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Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Innovation and Entrepreneurship Author Hanadi Al-Mubaraki
ISBN-10 9783319136837
Release 2014-11-24
Pages 76
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In this book, Hanadi Mubarak, Ali Husain and Michael promote the concept of innovation incubators from a business-management perspective. The book provides a comprehensive roadmap for the development of new economies based on technology, as well as value added in technology transfer, innovation development and an entrepreneurial climate. Many books on innovation and entrepreneurship take a theoretical approach, presenting a selection of examples that may not reflect reality. However, this compendium of innovation and entrepreneurship case studies is based on the practical experience of executives and managers regarding the undertaking of projects within their industry and company. It is this practical approach, emphasizing enterprise-wide projects as a consequence of the current economic reality that differentiates this book from conventional texts on innovation and entrepreneurship. This investigation uses successful international case studies based on models in developed and developing countries. It argues that innovation incubators must be adopted by Arab countries to support diversification of their economies, the commercialization of new technologies, job creation and foster an entrepreneurial climate. The book presents research and case studies, which provide new insights into practices for undertaking projects that both executive and project managers will find interesting and useful for the advancement of their enterprises, particularly in the area of innovation and entrepreneurship.



Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems

Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems Author Elias G. Carayannis
ISBN-10 1461420628
Release 2011-12-02
Pages 63
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Developed and developing economies alike face increased resource scarcity and competitive rivalry. In this context, science and technology appear as an essential source of competitive and sustainable advantage at national and regional levels. However, the key determinant of their efficacy is the quality and quantity of entrepreneurship-enabled innovation that unlocks and captures the benefits of the science enterprise in the form of private, public or hybrid goods. Linking basic and applied research with the market, via technology transfer and commercialization mechanisms, including government-university-industry partnerships and capital investments, constitutes the essential trigger mechanism and driving force of sustainable competitive advantage and prosperity. In this volume, the authors define the terms and principles of knowledge creation, diffusion, and use, and establish a theoretical framework for their study. In particular, they focus on the “Quadruple Helix” model, through which government, academia, industry, and civil society are seen as key actors promoting a democratic approach to innovation through which strategy development and decision making are exposed to feedback from key stakeholders, resulting in socially accountable policies and practices.



Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Author Niklas Elert
ISBN-10 9783319550923
Release 2017-05-11
Pages 102
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. The authors of this book advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal. Starting with the rule of law and the protection of property rights; the tax system; the authors deal with regulations governing savings, capital and finance, and the organization of labor markets and social insurance systems. Framework strategies related to the regulations governing goods and service markets, bankruptcy and insolvency are also put forward. A core understanding and future path is also provided towards R&D, commercialization and knowledge spillovers; human capital investments; and informal institutions.



Developing Entrepreneurial Life Skills

Developing Entrepreneurial Life Skills Author shipra vaidya
ISBN-10 9788132217893
Release 2014-03-27
Pages 105
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This book presents an epistemological framework for integrating entrepreneurship education across the general school curriculum. It also explores how such education can be inclusive and integral to the objective, content, pedagogy and assessment practices for different stages of school education in general and the elementary stage in particular. It takes on board the development of entrepreneurial proficiencies through the use of narratives, arts and craft, work and life skills and home-community partnership. The precise aims of the book are to: (a) conceptualize entrepreneurship education in different stages of school education as an objective, an approach and as a specific subject; (b) promote the culture of entrepreneurship in the school system; (c) establish a methodology within which effective teaching-learning can be developed with respect to the extent to which entrepreneurial learning is considered to be an extracurricular activity or as an intrinsic part of school education; (d) integrate entrepreneurship education at the elementary stage, and its progression further on; and (e) identify behavioural outcomes validating entrepreneurship development in school education.



Co Creation and Learning

Co Creation and Learning Author K.B. Akhilesh
ISBN-10 9788132236795
Release 2017-02-02
Pages 97
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This book introduces readers to co-creation --- a complex, value-based, context-driven and collaborative effort to develop new paradigms, products and services to satisfy human wants. Co-creation is built not only around the perceptions of challenges, cause-and-effect relationships and constraints, but also around available alternatives for dealing with or overcoming those challenges. Co-creation is not about transferring or outsourcing activities, and neither is it about the customization of products and services. This book explains the emergence of the co-creation approach. It describes various models of value creation, as well as different stages and the contract process involved in co-creation. It also explores different types of learning and learning techniques, and how co-creation impacts the learning process. The book allows practitioners and policymakers to understand the processes involved in implementing co-creation in any organization, while also presenting case studies to show how to apply the relevant concepts in their day-to-day activities.



