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Introduction to XAFS

Introduction to XAFS Author Grant Bunker
ISBN-10 9780521767750
Release 2010-01-28
Pages 260
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A comprehensive, practical guide, this textbook is ideally suited for graduate students in physics and chemistry starting XAFS-based research.

Introduction to XAFS

Introduction to XAFS Author Grant Bunker
ISBN-10 9781139485098
Release 2010-01-28
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X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (XAFS) is a powerful and versatile technique for studying structures of materials in chemistry, physics, biology and other fields. This textbook is a comprehensive, practical guide to carrying out and interpreting XAFS experiments. Assuming only undergraduate-level physics and mathematics, the textbook is ideally suited for graduate students in physics and chemistry starting XAFS-based research. It contains concise executable example programs in Mathematica 7. Supplementary material available at includes Mathematica code from the book, related Mathematica programs, and worked data analysis examples. The textbook addresses experiment, theory, and data analysis, but is not tied to specific data analysis programs or philosophies. This makes it accessible to a broad audience in the sciences, and a useful guide for researchers entering the subject.

XAFS for Everyone

XAFS for Everyone Author Scott Calvin
ISBN-10 9781439878637
Release 2013-05-20
Pages 457
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XAFS for Everyone provides a practical, thorough guide to x-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS) spectroscopy for both novices and seasoned practitioners from a range of disciplines. The text is enhanced with more than 200 figures as well as cartoon characters who offer informative commentary on the different approaches used in XAFS spectroscopy. The book covers sample preparation, data reduction, tips and tricks for data collection, fingerprinting, linear combination analysis, principal component analysis, and modeling using theoretical standards. It describes both near-edge (XANES) and extended (EXAFS) applications in detail. Examples throughout the text are drawn from diverse areas, including materials science, environmental science, structural biology, catalysis, nanoscience, chemistry, art, and archaeology. In addition, five case studies from the literature demonstrate the use of XAFS principles and analysis in practice. The text includes derivations and sample calculations to foster a deeper comprehension of the results. Whether you are encountering this technique for the first time or looking to hone your craft, this innovative and engaging book gives you insight on implementing XAFS spectroscopy and interpreting XAFS experiments and results. It helps you understand real-world trade-offs and the reasons behind common rules of thumb.

X ray Absorption Spectroscopy for the Chemical and Materials Sciences

X ray Absorption Spectroscopy for the Chemical and Materials Sciences Author John Evans
ISBN-10 9781119990901
Release 2018-02-12
Pages 224
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A clear-cut introduction to the technique and applications of x-ray absorption spectroscopy X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy is being applied to a widening set of disciplines. Applications started with solid state physics and grew to materials science, chemistry, biochemistry and geology. Now, they cut across engineering materials, environmental science and national heritage — providing very detailed and useful information facilitating understanding and development of materials. This practical guide helps investigators choose the right experiment, carry it out properly and analyze the data to give the best reliable result. It gives readers insights to extract what they need from the world of large-scale experimental facilities like synchrotrons, which seem distant to many laboratory scientists. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy for the Chemical and Materials Sciences seeks to educate readers about the strengths and limitations of the techniques, including their accessibility. Presented in six sections, it offers chapters that cover: an introduction to X-ray absorption fine structure XAFS; the basis of XAFS; X-ray sources; experimental methods; data analysis and simulation methods; and case studies. A no-nonsense introduction to the technique and applications of x-ray absorption spectroscopy Features Questions to support learning through the book Relevant to all working on synchrotron sources and applications in physics, materials, environment/geology and biomedical materials Four-color representation allows easy interpretation of images and data for the reader X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy for the Chemical and Materials Sciences is aimed at Masters-level and PhD students embarking on X-ray spectroscopy projects as well as scientists in areas of materials characterization.

Handbook of Practical X Ray Fluorescence Analysis

Handbook of Practical X Ray Fluorescence Analysis Author Burkhard Beckhoff
ISBN-10 9783540367222
Release 2007-05-18
Pages 863
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X-Ray fluorescence analysis is an established technique for non-destructive elemental materials analysis. This book gives a user-oriented practical guidance to the application of this method. The book gives a survey of the theoretical fundamentals, analytical instrumentation, software for data processing, various excitation regimes including gracing incidents and microfocus measurements, quantitative analysis, applications in routine and micro analysis, mineralogy, biology, medicine, criminal investigations, archeology, metallurgy, abrasion, microelectronics, environmental air and water analysis. This book is the bible of X-Ray fluorescence analysis. It gives the basic knowledge on this technique, information on analytical equipment and guides the reader to the various applications. It appeals to researchers, analytically active engineers and advanced students.

