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Introduction to Spintronics Second Edition

Introduction to Spintronics  Second Edition Author Supriyo Bandyopadhyay
ISBN-10 9781482255577
Release 2015-09-18
Pages 636
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Introduction to Spintronics provides an accessible, organized, and progressive presentation of the quantum mechanical concept of spin and the technology of using it to store, process, and communicate information. Fully updated and expanded to 18 chapters, this Second Edition: Reflects the explosion of study in spin-related physics, addressing seven important physical phenomena with spintronic device applications Discusses the recently discovered field of spintronics without magnetism, which allows one to manipulate spin currents by purely electrical means Explores lateral spin-orbit interaction and its many nuances, as well as the possibility to implement spin polarizers and analyzers using quantum point contacts Introduces the concept of single-domain-nanomagnet-based computing, an ultra-energy-efficient approach to compute and store information using nanomagnets, offering a practical rendition of single-spin logic architecture ideas and an alternative to transistor-based computing hardware Features many new drill problems, and includes a solution manual and figure slides with qualifying course adoption Still the only known spintronics textbook written in English, Introduction to Spintronics, Second Edition is a must read for those interested in the science and technology of storing, processing, and communicating information via the spin degree of freedom of electrons.



Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics Author Teruya Shinjo
ISBN-10 9780444632777
Release 2013-10-07
Pages 372
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The concise and accessible chapters of Nanomagnetism and Spintronics, Second Edition, cover the most recent research in areas of spin-current generation, spin-calorimetric effect, voltage effects on magnetic properties, spin-injection phenomena, giant magnetoresistance (GMR), and tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR). Spintronics is a cutting-edge area in the field of magnetism that studies the interplay of magnetism and transport phenomena, demonstrating how electrons not only have charge but also spin. This second edition provides the background to understand this novel physical phenomenon and focuses on the most recent developments and research relating to spintronics. This exciting new edition is an essential resource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in industry who want to understand the concepts of spintronics, and keep up with recent research, all in one volume. Provides a concise, thorough evaluation of current research Surveys the important findings up to 2012 Examines the future of devices and the importance of spin current



Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices Second Edition

Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices  Second Edition Author Sam-Shajing Sun
ISBN-10 9781466585126
Release 2016-10-03
Pages 1069
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This book covers the combined subjects of organic electronic and optoelectronic materials/devices. It is designed for classroom instruction at the senior college level. Highlighting emerging organic and polymeric optoelectronic materials and devices, it presents the fundamentals, principle mechanisms, representative examples, and key data.



Molecular Spintronics

Molecular Spintronics Author Marta Galbiati
ISBN-10 9783319226118
Release 2015-10-15
Pages 183
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This thesis targets molecular or organic spintronics and more particularly the spin polarization tailoring opportunities that arise from the ferromagnetic metal/molecule hybridization at interfaces: the new concept of spinterface. Molecular or organic spintronics is an emerging research field at the frontier between organic chemistry and spintronics. The manuscript is divided into three parts, the first of which introduces the basic concepts of spintronics and advantages that molecules can bring to this field. The state of the art on organic and molecular spintronics is also presented, with a special emphasis on the physics and experimental evidence for spinterfaces. The book’s second and third parts are dedicated to the two main experimental topics investigated in the thesis: Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) and Organic Semiconductors (OSCs). The study of SAMs-based magnetic tunnel nanojunctions reveals the potential to modulate the properties of such devices “at will,” since each part of the molecule can be tuned independently like a “LEGO” building block. The study of Alq3-based spin valves reveals magnetoresistance effects at room temperature and is aimed at understanding the respective roles played by the two interfaces. Through the development of these systems, we demonstrate their potential for spintronics and provide a solid foundation for spin polarization engineering at the molecular level.