Designing Better Services

Designing Better Services Author Francesca Foglieni
ISBN-10 9783319631790
Release 2017-09-25
Pages 115
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This book provides accessible, comprehensive guidance on service design and enables practitioners approaching the discipline for the first time to develop the strategic mindset needed to exploit its innovation potential. The opening chapters trace the origins of service design and examine its links with service innovation, as well as its strategic role in service organizations. It then offers step-by-step guidance on tackling a service design project, explaining the main design elements and indications of various useful design tools. It also introduces the topic of evaluation as a support practice in designing or redesigning better services, and providing evidence concerning the value of service design interventions. The third chapter explores how evaluation is currently approached in service design practice through the analysis of a number of case studies. Based on these experiences it extensively discusses evaluation, with a particular focus on service evaluation, and explains its importance in supporting service design and fostering innovation throughout the service design process. Further it describes pragmatic directions for setting up and conducting a service evaluation strategy. The concluding chapter uses an interpretive model to summarize the role evaluation could have in service design practice and focuses on interdisciplinary competences that need to be acquired by service designers in order to address the evolution of the discipline. The novel approach adopted in the book fosters the growing interest in design-driven service innovation and assists in realizing its full potential in both the private and the public sector.



Innovation Policy

Innovation Policy Author Nicholas S. Vonortas
ISBN-10 9781493922338
Release 2014-12-10
Pages 122
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This book provides a concise introduction to important aspects of contemporary innovation policy, with particular emphasis on its impact on economic growth and development. It addresses a non-specialist audience interested in quickly building background knowledge, getting familiar with the terminology, and understanding core concerns and debates in this area of policy. The book has its origins in a more extensive report to the World Bank prepared to impart background information to middle- and upper-level policy decision-makers and analysts as well as stakeholders from industry and universities from developing countries prior to engaging in intensive “how-to” policy training. Our audience also includes upper-level undergraduate and graduate students embarking on the study of innovation policy. Featuring contributions from leading scholars and policy experts, this volume references critical readings presents a wide array of data, on the following topics: Fundamentals of Innovation Policy for Growth and Development University Entrepreneurship Strategic Alliances / Knowledge-Intensive Partnerships Clusters / Science Parks / Knowledge Business Incubators High Risk Finance Intellectual Property, Standards



The Creation of Local Innovation Systems in Emerging Countries

The Creation of Local Innovation Systems in Emerging Countries Author Marco Ferretti
ISBN-10 9783319104409
Release 2015-02-11
Pages 119
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This book deals with the creation of local innovation systems (LIS) in emerging countries. The authors analyze the role of the government, firms and research centers in the formation of LIS. Special attention is paid to the manner in which different leading actors implement their LIS development strategies. The book presents detailed case studies on different strategies used to implement LIS in Singapore, Dubai, Taiwan and Iran.



Understanding the Myth of High Growth Firms

Understanding the Myth of High Growth Firms Author Malin Brännback
ISBN-10 9781461494577
Release 2013-11-08
Pages 116
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In this volume, the authors challenge some long held assumptions about entrepreneurial firms held by academics, public policy makers, investors and even entrepreneurs themselves. The first is assumption is that growth is what really differentiates an entrepreneurial firm from a small business. The second is that growth is always good. Third, if growth is rapid, and/or high growth, it is even better. Drawing from a fresh review of the literature, their own primary research and experience in entrepreneurial ventures, the authors argue that the relationship between growth and firm performance is, in fact, inconclusive. Despite the strength of contemporary bias, there is strong evidence that the growth-profitability relationship is problematic. For example, rapid growth may lead to considerable organizational challenges that can seriously constrain a firm’s ability to generate sustainable profits. Also, it is not uncommon that a growth firm becomes a victim of its own success. Using examples from industries as diverse as airlines, accounting, biotechnology, information technology, personal products, wineries, and food establishments, the authors highlight limitations to research due to variations in the choice of growth indicators, the calculation of growth measures, the measurement periods, and whether objective or subjective measures have been used. Moreover, researchers have equated growth with high growth and almost automatically assumed that this also means high technology, while policy makers appear to have interpreted this as high employment. Armed with more precise definitions and understandings of key concepts and the nature of their causality, the authors consider the implications of restoring profitability to the core of entrepreneurship for future research, firm strategy, financing, organizational structure, resource allocation, and public policy.



