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Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism

Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism Author Assa Auerbach
ISBN-10 9781461208693
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 255
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In the excitement and rapid pace of developments, writing pedagogical texts has low priority for most researchers. However, in transforming my lecture l notes into this book, I found a personal benefit: the organization of what I understand in a (hopefully simple) logical sequence. Very little in this text is my original contribution. Most of the knowledge was collected from the research literature. Some was acquired by conversations with colleagues; a kind of physics oral tradition passed between disciples of a similar faith. For many years, diagramatic perturbation theory has been the major theoretical tool for treating interactions in metals, semiconductors, itiner ant magnets, and superconductors. It is in essence a weak coupling expan sion about free quasiparticles. Many experimental discoveries during the last decade, including heavy fermions, fractional quantum Hall effect, high temperature superconductivity, and quantum spin chains, are not readily accessible from the weak coupling point of view. Therefore, recent years have seen vigorous development of alternative, nonperturbative tools for handling strong electron-electron interactions. I concentrate on two basic paradigms of strongly interacting (or con strained) quantum systems: the Hubbard model and the Heisenberg model. These models are vehicles for fundamental concepts, such as effective Ha miltonians, variational ground states, spontaneous symmetry breaking, and quantum disorder. In addition, they are used as test grounds for various nonperturbative approximation schemes that have found applications in diverse areas of theoretical physics.



Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism

Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism Author Assa Auerbach
ISBN-10 0387942866
Release 1998-09-11
Pages 255
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In the excitement and rapid pace of developments, writing pedagogical texts has low priority for most researchers. However, in transforming my lecture l notes into this book, I found a personal benefit: the organization of what I understand in a (hopefully simple) logical sequence. Very little in this text is my original contribution. Most of the knowledge was collected from the research literature. Some was acquired by conversations with colleagues; a kind of physics oral tradition passed between disciples of a similar faith. For many years, diagramatic perturbation theory has been the major theoretical tool for treating interactions in metals, semiconductors, itiner ant magnets, and superconductors. It is in essence a weak coupling expan sion about free quasiparticles. Many experimental discoveries during the last decade, including heavy fermions, fractional quantum Hall effect, high temperature superconductivity, and quantum spin chains, are not readily accessible from the weak coupling point of view. Therefore, recent years have seen vigorous development of alternative, nonperturbative tools for handling strong electron-electron interactions. I concentrate on two basic paradigms of strongly interacting (or con strained) quantum systems: the Hubbard model and the Heisenberg model. These models are vehicles for fundamental concepts, such as effective Ha miltonians, variational ground states, spontaneous symmetry breaking, and quantum disorder. In addition, they are used as test grounds for various nonperturbative approximation schemes that have found applications in diverse areas of theoretical physics.



Lecture Notes on Electron Correlation and Magnetism

Lecture Notes on Electron Correlation and Magnetism Author Patrik Fazekas
ISBN-10 9789810224745
Release 1999-01
Pages 777
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Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics.



Quantum Magnetism

Quantum Magnetism Author Ulrich Schollwöck
ISBN-10 9783540400660
Release 2008-05-14
Pages 484
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Closing a gap in the literature, this volume is intended both as an introductory text at postgraduate level and as a modern, comprehensive reference for researchers in the field. Provides a full working description of the main fundamental tools in the theorists toolbox which have proven themselves on the field of quantum magnetism in recent years. Concludes by focusing on the most important cuurent materials form an experimental viewpoint, thus linking back to the initial theoretical concepts.



Collective Electrodynamics

Collective Electrodynamics Author Carver Mead
ISBN-10 0262632608
Release 2002
Pages 135
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Carver Mead offers a radically new approach to the standard problems of electromagnetic theory.



