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Instabilities of Flows and Transition to Turbulence

Instabilities of Flows and Transition to Turbulence Author Tapan K. Sengupta
ISBN-10 9781439879443
Release 2012-04-24
Pages 526
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Addressing classical material as well as new perspectives, Instabilities of Flows and Transition to Turbulence presents a concise, up-to-date treatment of theory and applications of viscous flow instability. It covers materials from classical instability to contemporary research areas including bluff body flow instability, mixed convection flows, and application areas of aerospace and other branches of engineering. Transforms and perturbation techniques are used to link linear instability with receptivity of flows, as developed by the author. The book: Provides complete coverage of transition concepts, including receptivity and flow instability Introduces linear receptivity using bi-lateral Fourier-Laplace transform techniques Presents natural laminar flow (NLF) airfoil analysis and design as a practical application of classical and bypass transition Distinguishes strictly between instability and receptivity, which leads to identification of wall- and free stream-modes Describes energy-based receptivity theory for the description of bypass transitions Instabilities of Flows and Transition to Turbulence has evolved into an account of the personal research interests of the author over the years. A conscious effort has been made to keep the treatment at an elementary level requiring rudimentary knowledge of calculus, the Fourier-Laplace transform, and complex analysis. The book is equally amenable to undergraduate students, as well as researchers in the field.



Hydrodynamic Instability and Transition to Turbulence

Hydrodynamic Instability and Transition to Turbulence Author Akiva M. Yaglom
ISBN-10 9789400742376
Release 2012-12-18
Pages 600
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This book is a complete revision of the part of Monin & Yaglom's famous two-volume work "Statistical Fluid Mechanics: Mechanics of Turbulence" that deals with the theory of laminar-flow instability and transition to turbulence. It includes the considerable advances in the subject that have been made in the last 15 years or so. It is intended as a textbook for advanced graduate courses and as a reference for research students and professional research workers. The first two Chapters are an introduction to the mathematics, and the experimental results, for the instability of laminar (or inviscid) flows to infinitesimal (in practice "small") disturbances. The third Chapter develops this linear theory in more detail and describes its application to particular problems. Chapters 4 and 5 deal with instability to finite-amplitude disturbances: much of the material has previously been available only in research papers.



Introduction to Hydrodynamic Stability

Introduction to Hydrodynamic Stability Author P. G. Drazin
ISBN-10 0521009650
Release 2002-09-09
Pages 258
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Introduces instability of flows and their transition to turbulence. Suitable for a graduate course.



Stability and Transition in Shear Flows

Stability and Transition in Shear Flows Author Peter J. Schmid
ISBN-10 0387989854
Release 2000-12-28
Pages 558
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A detailed look at some of the more modern issues of hydrodynamic stability, including transient growth, eigenvalue spectra, secondary instability. It presents analytical results and numerical simulations, linear and selected nonlinear stability methods. By including classical results as well as recent developments in the field of hydrodynamic stability and transition, the book can be used as a textbook for an introductory, graduate-level course in stability theory or for a special-topics fluids course. It is equally of value as a reference for researchers in the field of hydrodynamic stability theory or with an interest in recent developments in fluid dynamics. Stability theory has seen a rapid development over the past decade, this book includes such new developments as direct numerical simulations of transition to turbulence and linear analysis based on the initial-value problem.



Instability Transition and Turbulence

Instability  Transition  and Turbulence Author M.Y. Hussaini
ISBN-10 9781461229568
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 620
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This volume contains the proceedings of the Workshop on In stability, Transition and Turbulence, sponsored by the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE) and the NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC), during July 8 to August 2, 1991. This is the second workshop in the series on the subject. The first was held in 1989, and its proceedings were published by Springer-Verlag under the title "Instability and Transition" edited by M. Y. Hussaini and R. G. Voigt. The objectives of these work shops are to i) expose the academic community to current technologically im portant issues of transition and turbulence in shear flows over the entire speed range, ii) acquaint the academic community with the unique combination of theoretical, computational and experimental capabilities at LaRC and foster interaction with these capabilities, and iii) accelerate progress in elucidating the fundamental phenomena of transition and turbulence, leading to improved transition and turbulence modeling in design methodologies. The research areas covered in these proceedings include receptiv ity and roughness, nonlinear theories of transition, numerical simu lation of spatially evolving flows, modelling of transitional and fully turbulent flows as well as some experiments on instability and tran sition. In addition a one-day mini-symposium was held to discuss 1 recent and planned experiments on turbulent flow over a backward facing step.



