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Iraq s Sunni Insurgency

Iraq   s Sunni Insurgency Author Ahmed S. Hashim
ISBN-10 9781135869311
Release 2013-01-11
Pages 89
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From 2003 to 2008, the Sunni Arab insurgency in Iraq posed a key challenge to political stability in the country and to Coalition objectives there. This paper explains the onset, composition and evolution of this insurgency. It begins by addressing both its immediate and deeper sociopolitical origins, and goes on to examine the multiple ideological strands within the insurgency and their often conflicting methods and goals. Despite organisational incoherence due to the existence of a large number of competing groups, the insurgency in Iraq sustained a particularly high tempo of operations between 2004 and 2006, causing considerable military and civilian casualties. Some insurgent groups focused on attempting to foment civil war between two of Iraq’s major communities, the Sunni and Shia Arabs and, by late 2006, they had come close to unravelling Iraq and presenting the Coalition with a major defeat. The adoption of a new approach by the US in 2007 helped reduce the level of violence in Iraq. In addition, deep fissures within the insurgency itself, between those fighting for more practical, immediate goals and the transnational Islamists and their local allies fighting for wider-reaching goals – including the promotion of sectarian strife – contributed to the insurgency’s diminution. It remains to be seen whether there will be a widespread recognition among Sunni Iraqis of the need to work with the Coalition to facilitate their community’s reintegration into the new Iraqi body politic.



Iraq s Sunni Insurgency

Iraq s Sunni Insurgency Author Ahmed Hashim
ISBN-10 9780415466554
Release 2009
Pages 89
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This Adelphi Paper will provide an assessment of the security implications for Asia of energy resource scarcity. One such implication is the prospect of competition among the increasingly energy-hungry countries of Asia for oil and gas supplies, and the concomitant potential for intensified strategic rivalry and military conflict. Another important theme explored in the paper is the danger that expanding reliance on nuclear energy, as an alternative to diminishing and polluting fossil fuels, could pose a proliferation risk and possibly even lead to nuclear war. Finally, political decision-making about the use of particular energy resources (eg oil, gas, uranium and renewables) and the debate on the security implications of climate change will also be addressed.



The Origins of ISIS

The Origins of ISIS Author Simon Mabon
ISBN-10 9781786721488
Release 2016-11-30
Pages 256
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The rapid expansion of ISIS and its swathe of territorial gains across the Middle East have been headline news since 2013. Yet much media attention and analysis has been focussed upon the military exploits, brutal tactics and radicalisation methods employed by the group. While ISIS remains a relatively new phenomenon, it is important to consider the historical and local dynamics that have shaped the emergence of the group in the past decade. In this book Simon Mabon and Stephen Royle provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the roots, tactics and ideology of the group, exploring the interactions of the various participants involved in the formative stages of ISIS. Based on original scholarly sources and first-hand research in the region, this book provides an authoritative and closely-analysed look at the emergence of one of the defining forces of the early twenty-first century.



Insurgency and Counter insurgency in Iraq

Insurgency and Counter insurgency in Iraq Author Ahmed Hashim
ISBN-10 0801444527
Release 2005
Pages 482
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Years after the U.S. invasion of Iraq, a loosely organized insurgency continues to target American and Coalition soldiers, as well as Iraqi security forces and civilians, with devastating results. In this sobering account of the ongoing violence, Ahmed Hashim, a specialist on Middle Eastern strategic issues and on irregular warfare, reveals the insurgents behind the widespread revolt, their motives, and their tactics. The insurgency, he shows, is not a united movement directed by a leadership with a single ideological vision. Instead, it involves former regime loyalists, Iraqis resentful of foreign occupation, foreign and domestic Islamist extremists, and elements of organized crime. These groups have cooperated with one another in the past and coordinated their attacks; but the alliance between nationalist Iraqi insurgents on the one hand and religious extremists has frayed considerably. The U.S.-led offensive to retake Fallujah in November 2004 and the success of the elections for the Iraqi National Assembly in January 2005 have led more "mainstream" insurgent groups to begin thinking of reinforcing the political arm of their opposition movement and to seek political guarantees for the Sunni Arab community in the new Iraq.Hashim begins by placing the Iraqi revolt in its historical context. He next profiles the various insurgent groups, detailing their origins, aims, and operational and tactical modi operandi. He concludes with an unusually candid assessment of the successes and failures of the Coalition's counter-insurgency campaign. Looking ahead, Hashim warns that ethnic and sectarian groups may soon be pitted against one another in what will be a fiercely contested fight over who gets what in the new Iraq. Evidence that such a conflict is already developing does not augur well for Iraq's future stability. Both Iraq and the United States must work hard to ensure that slow but steady success over the insurgency is not overshadowed by growing ethno-sectarian animosities as various groups fight one another for the biggest slice of the political and economic pie. In place of sensational headlines, official triumphalism, and hand-wringing, Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Iraq offers a clear-eyed analysis of the increasingly complex violence that threatens the very future of Iraq.



