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Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Author Hanadi Al-Mubaraki
ISBN-10 9783319136837
Release 2014-11-24
Pages 76
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In this book, Hanadi Mubarak, Ali Husain and Michael promote the concept of innovation incubators from a business-management perspective. The book provides a comprehensive roadmap for the development of new economies based on technology, as well as value added in technology transfer, innovation development and an entrepreneurial climate. Many books on innovation and entrepreneurship take a theoretical approach, presenting a selection of examples that may not reflect reality. However, this compendium of innovation and entrepreneurship case studies is based on the practical experience of executives and managers regarding the undertaking of projects within their industry and company. It is this practical approach, emphasizing enterprise-wide projects as a consequence of the current economic reality that differentiates this book from conventional texts on innovation and entrepreneurship. This investigation uses successful international case studies based on models in developed and developing countries. It argues that innovation incubators must be adopted by Arab countries to support diversification of their economies, the commercialization of new technologies, job creation and foster an entrepreneurial climate. The book presents research and case studies, which provide new insights into practices for undertaking projects that both executive and project managers will find interesting and useful for the advancement of their enterprises, particularly in the area of innovation and entrepreneurship.



Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Author Niklas Elert
ISBN-10 9783319550923
Release 2017-05-11
Pages 102
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. The authors of this book advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal. Starting with the rule of law and the protection of property rights; the tax system; the authors deal with regulations governing savings, capital and finance, and the organization of labor markets and social insurance systems. Framework strategies related to the regulations governing goods and service markets, bankruptcy and insolvency are also put forward. A core understanding and future path is also provided towards R&D, commercialization and knowledge spillovers; human capital investments; and informal institutions.



Beyond Safety Training

Beyond Safety Training Author Corinne Bieder
ISBN-10 9783319655277
Release 2017-10-11
Pages 159
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book investigates why, despite more and more resources devoted to safety training, expectations are not entirely met, particularly in the industrial sectors that have already achieved a high safety level. It not only reflects the most precious viewpoints of experts from different disciplines, different countries, with experiences in various industrial fields at the cutting edge of theories and practices in terms of safety, professionalization and their relationships. It also consolidates the positioning of the Foundation for an Industrial Safety Culture, highlighting what is currently considered at stake in terms of safety training, taking into account the system of constraints the different stakeholders are submitted to. It reports some success stories as well as elements which could explain the observed plateau in terms of outcome. It identifies some levers for evolution for at-risk industry and outlines a possible research agenda to go further with experimental solutions.



Developing Entrepreneurial Life Skills

Developing Entrepreneurial Life Skills Author shipra vaidya
ISBN-10 9788132217893
Release 2014-03-27
Pages 105
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This book presents an epistemological framework for integrating entrepreneurship education across the general school curriculum. It also explores how such education can be inclusive and integral to the objective, content, pedagogy and assessment practices for different stages of school education in general and the elementary stage in particular. It takes on board the development of entrepreneurial proficiencies through the use of narratives, arts and craft, work and life skills and home-community partnership. The precise aims of the book are to: (a) conceptualize entrepreneurship education in different stages of school education as an objective, an approach and as a specific subject; (b) promote the culture of entrepreneurship in the school system; (c) establish a methodology within which effective teaching-learning can be developed with respect to the extent to which entrepreneurial learning is considered to be an extracurricular activity or as an intrinsic part of school education; (d) integrate entrepreneurship education at the elementary stage, and its progression further on; and (e) identify behavioural outcomes validating entrepreneurship development in school education.



Community Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations

Community Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations Author Georgios Leventakis
ISBN-10 9783319892948
Release 2018-04-26
Pages 131
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This Brief presents new approaches and innovative challenges to address bringing technology into community-oriented policing efforts. “Community-oriented policing” is an approach that encourages police to develop and maintain personal relationships with citizens and community organizations. By developing these partnerships, the goal is to enhance trust and legitimacy of police by the community (and vice versa), and focus on engaging the community crime prevention and detection efforts for sustainable, long-term crime reduction. The contributions to this volume emphasize how technological innovations can advance community-oriented policing goals, such as: -Strengthening community policing principles through effective and efficient tools, procedures and approaches - Accelerating communication between citizens and police forces - Early identification, timely intervention, as well as better crime reporting, identification of risks, unreported and undiscovered crime through the community Contributions to this volume were developed out of the Next Generation Community Policing (NGCP) International Conference was co-organized by nine contributing research and development projects, funded by the Horizon 2020 SECURITY Program of the European Commission. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as sociology, public health, security, IT and public policy. This book is open access under a CC BY license.