Hydrodynamic Instabilities and the Transition to Turbulence

Hydrodynamic Instabilities and the Transition to Turbulence Author H.L. Swinney
ISBN-10 366230936X
Release 2014-03-12
Pages 306
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Hydrodynamic Instabilities and the Transition to Turbulence has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Hydrodynamic Instabilities and the Transition to Turbulence also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Hydrodynamic Instabilities and the Transition to Turbulence book for free.



Instabilities Chaos and Turbulence

Instabilities  Chaos and Turbulence Author Paul Manneville
ISBN-10 9781848163928
Release 2010
Pages 439
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This book (2nd edition) is a self-contained introduction to a wide body of knowledge on nonlinear dynamics and chaos. Manneville emphasises the understanding of basic concepts and the nontrivial character of nonlinear response, contrasting it with the intuitively simple linear response. He explains the theoretical framework using pedagogical examples from fluid dynamics, though prior knowledge of this field is not required. Heuristic arguments and worked examples replace most esoteric technicalities. Only basic understanding of mathematics and physics is required, at the level of what is currently known after one or two years of undergraduate training: elementary calculus, basic notions of linear algebra and ordinary differential calculus, and a few fundamental physical equations (specific complements are provided when necessary). Methods presented are of fully general use, which opens up ample windows on topics of contemporary interest. These include complex dynamical processes such as patterning, chaos control, mixing, and even the Earth's climate. Numerical simulations are proposed as a means to obtain deeper understanding of the intricacies induced by nonlinearities in our everyday environment, with hints on adapted modelling strategies and their implementation.



Physics of Transitional Shear Flows

Physics of Transitional Shear Flows Author Andrey V. Boiko
ISBN-10 9789400724983
Release 2011-09-15
Pages 272
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Starting from fundamentals of classical stability theory, an overview is given of the transition phenomena in subsonic, wall-bounded shear flows. At first, the consideration focuses on elementary small-amplitude velocity perturbations of laminar shear layers, i.e. instability waves, in the simplest canonical configurations of a plane channel flow and a flat-plate boundary layer. Then the linear stability problem is expanded to include the effects of pressure gradients, flow curvature, boundary-layer separation, wall compliance, etc. related to applications. Beyond the amplification of instability waves is the non-modal growth of local stationary and non-stationary shear flow perturbations which are discussed as well. The volume continues with the key aspect of the transition process, that is, receptivity of convectively unstable shear layers to external perturbations, summarizing main paths of the excitation of laminar flow disturbances. The remainder of the book addresses the instability phenomena found at late stages of transition. These include secondary instabilities and nonlinear features of boundary-layer perturbations that lead to the final breakdown to turbulence. Thus, the reader is provided with a step-by-step approach that covers the milestones and recent advances in the laminar-turbulent transition. Special aspects of instability and transition are discussed through the book and are intended for research scientists, while the main target of the book is the student in the fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Computational guides, recommended exercises, and PowerPoint multimedia notes based on results of real scientific experiments supplement the monograph. These are especially helpful for the neophyte to obtain a solid foundation in hydrodynamic stability. To access the supplementary material go to extras.springer.com and type in the ISBN for this volume.



Instabilities of Flows With and Without Heat Transfer and Chemical Reaction

Instabilities of Flows  With and Without Heat Transfer and Chemical Reaction Author Tapan Sengupta
ISBN-10 9783709101278
Release 2010-04-03
Pages 330
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The articles in the book treat flow instability and transition starting with classical material dealt with in an innovative and rigorous way, some newer physical mechanisms explained for the first time and finally with the very complex topic of bombustion and two-phase flow instabilities.



