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Kinetics of Chemical Processes

Kinetics of Chemical Processes Author Michel Boudart
ISBN-10 9781483183978
Release 2014-05-16
Pages 262
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Kinetics of Chemical Processes details the concepts associated with the kinetic study of the chemical processes. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that present information relevant to applied research. The text first covers the elementary chemical kinetics of elementary steps, and then proceeds to discussing catalysis. The next chapter tackles simplified kinetics of sequences at the steady state. Chapter 5 deals with coupled sequences in reaction networks, while Chapter 6 talks about autocatalysis and inhibition. The seventh chapter describes the irreducible transport phenomena in chemical kinetics. The next two chapters discuss the correlations in homogenous kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis, respectively. The last chapter covers the analysis of reaction networks. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of scientific disciplines that deal with chemical reaction, particularly chemistry and chemical engineering.

Reaction Kinetics for Chemical Engineers

Reaction Kinetics for Chemical Engineers Author Stanley M. Walas
ISBN-10 9781483141107
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 352
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Reaction Kinetics for Chemical Engineers focuses on chemical kinetics, including homogeneous reactions, nonisothermal systems, flow reactors, heterogeneous processes, granular beds, catalysis, and scale-up methods. The publication first takes a look at fundamentals and homogeneous isothermal reactions. Topics include simple reactions at constant volume or pressure, material balance in complex reactions, homogeneous catalysis, effect of temperature, energy of activation, law of mass action, and classification of reactions. The book also elaborates on adiabatic and programmed reactions, continuous stirred reactors, and homogeneous flow reactions. Topics include nonisothermal flow reactions, semiflow processes, tubular-flow reactors, material balance in flow problems, types of flow processes, rate of heat input, constant heat-transfer coefficient, and nonisothermal conditions. The text ponders on uncatalyzed heterogeneous reactions, fluid-phase reactions catalyzed by solids, and fixed and fluidized beds of particles. The transfer processes in granular masses, fluidization, heat and mass transfer, adsorption rates and equilibria, diffusion and combined mechanisms, diffusive mass transfer, and mass-transfer coefficients in chemical reactions are discussed. The publication is a dependable source of data for chemical engineers and readers wanting to explore chemical kinetics.

Macrotransport Processes

Macrotransport Processes Author Howard Brenner
ISBN-10 9780080510590
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 744
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This unique book, the first published on the subject, provides an introduction to the theory of macrotransport processes, a comprehensive effective-medium theory of transport phenomena in heterogeneous systems. The text begins with a relatively simple approach to the basic theory before turning to a more formal theoretical treatment which is extended in scope in each successive chapter. Many detailed examples, as well as questions appearing at the end of each chapter, are included to demonstrate the practical implementation of the theory. Macrotransport Processes is aimed at an audience already familiar with conventional theories of transport phenomena. This audience especially includes graduate students in chemical, mechanical, and civil engineering departments, as well as applied mathematicians, biomechanicists, and soil physics, particularly those with interests in problems of flow and dispersion in porous media.

Fundamentals of Fluidized Bed Chemical Processes

Fundamentals of Fluidized Bed Chemical Processes Author J G Yates
ISBN-10 9781483162768
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 236
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Fundamentals of Fluidized-bed Chemical Processes presents a survey of the design, operation, and chemical processes of fluidized-bed reactors. The book is composed of five chapters. The first chapter examines the basic physics of gas-solid fluidization. The second chapter shows how the physics of gas-solid fluidization may be combined with chemical kinetics to generate models of fluidized-bed reactors. Chapters 3 and 4 deal with two major applications of gas-solid fluidization, the Fluidized Catalytic Cracking process and the combustion and gasification of coal. The final chapter analyzes other processes used in the production of chemicals such as phthalic anhydride, acrylonitrile, and compounds of uranium. Undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemical engineering, engineers, chemists, and scientists will find this text useful.

Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems

Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems Author Daniel E. Rosner
ISBN-10 9781483162683
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 568
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Transport Processes in Chemically Reacting Flow Systems discusses the role, in chemically reacting flow systems, of transport processes—particularly the transport of momentum, energy, and (chemical species) mass in fluids (gases and liquids). The principles developed and often illustrated here for combustion systems are important not only for the rational design and development of engineering equipment (e.g., chemical reactors, heat exchangers, mass exchangers) but also for scientific research involving coupled transport processes and chemical reaction in flow systems. The book begins with an introduction to transport processes in chemically reactive systems. Separate chapters cover momentum, energy, and mass transport. These chapters develop, state, and exploit useful quantitative ""analogies"" between these transport phenomena, including interrelationships that remain valid even in the presence of homogeneous or heterogeneous chemical reactions. A separate chapter covers the use of transport theory in the systematization and generalization of experimental data on chemically reacting systems. The principles and methods discussed are then applied to the preliminary design of a heat exchanger for extracting power from the products of combustion in a stationary (fossil-fuel-fired) power plant. The book has been written in such a way as to be accessible to students and practicing scientists whose background has until now been confined to physical chemistry, classical physics, and/or applied mathematics.

Interfacial Transport Processes and Rheology

Interfacial Transport Processes and Rheology Author Howard Brenner
ISBN-10 9781483292274
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 576
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This textbook is designed to provide the theory, methods of measurement, and principal applications of the expanding field of interfacial hydrodynamics. It is intended to serve the research needs of both academic and industrial scientists, including chemical or mechanical engineers, material and surface scientists, physical chemists, chemical and biophysicists, rheologists, physiochemical hydrodynamicists, and applied mathematicians (especially those with interests in viscous fluid mechanics and continuum mechanics). As a textbook it provides materials for a one- or two-semester graduate-level course in interfacial transport processes. It may also be noted that, while separate practical and theoretical subdivisions of material have been introduced, a kind of cross-emphasis is often stressed: (i) to the academic scientist, or the importance of understanding major applications of interfacial transport; and (ii) to the industrial scientist, of the importance of understanding the underlying theory.