Spintronic Materials and Technology

Spintronic Materials and Technology Author Yongbing Xu
ISBN-10 9781420021257
Release 2006-10-25
Pages 423
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Few books exist that cover the hot field of second-generation spintronic devices, despite their potential to revolutionize the IT industry.Compiling the obstacles and progress of spin-controlled devices into one source, Spintronic Materials and Technology presents an in-depth examination of the most recent technological spintronic developments. Featuring contributions from active researchers and leading experts, the book chronicles the main research challenges in spintronics. It first depicts the different classes of materials systems currently under investigation for use in spintronic devices. The contributors also address issues concerning the operation of spintronic devices, such as the new principle for future devices that use spin-polarized current. This promises to enable switching of individual spin components of the device while avoiding crosstalk at the nanoscale. The book concludes with descriptions of both Si and III-V semiconductor-based spin transistors and the integration of spin technology with photonics. The second-generation spintronic devices discussed in Spintronic Materials and Technology will not only improve the existing capabilities of electronic transistors, but will enable future computers to run faster and consume less power.



Nanophysics and Nanotechnology

Nanophysics and Nanotechnology Author Edward L. Wolf
ISBN-10 9783527684182
Release 2015-08-04
Pages 350
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Long awaited new edition of this highly successful textbook, provides once more a unique introduction to the concepts, techniques and applications of nanoscale systems by covering its entire spectrum up to recent findings on graphene.



Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism

Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism Author Evgeny Y. Tsymbal
ISBN-10 9781439803783
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 808
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In the past several decades, the research on spin transport and magnetism has led to remarkable scientific and technological breakthroughs, including Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg’s Nobel Prize-winning discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic metallic multilayers. Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism provides a comprehensive, balanced account of the state of the art in the field known as spin electronics or spintronics. It reveals how key phenomena first discovered in one class of materials, such as spin injection in metals, have been revisited decades later in other materials systems, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and carefully engineered nanostructures. The first section of the book offers a historical and personal perspective of the field written by Nobel Prize laureate Albert Fert. The second section addresses physical phenomena, such as GMR, in hybrid structures of ferromagnetic and normal metals. The third section discusses recent developments in spin-dependent tunneling, including magnetic tunnel junctions with ferroelectric barriers. In the fourth section, the contributors look at how to control spin and magnetism in semiconductors. In the fifth section, they examine phenomena typically found in nanostructures made from metals, superconductors, molecular magnets, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, and graphene. The final section covers novel spin-based applications, including advanced magnetic sensors, nonvolatile magnetoresistive random access memory, and semiconductor spin-lasers. The techniques and materials of spintronics have rapidly evolved in recent years, leading to vast improvements in hard drive storage and magnetic sensing. With extensive cross-references between chapters, this seminal handbook provides a complete guide to spin transport and magnetism across various classes of materials and structures.



Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics Author James Patterson
ISBN-10 3642025897
Release 2010-12-08
Pages 827
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While the standard solid state topics are covered, the basic ones often have more detailed derivations than is customary (with an empasis on crystalline solids). Several recent topics are introduced, as are some subjects normally included only in condensed matter physics. Lattice vibrations, electrons, interactions, and spin effects (mostly in magnetism) are discussed the most comprehensively. Many problems are included whose level is from "fill in the steps" to long and challenging, and the text is equipped with references and several comments about experiments with figures and tables.



Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Second Edition

Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials  Second Edition Author David C. Jiles
ISBN-10 0412798603
Release 1998-06-16
Pages 568
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Few subjects in science are more difficult to understand than magnetism, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. However, there is a strong demand today for scientists and engineers with skills in magnetism because of the growing number of technological applications utilizing this phenomenon. This textbook responds to the need for a comprehensive introduction of the basic concepts of the science. Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials has been thoroughly revised since the first edition to include recent developments in the field. The early chapters comprise a discussion of the fundamentals of magnetism. These chapters include more than 60 sample problems with complete solutions to reinforce learning. The later chapters review the most significant recent developments in four important areas of magnetism: hard and soft magnetic materials, magnetic recording, and magnetic evaluation of materials. These later chapters also provide a survey of the most important areas of magnetic materials for practical applications. Extensive references to the principal publications in magnetism are listed at the end of each chapter, which offer the reader rapid access to more specialized literature. Students in various scientific areas will benefit from this book, including those in physics, materials science, metallurgy, and electrical engineering.