Iraq From War to a New Authoritarianism

Iraq     From War to a New Authoritarianism Author Toby Dodge
ISBN-10 9781351224123
Release 2017-10-03
Pages 224
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Iraq recovered its full sovereignty at the end of 2011, with the departure of all US military forces. The 2003 invasion was undertaken to dismantle a regime that had long threatened its own population and regional peace, as well as to establish a stable, democratic state in the heart of the Middle East. This Adelphi looks at the legacy of that intervention and subsequent state-building efforts. It analyses the evolution of the insurgency, the descent into full-scale civil war and the implementation of the ?surge? as a counterinsurgency strategy. It goes on to examine US and Iraqi efforts to reconstruct the state?s military and civilian capacity. By developing a clear understanding of the current situation in Iraq, this book seeks to answer three questions that are central to the country?s future. Will it continue to suffer high levels of violence or even slide back into a vicious civil war? Will Iraq continue on a democratic path, as exemplified by the three competitive national elections held since 2005? And does the new Iraq pose a threat to its neighbours?



                                                                                                                      Author فالح عبد الجبار
ISBN-10 9786144451649
Release 2017-01-01
Pages 367
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في كتابه دولة الخلافة: التقدم إلى الماضي ("داعش" والمجتمع المحلي في العراق)، ينطلق الباحث العراقي فالح عبد الجبار من تحليل الدولة "العراقية" الفاشلة وتيار دولة الخلافة، بتوصيفه مُفتَتَحًا لتركيز البحث على تحليل المجتمع المحلِّي العراقي في تمثُّلاته لصورته الذاتية ومحنته، وتحوُّلات هذه التَّمثُّلات قبل صعود داعش وبعده، والتفاعلات بين المجتمع المحلي وأجهزة دولة الخلافة، من المحاكم الشرعية إلى أجهزة الحسبة وديوان بيت المال، وهي الأجهزة الأكثر تَمَاسًا بالحياة اليومية.



After Mosul

After Mosul Author Andrea Plebani
ISBN-10 9788867056354
Release
Pages 170
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After several months of heavy fighting, Mosul has been liberated. However, this will not mark the complete defeat of IS in Iraq, nor will it signal the end of the crisis affecting the country. What will be the fate of the city and of the other liberated territories? Could this victory re-ignite competition among Iraq’s various ethno-sectarian communities? And how could this impact on the Iraqi Kurdistan region? What are the interests and agendas of the main regional and international players? This volume sketches out possible answers through a multi-pronged approach, bringing to light the complexity of the Iraqi scenario and the influence exerted over it by a broad array of internal and external actors.



Towards Nuclear Zero

Towards Nuclear Zero Author Raimo Väyrynen
ISBN-10 9781135874070
Release 2013-05-13
Pages 182
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Rarely in the atomic age have hopes been raised as high as they are now for genuine progress toward disarmament. The new receptivity reflected in the policy declarations of many governments was sparked by a wave of private initiatives led by former senior policy leaders in many countries. This book examines practical steps for achieving progress toward disarmament, realistically assessing both challenges and opportunities associated with achieving a world without nuclear weapons. The book places the current debate over nuclear abolition in the context of urgent non-proliferation priorities and the need to prevent nuclear weapons from falling into the hands of extremist regimes and terrorists. It examines the reasons why more than two dozen states have given up nuclear programs over the years and distils lessons from the end of the cold war to offer policy recommendations for moving toward lessened global reliance on nuclear weapons. Also included are in-depth analyses of proliferation challenges and disarmament opportunities in North Korea and Iran. The book concludes with a detailed roadmap for moving progressively toward global nuclear zero. It proposes a new international security regime based on shared missile defences, nonweaponized deterrence and greater efforts to enhance transnational cooperation.



The Future Security Environment in the Middle East

The Future Security Environment in the Middle East Author Nora Bensahel
ISBN-10 9780833036193
Release 2004-03-12
Pages 365
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This report identifies several important trends that are shaping regional security. It examines traditional security concerns, such as energy security and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as newer challenges posed by political reform, economic reform, civil-military relations, leadership change, and the information revolution. The report concludes by identifying the implications of these trends for U.S. foreign policy.



Who Are the Insurgents

Who Are the Insurgents Author Amatzia Baram
ISBN-10 9781437903034
Release 2008-10
Pages 19
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Who Are the Insurgents has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Who Are the Insurgents also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Who Are the Insurgents book for free.



