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Judicial Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Judicial Applications of Artificial Intelligence Author Giovanni Sartor
ISBN-10 9789401590105
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 222
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The judiciary is in the early stages of a transformation in which AI (Artificial Intelligence) technology will help to make the judicial process faster, cheaper, and more predictable without compromising the integrity of judges' discretionary reasoning. Judicial decision-making is an area of daunting complexity, where highly sophisticated legal expertise merges with cognitive and emotional competence. How can AI contribute to a process that encompasses such a wide range of knowledge, judgment, and experience? Rather than aiming at the impossible dream (or nightmare) of building an automatic judge, AI research has had two more practical goals: producing tools to support judicial activities, including programs for intelligent document assembly, case retrieval, and support for discretionary decision-making; and developing new analytical tools for understanding and modeling the judicial process, such as case-based reasoning and formal models of dialectics, argumentation, and negotiation. Judges, squeezed between tightening budgets and increasing demands for justice, are desperately trying to maintain the quality of their decision-making process while coping with time and resource limitations. Flexible AI tools for decision support may promote uniformity and efficiency in judicial practice, while supporting rational judicial discretion. Similarly, AI may promote flexibility, efficiency and accuracy in other judicial tasks, such as drafting various judicial documents. The contributions in this volume exemplify some of the directions that the AI transformation of the judiciary will take.

Law Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence

Law  Computer Science  and Artificial Intelligence Author Ajit Narayanan
ISBN-10 1871516595
Release 1998
Pages 265
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The issues of 'intelligent' computer fraud, copyright of software, data protection, and the legal liability of producers of intelligent and nonintelligent software are causing concern for academic and commercial communities alike. This volume interrelates law, computer science and AI, and considers ways in which they will impact upon each other in the future.

An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Legal Reasoning

An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Legal Reasoning Author Anne von der Lieth Gardner
ISBN-10 OCLC:123222623
Release 1984
Pages 410
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An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Legal Reasoning has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Legal Reasoning also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full An Artificial Intelligence Approach to Legal Reasoning book for free.

AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems

AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems Author Pompeu Casanovas
ISBN-10 9783642165238
Release 2010-10-21
Pages 243
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AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems book for free.

Artificial Intelligence and Legal Analytics

Artificial Intelligence and Legal Analytics Author Kevin Ashley
ISBN-10 9781107171503
Release 2017-07-31
Pages 464
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The field of artificial intelligence (AI) and the law is on the cusp of a revolution that began with text analytic programs like IBM's Watson and Debater and the open-source information management architectures on which they are based. Today, new legal applications are beginning to appear and this book - designed to explain computational processes to non-programmers - describes how they will change the practice of law, specifically by connecting computational models of legal reasoning directly with legal text, generating arguments for and against particular outcomes, predicting outcomes and explaining these predictions with reasons that legal professionals will be able to evaluate for themselves. These legal applications will support conceptual legal information retrieval and allow cognitive computing, enabling a collaboration between humans and computers in which each does what it can do best. Anyone interested in how AI is changing the practice of law should read this illuminating work.

Artificial Intelligence in Design 92

Artificial Intelligence in Design    92 Author Asko Riitahuhta
ISBN-10 9789401127875
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 926
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Design has now become an important research topic in engineering and architecture. Design is one of the keystones to economic competitiveness and the fundamental precursor to manufacturing. The development of computational models founded on the artificial intelligence paradigm has provided an impetus for current design research. This volume contains contributions from the Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Design held in June 1992 in Pittsburgh. They represent the state-of-the-art and the cutting edge of research and development in this field. They are of particular interest to researchers, developers and users of computer systems in design. This volume demonstrates both the breadth and depth of artificial intelligence in design and points the way forward for our understanding of design as a process and for the development of computer-based tools to aiddesigners.

Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems

Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems Author Emilio Corchado
ISBN-10 9783540876564
Release 2008-09-30
Pages 767
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The Third International Workshop on Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems (HAIS 2008) presented the most recent developments in the dynamically expanding realm of symbolic and sub-symbolic techniques aimed at the construction of highly robust and reliable problem-solving techniques. Hybrid intelligent systems have become incre- ingly popular given their capabilities to handle a broad spectrum of real-world c- plex problems which come with inherent imprecision, uncertainty and vagueness, high-dimensionality, and non stationarity. These systems provide us with the oppor- nity to exploit existing domain knowledge as well as raw data to come up with prom- ing solutions in an effective manner. Being truly multidisciplinary, the series of HAIS workshops offers a unique research forum to present and discuss the latest theoretical advances and real-world applications in this exciting research field. This volume of Lecture Notes on Artificial Intelligence (LNAI) includes accepted papers presented at HAIS 2008 held in University of Burgos, Burgos, Spain, Sept- ber 2008 The global purpose of HAIS conferences has been to form a broad and interdis- plinary forum for hybrid artificial intelligence systems and associated learning pa- digms, which are playing increasingly important roles in a large number of application areas. Since its first edition in Brazil in 2006, HAIS has become an important forum for researchers working on fundamental and theoretical aspects of hybrid artificial intel- gence systems based on the use of agents and multiagent systems, bioinformatics and bio-inspired models, fuzzy systems, artificial vision, artificial neural networks, opti- zation models and alike.