Soft X Ray Spectromicroscopy of Environmental and Biological Samples

Soft X Ray Spectromicroscopy of Environmental and Biological Samples Author Julia Sedlmair
ISBN-10 9783863950361
Release 2011
Pages 134
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Soft X Ray Spectromicroscopy of Environmental and Biological Samples has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Soft X Ray Spectromicroscopy of Environmental and Biological Samples also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Soft X Ray Spectromicroscopy of Environmental and Biological Samples book for free.

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization Author C. R. Brundle
ISBN-10 0750691689
Release 1992
Pages 751
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Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization is a comprehensive volume on analytical techniques used in materials science for the characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films. This flagship volume in the Materials Characterization Series is a unique, stand-alone reference for materials science practitioners, process engineers, students and anyone with a need to know about the capabilities available in materials analysis. An encyclopedia of 50 concise articles, this book will also be a practical companion to the forthcoming books in the Series. It describes widely-ranging techniques in a jargon-free manner and includes summary pages for each technique to supply a quick survey of its capabilities.

Synchrotron Radiation Applications

Synchrotron Radiation Applications Author Zhang Xinyi
ISBN-10 9789813227682
Release 2018-03-20
Pages 668
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This is a research-level review volume. It presents both the fundamentals and the advanced research results, covering most part of important aspects of synchrotron radiation applications. Among the broad subjects of synchrotron radiation applications, as the main content of this book we have applications in VUV, soft X-rays, hard X-rays and XFEL (X-ray free electron laser) and important applications by various synchrotron-based techniques and methods, such as ARPES (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy), VUV photo-ionization spectroscopy, X-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy and X-ray absorption fine structure, X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering, X-ray excited optical luminescence, imaging and high pressure techniques. Contents: Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy Study Utilizing the Synchrotron Radiation (Yan Zhang, Dawei Shen, and Donglai Feng) Synchrotron-Based VUV Photoionization Mass Spectrometry in Combustion Chemistry Research (Nils Hansen, Bin Yang, and Tina Kasper) Developments on Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction (Qiyun Xie and Xiaoshan Wu) Structural Biology and Synchrotron Radiation (Zihe Rao and Zhiyong Lou) Fluorescence Detected XAS — Unconventional Applications (Hiroyuki Oyanagi) The Application of X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy in Functional Materials (Zhihu Sun, Xinyi Zhang, and Shiqiang Wei) Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Its Applications (Zhonghua Wu and Xueqing Xing) Crystal-Based X-Ray Medical Imaging Using Synchrotron Radiation and Its Future Prospect (Masami Ando, Naoki Sunaguchi, Yongjin Sung, Daisuke Shimao, Jong-Ki Kim, Gang Li, Yoshifumi Suzuki, Tetsuya Yuasa, Kensaku Mori, Shu Ichihara and Rajiv Gupta) X-Ray Imaging and Its Applications (Tiqiao Xiao and Honglan Xie) Synchrotron Radiation Applications in Medicine (Yifeng Peng, Liangqi Wang, Chenglin Liu, Alberto Bravin, Gang Li, Shaoliang Chen, Yongting Wang, Guo-Yuan Yang and Xinyi Zhang) Synchrotron Radiation Applications on High-Pressure Research (Bo Zou, Kai Wang, Shourui Li and Guangtian Zou) X-Ray Excited Optical Luminescence and Its Applications (Lijia Liu and Xuhui Sun) A Compact X-Ray Free-Electron Laser: SACLA (Hitoshi Tanaka, Takashi Tanaka, Kei Sawada, Makina Yabashi, and Tetsuya Ishikawa) Femtosecond Imaging of Single Particles and Molecules Using X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers (Andrew V Martin and N Duane Loh) Readership: Graduate students and professionals working on synchrotron radiation. Keywords: Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES);Coherent Diffractive Imaging (CDI);Combustion;Detactor Development;Free-Electron Laser;High Pressure;Medical Imaging;Nanomaterials;Photoemission Spectroscopy;Protein Crystallography;Serial Femtosecond Crystallography (SFX);Single Particles and Molecules;Small Angle X-Ray Scattering;Strongly Correlated Materials;Surface X-Ray Diffraction;Synchrotron Radiation Applications;Table Top X-Ray Source;VUV Photoionization Mass Spectrometry;X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (XAFS);X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS);X-Ray Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL);X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)Review: Key Features: The book contains the latest synchrotron-based techniques and research results All contributors are specialists or leading scientists in their fields The book includes new techniques and methods that will potentially get wider applications in various disciplines

