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Ionic Liquid Bulk and Interface Properties

Ionic Liquid Bulk and Interface Properties Author Till Cremer
ISBN-10 9783319003801
Release 2013-06-17
Pages 170
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In this thesis, Till Cremer investigates the bulk properties of ionic liquids (IL), the IL/vacuum interface and the IL/solid interface. For these studies the author primarily uses angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. ILs represent a class of materials with unique physico-chemical properties. Many applications take advantage of the extremely low vapor pressure of aprotic ILs to fabricate permanent, non-volatile liquid coatings on solid materials. The author focuses on issues related to thin IL coatings, in particular concerning new catalytic concepts such as the supported ionic liquid phase (SILP) and solid catalyst with ionic liquid layer (SCILL) systems. Till Cremer presents a number of fundamental contributions to the new field of "Ionic Liquid Surface and Interface Science". Highlights are his results concerning anion/cation-interactions and the growth of ultrathin layers of ionic liquids on various substrates in the context of supported ionic liquid catalysis. His results have significantly contributed to the present level of understanding in the field and accordingly he is author and coauthor of ten publications on the topic in high-ranked journals.



Water in Confining Geometries

Water in Confining Geometries Author V. Buch
ISBN-10 9783662052310
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 472
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Written by leading experts in the field, this book gives a wide-ranging and coherent treatment of water in confining geometries. It compiles and relates interdisciplinary work on this hot topic of research important in many areas of science and technology.



Coulombic Fluids

Coulombic Fluids Author Werner Freyland
ISBN-10 3642177794
Release 2011-03-23
Pages 180
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Ionic liquids have attracted considerable interest in recent years. In this book the bulk and interfacial physico-chemical characteristics of various fluid systems dominated by Coulomb interactions are treated which includes molten salts, ionic liquids as well as metal-molten salt mixtures and expanded fluid metals. Of particular interest is the comparison of the different systems. Topics in the bulk phase concern the microscopic structure, the phase behaviour and critical phenomena, and the metal-nonmetal transition. Interfacial phenomena include wetting transitions, electrowetting, surface freezing, and the electrified ionic liquid/ electrode interface. With regard to the latter 2D and 3D electrochemical phase formation of metals and semi-conductors on the nanometer scale is described for a number of selected examples. The basic concepts and various experimental methods are introduced making the book suitable for both graduate students and researchers interested in Coulombic fluids.



New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth

New Perspectives on Mineral Nucleation and Growth Author Alexander van Driessche
ISBN-10 9783319456690
Release 2016-12-20
Pages 380
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In the last decade, numerous studies have demonstrated the existence of alternative pathways to nucleation and crystallisation that oppose the classical view. Such proposed scenarios include multistage reactions proceeding via various precursor species and/or intermediate phases. The aim of this book is to review and discuss these recent advances in our understanding of the early stages of mineralisation through a series of contributions that address both experimental and theoretical studies about the formation and nature of initial precursor species (e.g., prenucleation clusters, dense liquid phases, amorphous nanoparticles, etc.) as well as their transformations leading to the stable mineral phase. Several chapters are devoted to cutting-edge analytical techniques used for investigating the above processes in situ, in real time and at conditions relevant to both natural and industrial processes. At the end of the book, the editors summarize the key questions that still need to be addressed in order to establish a complete picture of the nucleation and growth processes involved during the formation of minerals



Ionic Liquids II

Ionic Liquids II Author Barbara Kirchner
ISBN-10 3319897934
Release 2018-09-04
Pages 279
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​The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.



Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015027832966
Release 1994
Pages
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Physics Briefs has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Physics Briefs also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Physics Briefs book for free.



Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces Author Harald Ibach
ISBN-10 9783540347101
Release 2006-11-18
Pages 646
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This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. It is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students. Written explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations.



Bionanocomposites for Packaging Applications

Bionanocomposites for Packaging Applications Author Mohammad Jawaid
ISBN-10 9783319673196
Release 2017-11-21
Pages 290
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This book presents a unified overview of eco-friendly bionanocomposites on the basis of characterization, design, manufacture, and application. It also explores replacing conventional materials with bionanocomposites with a focus on their use in packaging applications. In addition, the book broadens readers’ insights by providing illustrations and tables summarizing the latest research on the packaging applications of different bionanocomposites. By offering a detailed account of this field of research and describing real-world applications, it enables researchers, scientists, and professionals in industry to develop a more informed understanding of the need for bionanocomposites in the development of green, biodegradable, and sustainable packaging applications.



Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials Author Hans Lüth
ISBN-10 9783662031322
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 499
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Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials emphasises both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface and interface physics. Beside the techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces basic models for the description of structural, vibronic and electronic properties of interfaces are described, as well as fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth. Because of its importance for modern microelectronics special emphasis is placed on the electronic properties of semiconductor interfaces and heterostructures. Experimental topics covering the basics of ultrahigh-vacuum technology, electron optics, surface spectroscopies and electrical interface characterization techniques are presented in the form of separate panels.



Concepts in Catalysis

Concepts in Catalysis Author Sir Eric Keightley Rideal
ISBN-10 UCAL:B4477774
Release 1968
Pages 194
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Concepts in Catalysis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Concepts in Catalysis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Concepts in Catalysis book for free.



Molecular Devices for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage

Molecular Devices for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage Author Haining Tian
ISBN-10 9789811059247
Release 2017-09-14
Pages 531
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This book shows the different molecular devices used for solar energy conversion and storage and the important characterization techniques for this kind of device. It has five chapters describing representative molecule-based solar cells, such as organic solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells and hybrid solar cells (perovskite solar cell and quantum dots solar cells). It also includes two chapters demonstrating the use of molecular devices in the areas of solar fuel, water splitting and carbon dioxide reduction. There are further two chapters with interesting examples of solar energy storage related devices, like solar flow battery, solar capacitor and solar energy-thermal energy storage. Three chapters introduce important techniques used to characterize, investigate and evaluate the mechanism of molecular devices. The final chapter discusses the stability of perovskite solar cells. This book is relevant for a wide readership, and is particularly useful for students, researchers and industrial professionals who are working on molecular devices for solar energy utilization.



Interfacial Nanochemistry

Interfacial Nanochemistry Author Hitoshi Watarai
ISBN-10 9780387275413
Release 2006-03-30
Pages 321
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The history of the liquid-liquid interface on the earth might be as old as that of the liquid. It is plausible that the generation of the primitive cell membrane is responsible for an accidental advent of the oldest liquid interfaces, since various compounds can be concentrated by an adsorption at the interface. The presence of liquid-liquid interface means that real liquids are far from ideal liquids that must be miscible with any kinds of liquids and have no interface. Thus it can be said that the non-ideality of liquids might generate the liquid-liquid interface indeed and that biological systems might be generated from the non-ideal interface. The liquid-liquid interface has been, therefore, studied as a model of biological membrane. From pairing two-phases of gas, liquid and solid, nine different pairs can be obtained, which include three homo-pairs of gas-gas, liquid-liquid and solid-solid pairs. The gas-gas interface, however, is practically no use under the ordinary conditions. Among the interfaces produced by the pairing, the liquid-liquid interface is most slippery and difficult to be studied experimentally in comparison with the gas-liquid and solid-liquid interfaces, as the liquid-liquid interface is flexible, thin and buried between bulk liquid phases. Therefore, in order to study the liquid-liquid interface, the invention of innovative measurement methods has a primary importance.



Ionic Liquids Completely UnCOILed

Ionic Liquids Completely UnCOILed Author Natalia V. Plechkova
ISBN-10 9781118839980
Release 2015-12-10
Pages 592
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Critical overviews from the front line of ionic liquids research Ionic Liquids Completely UnCOILed: Critical Expert Overviews concludes the discussion of new processes and developments in ionic liquid technology introduced in the previously published volumes, Ionic Liquids UnCOILed and Ionic Liquids Further UnCOILed. The goal of this volume is to provide expert overviews that range from applied to theoretical, synthetic to structural, and analytical to toxicological. The value of book lies in the authors’ expertise, and their willingness to share it with the reader. Written by an international group of chemists, the book presents eleven overviews of specific areas of ionic liquid chemistry including: What is an Ionic Liquid? Molecular modelling Crystallography Chemical engineering of ionic liquid processes Toxicology and Biodegradation Organic reaction mechanisms Edited by Professor Ken Seddon and Dr Natalia Plechkova, world leaders in the field of ionic liquids, this book is a must read for R&D chemists, educators, and students, and for commercial developers of environmentally sustainable processes. It offers insight and appreciation for the direction in which the field is going, while also highlighting the best published works available, making it equally valuable to new and experienced chemists alike.