Hydrodynamics and Nonlinear Instabilities

Hydrodynamics and Nonlinear Instabilities Author Claude Godrèche
ISBN-10 0521017637
Release 2005-07-21
Pages 700
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This book presents five sets of pedagogical lectures by internationally respected researchers on nonlinear instabilities and the transition to turbulence in hydrodynamics. The book begins with a general introduction to hydrodynamics covering fluid properties, flow measurement, dimensional analysis and turbulence. Chapter two reviews the special characteristics of instabilities in open flows. Chapter three presents mathematical tools for multiscale analysis and asymptotic matching applied to the dynamics of fronts and localized nonlinear states. Chapter four gives a detailed review of pattern forming instabilities. The final chapter provides a detailed and comprehensive introduction to the instability of flames, shocks and detonations. Together, these lectures provide a thought-provoking overview of current research in this important area.



Secondary Instabilities of G rtler Vortices in High Speed Boundary Layers

Secondary Instabilities of G  rtler Vortices in High Speed Boundary Layers Author Jie Ren
ISBN-10 9789811068324
Release 2017-11-18
Pages 94
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This thesis first reveals the mechanism of Görtler instabilities and then demonstrates how transitions at hypersonic flows can be effectively controlled (either promoted or suppressed) with Görtler or Klebanoff modes. It focuses on understanding and controlling flow transitions from mild laminar to fully turbulent flows at high speeds—aspects that have become crucial at the dawn of an incredible era, in which hypersonic vehicles are becoming available. Once this occurs, it will be possible to travel from Beijing to Los Angeles within just 2 hours, and we will all live in a genuinely global village—and not just virtually, but physically. Görtler instabilities have often been used to promote flow transition in hypersonic vehicles. However, how Görtler instabilities are excited and how they evolve in hypersonic flows are questions that have yet to be answered.



The Origin of Turbulence in Near Wall Flows

The Origin of Turbulence in Near Wall Flows Author A.V. Boiko
ISBN-10 3540421815
Release 2002-01-22
Pages 267
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The Origin of Species Charles Darwin The origin of turbulence in fluids is a long-standing problem and has been the focus of research for decades due to its great importance in a variety of engineering applications. Furthermore, the study of the origin of turbulence is part of the fundamental physical problem of turbulence description and the philosophical problem of determinism and chaos. At the end of the nineteenth century, Reynolds and Rayleigh conjectured that the reason of the transition of laminar flow to the 'sinuous' state is in stability which results in amplification of wavy disturbances and breakdown of the laminar regime. Heisenberg (1924) was the founder of linear hydrody namic stability theory. The first calculations of boundary layer stability were fulfilled in pioneer works of Tollmien (1929) and Schlichting (1932, 1933). Later Taylor (1936) hypothesized that the transition to turbulence is initi ated by free-stream oscillations inducing local separations near wall. Up to the 1940s, skepticism of the stability theory predominated, in particular due to the experimental results of Dryden (1934, 1936). Only the experiments of Schubauer and Skramstad (1948) revealed the determining role of insta bility waves in the transition. Now it is well established that the transition to turbulence in shear flows at small and moderate levels of environmental disturbances occurs through development of instability waves in the initial laminar flow. In Chapter 1 we start with the fundamentals of stability theory, employing results of the early studies and recent advances.



IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Instability and Transition in Three Dimensional Boundary Layers

IUTAM Symposium on Nonlinear Instability and Transition in Three Dimensional Boundary Layers Author Peter W. Duck
ISBN-10 9789400917002
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 446
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Most fluid flows of practical importance are fully three-dimensional, so the non-linear instability properties of three-dimensional flows are of particular interest. In some cases the three-dimensionality may have been caused by a finite amplitude disturbance whilst, more usually, the unperturbed state is three-dimensional. Practical applications where transition is thought to be associated with non-linearity in a three- dimensional flow arise, for example, in aerodynamics (swept wings, engine nacelles, etc.), turbines and aortic blood flow. Here inviscid `cross-flow' disturbances as well as Tollmien-Schlichting and Görtler vortices can all occur simultaneously and their mutual non-linear behaviour must be understood if transition is to be predicted. The non-linear interactions are so complex that usually fully numerical or combined asymptotic/numerical methods must be used. Moreover, in view of the complexity of the instability processes, there is also a growing need for detailed and accurate experimental information. Carefully conducted tests allow us to identify those elements of a particular problem which are dominant. This assists in both the formulation of a relevant theoretical problem and the subsequent physical validation of predictions. It should be noted that the demands made upon the skills of the experimentalist are high and that the tests can be extremely sophisticated - often making use of the latest developments in flow diagnostic techniques, automated high speed data gathering, data analysis, fast processing and presentation.