An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation

An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation Author Philip Willmott, PhD
ISBN-10 9781119972860
Release 2011-06-15
Pages 368
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This book introduces the reader to the basic concepts of the generation and manipulation of synchrotron light, its interaction with matter, and the application of synchrotron light in the “classical” techniques, while including some of the most modern technological developments. As much as possible, complicated mathematical derivations and formulas are avoided. A more heuristic approach is adopted, whereby the general physical reasoning behind the equations is highlighted. Key features: A general introduction to synchrotron radiation and experimental techniques using synchrotron radiation Contains many detailed “worked examples” from the literature Of interest for a broad audience - synchrotrons are possibly one of the best examples of multidisciplinary research Four-colour presentation throughout

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy

X Ray Absorption and X Ray Emission Spectroscopy Author Jeroen A. van Bokhoven
ISBN-10 9781118844281
Release 2016-01-14
Pages 896
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During the last two decades, remarkable and often spectacular progress has been made in the methodological and instrumental aspects of x–ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. This progress includes considerable technological improvements in the design and production of detectors especially with the development and expansion of large-scale synchrotron reactors All this has resulted in improved analytical performance and new applications, as well as in the perspective of a dramatic enhancement in the potential of x–ray based analysis techniques for the near future. This comprehensive two-volume treatise features articles that explain the phenomena and describe examples of X–ray absorption and emission applications in several fields, including chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis, amorphous and liquid systems, synchrotron radiation, and surface phenomena. Contributors explain the underlying theory, how to set up X–ray absorption experiments, and how to analyze the details of the resulting spectra. X-Ray Absorption and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications: Combines the theory, instrumentation and applications of x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies which offer unique diagnostics to study almost any object in the Universe. Is the go-to reference book in the subject for all researchers across multi-disciplines since intense beams from modern sources have revolutionized x-ray science in recent years Is relevant to students, postdocurates and researchers working on x-rays and related synchrotron sources and applications in materials, physics, medicine, environment/geology, and biomedical materials

X ray and Neutron Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization

X ray and Neutron Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization Author Challa S.S.R. Kumar
ISBN-10 9783662486061
Release 2016-10-13
Pages 830
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Fifth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about X-ray and Neutron Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

EXAFS Spectroscopy

EXAFS Spectroscopy Author B. K. Teo
ISBN-10 9781475712384
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 275
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This book on Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) Spectroscopy grew out of a symposium, with the same title, organized by us at the 1979 Meeting of the Materials Research Society (MRS) in Boston, MA. That meeting provided not only an overview of the theory, instrumentation and practice of EXAFS Spectroscopy as currently employed with photon beams, but also a forum for a valuable dialogue between those using the conventional approach and those breaking fresh ground by using electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) for EXAFS studies. This book contains contributions from both of these groups and provides the interested reader with a detailed treatment of all aspects of EXAFS spectroscopy, from the theory, through consideration of the instrumentation for both photon and electron beam purposes, to detailed descriptions of the applications and physical limitations of these techniques. While some of the material was originally presented at the MRS meeting all of the chapters have been specially written for this book and contain much that is new and significant.

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Material Sciences

Spectroscopic Methods in Mineralogy and Material Sciences Author Grant Henderson
ISBN-10 9781614517863
Release 2014-11-21
Pages 818
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Volume 78 covers significant advances in the technological aspects and applications of spectroscopic and microscopic techniques used in the Earth and Materials Sciences.