Silicon Earth

Silicon Earth Author John D. Cressler
ISBN-10 9781351830201
Release 2017-11-22
Pages 595
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We are in the center of the most life-changing technological revolution the Earth has ever known. In little more than 65 years, an eye-blink in human history, a single technological invention has launched the proverbial thousand ships, producing the most sweeping and pervasive set of changes ever to wash over humankind; changes that are reshaping the very core of human existence, on a global scale, at a relentlessly accelerating pace. And we are just at the very beginning. Silicon Earth: Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology introduces readers with little or no technical background to the marvels of microelectronics and nanotechnology, using straightforward language, an intuitive approach, minimal math, and lots of pictures. The general scientific and engineering underpinnings of microelectronics and nanotechnology are described, as well as how this new technological revolution is transforming a broad array of interdisciplinary fields, and civilization as a whole. Special "widget deconstruction" chapters address the inner workings of ubiquitous micro/nano-enabled pieces of technology, such as smartphones, flash drives, and digital cameras. Completely updated and upgraded to full color, the Second Edition: Includes new material on the design of electronic systems, the future of electronics, and the societal impact of micro/nanotechnology Provides new widget deconstructions of cutting-edge tech gadgets like the GPS-enabled smartwatch Adds end-of-chapter study questions and hundreds of new color photos Silicon Earth: Introduction to Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Second Edition is a pick-up-and-read-cover-to-cover book for those curious about the micro/nanoworld, as well as a classroom-tested, student-and-professor-approved text ideal for an undergraduate-level university course. Lecture slides, homework examples, a deconstruction project, and discussion threads are available via an author-maintained website.



Spin Wave Confinement

Spin Wave Confinement Author Sergej O. Demokritov
ISBN-10 9781351617208
Release 2017-09-07
Pages 436
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Since the publication of the first edition of Spin-Wave Confinement, the magnetic community’s interest in dynamic excitations in magnetic systems of reduced dimensions has been increasing. Although the concept of spin waves and their quanta (magnons) as propagating excitation of magnetic media was introduced more than 80 years ago, this field has been repeatedly bringing us fascinating new physical phenomena. The successful development of magnonics as an emerging subfield of spintronics, which considers confined spin waves as a basis for smaller, faster, more robust, and more power-efficient electronic devices, inevitably demands reduction in the sizes and dimensions of the magnetic systems being studied. The unique features of magnons, including the possibility of carrying spin information over relatively long distances, the possibility of achieving submicrometer wavelength at microwave frequencies, and controllability by electronic signal via magnetic fields, make magnonic devices distinctively suited for implementation of novel integrated electronic schemes characterized by high speed, low power consumption, and extended functionalities. Edited by S. O. Demokritov, a prominent magnonics researcher who has successfully collected the results of cutting-edge research by almost all main players in the field, this book is for everyone involved in nanotechnology, spintronics, magnonics, and nanomagnetism.



Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism

Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism Author Amikam Aharoni
ISBN-10 0198508085
Release 2000
Pages 319
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The present book is the second edition of Amikam Aharoni's Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism, based on a popular lecture course. Like its predecessor, it serves a two-fold purpose: First, it is a textbook for first-year graduate and advanced undergraduate students in both physics and engineering. Second, it explains the basic theoretical principles on which the work is based for practising engineers and experimental physicists who work in the field of magnetism, thus also serving to a certain extent as a reference book. For both professionals and students the emphasis is on introducing the foundations of the different subfields, highlighting the direction and tendency of the most recent research. For this new edition, the author has thoroughly updated the material especially of chapters 9 ('The Nucleation Problem') and 11 ('Numerical Micromagnetics'), which now contain the state of the art required by students and professionals who work on advanced topics of ferromagnetism. From reviews on the 1/e: '... a much needed, thorough introduction and guide to the literature. It is full of wisdom and commentary. Even more, it is Amikam Aharoni at his best - telling a story... He is fun to read... The extensive references provide an advanced review of micromagnetics and supply sources for suitable exercises... there is much for the student to do with the guidance provided by Introduction to the Theory of Ferromagnetism.' A. Arrott, Physics Today, September 1997