Responsible Research and Innovation in Industry

Responsible Research and Innovation in Industry Author Konstantinos Iatridis
ISBN-10 9783319216935
Release 2015-09-10
Pages 104
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Responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a governance framework promoted by influential policy makers such as the European Commission and academics from the fields of science and technology studies and management. This book is the first text to serve industry. Inspired by existing Corporate Responsibility standards and principles, it offers a selection of tools that can assist practitioners in implementing RRI in business and industry. Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is integrative. It is a convergence of Technology Assessment (TA) and Ethics, including corporate responsibility. The task of linking RRI to existing frameworks has only just begun. This book is a welcome example, showing how Corporate Responsibility tools can drive the implementation of RRI. Prof. Armin Grunwald, Head of the Office of Technology Assessment at the German Bundestag and Head of the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. This is a simple, short, yet encyclopaedic work designed to help business implement RRI using the many tools of Corporate Responsibility (CR) already in place, everything from ISO9001 to the Ceres Roadmap for Sustainability. It makes clear the ways in which RRI is an extension of ideas already well-developed in CR. I learned a lot reading it. Prof. Michael Davis, Senior Fellow, Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology, USA Increase the chance of success for your startup's business idea by using your future customers' knowledge about the market! This engagingly written book explains how. Dr Thomas Frenken, CEO oldntec, Germany



Entrepreneurial Universities

Entrepreneurial Universities Author Marta Peris-Ortiz
ISBN-10 9783319479491
Release 2016-12-13
Pages 310
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This book analyses the importance of the entrepreneurial university, specifically in relation to the creation of entrepreneurial ideas and attitudes in students and entrepreneurial initiatives in academic institutions. The aim of the editors and contributing authors is to provide the reader with a set of experiences illustrating the advantages of communicating and encouraging entrepreneurship among students, thereby highlighting the “third mission” of the university: the need to adopt entrepreneurial strategy without disrupting the quality of teaching and research. Featuring initiatives from institutions around the world, the authors argue that the increasing importance of knowledge in the technical and social dimensions of today’s world provides greater relevance to the entrepreneurial university. In this context, universities transcend their traditional focus on teaching and basic research to carry out technology transfers, marketing ideas, and patent registrations, and incorporate spin-off companies that contribute to industrial innovations, economic growth, and job creation. In the teaching dimension, the entrepreneurial university represents a focus on programs which train students in the applications and most advanced practices in knowledge-driven fields. The book addresses such questions as: Can marketing ideas deteriorate the quality of research in the long term? What importance does the cultural framework have for an entrepreneurial education? What circumstances and programs facilitate spin-offs in universities What are the key features of entrepreneurial universities? In reference to entrepreneurship education in its broadest sense, then, it corresponds to the framework of ideas and general features on which entrepreneurship is founded: in-depth knowledge of the projects or ventures which they wish to carry out, capacity to perceive the relevant characteristics of the environment, and the leadership and goal setting skills to achieve success.



Transgenerational Entrepreneurship

Transgenerational Entrepreneurship Author M. Nordqvist
ISBN-10 9781849805469
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 236
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Introducing a new concept in family businesses Transgenerational Entrepreneurship addresses how these businesses achieve growth and longevity through entrepreneurial activities. It focuses on the resources, capabilities and mindsets that families develop and draw upon in order to be entrepreneurial across generations, and presents findings from an international research collaboration between family business researchers and practitioners. In addition to a comprehensive conceptual chapter, the editors include a unique set of empirical case-based research papers that investigates transgenerational entrepreneurship in different European contexts. They bring together and integrate frontier research on entrepreneurship and family business, as well as provide a basis for future research. Academics, teachers and students in business and management, entrepreneurship and family business will find this path-breaking book of value, as will libraries, policy makers and consultants.