Interacting Electrons

Interacting Electrons Author Richard M. Martin
ISBN-10 9781316558560
Release 2016-06-30
Pages
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Recent progress in the theory and computation of electronic structure is bringing an unprecedented level of capability for research. Many-body methods are becoming essential tools vital for quantitative calculations and understanding materials phenomena in physics, chemistry, materials science and other fields. This book provides a unified exposition of the most-used tools: many-body perturbation theory, dynamical mean field theory and quantum Monte Carlo simulations. Each topic is introduced with a less technical overview for a broad readership, followed by in-depth descriptions and mathematical formulation. Practical guidelines, illustrations and exercises are chosen to enable readers to appreciate the complementary approaches, their relationships, and the advantages and disadvantages of each method. This book is designed for graduate students and researchers who want to use and understand these advanced computational tools, get a broad overview, and acquire a basis for participating in new developments.



Quantum Theory of Magnetism

Quantum Theory of Magnetism Author Wolfgang Nolting
ISBN-10 3540854169
Release 2009-10-03
Pages 752
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Magnetism is one of the oldest and most fundamental problems of Solid State Physics although not being fully understood up to now. On the other hand it is one of the hottest topics of current research. Practically all branches of modern technological developments are based on ferromagnetism, especially what concerns information technology. The book, written in a tutorial style, starts from the fundamental features of atomic magnetism, discusses the essentially single-particle problems of dia- and paramagnetism, in order to provide the basis for the exclusively interesting collective magnetism (ferro, ferri, antiferro). Several types of exchange interactions, which take care under certain preconditions for a collective ordering of localized or itinerant permanent magnetic moments, are worked out. Under which conditions these exchange interactions are able to provoke a collective moment ordering for finite temperatures is investigated within a series of theoretical models, each of them considered for a very special class of magnetic materials. The book is written in a tutorial style appropriate for those who want to learn magnetism and eventually to do research work in this field. Numerous exercises with full solutions for testing own attempts will help to a deep understanding of the main aspects of collective ferromagnetism.



Correlated Electrons in Quantum Matter

Correlated Electrons in Quantum Matter Author Peter Fulde
ISBN-10 9789814397223
Release 2012-08-08
Pages 552
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An understanding of the effects of electronic correlations in quantum systems is one of the most challenging problems in physics, partly due to the relevance in modern high technology. Yet there exist hardly any books on the subject which try to give a comprehensive overview on the field covering insulators, semiconductors, as well as metals. The present book tries to fill that gap. It intends to provide graduate students and researchers a comprehensive survey of electron correlations, weak and strong, in insulators, semiconductors and metals. This topic is a central one in condensed matter and beyond that in theoretical physics. The reader will have a better understanding of the great progress which has been made in the field over the past few decades. Contents:IntroductionIndependent ElectronsHomogeneous Electron GasDensity Functional TheoryWavefunction-Based MethodsCorrelated Ground-State WavefunctionsQuasiparticle ExcitationsIncoherent ExcitationsCoherent-Potential ApproximationsStrongly Correlated ElectronsTransition MetalsTransition-Metal OxidesHeavy QuasiparticlesExcitations with Fractional ChargesSuperconductivity Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics. Keywords:Electron Correlations;Many-body Theory;Quasi-Particles;Fractional Charges;Superconductivity;Many-Body WavefunctionsKey Features:Besides approaches based on Density Functional Theory, the importance of many-body wavefunction and projection methods is emphasizedConsiderable space is devoted to systems with strong electron correlations evident in high-Tc superconducting cupratesTransition metals and their oxides are discussed as well as compounds with heavy quasiparticlesDifferent competing methods for describing correlation effects are presentedAt various places a connection to relevant experiments is madeReviews: “Peter Fulde's book is well suited as an introduction to the general field of correlated electron systems… For this purpose some elementary chapters are included. Finally, the book is hard work but also fun to read because of its personal style.” Prof. Dr. Joachim Keller Institut für Theoretische Physik Universität Regensburg “Written with great pedagogical skill, it will be of interest to both experts in the field and graduate students. The book presents a consistent description of a new branch of solid state physics — the theory of strongly correlated systems which cannot be treated by conventional approaches as the density functional theory being successful for many years in describing band structure of solids. In this respect it can be used as a textbook for a university course on this new and fascinating branch of solid state physics.” Professor Nikolay Pladika Joint Institute for Nuclear Research “Peter Fulde provides an excellent introduction to this field. This book provides a very careful treatment of an extraordinarily wide range of topics, and is particularly strong on transition-metal oxides and heavy fermion systems. This carefully written book can be recommended to a very wide readership.” Contemporary Physics



