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Inventing Intelligence

Inventing Intelligence Author Paul Michael Privateer
ISBN-10 9781405152303
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 280
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What is intelligence? What makes humans Homo sapiens — the intelligent species?Inventing Intelligence is a bold deconstruction of the history of intelligence. Uncoupling our understanding of this most familiar concept from its traditional social science moorings, this book trains a cultural studies lens on intelligence to expose it as yet another form of representation. Inventing Intelligence charts the history of intelligence from its earliest articulations through to postmodern AI. Individual chapters recount the loving spheres of divine intelligence imagined by Plato, the self-conscious stylings of the Renaissance Man, the politics of intelligence in the Enlightenment, as well as contemporary assessments of digital intelligence and the mysterious adventure of Einstein’s brain. Ambitious in its historical sweep, unflinching in its challenge to conventional wisdom, Inventing Intelligence is for everyone and anyone who used to think that the parameters and the stakes of intelligence—evident in the current controversy over “intelligent” design—had been negotiated and finalized.



Inventing the Egghead

Inventing the Egghead Author Aaron Lecklider
ISBN-10 9780812244861
Release 2013-03-12
Pages 285
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Throughout the twentieth century, popular songs, magazine articles, plays, posters, and novels alternated between representing intelligence as empowering and as threatening. In Inventing the Egghead, Aaron Lecklider cracks open this paradox by examining representations of intelligence to reveal brainpower's stalwart appeal and influence.



Computational collective intelligence

Computational collective intelligence Author Tadeusz M. Szuba
ISBN-10 0471349666
Release 2001-03-07
Pages 397
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This volume presents for the first time a complete theory of collective intelligence, helping to explain this growing area of non-deterministic computing. The author brings together ideas from different areas, making this a useful resource not only for computer scientists, but also for researchers working on problems in machine learning and artificial intelligence. Random PROLOG Processor (RPP) is used to illustrate the theory.



IQ and the Wealth of Nations

IQ and the Wealth of Nations Author Richard Lynn
ISBN-10 027597510X
Release 2002
Pages 298
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Lynn and Vanhanen argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence (national IQs). Based on an extensive survey of national IQ tests, the results of their study challenge the previous theories of economic development and provide a new basis to evaluate the prospects of economic development throughout the world.



Inventing Intelligence How America Came to Worship IQ

Inventing Intelligence  How America Came to Worship IQ Author Elaine E. Castles
ISBN-10 9781440803383
Release 2012-06-06
Pages 197
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The use and misuse of IQ tests has long been a subject of contention in the scientific and social communities, particularly because these evaluations favor intelligence at the expense of other valuable human qualities. This is the first book of its kind to examine the historical development of our modern concept of intelligence and to explore America's fascination with the controversial exams that purport to measure it. • A detailed assessment of the century-long debate over IQ tests and their uses • Interdisciplinary content covering psychology, history, science, and sociology • A collection of popular opinions of intelligence assessment from professionals, pundits, and politicians • A chronological look at the concept of intelligence and at the process through which Americans have come to worship it



The Genius Within

The Genius Within Author David Adam
ISBN-10 9781509805044
Release 2018-02-08
Pages
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From the Sunday Times bestselling author of The Man Who Couldn't Stop. 'Witty, sharp and enlightening . . . This book will make you smarter' Adam Rutherford. What if you have more intelligence than you realize? What if there is a genius inside you, just waiting to be released? And what if the route to better brain power is not hard work or thousands of hours of practice but to simply swallow a pill? In The Genius Within, bestselling author David Adam explores the ground-breaking neuroscience of cognitive enhancement that is changing the way the brain and the mind works – to make it better, sharper, more focused and, yes, more intelligent. Sharing his own experiments with revolutionary smart drugs and electrical brain stimulation, he delves into the sinister history of intelligence tests, meets savants and brain hackers and reveals how he boosted his own IQ to cheat his way into Mensa. Going to the heart of how we consider, measure and judge mental ability, The Genius Within asks difficult questions about the science that could rank and define us, and inevitably shape our future.