Robots in Law

Robots in Law Author Joanna Goodman
ISBN-10 1783582642
Release 2016
Pages 148
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Robots in Law has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Robots in Law also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Robots in Law book for free.

A Pragmatic Legal Expert System

A Pragmatic Legal Expert System Author James Popple
ISBN-10 9781855217393
Release 1996-05-21
Pages 406
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Most legal expert systems attempt to implement complex models of legal reasoning. This book argues that a complex model is unnecessary. It advocates a simpler, pragmatic approach in which the utility of a legal expert system is evaluated by reference, not to the extent to which it simulates a lawyer's approach to a legal problem, but to the quality of its predictions and of its arguments. The author describes the development of a legal expert system, called SHYSTER, which takes a pragmatic approach to case law. He discusses the testing of SHYSTER in four different and disparate areas of case law, and draws conclusions about the advantages and limitations of this approach to legal expert system development. Chapter 1 presents a critical analysis of previous work of relevance to the development of legal expert systems. Chapter 2 explains the pragmatic approach that was adopted in the development of SHYSTER. The implementation of SHYSTER is detailed using examples in chapter 3. Chapter 4 describes the testing of SHYSTER, and conclusions are drawn from those tests in chapter 5. Examples of SHYSTER's output are provided in appendices.

Law and the Semantic Web

Law and the Semantic Web Author Richard Benjamins
ISBN-10 9783540322535
Release 2005-02-09
Pages 252
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by Roberto Cencioni At the Lisbon Summit in March 2000, European heads of state and government set a new goal for the European Union — to become the most competitive knowled- based society in the world by 2010. As part of this objective, ICT (information and communication technologies) services should become available for every citizen, and for all schools, homes and businesses. The book you have in front of you is about Semantic Web technology and law. Law is something omnipresent; all citizens — at some points in their lives — have to deal with it. In addition, law involves a large group of professionals, and is a mul- billion business world wide. Information technology is important because it that can improve citizens’ interaction with law, as well as improve legal professionals’ work environment. Legal professionals dedicate a significant amount of their time to finding, reading, analyzing and synthesizing information in order to take decisions, and prepare advice and trials, among other tasks. As part of the “Semantic-Based Knowledge and Content Systems” Strategic Objective, the European Commission is funding projects to construct technology to make the Semantic Web vision come true. 1 The articles in this book are related to two current foci of the Strategic Objective : • Knowledge acquisition and modelling, capturing knowledge from raw information and multimedia content in webs and other distributed repositories to turn poorly structured information into machi- processable knowledge.

Agents and Artificial Intelligence

Agents and Artificial Intelligence Author Joaquim Filipe
ISBN-10 9783642118180
Release 2010-04-27
Pages 296
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The present book includes a set of selected papers from the First International Conf- ence on Agents and Artificial Intelligence (ICAART 2009), held in Porto, Portugal, during January 19–21, 2009. The conference was organized in two simultaneous tracks: “Artificial Intelligence and Agents.” The book is based on the same structure. ICAART 2009 received 161 paper submissions, from more than 37 different co- tries in all continents. After a blind review process, only 26 where accepted as full papers, of which 21 were selected for inclusion in this book, based on the classifi- tions provided by the Program Committee. The selected papers reflect the interdis- plinary nature of the conference. The diversity of topics is an important feature of this conference, enabling an overall perception of several important scientific and tech- logical trends. These high-quality standards will be maintained and reinforced at ICAART 2010, to be held in Valencia, Spain, and in future editions of this conf- ence. Furthermore, ICAART 2009 included five plenary keynote lectures given by Juan Carlos Augusto (University of Ulster), Marco Dorigo (IRIDIA, Free University of Brussels), Timo Honkela (Helsinki University of Technology), Edward H. Shortliffe (Arizona State University) and Paulo Urbano (University of Lisbon). We would like to express our appreciation to all of them and in particular to those who took the time to contribute with a paper to this book.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Author Max Bramer
ISBN-10 9783642032257
Release 2009-08-04
Pages 245
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Featuring the viewpoint of expert members of the IFIP Technical Committee 12, its Working Groups and their colleagues, this book provides an international perspective on recent and future directions in this significant field.

