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Journalismus aus Sicht der Cultural Studies und der Systemtheorie

Journalismus aus Sicht der Cultural Studies und der Systemtheorie Author Susanne Schlink
ISBN-10 9783638782555
Release 2007
Pages 28
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Medien / Kommunikation - Journalismus, Publizistik, Note: 1,3, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen (Institut fur Kommunikationswissenschaft und Medienforschung), Veranstaltung: Journalismusforschung, 23 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Die Arbeit setzt sich mit der unterschiedlichen Behandlung des Journalismusbegriffes in der Systemtheorie und in den Cultural Studies auseinander. Welche Gemeinsamkeiten, welche Unterschiede gibt es und wie sind diese zu bewerten?, Abstract: Innerhalb der letzten Jahrzehnte hat der Journalismus einen Wandel erfahren. Vor allem mit dem Aufkommen der privaten Fernsehanstalten Mitte der 1980er Jahre hat das deutsche Medienpublikum eine Fulle an Unterhaltungsprogrammen erhalten. Der Journalismus, nun zunehmend auf wirtschaftliche Interessen bedacht, hat sich mehr und mehr auf Unterhaltung spezialisiert, zu Lasten des an Fakten orientierten Informationsjournalismus. Entpolitisierung," Personalisierung," Boulevardisierung," ja, sogar Schreinemakerisierung" lauten die - meist negativ belasteten - Begriffe, die den heutigen popularen Journalismus charakterisieren. Diese Tendenz ist auch durch das Aufkommen neuer Formate und Genres zwischen Faktizitat und Fiktionalitat, die insbesondere die aktuellen Fernsehangebote pragen, zu beobachten. Reality-TV, politische Talk-Shows und Doku-Dramen bieten Information und Unterhaltung zugleich. Journalismus ist nicht mehr uber seine Informationsfunktion und uber die Erfullung einer offentlichen, am Gemeinwohl ausgerichteten Aufgabe definierbar, sondern dient zunehmend der Unterhaltung und befriedigt okonomische Interessen." Um diese Entwicklung angemessen erfassen zu konnen, wird der Ruf nach einer veranderten Journalismusforschung laut. Innerhalb der Diskussion in der Deutschen Kommunikationswissenschaft, haben sich zwei Konzepte herauskristallisiert: Der Cultural Studies Approach einerseits und die Systemthe"



The Meaning of Landeskunde Vs Cultural Studies

The Meaning of Landeskunde Vs  Cultural Studies Author Anastasia Wolter
ISBN-10 3656872260
Release 2015-01-16
Pages 20
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Essay from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 2,0, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen (Anglistik), course: Tefl, language: English, abstract: This term paper deals with the differentiation between "Landeskunde" and "Cultural Studies." While Landeskunde is more concerned with the structure of a country and the geographical and political facts, cultural studies also refer to political actions and cultural symbols and interactions. This topic is very interesting for students and teachers because for many years it was common that Landeskunde was dominating the foreign language lessons. Often students had just to study facts and names while different cultural aspects were disadvantaged. Meanwhile cultural studies are the form, with which students have to deal exploring a different language and its country or culture. This term paper contains a theoretical part, explaining Landeskunde and cultural studies in general and the difference between them as well as a part with the methodology of teaching these two different approaches to a foreign country and its language. The third part of this paper contains a teaching unit, showing how cultural studies can be taught reasonable and interesting and a conclusion closes the topic in the end.



Journalismustheorie Next Generation

Journalismustheorie  Next Generation Author Klaus-Dieter Altmeppen
ISBN-10 9783531904016
Release 2009-11-27
Pages 451
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Journalismus ist heute ein theoretisch gut durchdrungenes Forschungsfeld. Denoch sind einige zentrale sozialwissenschaftliche Konzepte bislang nur wenig reflektiert worden. Dies trifft insbesondere auf die Begriffe „Handeln“, „Rationalität“, „Akteurkonstellationen“, „Milieus“ und „Lebensstile“, „Kapital-Feld-Habitus“, „Organisation“, „Interaktion“, „Netzwerke“ und „Macht“ zu. Der Band „Journalismustheorie: Next Generation“ will diese Lücke schließen, indem führende Soziologen gemeinsam mit Journalismusforschern ausgewählte, bislang nur unzureichend berücksichtigte sozialwissenschaftliche Ansätze in die aktuelle Diskussion einbringen und ihr Innovationspotenzial für die Journalismustheorie aufzeigen.