Measuring National Innovation Performance

Measuring National Innovation Performance Author Frane Adam
ISBN-10 9783642394645
Release 2013-10-09
Pages 82
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This book provides a critical re-examination of the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) as the main tool used by the European Commission and other policy-making bodies to measure national innovation capacity. Given that contemporary societies and economies are to a great extent characterised by the processes of production, dissemination and application (re-combination) of knowledge, the accurate monitoring and measurement of R&D efficiency and innovation performance on national, regional and firm level are of outmost importance. The contextual reconstruction of the model of indicators used by IUS reveals that the accuracy and validity of measurement are not satisfactory, and that substantial modifications of metrics are needed to achieve stronger theoretical significance and policy-relevance. In this work, the »epistemic turn« is emphasised and offered as an alternative, namely in the sense of the shift from a mechanicist-positivist orientation toward a more reflective and contextual post-positivist approach. ?



Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Author John Bessant
ISBN-10 9781118993095
Release 2015-06-08
Pages 544
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Innovation and Entrepreneurship 3rd Edition is an accessible text on innovation and entrepreneurship aimed specifically at undergraduate students studying business and management studies, but also those on engineering and science degrees with management courses. The text applies key theories and research on innovation and entrepreneurship and then reviews and synthesises those theories and research to apply them in a much broader and contemporary context, including the corporate and public services, emerging technologies and economies, and sustainability and development and creating and capturing value from innovation and entrepreneurship. In this third edition the authors continue to adopt an explicit process model to help organise the material with clear links between innovation and entrepreneurship. This text has been designed to be fully integrated with the Innovation Portal at www.innovation-portal.info, which contains an extensive collection of additional resources for both lecturers and students, including teaching resources, case studies, media clips, innovation tools, seminar and assessment activities and test questions.



Responsible Research and Innovation in Industry

Responsible Research and Innovation in Industry Author Konstantinos Iatridis
ISBN-10 9783319216935
Release 2015-09-10
Pages 104
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Responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a governance framework promoted by influential policy makers such as the European Commission and academics from the fields of science and technology studies and management. This book is the first text to serve industry. Inspired by existing Corporate Responsibility standards and principles, it offers a selection of tools that can assist practitioners in implementing RRI in business and industry. Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is integrative. It is a convergence of Technology Assessment (TA) and Ethics, including corporate responsibility. The task of linking RRI to existing frameworks has only just begun. This book is a welcome example, showing how Corporate Responsibility tools can drive the implementation of RRI. Prof. Armin Grunwald, Head of the Office of Technology Assessment at the German Bundestag and Head of the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. This is a simple, short, yet encyclopaedic work designed to help business implement RRI using the many tools of Corporate Responsibility (CR) already in place, everything from ISO9001 to the Ceres Roadmap for Sustainability. It makes clear the ways in which RRI is an extension of ideas already well-developed in CR. I learned a lot reading it. Prof. Michael Davis, Senior Fellow, Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA Increase the chance of success for your startup's business idea by using your future customers' knowledge about the market! This engagingly written book explains how. Dr Thomas Frenken, CEO oldntec, Germany



Co Creation and Learning

Co Creation and Learning Author K.B. Akhilesh
ISBN-10 9788132236795
Release 2017-02-02
Pages 97
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This book introduces readers to co-creation --- a complex, value-based, context-driven and collaborative effort to develop new paradigms, products and services to satisfy human wants. Co-creation is built not only around the perceptions of challenges, cause-and-effect relationships and constraints, but also around available alternatives for dealing with or overcoming those challenges. Co-creation is not about transferring or outsourcing activities, and neither is it about the customization of products and services. This book explains the emergence of the co-creation approach. It describes various models of value creation, as well as different stages and the contract process involved in co-creation. It also explores different types of learning and learning techniques, and how co-creation impacts the learning process. The book allows practitioners and policymakers to understand the processes involved in implementing co-creation in any organization, while also presenting case studies to show how to apply the relevant concepts in their day-to-day activities.



