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Kant s Construction of Nature

Kant s Construction of Nature Author Michael Friedman
ISBN-10 9780521198394
Release 2013-01-17
Pages 624
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Develops a new reading of the Metaphysical Foundations and articulates an original perspective of Kant's critical philosophy as a whole.

Kant and the Exact Sciences

Kant and the Exact Sciences Author Michael Friedman
ISBN-10 0674500350
Release 1992
Pages 357
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Kant sought throughout his life to provide a philosophy adequate to the sciences of his time--especially Euclidean geometry and Newtonian physics. In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost importance in understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest beginnings in the thesis of 1747, through the Critique of Pure Reason, to his last unpublished writings in the Opus postumum. Previous commentators on Kant have typically minimized these efforts because the sciences in question have since been outmoded. Friedman argues that, on the contrary, Kant's philosophy is shaped by extraordinarily deep insight into the foundations of the exact sciences as he found them, and that this represents one of the greatest strengths of his philosophy. Friedman examines Kant's engagement with geometry, arithmetic and algebra, the foundations of mechanics, and the law of gravitation in Part One. He then devotes Part Two to the Opus postumum, showing how Kant's need to come to terms with developments in the physics of heat and in chemistry formed a primary motive for his projected Transition from the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science to Physics. Kant and the Exact Sciences is a book of high scholarly achievement, argued with impressive power. It represents a great advance in our understanding of Kant's philosophy of science.

Kant Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science

Kant  Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science Author Immanuel Kant
ISBN-10 0521544750
Release 2004-09-16
Pages 119
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A new translation of Kant's mature reflections on issues in the philosophy of natural science.

Kant s Theory of Natural Science

Kant   s Theory of Natural Science Author Peter Plaass
ISBN-10 9789401111263
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 367
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Plaass's treatise stood at the beginning of a renewed wave of scholarship regarding Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (MF). Plaass argues that the MF represents an integral step in Kant's development between the two editions of the Critique of Pure Reason. The MF repeats the `Copernican turn', using the conditions of subjectivity to derive the metaphysical determinations of `matter' as the object of natural science with the new method called `metaphysical construction', which simultaneously grounds the mathematizability of physics. The translators provide background and analysis of Plaass's work, extend it to include the body of the MF and offer a variation on the analysis of the relationship between mathematics and metaphysics in the MF. They discuss its relevance for contemporary paradigm-dependency approaches to the philosophy of science and for philosophical hermeneutics. The book will be of interest to Kant specialists as well as to students of the philosophy of science in general.

The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth century Science

The Kantian Legacy in Nineteenth century Science Author Michael Friedman
ISBN-10 9780262062541
Release 2006
Pages 370
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Historians of philosophy, science, and mathematics explore the influence of Kant'sphilosophy on the evolution of modern scientific thought.

The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science

The Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science Author Immanuel Kant
ISBN-10 1514327848
Release 2015-06-12
Pages 124
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Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science is a 1786 book by Immanuel Kant. The book is divided into four chapters. The chapters are concerned with the metaphysical foundations of phoronomy (kinematics), dynamics, mechanics, and phenomenology.

Descartes Metaphysical Physics

Descartes  Metaphysical Physics Author Daniel Garber
ISBN-10 0226282171
Release 1992-05-01
Pages 389
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In this first book-length treatment of Descartes' important and influential natural philosophy, Daniel Garber is principally concerned with Descartes' accounts of matter and motion—the joint between Descartes' philosophical and scientific interests. These accounts constitute the point at which the metaphysical doctrines on God, the soul, and body, developed in writings like the Meditations, give rise to physical conclusions regarding atoms, vacua, and the laws that matter in motion must obey. Garber achieves a philosophically rigorous reading of Descartes that is sensitive to the historical and intellectual context in which he wrote. What emerges is a novel view of this familiar figure, at once unexpected and truer to the historical Descartes. The book begins with a discussion of Descartes' intellectual development and the larger project that frames his natural philosophy, the complete reform of all the sciences. After this introduction Garber thoroughly examines various aspects of Descartes' physics: the notion of body and its identification with extension; Descartes' rejection of the substantial forms of the scholastics; his relation to the atomistic tradition of atoms and the void; the concept of motion and the laws of motion, including Descartes' conservation principle, his laws of the persistence of motion, and his collision law; and the grounding of his laws in God.

Kant and the Laws of Nature

Kant and the Laws of Nature Author Michela Massimi
ISBN-10 9781108138659
Release 2017-03-16
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Laws of nature play a central role in Kant's theoretical philosophy and are crucial to understanding his philosophy of science in particular. In this volume of new essays, the first systematic investigation of its kind, a distinguished team of scholars explores Kant's views on the laws of nature in the physical and life sciences. Their essays focus particularly on the laws of physics and biology, and consider topics including the separation in Kant's treatment of the physical and life sciences, the relation between universal and empirical laws of nature, and the role of reason and the understanding in imposing order and lawful unity upon nature. The volume will be of great interest to advanced students and scholars of Kant's philosophy of science, and to historians and philosophers of science more generally.

Kant Natural Science

Kant  Natural Science Author Immanuel Kant
ISBN-10 9781107354487
Release 2012-10-04
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Though Kant is best known for his strictly philosophical works in the 1780s, many of his early publications in particular were devoted to what we would call 'natural science'. Kant's Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755) made a significant advance in cosmology, and he was also instrumental in establishing the newly emerging discipline of physical geography, lecturing on it for almost his entire career. In this volume Eric Watkins brings together new English translations of Kant's first publication, Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces (1746–9), the entirety of Physical Geography (1802), a series of shorter essays, along with many of Kant's most important publications in natural science. The volume is rich in material for the student and the scholar, with extensive linguistic and explanatory notes, editorial introductions and a glossary of key terms.