Introduction to Many Body Physics

Introduction to Many Body Physics Author Piers Coleman
ISBN-10 9781316432020
Release 2015-11-26
Pages
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A modern, graduate-level introduction to many-body physics in condensed matter, this textbook explains the tools and concepts needed for a research-level understanding of the correlated behavior of quantum fluids. Starting with an operator-based introduction to the quantum field theory of many-body physics, this textbook presents the Feynman diagram approach, Green's functions and finite-temperature many-body physics before developing the path integral approach to interacting systems. Special chapters are devoted to the concepts of Fermi liquid theory, broken symmetry, conduction in disordered systems, superconductivity and the physics of local-moment metals. A strong emphasis on concepts and numerous exercises make this an invaluable course book for graduate students in condensed matter physics. It will also interest students in nuclear, atomic and particle physics.



The Quantum Theory of Magnetism

The Quantum Theory of Magnetism Author Norberto Majlis
ISBN-10 9789812567925
Release 2007
Pages 377
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This advanced level textbook is devoted to the description of systems which show ordered magnetic phases. A wide selection of topics is covered, including a detailed treatment of the mean-field approximation as the main paradigm for the phenomenological description of phase transitions. The book discusses the properties of low-dimensional systems and uses Green's functions extensively after a useful mathematical introduction. A thorough presentation of the RKKY and related models of indirect exchange is also featured, and a chapter on surface magnetism, rarely found in other textbooks, adds to the uniqueness of this book.For the second edition, three new chapters have been added, namely on magnetic anisotropy, on coherent magnon states and on local moments. Additionally, the chapter on itinerant magnetism has been enlarged by including a section on paramagnons.



Quantum Magnetism

Quantum Magnetism Author Bernard Barbara
ISBN-10 9781402085123
Release 2008-06-24
Pages 249
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This bookis based on some of the lectures duringthe Paci?c Institute of Theoretical Physics (PITP) summer school on “Quantum Magnetism”, held during June 2006 in Les Houches, in the French Alps. The school was funded jointly by NATO, the CNRS, and PITP, and entirely organized by PITP. Magnetism is a somewhat peculiar research ?eld. It clearly has a quant- mechanical basis – the microscopic exchange interactions arise entirely from the exclusion principle, in conjunction with repulsive interactions between electrons. And yet until recently the vast majority of magnetism researchersand users of m- netic phenomena around the world paid no attention to these quantum-mechanical roots. Thus, e.g., the huge ($400 billion per annum) industry which manufactures hard discs, and other components in the information technology sector, depends entirely on room-temperature properties of magnets – yet at the macroscopic or mesoscopic scales of interest to this industry, room-temperature magnets behave entirely classically.



Intermediate Quantum Mechanics

Intermediate Quantum Mechanics Author Roman Jackiw
ISBN-10 9780429962196
Release 2018-03-05
Pages 416
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Graduate students in both theoretical and experimental physics will find this third edition of Intermediate Quantum Mechanics , refined and updated in 1986, indispensable. The first part of the book deals with the theory of atomic structure, while the second and third parts deal with the relativistic wave equations and introduction to field theory, making Intermediate Quantum Mechanics more complete than any other single-volume work on the subject.



