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Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy

Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy Author A. Richard Thompson
ISBN-10 9783527617852
Release 2008-11-20
Pages 715
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Comprehensive, authoritative coverage of interferometric techniques for radio astronomy In this Second Edition of Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, three leading figures in the development of large imaging arrays, including very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI), describe and explain the technology that provides images of the universe with an angular resolution as fine as 1/20,000 of an arcsecond. This comprehensive volume begins with a historical review followed by detailed coverage of the theory of interferometry and synthesis imaging, analysis of interferometer response, geometrical relationships, polarimetry, antennas, and arrays. Discussion of the receiving system continues with analysis of the response to signals and noise, analog design requirements, and digital signal processing. The authors detail special requirements of VLBI including atomic frequency standards, broadband recording systems, and antennas in orbit. Further major topics include: * Calibration of data and synthesis of images * Image enhancement using nonlinear algorithms * Techniques for astrometry and geodesy * Propagation in the neutral atmosphere and ionized media * Radio interference * Related techniques: intensity interferometry, moon occultations, antenna holography, and optical interferometry Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, Second Edition is comprehensive in that it provides an excellent overview of most radio astronomical instrumentation and techniques.

Tools of Radio Astronomy

Tools of Radio Astronomy Author Kristen Rohlfs
ISBN-10 9783662053942
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 462
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1. Most authoritative and established of graduate-level textbooks and references in the field. 2. Provides not only specialists with the details they need but also non-specialists with access to the jargon and basics of this vital field. 3. New edition offers completely rewritten chaptes on interferometry and aperture synthsis, as well as thoroughly revised chapters on receiver technology and interstellar molecules. 4. From the reviews of previous editions: "Nowadays Rohlfs and Wilson`s Tools of Radio Astronomy is the inevitable reference book. This is the one book you should buy if you want to become a radio astronomer. " The Observatory, 2001 "An excellent survey of the tools a radio astronomer needs to pursue the trade... The neatly encapsulated derivations of many classical relations will make the book useful to lecturer and student and practicing astronomer alike." American Scientist "People use this book so much because it describes what one needs in order to actually do radio astronomy... This book is an excellent graduate level text - the best available by far. It is also the best reference book for practicing astronomers who want to do radio astronomy properly, to interpret jargon or to understand some of the details of the literature." Physics Today

Essential Radio Astronomy

Essential Radio Astronomy Author James J. Condon
ISBN-10 9781400881161
Release 2016-04-05
Pages 376
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Essential Radio Astronomy is the only textbook on the subject specifically designed for a one-semester introductory course for advanced undergraduates or graduate students in astronomy and astrophysics. It starts from first principles in order to fill gaps in students' backgrounds, make teaching easier for professors who are not expert radio astronomers, and provide a useful reference to the essential equations used by practitioners. This unique textbook reflects the fact that students of multiwavelength astronomy typically can afford to spend only one semester studying the observational techniques particular to each wavelength band. Essential Radio Astronomy presents only the most crucial concepts—succinctly and accessibly. It covers the general principles behind radio telescopes, receivers, and digital backends without getting bogged down in engineering details. Emphasizing the physical processes in radio sources, the book's approach is shaped by the view that radio astrophysics owes more to thermodynamics than electromagnetism. Proven in the classroom and generously illustrated throughout, Essential Radio Astronomy is an invaluable resource for students and researchers alike. The only textbook specifically designed for a one-semester course in radio astronomy Starts from first principles Makes teaching easier for astronomy professors who are not expert radio astronomers Emphasizes the physical processes in radio sources Covers the principles behind radio telescopes and receivers Provides the essential equations and fundamental constants used by practitioners Supplementary website includes lecture notes, problem sets, exams, and links to interactive demonstrations An online illustration package is available to professors

Aperture Synthesis

Aperture Synthesis Author Swapan Kumar Saha
ISBN-10 1441957103
Release 2010-10-17
Pages 466
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This book deals with the fundamentals of stellar interferometry with emphasis on aperture synthesis using sparse array of telescopes particularly at optical/IR wavelengths, the origin, properties, and optical effects of turbulence in the Earth's atmosphere, techniques developed to overcome image degradation. Studded with more than one hundred and fifty illustrations and tens of footnotes, it addresses the basic tricks of trade, current trend, motivation, methods, and path to future promise of true interferometry both from the ground and space. Also discussed are the technical challenge involved, such as beam transportation and recombination, detecting fringes using modern sensors, and image synthesis. Astronomical science that benefits from aperture synthesis imaging are highlighted as well.

Radio astronomy

Radio astronomy Author
ISBN-10 UCAL:B4980058
Release 1965
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Radio astronomy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Radio astronomy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Radio astronomy book for free.