Surface Forces

Surface Forces Author Nikolai V. Churaev
ISBN-10 9781475766394
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 440
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This monograph is devoted to long-range surface forces sig nificant far beyond a single monolayer and felt over tens or even hundreds of molecular layers adjacent to an interface. The transi tion from the concept of short-range effects that reigned earlier to the concept of long-range forces simultaneously signified the transition from a two-dimensional world to a three-dimensional one, incomparably richer in physicochemical phenomena. This transition took many years and evolved through many steps. It began with the Gouy-Chapman theory of diffuse ionic atmospheres, which together with London's theory of molecular forces was used as a basis for the development (beginning in 1937) of the DLVO theory of stability of lyophobic colloids. Further elaboration of the theory involved the introduction of new types of force, and a generalization (in 1954) to the case of interaction between unlike particles (hetero coagulation). This theory is fundamental in such large-scale prac tical problems as flotation, water treatment, dyeing, soil science, microbiology, and interaction between biological cells. This book is the first comprehensive monograph devoted to sur face forces. This fact makes it easier to attract the reader's interest; yet, the reader's demands become all the more difficult to satisfy completely. Indeed, the research that we review and analyze here covers about 50 years of work. Much data has been amassed, so that the main problem was a careful selection and an alysis.



Molecular and Nano Tubes

Molecular  and Nano Tubes Author Oliver Hayden
ISBN-10 1441994432
Release 2011-08-04
Pages 473
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Molecular- and Nano-Tubes summarizes recent advancements in the synthesis, fabrication and applications of tubular structures. An interdisciplinary overview of innovative science focused on tubular structures is provided. The reader is offered an overview of the different fields that molecular and nano tubes appear in, in order to learn the fundamental basics as well as the applications of these materials. This book also: Shows how nanotechnology creates novel materials by crossing the barriers between biology and material science, electronics and optics, medicine and more Demonstrates that tubes are a fundamental element in nature and used in disparate applications such as ion channels and carbon nanotubes Molecular- and Nano-Tubes is an ideal volume for researchers and engineers working in materials science and nanotechnology.



Green Processes for Nanotechnology

Green Processes for Nanotechnology Author Vladimir A Basiuk
ISBN-10 9783319154619
Release 2015-03-25
Pages 446
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This book provides the state-of-the-art survey of green techniques in preparation of different classes of nanomaterials, with an emphasis on the use of renewable sources. Key topics covered include fabrication of nanomaterials using green techniques as well as their properties and applications, the use of renewable sources to obtain nanomaterials of different classes, from simple metal and metal oxide nanoparticles to complex bioinspired nanomaterials, economic contributions of nanotechnology to green and sustainable growth, and more. This is an ideal book for students, lecturers, researchers and engineers dealing with versatile (mainly chemical, biological, and medical) aspects of nanotechnology, including fabrication of nanomaterials using green techniques and their properties and applications.



Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials

Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials Author Safa Kasap
ISBN-10 9783319489339
Release 2017-10-04
Pages 1536
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The second, updated edition of this essential reference book provides a wealth of detail on a wide range of electronic and photonic materials, starting from fundamentals and building up to advanced topics and applications. Its extensive coverage, with clear illustrations and applications, carefully selected chapter sequencing and logical flow, makes it very different from other electronic materials handbooks. It has been written by professionals in the field and instructors who teach the subject at a university or in corporate laboratories. The Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials, second edition, includes practical applications used as examples, details of experimental techniques, useful tables that summarize equations, and, most importantly, properties of various materials, as well as an extensive glossary. Along with significant updates to the content and the references, the second edition includes a number of new chapters such as those covering novel materials and selected applications. This handbook is a valuable resource for graduate students, researchers and practicing professionals working in the area of electronic, optoelectronic and photonic materials.