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Inventing Intelligence

Inventing Intelligence Author Paul Michael Privateer
ISBN-10 9781405152303
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 280
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What is intelligence? What makes humans Homo sapiens — the intelligent species?Inventing Intelligence is a bold deconstruction of the history of intelligence. Uncoupling our understanding of this most familiar concept from its traditional social science moorings, this book trains a cultural studies lens on intelligence to expose it as yet another form of representation. Inventing Intelligence charts the history of intelligence from its earliest articulations through to postmodern AI. Individual chapters recount the loving spheres of divine intelligence imagined by Plato, the self-conscious stylings of the Renaissance Man, the politics of intelligence in the Enlightenment, as well as contemporary assessments of digital intelligence and the mysterious adventure of Einstein’s brain. Ambitious in its historical sweep, unflinching in its challenge to conventional wisdom, Inventing Intelligence is for everyone and anyone who used to think that the parameters and the stakes of intelligence—evident in the current controversy over “intelligent” design—had been negotiated and finalized.



Inventing the Egghead

Inventing the Egghead Author Aaron Lecklider
ISBN-10 9780812244861
Release 2013-03-12
Pages 285
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Throughout the twentieth century, popular songs, magazine articles, plays, posters, and novels alternated between representing intelligence as empowering and as threatening. In Inventing the Egghead, Aaron Lecklider cracks open this paradox by examining representations of intelligence to reveal brainpower's stalwart appeal and influence.



Inventing Intelligence How America Came to Worship IQ

Inventing Intelligence  How America Came to Worship IQ Author Elaine E. Castles
ISBN-10 9781440803383
Release 2012-06-06
Pages 197
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The use and misuse of IQ tests has long been a subject of contention in the scientific and social communities, particularly because these evaluations favor intelligence at the expense of other valuable human qualities. This is the first book of its kind to examine the historical development of our modern concept of intelligence and to explore America's fascination with the controversial exams that purport to measure it. • A detailed assessment of the century-long debate over IQ tests and their uses • Interdisciplinary content covering psychology, history, science, and sociology • A collection of popular opinions of intelligence assessment from professionals, pundits, and politicians • A chronological look at the concept of intelligence and at the process through which Americans have come to worship it



Computational collective intelligence

Computational collective intelligence Author Tadeusz M. Szuba
ISBN-10 0471349666
Release 2001-03-07
Pages 397
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This volume presents for the first time a complete theory of collective intelligence, helping to explain this growing area of non-deterministic computing. The author brings together ideas from different areas, making this a useful resource not only for computer scientists, but also for researchers working on problems in machine learning and artificial intelligence. Random PROLOG Processor (RPP) is used to illustrate the theory.



IQ and the Wealth of Nations

IQ and the Wealth of Nations Author Richard Lynn
ISBN-10 027597510X
Release 2002
Pages 298
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Lynn and Vanhanen argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence (national IQs). Based on an extensive survey of national IQ tests, the results of their study challenge the previous theories of economic development and provide a new basis to evaluate the prospects of economic development throughout the world.



Augmented

Augmented Author Brett King
ISBN-10 9789814677585
Release 2016-05-15
Pages
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The Internet and smartphone are just the latest in a 250-year- long cycle of disruption that has continuously changed the way we live, the way we work and the way we interact. The coming Augmented Age, however, promises a level of disruption, behavioural shifts and changes that are unparalleled. While consumers today are camping outside of an Apple store waiting to be one of the first to score a new Apple Watch or iPhone, the next generation of wearables will be able to predict if we’re likely to have a heart attack and recommend a course of action. We watch news of Google’s self-driving cars, but don’t likely realise this means progressive cities will have to ban human drivers in the next decade because us humans are too risky. Following on from the Industrial or machine age, the space age and the digital age, the Augmented Age will be based on four key disruptive themes—Artificial Intelligence, Experience Design, Smart Infrastructure, and HealthTech. Historically the previous ‘ages’ bought significant disruption and changes, but on a net basis jobs were created, wealth was enhanced, and the health and security of society improved. What will the Augmented Age bring? Will robots take our jobs, and AI’s subsume us as inferior intelligences, or will this usher in a new age of abundance? Augmented is a book on future history, but more than that, it is a story about how you will live your life in a world that will change more in the next 20 years than it has in the last 250 years. Are you ready to adapt? Because if history proves anything, you don't have much of a choice.