Chemistry at Extreme Conditions

Chemistry at Extreme Conditions Author M.R. Manaa
ISBN-10 0080456995
Release 2005-03-02
Pages 536
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Chemistry at Extreme Conditions covers those chemical processes that occur in the pressure regime of 0.5–200 GPa and temperature range of 500–5000 K and includes such varied phenomena as comet collisions, synthesis of super-hard materials, detonation and combustion of energetic materials, and organic conversions in the interior of planets. The book provides an insight into this active and exciting field of research. Written by top researchers in the field, the book covers state of the art experimental advances in high-pressure technology, from shock physics to laser-heating techniques to study the nature of the chemical bond in transient processes. The chapters have been conventionally organised into four broad themes of applications: biological and bioinorganic systems; Experimental works on the transformations in small molecular systems; Theoretical methods and computational modeling of shock-compressed materials; and experimental and computational approaches in energetic materials research. * Extremely practical book containing up-to-date research in high-pressure science * Includes chapters on recent advances in computer modelling * Review articles can be used as reference guide

Biomineralization Sourcebook

Biomineralization Sourcebook Author Elaine DiMasi
ISBN-10 9781466518353
Release 2014-02-25
Pages 432
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What does it mean to be at the forefront of a characterization technique? Novel implementation and research, finding new ways to visualize composites, and new techniques all play a role. Yet with the myriad of advances in the field, keeping up with new and advanced techniques, often from many different areas, has become a challenge. Biomineralization Sourcebook: Characterization of Biominerals and Biomimetic Materials emphasizes the interplay between multiple techniques at their current frontiers and explores how such studies may be carried out. The book addresses atomic and molecular structure: how it is described, detected, and assessed for importance. It then highlights additional measurements especially well-suited to looking at two- and three-dimensional systems with heterogeneous, if not hierarchical, structure. These systems enable particular aspects of biominerals and biomimetic models to be scrutinized. The text presents state-of-the-art methods to assess properties of the composite, and represents current approaches and aspirations to measuring entire biological working structures while retaining as much fine-grained biophysical information as possible. In all these chapters, authors showcase discoveries from their own programs. Along the way, the book takes you on a tour from microscopy's eighteenth century roots, to the recent literature and diverse research programs of the contributing investigators, to the multi-million dollar National Laboratory facilities that all play their roles to illuminate the ever-fascinating biominerals. A snapshot of the state of the art in a spectrum of experimental techniques applied to a common interdisciplinary goal, where the ability to use the more advanced techniques often requires funding for collaboration and travel, the book will deepen the appreciation for the massive interdisciplinary effort underway, educate researchers across the field, and motivate new collaborations.

EXAFS Basic Principles and Data Analysis

EXAFS  Basic Principles and Data Analysis Author Boon K. Teo
ISBN-10 9783642500312
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 349
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The phenomenon of Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) has been known for some time and was first treated theoretically by Kronig in the 1930s. Recent developments, initiated by Sayers, Stern, and Lytle in the early 1970s, have led to the recognition of the structural content of this technique. At the same time, the availability of synchrotron radiation has greatly improved both the acquisition and the quality of the EXAFS data over those obtainable from conventional X-ray sources. Such developments have established EXAFS as a powerful tool for structure studies. EXAFS has been successfully applied to a wide range of significant scientific and technological systems in many diverse fields such as inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, catalysis, material sciences, etc. It is extremely useful for systems where single-crystal diffraction techniques are not readily applicable (e.g., gas, liquid, solution, amorphous and polycrystalline solids, surfaces, polymer, etc.). Despite the fact that the EXAFS technique and applications have matured tremendously over the past decade or so, no introductory textbook exists. EXAFS: Basic Principles and Data Analysis represents my modest attempt to fill such a gap. In this book, I aim to introduce the subject matter to the novice and to help alleviate the confusion in EXAFS data analysis, which, although becoming more and more routine, is still a rather tricky endeavor and may, at times, discourage the beginners.

Theory of Inelastic Scattering and Absorption of X rays

Theory of Inelastic Scattering and Absorption of X rays Author Michel van Veenendaal
ISBN-10 9781107033559
Release 2015-01-26
Pages 237
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Self-contained and comprehensive, this is the definitive guide to the theory behind X-ray spectroscopy.