Theory of Quantum Transport at Nanoscale

Theory of Quantum Transport at Nanoscale Author Dmitry A. Ryndyk
ISBN-10 9783319240886
Release 2015-12-08
Pages 246
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This book is an introduction to a rapidly developing field of modern theoretical physics – the theory of quantum transport at nanoscale. The theoretical methods considered in the book are in the basis of our understanding of charge, spin and heat transport in nanostructures and nanostructured materials and are widely used in nanoelectronics, molecular electronics, spin-dependent electronics (spintronics) and bio-electronics. The book is based on lectures for graduate and post-graduate students at the University of Regensburg and the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden). The first part is devoted to the basic concepts of quantum transport: Landauer-Büttiker method and matrix Green function formalism for coherent transport, Tunneling (Transfer) Hamiltonian and master equation methods for tunneling, Coulomb blockade, vibrons and polarons. The results in this part are obtained as possible without sophisticated techniques, such as nonequilibrium Green functions, which are considered in detail in the second part. A general introduction into the nonequilibrium Green function theory is given. The approach based on the equation-of-motion technique, as well as more sophisticated one based on the Dyson-Keldysh diagrammatic technique are presented. The main attention is paid to the theoretical methods able to describe the nonequilibrium (at finite voltage) electron transport through interacting nanosystems, specifically the correlation effects due to electron-electron and electron-vibron interactions.



The Quantum Theory of Magnetism

The Quantum Theory of Magnetism Author Norberto Majlis
ISBN-10 9789812567925
Release 2007
Pages 377
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This advanced level textbook is devoted to the description of systems which show ordered magnetic phases. A wide selection of topics is covered, including a detailed treatment of the mean-field approximation as the main paradigm for the phenomenological description of phase transitions. The book discusses the properties of low-dimensional systems and uses Green's functions extensively after a useful mathematical introduction. A thorough presentation of the RKKY and related models of indirect exchange is also featured, and a chapter on surface magnetism, rarely found in other textbooks, adds to the uniqueness of this book.For the second edition, three new chapters have been added, namely on magnetic anisotropy, on coherent magnon states and on local moments. Additionally, the chapter on itinerant magnetism has been enlarged by including a section on paramagnons.



Semiconductor Nanostructures

Semiconductor Nanostructures Author Thomas Ihn
ISBN-10 9780199534425
Release 2010
Pages 552
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This introduction to the physics of semiconductor nanostructures and their transport properties emphasizes five fundamental transport phenomena: quantized conductance, tunnelling transport, the Aharonov-Bohm effect, the quantum Hall effect and the Coulomb blockade effect.



Feynman Diagram Techniques in Condensed Matter Physics

Feynman Diagram Techniques in Condensed Matter Physics Author Radi A. Jishi
ISBN-10 9781107025172
Release 2013-04-25
Pages 400
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An introduction to the application of Feynman diagram techniques for researchers and advanced undergraduate students in condensed matter theory and many-body physics.



Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics Author Seng Ghee Tan
ISBN-10 9780857095886
Release 2012-03-28
Pages 312
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This book provides an introduction to the physics of nanoelectronics, with a focus on the theoretical aspects of nanoscale devices. The book begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics, to facilitate the understanding of subsequent chapters. It goes on to encompass quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices. Theoretical methodology is developed using quantum mechanical and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) techniques to calculate electronic currents and elucidate their transport properties at the atomic scale. The spin Hall effect is explained and its application to the emerging field of spintronics – where an electron’s spin as well as its charge is utilised – is discussed. Topological dynamics and gauge potential are introduced with the relevant mathematics, and their application in nanoelectronic systems is explained. Graphene, one of the most promising carbon-based nanostructures for nanoelectronics, is also explored. Begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics Encompasses quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices Comprehensively introduces topological dynamics and gauge potential with the relevant mathematics, and extensively discusses their application in nanoelectronic systems