The Future of Iraq

The Future of Iraq Author Liam Anderson
ISBN-10 9781466886742
Release 2014-12-09
Pages 288
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Reordering Iraq is the lynchpin of America's successful involvement in the Middle East. The challenge may be impossible. The Future of Iraq provides a primer on the history and political dynamics of this pivotal state divided by ethnic, religious, and political antagonisms, and provocatively argues that the least discussed future of Iraq might be the best: Managed partition. Anderson and Stansfield incisively analyze the dilemmas of American policy. They suggest that even a significant American presence will not stabilize Iraq because it is an artificial state and its people have never shared a common identity. In addition the legacy of tyrannical rule and the primacy of political violence is eroded social bonds and entrenched tribal allegiances, fallow ground for democracy. They provide the basic information and the provocative analysis crucial to informed debate and decision.



Criminals Militias and Insurgents

Criminals  Militias  and Insurgents Author Phil Williams
ISBN-10 9781584873976
Release 2009
Pages 275
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Criminals Militias and Insurgents has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Criminals Militias and Insurgents also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Criminals Militias and Insurgents book for free.



Armed Groups and the Balance of Power

Armed Groups and the Balance of Power Author Anthony Vinci
ISBN-10 9781134036653
Release 2008-09-09
Pages 192
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This new book provides a framework for understanding the international relations of armed groups, including terrorist organizations, insurgencies and warlords, which play an increasingly important role in the international system. Specifically, the book argues that such groups can be understood as taking part in the balance of power with states and other armed groups, as they are empirically sovereign non-state actors that are motivated by the pursuit of power and exist as part of an anarchic, self-help system. This radically new approach offers a renewed conceptualization of Neorealism, and provides new insights into debates about sovereignty, non-state actors, new wars, counterterrorism, and counterinsurgency. The approach is illustrated through case studies on Somali warlords, the security complex between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), Sudan and Uganda, as well as Al Qaeda. The book provides insights into such issues as how non-state actors can be integrated into structural theories of international relations, and also offers pragmatic methodologies for the foreign policy or military practitioner, such as how to best deter terrorists.



Democratic Transition in the Muslim World

Democratic Transition in the Muslim World Author Alfred Stepan
ISBN-10 9780231545419
Release 2018-03-13
Pages
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Democratic Transition in the Muslim World has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Democratic Transition in the Muslim World also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Democratic Transition in the Muslim World book for free.



The New Counterinsurgency Era

The New Counterinsurgency Era Author David H. Ucko
ISBN-10 9781589017283
Release 2009-07-02
Pages 272
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Confronting insurgent violence in Iraq and Afghanistan, the U.S. military has recognized the need to “re-learn” counterinsurgency. But how has the Department of Defense with its mixed efforts responded to this new strategic environment? Has it learned anything from past failures? In The New Counterinsurgency Era, David Ucko examines DoD’s institutional obstacles and initially slow response to a changing strategic reality. Ucko also suggests how the military can better prepare for the unique challenges of modern warfare, where it is charged with everything from providing security to supporting reconstruction to establishing basic governance—all while stabilizing conquered territory and engaging with local populations. After briefly surveying the history of American counterinsurgency operations, Ucko focuses on measures the military has taken since 2001 to relearn old lessons about counterinsurgency, to improve its ability to conduct stability operations, to change the institutional bias against counterinsurgency, and to account for successes gained from the learning process. Given the effectiveness of insurgent tactics, the frequency of operations aimed at building local capacity, and the danger of ungoverned spaces acting as havens for hostile groups, the military must acquire new skills to confront irregular threats in future wars. Ucko clearly shows that the opportunity to come to grips with counterinsurgency is matched in magnitude only by the cost of failing to do so.



Mullahs Guards and Bonyads

Mullahs  Guards  and Bonyads Author David E. Thaler
ISBN-10 9780833049308
Release 2010-01-04
Pages 168
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The U.S. ability to "read" the Iranian regime and formulate appropriate policies has been weakened by lack of access to the country and by the opacity of decisionmaking in Tehran. To improve understanding of Iran's political system, the authors describe Iranian strategic culture; investigate Iran's informal networks, formal government institutions, and personalities; assess the impact of elite behavior on Iranian policy; and summarize key trends.



Iran Saudi Arabia Relations and Regional Order

Iran Saudi Arabia Relations and Regional Order Author Shahram Chubin
ISBN-10 9781136043840
Release 2014-09-25
Pages 120
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Both countries will have strong incentives to test the artificial balance established by the US and from which they are excluded. Each state, in the face of continued embargoes, may find the lure of weapons of mass destruction correspondingly increased.