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Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering

Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering Author Vijay P. Singh
ISBN-10 9781498736619
Release 2016-01-05
Pages 436
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Focuses On an Emerging Field in Water Engineering A broad treatment of the Tsallis entropy theory presented from a water resources engineering point of view, Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering fills a growing need for material on this theory and its relevant applications in the area of water engineering. This self-contained text includes several solved examples, and requires only a basic knowledge of mathematics and probability theory. Divided into four parts, the book begins with a detailed discussion of Tsallis entropy, moves on to hydraulics, expounds on the subject of hydrology, and ends with broad coverage on a wide variety of areas in water engineering. The author addresses: The Tsallis entropy theory for both discrete and continuous variables The procedure for deriving probability distributions One-dimensional velocity distributions Two-dimensional velocity distributions Methods for determining sediment concentration Sediment discharge Stage–discharge rating curve Precipitation variability Infiltration and the derivation of infiltration equations An introduction to soil moisture, soil moisture profiles, and their estimation Flow duration curves The eco-index and indicators of hydrologic alteration (IHA) Measures of redundancy for water distribution networks, and more Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering examines the basic concepts of the Tsallis entropy theory, and considers its current applications and potential for future use. This book advances further research on water engineering, hydrologic sciences, environmental sciences, and water resources engineering as they relate to the Tsallis entropy theory.



Entropy Theory and its Application in Environmental and Water Engineering

Entropy Theory and its Application in Environmental and Water Engineering Author Vijay P. Singh
ISBN-10 9781118428603
Release 2013-01-10
Pages 664
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Entropy Theory and its Application in Environmental and Water Engineering responds to the need for a book that deals with basic concepts of entropy theory from a hydrologic and water engineering perspective and then for a book that deals with applications of these concepts to a range of water engineering problems. The range of applications of entropy is constantly expanding and new areas finding a use for the theory are continually emerging. The applications of concepts and techniques vary across different subject areas and this book aims to relate them directly to practical problems of environmental and water engineering. The book presents and explains the Principle of Maximum Entropy (POME) and the Principle of Minimum Cross Entropy (POMCE) and their applications to different types of probability distributions. Spatial and inverse spatial entropy are important for urban planning and are presented with clarity. Maximum entropy spectral analysis and minimum cross entropy spectral analysis are powerful techniques for addressing a variety of problems faced by environmental and water scientists and engineers and are described here with illustrative examples. Giving a thorough introduction to the use of entropy to measure the unpredictability in environmental and water systems this book will add an essential statistical method to the toolkit of postgraduates, researchers and academic hydrologists, water resource managers, environmental scientists and engineers. It will also offer a valuable resource for professionals in the same areas, governmental organizations, private companies as well as students in earth sciences, civil and agricultural engineering, and agricultural and rangeland sciences. This book: Provides a thorough introduction to entropy for beginners and more experienced users Uses numerous examples to illustrate the applications of the theoretical principles Allows the reader to apply entropy theory to the solution of practical problems Assumes minimal existing mathematical knowledge Discusses the theory and its various aspects in both univariate and bivariate cases Covers newly expanding areas including neural networks from an entropy perspective and future developments.



Introduction to Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

Introduction to Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics Author Constantino Tsallis
ISBN-10 9780387853598
Release 2009-03-03
Pages 382
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Metaphors, generalizations and unifications are natural and desirable ingredients of the evolution of scientific theories and concepts. Physics, in particular, obviously walks along these paths since its very beginning. This book focuses on nonextensive statistical mechanics, a current generalization of Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) statistical mechanics, one of the greatest monuments of contemporary physics. Conceived more than 130 years ago by Maxwell, Boltzmann and Gibbs, the BG theory exhibits uncountable – some of them impressive – successes in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and computational sciences, to name a few. Presently, more than two thousand publications, by over 1800 scientists around the world, have been dedicated to the nonextensive generalization. Remarkable applications have emerged, and its mathematical grounding is by now relatively well established. A pedagogical introduction to its concepts – nonlinear dynamics, extensivity of the nonadditive entropy, global correlations, generalization of the standard CLT’s, among others – is presented in this book as well as a selection of paradigmatic applications in various sciences together with diversified experimental verifications of some of its predictions. This is the first pedagogical book on the subject, written by the proponent of the theory Presents many applications to interdisciplinary complex phenomena in virtually all sciences, ranging from physics to medicine, from economics to biology, through signal and image processing and others Offers a detailed derivation of results, illustrations and for the first time detailed presentation of Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics



Entropy Theory in Hydrologic Science and Engineering

Entropy Theory in Hydrologic Science and Engineering Author Vijay P. Singh
ISBN-10 9780071835473
Release 2014-09-22
Pages 848
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A THOROUGH INTRODUCTION TO ENTROPY THEORY AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN HYDROLOGIC SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING This comprehensive volume addresses basic concepts of entropy theory from a hydrologic engineering perspective. The application of these concepts to a wide range of hydrologic engineering problems is discussed in detail. The book is divided into sections--preliminaries, rainfall and evapotranspiration, subsurface flow, surface flow, and environmental considerations. Helpful equations, solutions, tables, and diagrams are included throughout this practical resource. Entropy Theory in Hydrologic Science and Engineering covers: Introduction to entropy theory Maximum entropy production principle Performance measures Morphological analysis Evaluation and design of sampling and measurement networks Precipitation variability Rainfall frequency distributions Evaluation of precipitation forecasting schemes Assessment of potential water resources availability Evaporation Infiltration Soil moisture Groundwater flow Rainfall-runoff modeling Streamflow simulation Hydrologic frequency analysis Streamflow forecasting River flow regime classification Sediment yield Eco-index



Handbook of Applied Hydrology Second Edition

Handbook of Applied Hydrology  Second Edition Author Vijay P. Singh
ISBN-10 9780071835107
Release 2016-03-07
Pages 1808
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Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology



Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems

Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz
ISBN-10 9780128093399
Release 2016-05-20
Pages 738
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Thermodynamic Approaches in Engineering Systems responds to the need for a synthesizing volume that throws light upon the extensive field of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering perspective that applies basic ideas and key results from the field to chemical engineering problems. This book outlines and interprets the most valuable achievements in applied non-equilibrium thermodynamics obtained within the recent fifty years. It synthesizes nontrivial achievements of thermodynamics in important branches of chemical and biochemical engineering. Readers will gain an update on what has been achieved, what new research problems could be stated, and what kind of further studies should be developed within specialized research. Presents clearly structured chapters beginning with an introduction, elaboration of the process, and results summarized in a conclusion Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics Provides a synthesis of recent thermodynamic developments in practical systems Presents very elaborate literature discussions from the past fifty years



Energy Information Feedback Adaptation and Self organization

Energy  Information  Feedback  Adaptation  and Self organization Author Spyros G Tzafestas
ISBN-10 9783319669991
Release 2018-01-03
Pages 668
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This unique book offers a comprehensive and integrated introduction to the five fundamental elements of life and society: energy, information, feedback, adaptation, and self-organization. It is divided into two parts. Part I is concerned with energy (definition, history, energy types, energy sources, environmental impact); thermodynamics (laws, entropy definitions, energy, branches of thermodynamics, entropy interpretations, arrow of time); information (communication and transmission, modulation–demodulation, coding–decoding, information theory, information technology, information science, information systems); feedback control (history, classical methodologies, modern methodologies); adaptation (definition, mechanisms, measurement, complex adaptive systems, complexity, emergence); and self-organization (definitions/opinions, self-organized criticality, cybernetics, self-organization in complex adaptive systems, examples in nature). In turn, Part II studies the roles, impacts, and applications of the five above-mentioned elements in life and society, namely energy (biochemical energy pathways, energy flows through food chains, evolution of energy resources, energy and economy); information (information in biology, biocomputation, information technology in office automation, power generation/distribution, manufacturing, business, transportation), feedback (temperature, water, sugar and hydrogen ion regulation, autocatalysis, biological modeling, control of hard/technological and soft/managerial systems), adaptation and self-organization (ecosystems, climate change, stock market, knowledge management, man-made self-organized controllers, traffic lights control).



Current Index to Statistics Applications Methods and Theory

Current Index to Statistics  Applications  Methods and Theory Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822033904996
Release 1996
Pages
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Current Index to Statistics Applications Methods and Theory has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Current Index to Statistics Applications Methods and Theory also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Current Index to Statistics Applications Methods and Theory book for free.



World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering May 26 31 2012 Beijing China

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering May 26 31  2012  Beijing  China Author Mian Long
ISBN-10 9783642293054
Release 2013-02-11
Pages 2345
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The congress’s unique structure represents the two dimensions of technology and medicine: 13 themes on science and medical technologies intersect with five challenging main topics of medicine to create a maximum of synergy and integration of aspects on research, development and application. Each of the congress themes was chaired by two leading experts. The themes address specific topics of medicine and technology that provide multiple and excellent opportunities for exchanges.



Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method 2011 Edition

Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464963476
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 3278
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Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about General Science and Scientific Theory and Method. The editors have built Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about General Science and Scientific Theory and Method in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105132702593
Release 2009
Pages
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Dissertation Abstracts International has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Dissertation Abstracts International also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Dissertation Abstracts International book for free.



Advances in Physiology Research and Application 2011 Edition

Advances in Physiology Research and Application  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464920707
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 1690
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Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Physiology. The editors have built Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Physiology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Physiology Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Issues in Applied Physics 2011 Edition

Issues in Applied Physics  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464963360
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 3910
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Issues in Applied Physics / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Applied Physics. The editors have built Issues in Applied Physics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Applied Physics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Applied Physics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.