Reconsidering Logical Positivism

Reconsidering Logical Positivism Author Michael Friedman
ISBN-10 0521624762
Release 1999-07-28
Pages 252
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A reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism.

The Poverty of Conceptual Truth

The Poverty of Conceptual Truth Author R. Lanier Anderson
ISBN-10 9780198724575
Release 2015
Pages 408
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R. Lanier Anderson presents a new account of Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments, and provides it with a clear basis within traditional logic. He reconstructs compelling claims about the syntheticity of elementary mathematics, and re-animates Kant's arguments against traditional metaphysics in the 'Critique of Pure Reason'

The Philosophy of Material Nature

The Philosophy of Material Nature Author Immanuel Kant
ISBN-10 091514588X
Release 1985-01-01
Pages 419
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This volume combines two of Kant's key works on the metaphysics of nature--the Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics That Will Be Able to Come Forward as Science and Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science--in the preeminent translations of James W. Ellington. Each work is preceded by an expert Introduction by Ellington and is followed by a German-English List of Terms and an Index.

Kant s Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics

Kant s Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics Author Immanuel Kant
ISBN-10 HARVARD:32044084609171
Release 1912
Pages 301
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Kant s Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Kant s Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Kant s Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics book for free.

Politics of Nature

Politics of Nature Author Bruno Latour
ISBN-10 0674039963
Release 2009-06-30
Pages 307
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A major work by one of the more innovative thinkers of our time, Politics of Nature does nothing less than establish the conceptual context for political ecology--transplanting the terms of ecology into more fertile philosophical soil than its proponents have thus far envisioned. Bruno Latour announces his project dramatically: "Political ecology has nothing whatsoever to do with nature, this jumble of Greek philosophy, French Cartesianism and American parks." Nature, he asserts, far from being an obvious domain of reality, is a way of assembling political order without due process. Thus, his book proposes an end to the old dichotomy between nature and society--and the constitution, in its place, of a collective, a community incorporating humans and nonhumans and building on the experiences of the sciences as they are actually practiced. In a critique of the distinction between fact and value, Latour suggests a redescription of the type of political philosophy implicated in such a "commonsense" division--which here reveals itself as distinctly uncommonsensical and in fact fatal to democracy and to a healthy development of the sciences. Moving beyond the modernist institutions of "mononaturalism" and "multiculturalism," Latour develops the idea of "multinaturalism," a complex collectivity determined not by outside experts claiming absolute reason but by "diplomats" who are flexible and open to experimentation. Table of Contents: Introduction: What Is to Be Done with Political Ecology? 1. Why Political Ecology Has to Let Go of Nature First, Get Out of the Cave Ecological Crisis or Crisis of Objectivity? The End of Nature The Pitfall of "Social Representations" of Nature The Fragile Aid of Comparative Anthropology What Successor for the Bicameral Collective? 2. How to Bring the Collective Together Difficulties in Convoking the Collective First Division: Learning to Be Circumspect with Spokespersons Second Division: Associations of Humans and Nonhumans Third Division between Humans and Nonhumans: Reality and Recalcitrance A More or Less Articulated Collective The Return to Civil Peace 3. A New Separation of Powers Some Disadvantages of the Concepts of Fact and Value The Power to Take into Account and the Power to Put in Order The Collective's Two Powers of Representation Verifying That the Essential Guarantees Have Been Maintained A New Exteriority 4. Skills for the Collective The Third Nature and the Quarrel between the Two "Eco" Sciences Contribution of the Professions to the Procedures of the Houses The Work of the Houses The Common Dwelling, the Oikos 5. Exploring Common Worlds Time's Two Arrows The Learning Curve The Third Power and the Question of the State The Exercise of Diplomacy War and Peace for the Sciences Conclusion: What Is to Be Done? Political Ecology! Summary of the Argument (for Readers in a Hurry...) Glossary Notes Bibliography Index From the book: What is to be done with political ecology? Nothing. What is to be done? Political ecology! All those who have hoped that the politics of nature would bring about a renewal of public life have asked the first question, while noting the stagnation of the so-called "green" movements. They would like very much to know why so promising an endeavor has so often come to naught. Appearances notwithstanding, everyone is bound to answer the second question the same way. We have no choice: politics does not fall neatly on one side of a divide and nature on the other. From the time the term "politics" was invented, every type of politics has been defined by its relation to nature, whose every feature, property, and function depends on the polemical will to limit, reform, establish, short-circuit, or enlighten public life. As a result, we cannot choose whether to engage in it surreptitiously, by distinguishing between questions of nature and questions of politics, or explicitly, by treating those two sets of questions as a single issue that arises for all collectives. While the ecology movements tell us that nature is rapidly invading politics, we shall have to imagine - most often aligning ourselves with these movements but sometimes against them - what a politics finally freed from the sword of Damocles we call nature might be like.

The Determinate World

The Determinate World Author David Hyder
ISBN-10 9783110217209
Release 2009-10-28
Pages 237
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This study examines the place of Hermann von Helmholtz’s seminal papers on geometry in his philosophy of science. The arguments of these papers are traced back to his prior work on the theory of magnitudes, as well as to Helmholtz’s early, Kantian position. The author claims that Helmholtz should be understood not as opposing Kant, but as modifying the latter’s theory of magnitudes so as to remove obstacles to their common project of constructing a complete system of natural science.

Kant and the Concept of Community

Kant and the Concept of Community Author Charlton Payne
ISBN-10 9781580463874
Release 2011
Pages 321
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An interdisciplanary collection of essays focused on Kant's work on the concept of community.

Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science

Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science Author Hermann Weyl
ISBN-10 0691141207
Release 2009
Pages 311
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History of mathematics.