Social and Sexual Hierarchies Male female Relationships in Arundhati Roy s The God of Small Things

Social and Sexual Hierarchies  Male female Relationships in Arundhati Roy s  The God of Small Things Author Eleni Stefanidou
ISBN-10 9783640459551
Release 2009-10
Pages 32
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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, University of Wuppertal (Fachbereich A: Anglistik/Amerikanistik), course: Cultural Studies: Indian Literature and Culture since 1947, 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The first part of the paper deals with the hierarchies in Indian society, especially problems in the family network, in the cast system and in the gender roles. The second part applies this information to Roy's novel. Ammu's and Chacko's relationships to spouses and lovers, which show many parallels, are compared.



Visual Culture the representation of women in contemporary media

Visual Culture   the representation of women in contemporary media Author Denise Sajdl
ISBN-10 9783638438940
Release 2005-11-14
Pages 18
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Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,7, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Englisches Seminar Anglistik/Amerikanistik), course: Introduction to Cultural Studies, 4 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Over the years, cultural images concerning women in society have changed dramatically. Thus, the woman we see in a current newspaper ad is presented totally differently from former times: powerful, more self-confident, energetic, dominant and autonomic are the visual characteristics we get in mind by looking at it. The traditionally typical male or – in this context more interesting - female role model does not seem to exist in our world anymore. There is no longer a clear distinction between the passive, soft, sensitive and very feminine looking woman on the one hand and the dominant, masculine, powerful and dynamic man on the other in these pictures. The paper at hand will try to analyse these phenomena and show the development from a symbol of a happy family life and a caring housewife to the representation of a powerful and individual human being by regarding the representation of women in advertising in the past. But first, to illustrate this, it will be helpful to describe the term visual culture and how it works by including Roland Barthes ́ ”The Rhetoric of the Image”. To show the great importance cultural images have in our lifes, how they are created to appear as realistic as possible, and how difficult it becomes for us today to distinguish between reality and illusion, I want to refer to Susan Bordo ́s Twilight Zones. Some examples like women in sports advertisements, heroin chic or the computer-generated artificial “reality” we are confronted with by glamorized visual images of perfection will try to give a more detailed insight into illusions which we consider to be reality. In the final subchapter then it will be discussed if the sum of these created images could be described as “power feminism”, as Susan Bordo names it or if it is just a superficial trend.



The Rise of Experimental Biology

The Rise of Experimental Biology Author Peter L. Lutz
ISBN-10 9781592591633
Release 2002-04-19
Pages 201
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Peter Lutz, PhD, brilliantly traverses the major milestones along the evolutionary path of biomedicine from earliest recorded times to the dawn of the 20th century. With an engaging narrative that will have you turning "just one more page" well into the night, this book revealingly demonstrates just how the modern scientific method has been shaped by the past. Along the way the reader is treated to some delightfully obscure anecdotes and a treasure trove of rich illustrations that chronicle the tortuous history of biomedical developments, ranging from the bizarre and amusing to the downright macabre. The reader will also be introduced to the major ideas shaping contemporary physiology and the social context of its development, and also gain an understanding of how advances in biological science have occasionally been improperly used to satisfy momentary social or political needs.



Cultural Imperialism

Cultural Imperialism Author Martin Strang
ISBN-10 9783638341172
Release 2005-01-20
Pages 9
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Essay from the year 2004 in the subject Communications - Intercultural Communication, grade: High Distinction, Macquarie University (Centre for International Communication), course: Cross-cultural communication, 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The relationships between Phuong, Alden Pyle and Thomas Fowler in “The Quiet American” might be observed in terms of cultural imperialism (Alden Pyle seems to want to change Phuong and Vietnam). What cultural and social factors seem to influence the attitudes, behaviour and reactions of each character? Could they be read as models for the cultural traits, outlooks and expectations of Americans, British and Vietnamese people? This essay shall answer the above questions by analysing the following points: Firstly, the definitions of cultural imperialism are examined. Secondly, the question of whether culture is a natural phenomenon or constructed by humans is discussed. Thirdly, the phenomenon of believing in cultural superiority (by particular cultures) is analysed. In further parts, strategies of suppressed cultures to avoid their annihilation are described and the question of whether specific types (as the movie’s characters) can be representative for their cultures is answered. Finally, in the conclusion of this paper the results are summarised and discussed. Many definitions of cultural imperialism exist. The term is difficult to describe due to its reference to the two other abstract concepts of “culture” and “imperialism”. Tomlinson (1991, p. 2) sees cultural imperialism as a critical discourse which represents another (non Western) culture in dominant Western cultural terms. Tomlinson identifies four ways to discuss cultural imperialism: Cultural imperialism can be discussed as media imperialism, as a discourse of nationality, as a critique of global capitalism or, finally, as a critique of modernity itself (Tomlinson, 1991, p. 19–28). For Kottak (1999, p. 234) cultural imperialism describes the spread of a particular culture at the expense of other cultures. In his definition, Kottak not only focuses on media effects but includes explicitly economic and political forces. Thus, Kottak’s definition includes all types of effects which advance one culture. Sreberny-Mohammadi (1997, p. 50) criticises the term “cultural imperialism” because it reduces “culture” to the products of the culture industries and – often described also as “media imperialism” – only focuses on the impact of modern media or multinational corporations. All theoretical problems related to this term shall not be discussed here but it is obvious that cultural imperialism has different meanings in different (academic and non academic) discourses.