Laminar turbulent transition

Laminar turbulent transition Author Roger Michel
ISBN-10 UOM:39015019865016
Release 1990
Pages 710
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Laminar turbulent transition has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Laminar turbulent transition also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Laminar turbulent transition book for free.



Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics

Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics Author Tapan K. Sengupta
ISBN-10 9781118787595
Release 2014-11-17
Pages 516
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Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics is acomprehensive textbook covering classical aerodynamic theories and recent applications made possible by computational aerodynamics. Logically ordered for use in courses, the first seven chapters deal with classical methods of analysis up to the panel method and boundary layer solutions. The rest of the book is devoted to aspects of flow past aerodynamic surfaces from computational aspects to natural laminar flow (NLF) airfoils; transonic flows; flow control by active and passive devices. There is also a chapter devoted to low Reynolds number aerodynamics and unsteady aerodynamics. Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics is illustrated with examples throughout and also contains chapter problems for students. A solutions manual and computer programmes are available on an accompanying website. Its pedagogical approach makes this book an ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses in aerodynamics.



Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Experiments 6

Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Experiments 6 Author Wolfgang Rodi
ISBN-10 0080530958
Release 2005-05-05
Pages 1012
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Proceedings of the world renowned ERCOFTAC (International Symposium on Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements). The proceedings include papers dealing with the following areas of turbulence: · Eddy-viscosity and second-order RANS models · Direct and large-eddy simulations and deductions for conventional modelling · Measurement and visualization techniques, experimental studies · Turbulence control · Transition and effects of curvature, rotation and buoyancy on turbulence · Aero-acoustics · Heat and mass transfer and chemically reacting flows · Compressible flows, shock phenomena · Two-phase flows · Applications in aerospace engineering, turbomachinery and reciprocating engines, industrial aerodynamics and wind engineering, and selected chemical engineering problems Turbulence remains one of the key issues in tackling engineering flow problems. These problems are solved more and more by CFD analysis, the reliability of which depends strongly on the performance of the turbulence models employed. Successful simulation of turbulence requires the understanding of the complex physical phenomena involved and suitable models for describing the turbulent momentum, heat and mass transfer. For the understanding of turbulence phenomena, experiments are indispensable, but they are equally important for providing data for the development and testing of turbulence models and hence for CFD software validation. As in other fields of Science, in the rapidly developing discipline of turbulence, swift progress can be achieved only by keeping up to date with recent advances all over the world and by exchanging ideas with colleagues active in related fields.



Recent Results in Laminar Turbulent Transition

Recent Results in Laminar Turbulent Transition Author Siegfried Wagner
ISBN-10 3540404902
Release 2003-09-11
Pages 324
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Methodic investigations of laminar-turbulent transition in wall-bounded she ar flows under controlled conditions are essential for untangling the various complex phenomena of the transition process occurring in flows at practical conditions. They allow understanding of the instability processes of the la minar flow, and thus enable the development of tools for flow control. On the one hand the laminar flow regime can be extended by delaying transition to reduce viscous drag, and on the other hand large-scale flow disturbances or transition can be forced in order to enhance momentum and mass ex change. Thus flow separation can be prevented, or mixing of fuel and air in combustion engines enhanced, for instance. The "DFG Verbund-Schwerpunktprogramm Transition" - a cooperative priority research program of universities, research establishments and indu stry in Germany - has been launched in April 1996 with the aim to explore transition by a coordinated use, development and validation of advanced experimental techniques and theoretical/numerical simulation methods, bin ding together all the appropriate resources available in Germany. At the very beginning of the six-year research period specifically selected test problems were to be investigated by various theoretical and experimental methods to identify and possibly rule out inadequate numerical or experimental methods. With respect to experiments it was planned to use multi-sensor-surface measuring techniques, the infrared measuring technique, and particle image velocimetry (PlV) in addition to hot-wire techniques to get instantaneous images of flows in sections, on surfaces, or within the complete flow field.