inductive Inference by Minimum Message Length

Statistical and Inductive Inference by Minimum Message Length Author C.S. Wallace
ISBN-10 038723795X
Release 2005-05-26
Pages 429
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The Minimum Message Length (MML) Principle is an information-theoretic approach to induction, hypothesis testing, model selection, and statistical inference. MML, which provides a formal specification for the implementation of Occam's Razor, asserts that the ‘best’ explanation of observed data is the shortest. Further, an explanation is acceptable (i.e. the induction is justified) only if the explanation is shorter than the original data. This book gives a sound introduction to the Minimum Message Length Principle and its applications, provides the theoretical arguments for the adoption of the principle, and shows the development of certain approximations that assist its practical application. MML appears also to provide both a normative and a descriptive basis for inductive reasoning generally, and scientific induction in particular. The book describes this basis and aims to show its relevance to the Philosophy of Science. Statistical and Inductive Inference by Minimum Message Length will be of special interest to graduate students and researchers in Machine Learning and Data Mining, scientists and analysts in various disciplines wishing to make use of computer techniques for hypothesis discovery, statisticians and econometricians interested in the underlying theory of their discipline, and persons interested in the Philosophy of Science. The book could also be used in a graduate-level course in Machine Learning and Estimation and Model-selection, Econometrics and Data Mining. C.S. Wallace was appointed Foundation Chair of Computer Science at Monash University in 1968, at the age of 35, where he worked until his death in 2004. He received an ACM Fellowship in 1995, and was appointed Professor Emeritus in 1996. Professor Wallace made numerous significant contributions to diverse areas of Computer Science, such as Computer Architecture, Simulation and Machine Learning. His final research focused primarily on the Minimum Message Length Principle.



A Companion to the Philosophy of Science

A Companion to the Philosophy of Science Author W. H. Newton-Smith
ISBN-10 0631230203
Release 2001-10-08
Pages 596
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Unmatched in the quality of its world-renowned contributors, this companion serves as both a course text and a reference book across the broad spectrum of issues of concern to the philosophy of science.



Explanation

Explanation Author Giora Hon
ISBN-10 9789401597319
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 346
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For some years we have been conducting at the University of Haifa an interdisciplinary seminar on explanation in philosophy and psychology. We habitually begin the seminar with some philosophical reflections on explanation - an analysis of the concept and its metaphysical underpinnings. We discuss the various models and proceed to examine explanation in the setting of psychology. Thus, from the outset, we have focused not only on the concept itself but also on its application. The objective that we have set for the seminar, attended by students from both departments, Philosophy and Psychology, has been a critical understanding of the concept of explanation, its use and limitations. We were keen on deepening our understanding of the concept and on exploring its applications in fields of knowledge other than psychology. This was the motivation for convening an international conference on explanation and its application. The conference took place in the spring of 1998 under the auspices of the University of Haifa. The present book is the fruit of this meeting. The reader should note that the second part of the Introduction presents a detailed analytical account of the book. We hope that this overview will facilitate efficient use of the book by directing the reader's attention to those issues that might be of interest to him or her.



Records of the Australian Museum

Records of the Australian Museum Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822040960197
Release 2012
Pages
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Records of the Australian Museum has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Records of the Australian Museum also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Records of the Australian Museum book for free.



The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience Author John Bickle
ISBN-10 9780195304787
Release 2009-07-27
Pages 635
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This title is a collection of interdisciplinary research from contributors including both philosophers and neuroscientists. Topics covered include the neurobiology of learning and memory perception and sensation, neurocomputational modelling neuroanatomy, neuroethics, and neurology and clinical neuropsychology



The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning Author Keith J. Holyoak
ISBN-10 9780199313792
Release 2013-05-23
Pages 864
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The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning brings together the contributions of many of the leading researchers in thinking and reasoning to create the most comprehensive overview of research on thinking and reasoning that has ever been available.