Medieval Philosophy

Medieval Philosophy Author John F. Wippel
ISBN-10 9780029356500
Release 1969-01
Pages 487
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Wippel and Wolter are perhaps the most respected names in metaphysical thought of the middle ages.



Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are

Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are Author Frans de Waal
ISBN-10 9780393246193
Release 2016-04-25
Pages 320
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A New York Times Bestseller From world-renowned biologist and primatologist Frans de Waal, a groundbreaking work on animal intelligence destined to become a classic. What separates your mind from an animal’s? Maybe you think it’s your ability to design tools, your sense of self, or your grasp of past and future—all traits that have helped us define ourselves as the planet’s preeminent species. But in recent decades, these claims have eroded, or even been disproven outright, by a revolution in the study of animal cognition. Take the way octopuses use coconut shells as tools; elephants that classify humans by age, gender, and language; or Ayumu, the young male chimpanzee at Kyoto University whose flash memory puts that of humans to shame. Based on research involving crows, dolphins, parrots, sheep, wasps, bats, whales, and of course chimpanzees and bonobos, Frans de Waal explores both the scope and the depth of animal intelligence. He offers a firsthand account of how science has stood traditional behaviorism on its head by revealing how smart animals really are, and how we’ve underestimated their abilities for too long. People often assume a cognitive ladder, from lower to higher forms, with our own intelligence at the top. But what if it is more like a bush, with cognition taking different forms that are often incomparable to ours? Would you presume yourself dumber than a squirrel because you’re less adept at recalling the locations of hundreds of buried acorns? Or would you judge your perception of your surroundings as more sophisticated than that of a echolocating bat? De Waal reviews the rise and fall of the mechanistic view of animals and opens our minds to the idea that animal minds are far more intricate and complex than we have assumed. De Waal’s landmark work will convince you to rethink everything you thought you knew about animal—and human—intelligence.



A guide to teaching introductory psychology

A guide to teaching introductory psychology Author Sandra Goss Lucas
ISBN-10 140515151X
Release 2008-05-09
Pages 311
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A Guide to Teaching Introductory Psychology focuses on the critical aspects of teaching introductory psychology to undergraduate students. It includes ideas, tips, and strategies for effectively teaching this course and provides useful answers to commonly asked questions. A concise and accessible guide to teaching introductory courses in Psychology Begins with an orienting history of the course· Evaluates current trends in teaching and offers suggestions for developing personal techniques Addresses a number of relevant issues, including how to teach difficult topics; linking course content to everyday experience; developing and using class presentations, lectures, and active learning ideas; and increasing interest in course topics Supported by a website that provides links to useful websites and handouts that instructors can use in their classes (www.blackwellpublishing.com/teachpsychscience/lucas)



Early Modern Capitalism

Early Modern Capitalism Author Maarten Roy Prak
ISBN-10 9780415217149
Release 2001-01
Pages 236
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Annotation. An international board of contributors underline the diversity in the economic experiences of early modern Europeans, and suggest how this variety might be the foundation of a new conception of economic and social change.



Augmented

Augmented Author Brett King
ISBN-10 9789814677585
Release 2016-05-15
Pages
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The Internet and smartphone are just the latest in a 250-year- long cycle of disruption that has continuously changed the way we live, the way we work and the way we interact. The coming Augmented Age, however, promises a level of disruption, behavioural shifts and changes that are unparalleled. While consumers today are camping outside of an Apple store waiting to be one of the first to score a new Apple Watch or iPhone, the next generation of wearables will be able to predict if we’re likely to have a heart attack and recommend a course of action. We watch news of Google’s self-driving cars, but don’t likely realise this means progressive cities will have to ban human drivers in the next decade because us humans are too risky. Following on from the Industrial or machine age, the space age and the digital age, the Augmented Age will be based on four key disruptive themes—Artificial Intelligence, Experience Design, Smart Infrastructure, and HealthTech. Historically the previous ‘ages’ bought significant disruption and changes, but on a net basis jobs were created, wealth was enhanced, and the health and security of society improved. What will the Augmented Age bring? Will robots take our jobs, and AI’s subsume us as inferior intelligences, or will this usher in a new age of abundance? Augmented is a book on future history, but more than that, it is a story about how you will live your life in a world that will change more in the next 20 years than it has in the last 250 years. Are you ready to adapt? Because if history proves anything, you don't have much of a choice.