A guide to teaching introductory psychology

A guide to teaching introductory psychology Author Sandra Goss Lucas
ISBN-10 1405151501
Release 2008-06-03
Pages 328
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A Guide to Teaching Introductory Psychology focuses on the critical aspects of teaching introductory psychology to undergraduate students. It includes ideas, tips, and strategies for effectively teaching this course and provides useful answers to commonly asked questions. A concise and accessible guide to teaching introductory courses in Psychology Begins with an orienting history of the course? Evaluates current trends in teaching and offers suggestions for developing personal techniques Addresses a number of relevant issues, including how to teach difficult topics; linking course content to everyday experience; developing and using class presentations, lectures, and active learning ideas; and increasing interest in course topics Supported by a website that provides links to useful websites and handouts that instructors can use in their classes (http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/teachpsychscience/lucas/)



Early Modern Capitalism

Early Modern Capitalism Author Maarten Roy Prak
ISBN-10 9780415217149
Release 2001-01
Pages 236
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Annotation. An international board of contributors underline the diversity in the economic experiences of early modern Europeans, and suggest how this variety might be the foundation of a new conception of economic and social change.



Our Final Invention

Our Final Invention Author James Barrat
ISBN-10 9780312622374
Release 2013-10-01
Pages 336
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A documentary filmmaker, bringing together Artificial Intelligence experts from around the world, explores the terrifying possibility of catastrophic outcomes once we share the planet with intelligent machines who are smarter and more powerful than we could ever have imagined. 25,000 first printing.



The Cambridge History of Science Volume 7 The Modern Social Sciences

The Cambridge History of Science  Volume 7  The Modern Social Sciences Author Theodore M. Porter
ISBN-10 0521594421
Release 2003-08-04
Pages 762
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An account of the history of the social sciences since the late eighteenth century.



Epistola Posteritati

Epistola Posteritati Author K. A. E. Enenkel
ISBN-10 9042007923
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 299
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One of the most noticeable features of the Renaissance is what Jacob Burckhardt called the rise of the individual - in politics and religion, in its social life and in the arts, and in the mentality of Renaissance man, with his inclination to explore, to invent and to make new discoveries. Yet this characteristic is also very puzzling to modern people, who see that although the categories of art which depict particular people increased to a spectacular degree in a period when biography and portrait painting were among the most popular genres, and autobiography began to emerge as a genre in itself and painters began to produce self-portraits, an interest individuals is not necessarily the same thing as the more recent interest in the purely personal aspects of individuals. Literary and artistic traditions, social and ideological backgrounds, and the motives for the production of literature have changed profoundly: Renaissance biography and autobiography, portraiture and self-portraiture have little to do with their modern counterparts. Therefore this book stresses that the Renaissance is not predominantly a mirror of modernity, but rather a period of stimulating difference or alterity. The contributors to this collection of essays aim to create a better understanding of Renaissance biographies and portraits through the analysis and reconstruction of the traditions, contexts, backgrounds and circumstances of their production.



The Politics of Western Science 1640 1990

The Politics of Western Science  1640 1990 Author Margaret C. Jacob
ISBN-10 1573924059
Release 1994-05-01
Pages 241
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Science has never been conducted with quite the cold objectivity of popular imagination. On the contrary, as the authors in The Politics of Western Science set out to show, science has always been carried out within a relationship which maintains a dialogue with the political issues of its particular time. The collection provides an overview for the nonspecialist showing just how political choices have influenced scientific ideas and their uses, and the ways in which national styles of science, as well as beliefs and ideologies, have shaped the contours of science over three hundred years.



The Cambridge Companion to Bacon

The Cambridge Companion to Bacon Author Markku Peltonen
ISBN-10 052143534X
Release 1996-04-26
Pages 372
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New readers and specialists alike will find this the most convenient and accessible guide to Bacon available.