A Fabulous Kingdom

A Fabulous Kingdom Author Charles Officer
ISBN-10 9780199837809
Release 2012-05-30
Pages 220
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The second edition of A Fabulous Kingdom will explain the history of the arctic and describe the current scientific and environmental issues that threaten this fascinating region.



The Sciences Media Connection Public Communication and its Repercussions

The Sciences    Media Connection    Public Communication and its Repercussions Author Simone Rödder
ISBN-10 9400720858
Release 2011-12-02
Pages 380
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The Yearbook addresses the overriding question: what are the effects of the ‘opening up’ of science to the media? Theoretical considerations and a host of empirical studies covering different configurations provide an in-depth analysis of the sciences’ media connection and its repercussions on science itself. They help to form a sound judgement on this recent development.



Undertaker of the Mind

Undertaker of the Mind Author Jonathan Andrews
ISBN-10 0520927850
Release 2001-11-27
Pages 386
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As visiting physician to Bethlem Hospital, the archetypal "Bedlam" and Britain's first and (for hundreds of years) only public institution for the insane, Dr. John Monro (1715–1791) was a celebrity in his own day. Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull call him a "connoisseur of insanity, this high priest of the trade in lunacy." Although the basics of his life and career are well known, this study is the first to explore in depth Monro's colorful and contentious milieu. Mad-doctoring grew into a recognized, if not entirely respectable, profession during the eighteenth century, and besides being affiliated with public hospitals, Monro and other mad-doctors became entrepreneurs and owners of private madhouses and were consulted by the rich and famous. Monro's close social connections with members of the aristocracy and gentry, as well as with medical professionals, politicians, and divines, guaranteed him a significant place in the social, political, cultural, and intellectual worlds of his time. Andrews and Scull draw on an astonishing array of visual materials and verbal sources that include the diaries, family papers, and correspondence of some of England's wealthiest and best-connected citizens. The book is also distinctive in the coverage it affords to individual case histories of Monro's patients, including such prominent contemporary figures as the Earls Ferrers and Orford, the religious "enthusiast" Alexander Cruden, and the "mad" King George III, as well as his crazy would-be assassin, Margaret Nicholson. What the authors make clear is that Monro, a serious physician neither reactionary nor enlightened in his methods, was the outright epitome of the mad-trade as it existed then, esteemed in some quarters and ridiculed in others. The fifty illustrations, expertly annotated and integrated with the text, will be a revelation to many readers.



Public Relations Research

Public Relations Research Author Ansgar Zerfaß
ISBN-10 3531909185
Release 2008-05-08
Pages 449
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This volume is a major contribution to the trans-national debate on public relations research and communication management. It presents dominant concepts and findings from the scientific community in Germany in English language. At the same time, the compilation contains a selection of the most influential and relevant approaches from European and international researchers. Editors and contributors are renowned academics from all over the world. This books honours Guenter Bentele, one of the international spearheads of public relations research, and gives academics, students and communication managers a focussed insight into the field.



Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field

Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field Author Rodney Benson
ISBN-10 9780745633879
Release 2005-01-14
Pages 267
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Building on and extending Pierre Bourdieu's critique of our media-saturated culture, this work presents case studies of such diverse phenomena as media coverage of the AIDS-contaminated blood scandal in France, US youth media activism, and political interview shows on both sides of the Atlantic.



Getting the Connections Right

Getting the Connections Right Author Jay Rosen
ISBN-10 UOM:39015040664115
Release 1996
Pages 101
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Rather than compete with tabloid television, Jay Rosen argues in his book, journalists need to repair the disconnect between the press and the public; regarding political coverage in particular, journalists must reshape the narrative of public life.