A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence

A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence Author Enrico Pattaro
ISBN-10 1402033877
Pages 466
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This paperback edition of the first of the twelve volumes of A Treatises of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence, serves as an introduction to the first-ever multivolume treatment of all important issues in legal philosophy and general jurisprudence, consisting of a five-volume theoretical part and a six-volume historical part. The theoretical part covers the main topics of contemporary debate. The historical volumes trace the development of legal thought from ancient Greek times through the twentieth century. All volumes are edited by the renowned theorist Enrico Pattaro.

Culture Clash

Culture Clash Author Steven Goldberg
ISBN-10 9780814732540
Release 1994-09-01
Pages 270
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It is an article of faith in America that scientific advances will lead to wondrous progress in our daily lives. Americans proudly support scientific research that yields stunning breakthroughs and Nobel prizes. We relish the ensuing debate about the implications—moral, ethical, practical—of these advances. Will genetic engineering change our basic nature? Will artificial intelligence challenge our sense of human uniqueness? And yet the actual implementation of these technologies is often sluggish and much-delayed. From Star Trek to Jurassic Park, the American imagination has always been fascinated by the power of scientific technology. But what does the reality of scientific progress mean for our society? In this controversial book, Steven Goldberg provides a compelling look at the intersection of two of America's most powerful communities—law and science—to explain this apparent contradiction. Rarely considered in tandem, law and science highlight a fundamental paradox in the American character, the struggle between progress and process. Science, with its ethic of endless progress, has long fit beautifully with America's self image. Law, in accordance with the American ideal of giving everyone a fair say, stresses process above all else, seeking an acceptable, rather than a scientifically correct, result. This characteristic has been especially influential in light of the explosive growth of the legal community in recent years. Exposing how the legal system both supports and restricts American science and technology, Goldberg considers the role and future of three projects—artificial intelligence, nuclear fusion, and the human genome initiative—to argue for a scientific vision that infuses research with social goals beyond the pure search for truth. Certain to provoke debate within a wide range of academic and professional communities, Culture Clash reveals one of the most important and defining conflicts in contemporary American life.

An Intelligence in Our Image

An Intelligence in Our Image Author Osonde A. Osoba
ISBN-10 9780833097637
Release 2017-04-05
Pages 44
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Machine learning algorithms and artificial intelligence influence many aspects of life today. This report identifies some of their shortcomings and associated policy risks and examines some approaches for combating these problems.

Legal Knowledge and Information Systems

Legal Knowledge and Information Systems Author A. Rotolo
ISBN-10 9781614996095
Release 2015-11-24
Pages 212
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Computer technology has become an essential part of all our lives, and the legal profession is no exception. For more than 25 years, the annual JURIX conference has provided an international forum for academics and practitioners working at the cutting edge of research into and the application of the interface between law and computer technologies. This book presents the proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems (JURIX 2015), which took place in Braga, Portugal in December 2015. The book contains 14 full papers, nine short papers and nine posters delivered at the conference. These address a wide range of topics in legal informatics, and fall into three main subject areas: theory and foundations of AI and law, focusing on themes such as argumentation, reasoning, and evidence; technology of AI and law, which presents technological advancements and solutions; and applications of AI and law, describing implementations of AI and law technology in real world systems. The book offers an overview of the ways in which current information technology is relevant to the practice of law, and will be of interest to all those whose work involves legal theory, argumentation and practice.

The Judicial Application of Law

The Judicial Application of Law Author Jerzy Wróblewski
ISBN-10 0792315693
Release 1992-11-30
Pages 357
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The Judicial Application of Law is an important contribution to analytical jurisprudence. It gives a thorough account of all that is involved in the idea of `applying' law as this is carried out by judges. Thus it explores analytically a vital idea for our understanding of legality as a value to which systems of government aspire. This is achieved by the rigorous construction and examination of models of the various steps involved in judicial decision making, including elements both of interpretation and of fact finding, and by the exploration of various possible ideologies of the application of law. The book takes as its main material for analysis statute-based legal systems in the form these took within socialist legal systems prior to the recent revolutions, being based principally on the law of Poland up to 1989. This is the last work, posthumously translated, by the most distinguished analytical jurisprudent of modern Poland.