Introduction to the Physics of Electrons in Solids

Introduction to the Physics of Electrons in Solids Author Henri Alloul
ISBN-10 364213565X
Release 2010-12-09
Pages 618
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This textbook sets out to enable readers to understand fundamental aspects underlying quantum macroscopic phenomena in solids, primarily through the modern experimental techniques and results. The classic independent-electrons approach for describing the electronic structure in terms of energy bands helps explain the occurrence of metals, insulators and semiconductors. It is underlined that superconductivity and magnetism can only be understood by taking into account the interactions between electrons. The text recounts the experimental observations that have revealed the main properties of the superconductors and were essential to track its physical origin. While fundamental concepts are underlined, those which are required to describe the high technology applications, present or future, are emphasized as well. Problem sets involve experimental approaches and tools which support a practical understanding of the materials and their behaviour.



Many Particle Physics

Many Particle Physics Author Gerald D. Mahan
ISBN-10 9781475757149
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 785
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The first, second, and third editions of this book seem to occur at ten year intervals. The intent is to keep the book up-to-date. Many-body theory is a field which continually evolves in time. Journals only publish new results, conferences only invite speakers to report new phenomena, and agencies only fund scientists to do new physics. Today's physics is old hat by tomorrow. Students want to learn new material, and textbooks must be modified to keep up with the times. The early chapters in this book teach the techniques of many-body theory. They are largely unchanged in format. The later chapters apply the techniques to specific problems. The third edition increases the number of applications. New sections have been added, while old sections have been modified to include recent applications. The previous editions were set in type using pre-computer technology. No computer file existed of the prior editions. The publisher scanned the second edition and gave me a disk with the contents. This scan recorded the words accurately and scrambled the equations into unintelligible form. So I retyped the equations using LaTeX. Although tedious, it allowed me to correct the infinite numbers of typographical errors in the previous edition. The earlier typesetting methods did not permit such corrections. The entire book was edited sentence-by sentence. Most old sections of the book were shortened by editing sentences and paragraphs.



Magnetism in Condensed Matter

Magnetism in Condensed Matter Author Stephen Blundell
ISBN-10 0198505914
Release 2001-10-04
Pages 256
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The superb book describes the modern theory of the magnetic properties of solids. Starting from the fundamental principles, this copiously illustrated volume outlines the theory of magnetic behaviour, describes, experimental techniques, and discusses current research topics. The book is intended for final year undergraduate students and graduate students in the physical sciences.



Condensed Matter Field Theory

Condensed Matter Field Theory Author Alexander Altland
ISBN-10 9781139485135
Release 2010-03-11
Pages
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Modern experimental developments in condensed matter and ultracold atom physics present formidable challenges to theorists. This book provides a pedagogical introduction to quantum field theory in many-particle physics, emphasizing the applicability of the formalism to concrete problems. This second edition contains two new chapters developing path integral approaches to classical and quantum nonequilibrium phenomena. Other chapters cover a range of topics, from the introduction of many-body techniques and functional integration, to renormalization group methods, the theory of response functions, and topology. Conceptual aspects and formal methodology are emphasized, but the discussion focuses on practical experimental applications drawn largely from condensed matter physics and neighboring fields. Extended and challenging problems with fully worked solutions provide a bridge between formal manipulations and research-oriented thinking. Aimed at elevating graduate students to a level where they can engage in independent research, this book complements graduate level courses on many-particle theory.



Introduction to Frustrated Magnetism

Introduction to Frustrated Magnetism Author Claudine Lacroix
ISBN-10 3642105890
Release 2011-01-12
Pages 682
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The field of highly frustrated magnetism has developed considerably and expanded over the last 15 years. Issuing from canonical geometric frustration of interactions, it now extends over other aspects with many degrees of freedom such as magneto-elastic couplings, orbital degrees of freedom, dilution effects, and electron doping. Its is thus shown here that the concept of frustration impacts on many other fields in physics than magnetism. This book represents a state-of-the-art review aimed at a broad audience with tutorial chapters and more topical ones, encompassing solid-state chemistry, experimental and theoretical physics.