Observational Astrophysics

Observational Astrophysics Author Pierre Léna
ISBN-10 9783642218156
Release 2012-01-11
Pages 719
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,This is the updated, widely revised, restructured and expanded third edition of Léna et al.'s successful work Observational Astrophysics. It presents a synthesis on tools and methods of observational astrophysics of the early 21st century. Written specifically for astrophysicists and graduate students, this textbook focuses on fundamental and sometimes practical limitations on the ultimate performance that an astronomical system may reach, rather than presenting particular systems in detail. In little more than a decade there has been extraordinary progress in imaging and detection technologies, in the fields of adaptive optics, optical interferometry, in the sub-millimetre waveband, observation of neutrinos, discovery of exoplanets, to name but a few examples. The work deals with ground-based and space-based astronomy and their respective fields. And it also presents the ambitious concepts behind space missions aimed for the next decades. Avoiding particulars, it covers the whole of the electromagnetic spectrum, and provides an introduction to the new forms of astronomy becoming possible with gravitational waves and neutrinos. It also treats numerical aspects of observational astrophysics: signal processing, astronomical databases and virtual observatories.

Frontiers Of Space And Ground Based Astronomy

Frontiers Of Space And Ground Based Astronomy Author Willem Wamsteker
ISBN-10 0792325273
Release 1994-08-31
Pages 750
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ROSAT Observations G. HASINGER Max-Planck-Institut flir extraterrestrische Physik, D-85740 Garching, Germany Abstract. This review describes the most recent advances in the study of the extragalactic soft X-ray background and what we can learn about its constituents. The deepest pointed observations with the ROSAT PSPC are discussed. The logN-logS relation is presented, which reaches to the faintest X-ray fluxes and to the highest AGN surface densities ever achieved. The N(>S) relation shows a 2 density in excess of 400 deg- at the faintest fluxes and a flattening below the Einstein Deep Survey limit. About 60% of the extragalactic background has been resolved in the deepest field. Detailed source spectra and first optical and radio identifications will be discussed. The results are put into perspective of the higher energy X -ray background. Key words: X-rays, background radiations, active galactic nuclei. 1. Introduction The extragalactic X-ray background (XRB), discovered about 30 years ago, has been studied extensively with many X-ray experiments, in particular with the satel lites HEAO I and II (see ego Boldt 1987) and with ROSAT (e. g. Hasinger et aI. , 1993). Figure 1 shows a compilation of some of the most recent spectral measure ments for the X-ray background. Over the energy range from 3 to about 100 keY its spectrum can be well approximated by an optically thin thermal bremsstrahlung model with kT ~ 40 keY, while at lower X-ray energies a steepening into a new component has been observed observed (e. g.

Information Handling in Astronomy Historical Vistas

Information Handling in Astronomy   Historical Vistas Author Andre Heck
ISBN-10 9781402011788
Release 2003-03-31
Pages 294
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This book offers a unique review of how astronomical information handling (in the broad sense) evolved in the course of the 20th century, and especially during its second half. It will be very useful for researchers, teachers, editors, publishers, librarians, computer scientists, sociologists of science, research planners and strategists, project managers, public-relations officers, plus those in charge of astronomy-related organizations, as well as by students aiming at a career in astronomy or related space science.

Stellar Physics

Stellar Physics Author Gennady S. Bisnovatyi-Kogan
ISBN-10 3642147348
Release 2011-01-04
Pages 494
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"Stellar Physics" is a an outstanding book in the growing body of literature on star formation and evolution. Not only does the author, a leading expert in the field, very thoroughly present the current state of knowledge on stellar physics, but he handles with equal care the many problems that this field of research still faces. A bibliography with well over 1000 entries makes this book an unparalleled reference source. "Stellar Evolution and Stability" is the second of two volumes and can be read, as can the first volume "Fundamental Concepts and Stellar Equilibrium," as a largely independent work. It traces in great detail the evolution of protostars towards the main sequence and beyond this to the last stage of stellar evolution, with the corresponding vast range from white dwarfs to supernovae explosions, gamma-ray bursts and black hole formation. The book concludes with special chapters on the dynamical, thermal and pulsing stability of stars. This second edition is carefully updated in the areas of pre-supernova models, magnetorotational supernovae, and the theory of accretion disks around black holes. Additional sections have been added on strange quark stars, jet formation and collimation, radiation-driven winds in strong gravitational fields and gamma-ray bursts.

Image Processing Techniques in Astronomy

Image Processing Techniques in Astronomy Author C. de Jager
ISBN-10 9789401018814
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 420
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Image Processing Techniques in Astronomy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Image Processing Techniques in Astronomy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Image Processing Techniques in Astronomy book for free.

Fundamentals of Radio Astronomy

Fundamentals of Radio Astronomy Author Jonathan M. Marr
ISBN-10 1420076760
Release 2015-12-15
Pages 368
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As the first of two volumes, Fundamentals of Radio Astronomy: Observational Methods is designed for undergraduate physics majors with no prior knowledge of astronomy. It explains the instrumentation and observational methods needed to make successful observations in radio astronomy. With examples interspersed throughout and problems at the end of each chapter, the textbook trains students so that they can contribute to a radio astronomy research team. The book starts with a review of the relevant astronomy basics and then discusses radiation physics, the radio telescope detection process, important aspects of radio telescopes, and how to make successful observations. It finishes with two chapters on interferometry. A set of complementary labs is provided online.