Community Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations

Community Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations Author Georgios Leventakis
ISBN-10 9783319892948
Release 2018-04-26
Pages 131
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This Brief presents new approaches and innovative challenges to address bringing technology into community-oriented policing efforts. “Community-oriented policing” is an approach that encourages police to develop and maintain personal relationships with citizens and community organizations. By developing these partnerships, the goal is to enhance trust and legitimacy of police by the community (and vice versa), and focus on engaging the community crime prevention and detection efforts for sustainable, long-term crime reduction. The contributions to this volume emphasize how technological innovations can advance community-oriented policing goals, such as: -Strengthening community policing principles through effective and efficient tools, procedures and approaches - Accelerating communication between citizens and police forces - Early identification, timely intervention, as well as better crime reporting, identification of risks, unreported and undiscovered crime through the community Contributions to this volume were developed out of the Next Generation Community Policing (NGCP) International Conference was co-organized by nine contributing research and development projects, funded by the Horizon 2020 SECURITY Program of the European Commission. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as sociology, public health, security, IT and public policy. This book is open access under a CC BY license.



Measuring National Innovation Performance

Measuring National Innovation Performance Author Frane Adam
ISBN-10 9783642394645
Release 2013-10-09
Pages 82
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This book provides a critical re-examination of the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) as the main tool used by the European Commission and other policy-making bodies to measure national innovation capacity. Given that contemporary societies and economies are to a great extent characterised by the processes of production, dissemination and application (re-combination) of knowledge, the accurate monitoring and measurement of R&D efficiency and innovation performance on national, regional and firm level are of outmost importance. The contextual reconstruction of the model of indicators used by IUS reveals that the accuracy and validity of measurement are not satisfactory, and that substantial modifications of metrics are needed to achieve stronger theoretical significance and policy-relevance. In this work, the »epistemic turn« is emphasised and offered as an alternative, namely in the sense of the shift from a mechanicist-positivist orientation toward a more reflective and contextual post-positivist approach. ?



Coopetition Strategy

Coopetition Strategy Author Giovanni Battista Dagnino
ISBN-10 9780415438988
Release 2009
Pages 309
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The book examines the theories of co-opetition and follows this up with empirically based case studies as well as experimental evidence from the laboratory and will be of interest to those involved with strategic management.



Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations A Story of Economic Discovery

Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations  A Story of Economic Discovery Author David Warsh
ISBN-10 9780393066364
Release 2007-05-17
Pages 464
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"What The Double Helix did for biology, David Warsh's Knowledge and the Wealth of Nations does for economics."—Boston Globe A stimulating and inviting tour of modern economics centered on the story of one of its most important breakthroughs. In 1980, the twenty-four-year-old graduate student Paul Romer tackled one of the oldest puzzles in economics. Eight years later he solved it. This book tells the story of what has come to be called the new growth theory: the paradox identified by Adam Smith more than two hundred years earlier, its disappearance and occasional resurfacing in the nineteenth century, the development of new technical tools in the twentieth century, and finally the student who could see further than his teachers. Fascinating in its own right, new growth theory helps to explain dominant first-mover firms like IBM or Microsoft, underscores the value of intellectual property, and provides essential advice to those concerned with the expansion of the economy. Like James Gleick's Chaos or Brian Greene's The Elegant Universe, this revealing book takes us to the frontlines of scientific research; not since Robert Heilbroner's classic work The Worldly Philosophers have we had as attractive a glimpse of the essential science of economics.



Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index 2017

Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index 2017 Author Zoltan J. Acs
ISBN-10 9783319659039
Release 2017-09-14
Pages 119
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This brief presents a detailed look at the entrepreneurial ecosystem of nations around the wold by combining individual data with institutional components. Presenting data from the 2017 Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI), which measures the quality and scale of entrepreneurial process from 137 countries world-wide, this book provides a rich understanding of entrepreneurship and a more precise means to measure it. In addition to yearly data and comparison, this 2017 edition also explores the digital entrepreneurial ecosystem and provides a detailed analysis of two measurements of entrepreneurship: the GEDI and the Total Early-Stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) measure. Whereas developed countries will be challenged to increase their economic productivity to sustain current standards of living as their populations rapidly age, developing economies will need to integrate more than two billion young adults into the world economy by 2050. How can more than one billion jobs be created in the developing world within this timeframe, especially in the least developed countries, where poverty and massive unemployment are already dominant facts of economic life? How can we measure, monitor, and build the ecosystems to produce such growth? The GEDI is designed to profile national systems of entrepreneurship. It links institutions and agents through a National Entrepreneurial System (ecosystem) in which each biotic and abiotic component is reinforced by the other at the country level. The resulting data gives policymakers a tool for understanding the entrepreneurial strengths and weaknesses of their countries’ economies, thereby enabling them to implement policies that foster productive entrepreneurship. The GEDI also helps governments harness the power of entrepreneurship to add these types of challenges.