The Global Journalist in the 21st Century

The Global Journalist in the 21st Century Author David H. Weaver
ISBN-10 9781136513671
Release 2012-06-25
Pages 530
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The Global Journalist in the 21st Century systematically assesses the demographics, education, socialization, professional attitudes and working conditions of journalists in various countries around the world. This book updates the original Global Journalist (1998) volume with new data, adding more than a dozen countries, and provides material on comparative research about journalists that will be useful to those interested in doing their own studies. The editors put together this collection working under the assumption that journalists’ backgrounds, working conditions and ideas are related to what is reported (and how it is covered) in the various news media round the world, in spite of societal and organizational constraints, and that this news coverage matters in terms of world public opinion and policies. Outstanding features include: Coverage of 33 nations located around the globe, based on recent surveys conducted among representative samples of local journalists Comprehensive analyses by well-known media scholars from each country A section on comparative studies of journalists An appendix with a collection of survey questions used in various nations to question journalists As the most comprehensive and reliable source on journalists around the world, The Global Journalist will serve as the primary source for evaluating the state of journalism. As such, it promises to become a standard reference among journalism, media, and communication students and researchers around the world.



Reconciling Science and Religion

Reconciling Science and Religion Author Peter J. Bowler
ISBN-10 9780226068596
Release 2014-04
Pages 487
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Although much has been written about the vigorous debates over science and religion in the Victorian era, little attention has been paid to their continuing importance in early twentieth-century Britain. Reconciling Science and Religion provides a comprehensive survey of the interplay between British science and religion from the late nineteenth century to World War II. Peter J. Bowler argues that unlike the United States, where a strong fundamentalist opposition to evolutionism developed in the 1920s (most famously expressed in the Scopes "monkey trial" of 1925), in Britain there was a concerted effort to reconcile science and religion. Intellectually conservative scientists championed the reconciliation and were supported by liberal theologians in the Free Churches and the Church of England, especially the Anglican "Modernists." Popular writers such as Julian Huxley and George Bernard Shaw sought to create a non-Christian religion similar in some respects to the Modernist position. Younger scientists and secularists—including Rationalists such as H. G. Wells and the Marxists—tended to oppose these efforts, as did conservative Christians, who saw the liberal position as a betrayal of the true spirit of their religion. With the increased social tensions of the 1930s, as the churches moved toward a neo-orthodoxy unfriendly to natural theology and biologists adopted the "Modern Synthesis" of genetics and evolutionary theory, the proposed reconciliation fell apart. Because the tensions between science and religion—and efforts at reconciling the two—are still very much with us today, Bowler's book will be important for everyone interested in these issues.



A Brief History of the Second Boer War

A Brief History of the Second Boer War Author Christian Weckenmann
ISBN-10 3656237379
Release 2013-10
Pages 20
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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,0, University of Heidelberg (Anglistisches Seminar), course: Cultural Studies: History of British Institutions Part II, language: English, abstract: "Take a community of Dutchmen of the type of those who defended themselves for fifty years against all the power of Spain at a time when Spain was the greatest power in the world. Intermix with them a strain of those inflexible French Huguenots who gave up home and fortune and left their country for ever at the time of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The product must obviously be one of the most rugged, virile, unconquerable races ever seen upon earth. Take this formidable people and train them for seven generations in constant warfare against savage men and ferocious beasts, in circumstances under which no weakling could survive, place them so that they acquire exceptional skill with weapons and in horsemanship, give them a country which is eminently suited to the tactics of the huntsman, the marksman, and the rider. Then, finally, put a finer temper upon their military qualities by a dour fatalistic Old Testament religion and an ardent and consuming patriotism. Combine all these qualities and all these impulses in one individual, and you have the modern Boer - the most formidable antagonist who ever crossed the path of Imperial Britain. Our military history has largely consisted in our conflicts with France, but Napoleon and all his veterans have never treated us so roughly as these hard-bitten farmers with their ancient theology and their inconveniently modern rifles." 1 Sir Arthur Conan Dolyle, author of the Sherlock Holmes detective stories, wrote two volumes about the Boer War. He was fascinated by the struggle of this people, called the Boers, against, what was then, the most powerful nation in the world. And he was by no means left all on his own with his keen interest in this



Web Theory

Web Theory Author Robert Burnett
ISBN-10 9781134556816
Release 2004-02-24
Pages 256
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Web Theory is a comprehensive and critical introduction to the theories of the internet and the world wide web. Robert Burnett and P. David Marshall examine the key debates which surround internet culture, from issues of globalisation, political economy and regulation, to ideas about communication, identity and aesthetics. Web Theory explore the shifts in society, culture and the media which have been brought about by the growth of the world wide web. It identifies significant readings, web sites and hypertext archive sources which illustrate the critical discussion about the internet and it mediates these discussions, indicating key positions within each debate and pointing the reader to key texts. Web Theory includes: *Chapters showing how specific media have been affected by the internet *Boxed case studies and examples *References, an extensive bibliography and a list of web sites *A glossary of key terms with important words highlighted in the text *A Web Theory timeline which details important events *A comprehensive and regularly updated website at www.webtheory.nu with inks and support material