The Cambridge History of Science Volume 7 The Modern Social Sciences

The Cambridge History of Science  Volume 7  The Modern Social Sciences Author Theodore M. Porter
ISBN-10 0521594421
Release 2003-08-04
Pages 762
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An account of the history of the social sciences since the late eighteenth century.



The Politics of Western Science 1640 1990

The Politics of Western Science  1640 1990 Author Margaret C. Jacob
ISBN-10 1573924059
Release 1994-05-01
Pages 241
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Science has never been conducted with quite the cold objectivity of popular imagination. On the contrary, as the authors in The Politics of Western Science set out to show, science has always been carried out within a relationship which maintains a dialogue with the political issues of its particular time. The collection provides an overview for the nonspecialist showing just how political choices have influenced scientific ideas and their uses, and the ways in which national styles of science, as well as beliefs and ideologies, have shaped the contours of science over three hundred years.



Our Final Invention

Our Final Invention Author James Barrat
ISBN-10 9780312622374
Release 2013-10-01
Pages 336
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A documentary filmmaker, bringing together Artificial Intelligence experts from around the world, explores the terrifying possibility of catastrophic outcomes once we share the planet with intelligent machines who are smarter and more powerful than we could ever have imagined. 25,000 first printing.



Epistola Posteritati

Epistola Posteritati Author K. A. E. Enenkel
ISBN-10 9042007923
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 299
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One of the most noticeable features of the Renaissance is what Jacob Burckhardt called the rise of the individual - in politics and religion, in its social life and in the arts, and in the mentality of Renaissance man, with his inclination to explore, to invent and to make new discoveries. Yet this characteristic is also very puzzling to modern people, who see that although the categories of art which depict particular people increased to a spectacular degree in a period when biography and portrait painting were among the most popular genres, and autobiography began to emerge as a genre in itself and painters began to produce self-portraits, an interest individuals is not necessarily the same thing as the more recent interest in the purely personal aspects of individuals. Literary and artistic traditions, social and ideological backgrounds, and the motives for the production of literature have changed profoundly: Renaissance biography and autobiography, portraiture and self-portraiture have little to do with their modern counterparts. Therefore this book stresses that the Renaissance is not predominantly a mirror of modernity, but rather a period of stimulating difference or alterity. The contributors to this collection of essays aim to create a better understanding of Renaissance biographies and portraits through the analysis and reconstruction of the traditions, contexts, backgrounds and circumstances of their production.



The Cambridge Companion to Bacon

The Cambridge Companion to Bacon Author Markku Peltonen
ISBN-10 052143534X
Release 1996-04-26
Pages 372
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New readers and specialists alike will find this the most convenient and accessible guide to Bacon available.



Observing Complexity

Observing Complexity Author William Rasch
ISBN-10 9781452903927
Release 2000
Pages 308
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The rubric of systems theory brings together conceptual models and approaches in the sciences and social sciences that study complexity. It attempts to provide a coherent means of describing all systems, whether organic or inorganic, and offers a theory of knowledge that can account for the integration of humans in the social, informational, and ecological systems in which we are enmeshed. An introduction to the major concepts and foremost thinkers of systems theory, this book brings systems theory into interaction with the major figures of postmodern theory. The format is multiplex and open -- a rich montage, including interviews, exemplary essays, and staged dialogues. Throughout, the writers' aim is not to solidity theory but to provide a thorough explication and an open-ended exploration of how systems theory can address, in a fresh and productive way, theoretical questions that too often have led to impasses between different schools of postmodern theory.