Four Pillars of Radio Astronomy Mills Christiansen Wild Bracewell

Four Pillars of Radio Astronomy  Mills  Christiansen  Wild  Bracewell Author R.H. Frater
ISBN-10 9783319655994
Release 2017-10-28
Pages 199
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This is the story of Bernie Mills, Chris Christiansen, Paul Wild and Ron Bracewell, members of a team of radio astronomers that would lead Australia, and the world, into this new field of research. Each of the four is remembered for his remarkable work: Mills for the development the cross type instrument that now bears his name; Christiansen for the application of rotational synthesis techniques; Wild for the masterful joining of observations and theory to elicit the nature of the solar atmosphere; Bracewell for his contribution to imaging theory. As well, these Four Pillars are remembered for creating a remarkable environment for scientific discovery and for influencing the careers of future generations. Their pursuit of basic science helped pave the way for technological developments in areas ranging from Wi-Fi to sonar to medical imaging to air navigation, and for underpinning the foundations of modern cosmology and astrophysics.

Tools of Radio Astronomy

Tools of Radio Astronomy Author Thomas Wilson
ISBN-10 3540668020
Release 2005-06-24
Pages 162
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This book contains graduate-level problems with carefully presented solutions and covers topics in radio astronomy. The problems are arranged following the content of the book “Tools of Radio Astronomy, 4th Ed.” by Rohlfs and T.L.Wilson (also available in the Astronomy and Astrophysics Library) on a chapter-by-chapter basis. Some of these problems have been formulated to provide an extension to the material presented in "Tools of Radio Astronomy".

Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations

Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations Author Maurizio Salaris
ISBN-10 047009222X
Release 2005-12-13
Pages 386
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Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations is a comprehensive presentation of the theory of stellar evolution and its application to the study of stellar populations in galaxies. Taking a unique approach to the subject, this self-contained text introduces first the theory of stellar evolution in a clear and accessible manner, with particular emphasis placed on explaining the evolution with time of observable stellar properties, such as luminosities and surface chemical abundances. This is followed by a detailed presentation and discussion of a broad range of related techniques, that are widely applied by researchers in the field to investigate the formation and evolution of galaxies. This book will be invaluable for undergraduates and graduate students in astronomy and astrophysics, and will also be of interest to researchers working in the field of Galactic, extragalactic astronomy and cosmology. * comprehensive presentation of stellar evolution theory * introduces the concept of stellar population and describes "stellar population synthesis" methods to study ages and star formation histories of star clusters and galaxies. * presents stellar evolution as a tool for investigating the evolution of galaxies and of the universe in general.

Astrophysical Techniques Sixth Edition

Astrophysical Techniques  Sixth Edition Author C.R. Kitchin
ISBN-10 9781466511156
Release 2013-11-18
Pages 554
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Long used in undergraduate and introductory graduate courses, Astrophysical Techniques, Sixth Edition provides a comprehensive account of the instruments, detectors, and techniques employed in astronomy and astrophysics. Emphasizing the underlying unity of all astronomical observations, this popular text provides a coherent state-of-the-art account of the instruments and techniques used in current astronomy and astrophysics. As in earlier editions, the author aims to reduce the trend towards fragmentation of astronomical studies. The underlying unity of all of astronomical observation is emphasized by the layout of the book: the pattern of detection → imaging → ancillary techniques has been adopted so that one stage of an observation is encountered together with the similar stages required for all other information carriers. The book is written in a very accessible manner, and most of the mathematics is accessible to those who have attended a mathematics course in their final years at school. Nevertheless, the treatment of the topics in general is at a sufficiently high level to be of use to those professionals seeking technical information in areas of astronomy with which they might not be completely familiar.

An Introduction to Radio Astronomy

An Introduction to Radio Astronomy Author Bernard F. Burke
ISBN-10 9780521878081
Release 2010
Pages 444
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This well-established, graduate-level textbook is a thorough introduction to radio telescopes and techniques for students and researchers new to the subject.

Electronic Imaging in Astronomy

Electronic Imaging in Astronomy Author Ian S. McLean
ISBN-10 9783540765837
Release 2008-08-17
Pages 552
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The second edition of Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and Instrumentation describes the remarkable developments that have taken place in astronomical detectors and instrumentation in recent years – from the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD) in 1970 to the current era of very large telescopes, such as the Keck 10-meter telescopes in Hawaii with their laser guide-star adaptive optics which rival the image quality of the Hubble Space Telescope. Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts on the design and development of electronic imaging systems for astronomy, this book has been written on several levels to appeal to a broad readership. Mathematical expositions are designed to encourage a wider audience, especially among the growing community of amateur astronomers with small telescopes with CCD cameras. The book can be used at the college level for an introductory course on modern astronomical detectors and instruments, and as a supplement for a practical or laboratory class.