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Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter Author Sow-Hsin Chen
ISBN-10 981022026X
Release 1997-01
Pages 400
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This book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled The Interaction of Radiation with Matter, taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray and light-scattering techniques.



Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter

Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter Author N. B. Delone
ISBN-10 2863321277
Release 1993-01-01
Pages 401
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Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Basics of Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter book for free.



Atoms Radiation and Radiation Protection

Atoms  Radiation  and Radiation Protection Author James E. Turner
ISBN-10 3527616985
Release 2008-01-08
Pages 606
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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.



Interaction of Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Radiation with Matter Author Hooshang Nikjoo
ISBN-10 9781466509603
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 364
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Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics. The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning. Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.



Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter Author A. Mozumder
ISBN-10 0203913280
Release 2003-11-14
Pages 860
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Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter offers in-depth perspectives on phenomena of ionization and excitation induced by charged particle and photon interactions with matter in vivo and in vitro. This reference probes concepts not only in radiation and photochemistry, but also in radiation physics, radiation biochemistry, and radiation biology as well as recent applications in medicine and material, environmental, space, and biological science and engineering. It studies reports on the interactions of high-energy photons, specifically in the vacuum ultraviolet-soft X-ray region to offer fundamental information on the primary processes of the interactions of charged particles with matter.



Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter

Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter Author Yoshihiko Hatano
ISBN-10 1439811806
Release 2010-12-13
Pages 1064
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Building on Mozumder’s and Hatano’s Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Chemical, Physicochemical, and Biological Consequences with Applications (CRC Press, 2004), Charged Particle and Photon Interactions with Matter: Recent Advances, Applications, and Interfaces expands upon the scientific contents of the previous volume by covering state-of-the-art advances, novel applications, and future perspectives. It focuses on relatively direct applications used mainly in radiation research fields as well as the interface between radiation research and other fields. The book first explores the latest studies on primary processes (the physical stage), particularly on the energy deposition spectra and oscillator strength distributions of molecules interacting with charged particles and photons. Other studies discussed include the use of synchrotron radiation in W-value studies and the progress achieved with positrons and muons interacting with matter. It then introduces new theoretical studies on the physicochemical and chemical stages that describe the behavior of electrons in liquid hydrocarbons and the high-LET radiolysis of liquid water. The book also presents new experimental research on the physicochemical and chemical stages with specific characteristics of matter or specific experimental conditions, before covering new experimental studies on the biological stage. The last set of chapters focuses on applications in health physics and cancer therapy, applications to polymers, the applications and interface formation in space science and technology, and applications for the research and development of radiation detectors, environmental conservation, plant breeding, and nuclear engineering. Edited by preeminent scientists and with contributions from an esteemed group of international experts, this volume advances the field by offering greater insight into how charged particles and photons interact with matter. Bringing together topics across a spectrum of scientific and technological areas, it provides clear explanations of the dynamic processes involved in and applications of interface formation.



Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection Author Syed Naeem Ahmed
ISBN-10 9780128016442
Release 2014-11-20
Pages 784
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Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems



Nuclear Radiation Interactions

Nuclear Radiation Interactions Author Sidney Yip
ISBN-10 9789814644570
Release 2014-10-24
Pages 386
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This book is a treatment on the foundational knowledge of Nuclear Science and Engineering. It is an outgrowth of a first-year graduate-level course which the author has taught over the years in the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering at MIT. The emphasis of the book is on concepts in nuclear science and engineering in contrast to the traditional nuclear physics in a nuclear engineering curriculum. The essential difference lies in the importance we give to the understanding of nuclear radiation and their interactions with matter. We see our students as nuclear engineers who work with all kinds of nuclear devices, from fission and fusion reactors to accelerators and detection systems. In all these complex systems nuclear radiation play a central role. In generating nuclear radiation and using them for beneficial purposes, scientists and engineers must understand the properties of the radiation and how they interact with their surroundings. It is through the control of radiation interactions that we can develop new devices or optimize existing ones to make them more safe, powerful, durable, or economical. This is why radiation interaction is the essence of this book.