Entrepreneurial Universities

Entrepreneurial Universities Author Marta Peris-Ortiz
ISBN-10 9783319479491
Release 2016-12-13
Pages 310
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This book analyses the importance of the entrepreneurial university, specifically in relation to the creation of entrepreneurial ideas and attitudes in students and entrepreneurial initiatives in academic institutions. The aim of the editors and contributing authors is to provide the reader with a set of experiences illustrating the advantages of communicating and encouraging entrepreneurship among students, thereby highlighting the “third mission” of the university: the need to adopt entrepreneurial strategy without disrupting the quality of teaching and research. Featuring initiatives from institutions around the world, the authors argue that the increasing importance of knowledge in the technical and social dimensions of today’s world provides greater relevance to the entrepreneurial university. In this context, universities transcend their traditional focus on teaching and basic research to carry out technology transfers, marketing ideas, and patent registrations, and incorporate spin-off companies that contribute to industrial innovations, economic growth, and job creation. In the teaching dimension, the entrepreneurial university represents a focus on programs which train students in the applications and most advanced practices in knowledge-driven fields. The book addresses such questions as: Can marketing ideas deteriorate the quality of research in the long term? What importance does the cultural framework have for an entrepreneurial education? What circumstances and programs facilitate spin-offs in universities What are the key features of entrepreneurial universities? In reference to entrepreneurship education in its broadest sense, then, it corresponds to the framework of ideas and general features on which entrepreneurship is founded: in-depth knowledge of the projects or ventures which they wish to carry out, capacity to perceive the relevant characteristics of the environment, and the leadership and goal setting skills to achieve success.



Understanding the Myth of High Growth Firms

Understanding the Myth of High Growth Firms Author Malin Brännback
ISBN-10 9781461494577
Release 2013-11-08
Pages 116
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In this volume, the authors challenge some long held assumptions about entrepreneurial firms held by academics, public policy makers, investors and even entrepreneurs themselves. The first is assumption is that growth is what really differentiates an entrepreneurial firm from a small business. The second is that growth is always good. Third, if growth is rapid, and/or high growth, it is even better. Drawing from a fresh review of the literature, their own primary research and experience in entrepreneurial ventures, the authors argue that the relationship between growth and firm performance is, in fact, inconclusive. Despite the strength of contemporary bias, there is strong evidence that the growth-profitability relationship is problematic. For example, rapid growth may lead to considerable organizational challenges that can seriously constrain a firm’s ability to generate sustainable profits. Also, it is not uncommon that a growth firm becomes a victim of its own success. Using examples from industries as diverse as airlines, accounting, biotechnology, information technology, personal products, wineries, and food establishments, the authors highlight limitations to research due to variations in the choice of growth indicators, the calculation of growth measures, the measurement periods, and whether objective or subjective measures have been used. Moreover, researchers have equated growth with high growth and almost automatically assumed that this also means high technology, while policy makers appear to have interpreted this as high employment. Armed with more precise definitions and understandings of key concepts and the nature of their causality, the authors consider the implications of restoring profitability to the core of entrepreneurship for future research, firm strategy, financing, organizational structure, resource allocation, and public policy.



The Creation of Local Innovation Systems in Emerging Countries

The Creation of Local Innovation Systems in Emerging Countries Author Marco Ferretti
ISBN-10 9783319104409
Release 2015-02-11
Pages 119
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This book deals with the creation of local innovation systems (LIS) in emerging countries. The authors analyze the role of the government, firms and research centers in the formation of LIS. Special attention is paid to the manner in which different leading actors implement their LIS development strategies. The book presents detailed case studies on different strategies used to implement LIS in Singapore, Dubai, Taiwan and Iran.



Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index 2016

Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index 2016 Author Zoltan Acs
ISBN-10 9783319638447
Release 2017-10-11
Pages 97
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This brief captures the contextual features of entrepreneurship by measuring entrepreneurial attitudes, abilities, and aspirations at both the individual- and country-level. Featuring data from the 2016 Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI), which measures the quality and scale of the entrepreneurial process in 133 countries around the world, this book provides a tool to help policymakers and governments harness the power of entrepreneurship to address some of the economic challenges faced at the country level. In addition to the yearly data and comparisons, this edition also explores the relationship between entrepreneurship and other measures of development. Distinct from both output-based entrepreneurship indexes (i.e., new firm counts) and process-based indexes (i.e., comparisons of policies and regulations, the GEDI is designed to profile national systems of entrepreneurship. The Index does not simply count new firm registrations nor is it an exercise of policy benchmarking. It also does not focus exclusively on high-growth entrepreneurship; it considers the characteristics of entrepreneurship that enhance productivity, such as innovation, market expansion, globalization, and growth potential. Finally, recognizing that entrepreneurship has a different impact in different economic and institutional contexts, the GEDI combines individual-level data with data that describes national institutions, as well as economic and demographic structures, to provide an institutionally embedded view of the drivers of productive entrepreneurship.



Transgenerational Entrepreneurship

Transgenerational Entrepreneurship Author M. Nordqvist
ISBN-10 9781849805469
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 236
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Introducing a new concept in family businesses Transgenerational Entrepreneurship addresses how these businesses achieve growth and longevity through entrepreneurial activities. It focuses on the resources, capabilities and mindsets that families develop and draw upon in order to be entrepreneurial across generations, and presents findings from an international research collaboration between family business researchers and practitioners. In addition to a comprehensive conceptual chapter, the editors include a unique set of empirical case-based research papers that investigates transgenerational entrepreneurship in different European contexts. They bring together and integrate frontier research on entrepreneurship and family business, as well as provide a basis for future research. Academics, teachers and students in business and management, entrepreneurship and family business will find this path-breaking book of value, as will libraries, policy makers and consultants.



Communities of Practice and Vintage Innovation

Communities of Practice and Vintage Innovation Author Francesco Schiavone
ISBN-10 9783319019024
Release 2013-09-25
Pages 106
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This book focuses on the notion of “vintage innovation” and its application in various old technology-based communities of practice. Some communities of practice resist and react to technological change by adopting new technological products (“vintage products”) that extend the lifetime of their old, favored products and practices. There are a number of potential reasons for such strategic reactions, which are analyzed by the author. The book opens by reviewing the nature of technological change. Old technology-based communities of practice and their typical reactions to technological change are then discussed, and the concept of vintage innovation, introduced and explained. The book presents four case studies of communities of users in which vintage innovation emerged: analog photographers, radio amateurs, arcade videogame players, and disc jockeys.​



Electronic Word of Mouth eWOM in the Marketing Context

Electronic Word of Mouth  eWOM  in the Marketing Context Author Elvira Ismagilova
ISBN-10 9783319524597
Release 2017-03-09
Pages 124
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This SpringerBrief offers a state of the art analysis of electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) communications and its role in marketing. The book begins with an overview of traditional word-of-mouth (WOM) and its evolution to eWOM. It discusses the differences between traditional and online WOM. The book examines why people engage in eWOM communications, but also how consumers evaluate its persuasiveness. It also looks at the effects of eWOM. The book identifies current gaps in the eWOM research, but also highlights future directions for this growing field. eWOM is an important marketing technique in brand communications, and it plays an important role in modern e-commerce. Marketers become extremely interested in enhancing the power of eWOM developing loyalty programs and building brands. Studying the effect of eWOM can be beneficial for companies. This book should be a good resource for scholars and practitioners that need to understand the pervasive effects of eWOM.



Creating Conditions for Promising Collaboration

Creating Conditions for Promising Collaboration Author Edwin Kaats
ISBN-10 9783642414435
Release 2013-11-20
Pages 98
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This publication focuses on the conditions for promising collaboration. Collaboration is becoming a dominant instrument in today's economy and society and manifests itself in many shapes and forms. It is a challenging instrument which still isn't very well understood and poses the business community in front of a number of challenging dilemma's. We position collaboration as a multidisciplinary phenomenon and - based on years of research and as reflective practitioners - offer a comprehensive model for analyzing and designing collaborative processes that is both scientifically rooted and applicable in practice. A better understanding of collaborative processes will enhance the success of alliances, networks, chains and strategic partnerships. In addition to this we look to the future of organizing from a collaborative perspective and address the challenges ahead.