Nineteenth Century Science

Nineteenth Century Science Author A.S. Weber
ISBN-10 1551111659
Release 2000-03-10
Pages 512
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Nineteenth-Century Science is a science anthology which provides over 30 selections from original 19th-century scientific monographs, textbooks and articles written by such authors as Charles Darwin, Mary Somerville, J.W. Goethe, John Dalton, Charles Lyell and Hermann von Helmholtz. The volume surveys scientific discovery and thought from Jean-Baptiste Lamarck’s theory of evolution of 1809 to the isolation of radium by Marie and Pierre Curie in 1898. Each selection opens with a biographical introduction, situating each scientist and discovery within the context of history and culture of the period. Each entry is also followed by a list of further suggested reading on the topic. A broad range of technical and popular material has been included, from Mendeleev’s detailed description of the periodic table to Faraday’s highly accessible lecture for young people on the chemistry of a burning candle. The anthology will be of interest to the general reader who would like to explore in detail the scientific, cultural, and intellectual development of the nineteenth-century, as well as to students and teachers who specialize in the science, literature, history, or sociology of the period. The book provides examples from all the disciplines of western science-chemistry, physics, medicine, astronomy, biology, evolutionary theory, etc. The majority of the entries consist of complete, unabridged journal articles or book chapters from original 19th-century scientific texts.



Smart Cities

Smart Cities Author Antoine Picon
ISBN-10 9781119075592
Release 2015-11-16
Pages 168
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As cities compete globally, the Smart City has been touted as the important new strategic driver for regeneration and growth. Smart Cities are employing information and communication technologies in the quest for sustainable economic development and the fostering of new forms of collective life. This has made the Smart City an essential focus for engineers, architects, urban designers, urban planners, and politicians, as well as businesses such as CISCO, IBM and Siemens. Despite its broad appeal, few comprehensive books have been devoted to the subject so far, and even fewer have tried to relate it to cultural issues and to assume a truly critical stance by trying to decipher its consequences on urban space and experience. This cultural and critical lens is all the more important as the Smart City is as much an ideal permeated by Utopian beliefs as a concrete process of urban transformation. This ideal possesses a strong self-fulfilling character: our cities will become ‘Smart’ because we want them to. This book opens with an examination of the technological reality on which Smart Cities are built, from the chips and sensors that enable us to monitor what happens within the infrastructure to the smartphones that connect individuals. Through these technologies, the urban space appears as activated, almost sentient. This activation generates two contrasting visions: on the one hand, a neo-cybernetic ambition to steer the city in the most efficient way; and on the other, a more bottom-up, participative approach in which empowered individuals invent new modes of cooperation. A thorough analysis of these two trends reveals them to be complementary. The Smart City of the near future will result from their mutual adjustment. In this process, urban space plays a decisive role. Smart Cities are contemporary with a ‘spatial turn’ of the digital. Based on key technological developments like geo-localisation and augmented reality, the rising importance of space explains the strategic role of mapping in the evolution of the urban experience. Throughout this exploration of some of the key dimensions of the Smart City, this book constantly moves from the technological to the spatial as well as from a critical assessment of existing experiments to speculations on the rise of a new form of collective intelligence. In the future, cities will become smarter in a much more literal way than what is often currently assumed.



The Genius Within

The Genius Within Author David Adam
ISBN-10 9781509805044
Release 2018-02-08
Pages
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From the Sunday Times bestselling author of The Man Who Couldn't Stop. 'Witty, sharp and enlightening . . . This book will make you smarter' Adam Rutherford. What if you have more intelligence than you realize? What if there is a genius inside you, just waiting to be released? And what if the route to better brain power is not hard work or thousands of hours of practice but to simply swallow a pill? In The Genius Within, bestselling author David Adam explores the ground-breaking neuroscience of cognitive enhancement that is changing the way the brain and the mind works – to make it better, sharper, more focused and, yes, more intelligent. Sharing his own experiments with revolutionary smart drugs and electrical brain stimulation, he delves into the sinister history of intelligence tests, meets savants and brain hackers and reveals how he boosted his own IQ to cheat his way into Mensa. Going to the heart of how we consider, measure and judge mental ability, The Genius Within asks difficult questions about the science that could rank and define us, and inevitably shape our future.



American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066180392
Release 2006
Pages
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American Book Publishing Record has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Book Publishing Record also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Book Publishing Record book for free.