Fundamentals of X Ray Physics

Fundamentals of X Ray Physics Author G. V. Pavlinsky
ISBN-10 1904602649
Release 2008
Pages 245
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The theory of the formation of continuous and radiation and bremsstrahlung is described. Special features of a number of sources of this radiation are discussed. Special attention is given to the interaction of X-ray radiation with matter (processes of absorption, scattering, refraction and reflection). The problems of excitation of X-ray fluorescence and its dependence on a number of factor is studied. Contents 1. Characteristics of X-ray radiation 2. Bremsstrahling 3. Sources of X-ray radiation 4. Absorption of X-ray radiation. 5. Scattering of X-ray radiation 6. Refraction and reflection of X-ray radiation 7. Free electrons, formed in irradiated material and their bremsstrahlung 8. X-ray fluorescenc



Electrodynamics of Solids

Electrodynamics of Solids Author Martin Dressel
ISBN-10 0521597269
Release 2002-01-17
Pages 474
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A graduate-level book about the propagation of electromagnetic fields and their interaction with condensed matter.



Molecular Imaging

Molecular Imaging Author Shankar Vallabhajosula
ISBN-10 9783540767350
Release 2009-07-13
Pages 372
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Radioisotope-based molecular imaging probes provide unprecedented insight into biochemistry and function involved in both normal and disease states of living systems, with unbiased in vivo measurement of regional radiotracer activities offering very high specificity and sensitivity. No other molecular imaging technology including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can provide such high sensitivity and specificity at a tracer level. The applications of this technology can be very broad ranging from drug development, pharmacokinetics, clinical investigations, and finally to routine diagnostics in radiology. The design and the development of radiopharmaceuticals for molecular imaging studies using PET/MicroPET or SPECT/MicroSPECT are a unique challenge. This book is intended for a broad audience and written with the main purpose of educating the reader on various aspects including potential clinical utility, limitations of drug development, and regulatory compliance and approvals.



Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter

Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter Author V.N. Popov
ISBN-10 902772735X
Release 1988-06-30
Pages 215
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Material particles, electrons, atoms, molecules, interact with one another by means of electromagnetic forces. That is, these forces are the cause of their being combined into condensed (liquid or solid) states. In these condensed states, the motion of the particles relative to one another proceeds in orderly fashion; their individual properties as well as the electric and magnetic dipole moments and the radiation and absorption spectra, ordinarily vary little by comparison with their properties in the free state. Exceptiotls are the special so-called collective states of condensed media that are formed under phase transitions of the second kind. The collective states of matter are characterized to a high degree by the micro-ordering that arises as a result of the interaction between the particles and which is broken down by chaotic thermal motion under heating. Examples of such pheonomena are the superfluidity of liquid helium, and the superconductivity and ferromagnetism of metals, which exist only at temperatures below the critical temperature. At low temperature states the particles do not exhibit their individual characteristics and conduct themselves as a single whole in many respects. They flow along capillaries in ordered fashion and create an undamped current in a conductor or a macroscopic magnetic moment. In this regard the material acquires special properties that are not usually inherent to it.



Radiation Biophysics

Radiation Biophysics Author Edward L. Alpen
ISBN-10 0080540201
Release 1997-10-22
Pages 484
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This newly revised and updated edition of Radiation Biophysics provides an in-depth description of the physics and chemistry of radiation and its effects on biological systems. Coverage begins with fundamental concepts of the physics of radiation and radioactivity, then progresses through the chemistry and biology of the interaction of radiation with living systems. The Second Edition of this highly praised text includes major revisions which reflect the rapid advances in the field. New material covers recent developments in the fields of carcinogenesis, DNA repair, molecular genetics, and the molecular biology of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. The book also includes extensive discussion of the practical impact of radiation on everyday life. Covers the fundamentals of radiation physics in a manner that is understandable to students and professionals with a limited physics background Includes problem sets and exercises to aid both teachers and students Discusses radioactivity, internally deposited radionuclides, and dosimetry Analyzes the risks for occupational and non-occupational workers exposed to radiation sources



Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter

Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter Author R. Arutyunian
ISBN-10 3718652161
Release 1992-01-01
Pages 65
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Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Interaction of Intense Laser Radiation with Matter book for free.



Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis Seventh Edition

Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis  Seventh Edition Author James W. Robinson
ISBN-10 9781482233742
Release 2014-07-21
Pages 1264
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Crucial to research in molecular biology, medicine, geology, food science, materials science, and many other fields, analytical instrumentation is used by many scientists and engineers who are not chemists. Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis, Seventh Edition provides users of analytical instrumentation with an understanding of these instruments, covering all major fields of modern instrumentation. Following the tradition of earlier editions, this text is designed for teaching undergraduates and those with no analytical chemistry background how contemporary analytical instrumentation works, as well as its uses and limitations. Each chapter provides a discussion of the fundamental principles underlying the techniques, descriptions of the instrumentation, and numerous applications. The chapters also contain updated bibliographies and problems, and most have suggested experiments appropriate to the techniques. This completely revised and updated edition covers subjects in more detail, such as a completely revised x-ray chapter, expanded coverage of electroanalytical techniques, and expansion of chromatography and mass spectrometry topics to reflect the predominance of these instruments in laboratories. This includes state-of-the-art sample introduction and mass analyzers, and the latest developments in UPLC and hyphenated techniques. The book also contains new graphics and addresses several new topics: Ion mobility spectrometry Time domain NMR (relaxometry) Electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR, EPR) Forensic science and bioanalytical applications Microcalorimetry and optical thermal instruments Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) This text uniquely combines instrumental analysis with organic spectral interpretation (IR, NMR, and MS). It provides detailed coverage of sampling, sample handling, sample storage, and sample preparation. In addition, the authors have included many instrument manufacturers’ websites, which contain extensive resources.



Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine

Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine Author Gopal B. Saha
ISBN-10 9781475734973
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 253
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Supplemented with tables and illustrations throughout, each chapter provides readers with well-delineated descriptions of the different aspects of physics and radiation biology related to nuclear medicine. The last edition was successful and highly acclaimed, as Dr. Saha made many complex concepts readily understandable for residents, students and practitioners in nuclear medicine. This second edition serves as an excellent text for nuclear medicine residents and technology students to prepare for their Board and Registry examinations. Special features include: Statistical tests: The Chi-Square test, the student t-test and linear regression; Internal dosimetry based on uptake variation; Digital computers: Data acquisition, filters, data processing; Coincidence detector gamma camera; Expanded chapter on radiation biology; Criteria for patient release and breast feeding; DOT regulations.



Fundamentals of Nuclear Science Application in Agriculture

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science   Application in Agriculture Author H. Chandrasekharan
ISBN-10 8172112009
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 260
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This book is based on the compilation of lecture notes on nuclear techniques in agriculture and biology, prepared and updated for students of PG School, IARI, New Delhi during the past 16 years. The book contains three parts, namely, Fundamentals of Nuclear Science (covering the basic features), Applications (comprising essential application with focus on agriculture) and Appendices (consisting of bibliography, nuclear terms, radioactive decay charts, select constants and abbreviations used). Salient Features • Language is lucid and informal. • Unique in terms of its contents and 88 illustrations and 11 photographs that simplify and encourage the readers in understanding the approach and theory. • Recent developments in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance have been discussed. • Provides a comprehensive view of the potentialities of nuclear science and its application. • Contains clarity and high level of precision in presenting the subject matter. • A detailed bibliography for further reading. • Detail contents at the begining facilitate quick revision. • Can be used either as a textbook or for supplementary reading in colleges, universities and research institutions dealing with applications of nuclear techniques. • Would be of immense help to the academic community at large. In short, the flawless presentation on various aspects of nuclear applications is expected to enrich biologists and agricultural scientists to easily understand not only the basic concepts but also essentials on the application of the nuclear energy in a variety of ways for research and in agriculture.