Adsorption Technology and Design

Adsorption Technology and Design Author W. J. Thomas
ISBN-10 0750619597
Release 1998
Pages 271
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Introduction to adsorption processes and applications; Adsorbents; Thermodynamics and equilibrium; Kinetics; Processes and cycles; Modelling and design; Examples of pressure swing adsorption; Examples of thermal swing adsorption; The Literature of adsorption.

Computational Methods for Process Simulation

Computational Methods for Process Simulation Author W. Fred Ramirez
ISBN-10 0080529690
Release 1997-11-20
Pages 512
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Process Modelling and simulation have proved to be extremely successful engineering tools for the design and optimisation of physical, chemical and biochemical processes. The use of simulation has expanded rapidly over the last two decades because of the availability of large high-speed computers and indeed has become even more widespread with the rise of the desk-top PC resources now available to nearly every engineer and student. In the chemical industry large, realistic non-linear problems are routinely solved with the aid of computer simulation. This has a number of benefits, including easy assessment of the economic desirability of a project, convenient investigation of the effects of changes to system variables, and finally the introduction of mathematical rigour into the design process and inherent assumptions that may not have been there before. Computational Methods for Process Simulation develops the methods needed for the simulation of real processes to be found in the process industries. It also stresses the engineering fundamentals used in developing process models. Steady state and dynamic systems are considered, for both spatially lumped and spatially distributed problems. It develops analytical and numerical computational techniques for algebraic, ordinary and partial differential equations, and makes use of computer software routines that are widely available. Dedicated software examples are available via the internet. Written for a compulsory course element in the US Includes examples using software used in academia and industry Software available via the Internet

Chemical Process Equipment

Chemical Process Equipment Author James R. Couper
ISBN-10 9780123972361
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 864
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Chemical Process Equipment is a results-oriented reference for engineers who specify, design, maintain or run chemical and process plants. This book delivers information on the selection, sizing and operation of process equipment in a format that enables quick and accurate decision making on standard process and equipment choices, saving time, improving productivity, and building understanding. Coverage emphasizes common real-world equipment design rather than experimental or esoteric and focuses on maximizing performance. Legacy reference for chemical and related engineers who work with vendors to design, specify and make final equipment selection decisions Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, and rules of thumb to demonstrate and support the design process Heavily illustrated with line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, as well as graphs and tables to illustrate performance data

Thermochemical Processes

Thermochemical Processes Author C. B. Alcock
ISBN-10 9780080519173
Release 2000-12-18
Pages 384
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Today the study of materials is concerned with the underlying thermodynamic and chemical processes involved in the manufacture and processing of a wide range of materials - metals, ceramics, semi-conductors, plastics and composites. For the first time, this book provides a quantitative description and examples of the application of physical chemical concepts to the processing and degradation of metallic and other inorganic materials, from the atomic scale to the analysis of industrial processes. Thermochemical Processes: Principles and Models deals with processes dominated in turn by the gas phase (such as chemical vapour deposition), the solid phase (such as powder metallurgy electroceramics and high-temperature corrosion) and the liquid phase (such as extraction metallurgy and glass-making). C. B. Alcock provides information which will prove invaluable to academics and workers involved in high temperature industries and in particular to those with an interest in the scientific analysis of processes - which will be most useful to those working in the field of modelling. First ever quantitative approach to the subject of Thermochemical processing Companion volume to Kubachewski et al

Chemical Engineering Dynamics

Chemical Engineering Dynamics Author John Ingham
ISBN-10 9783527614226
Release 2008-02-08
Pages 640
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In this book, the modelling of dynamic chemical engineering processes is presented in a highly understandable way using the unique combination of simplified fundamental theory and direct hands-on computer simulation. The mathematics is kept to a minimum, and yet the nearly 100 examples supplied on illustrate almost every aspect of chemical engineering science. Each example is described in detail, including the model equations. They are written in the modern user-friendly simulation language Berkeley Madonna, which can be run on both Windows PC and Power-Macintosh computers. Madonna solves models comprising many ordinary differential equations using very simple programming, including arrays. It is so powerful that the model parameters may be defined as "sliders", which allow the effect of their change on the model behavior to be seen almost immediately. Data may be included for curve fitting, and sensitivity or multiple runs may be performed. The results can be seen simultaneously on multiple-graph windows or by using overlays. The resultant learning effect of this is tremendous. The examples can be varied to fit any real situation, and the suggested exercises provide practical guidance. The extensive experience of the authors, both in university teaching and international courses, is reflected in this well-balanced presentation, which is suitable for the teacher, the student, the chemist or the engineer. This book provides a greater understanding of the formulation and use of mass and energy balances for chemical engineering, in a most stimulating manner. This book is a third edition, which also includes biological, environmental and food process examples.

Batch and Semi batch Reactors

Batch and Semi batch Reactors Author Jonathan Worstell
ISBN-10 9780128014653
Release 2015-02-26
Pages 108
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Batch and Semi-batch Reactors: Practical Guides in Chemical Engineering is a cluster of short texts that provide a focused introductory view on a single subject. The full library presents a basic understanding of the main topics in the chemical process industries, allowing engineering professionals to quickly access information. Each ‘pocket publication’ can be easily carried or accessed electronically, giving users a highly practical and applied presentation of the first principles engineers need know on a moment's notice. The focused facts provided in each guide help users converse with experts in the field, attempt their own initial troubleshooting, check calculations, and solve rudimentary problems. Practical, short, concise information on the basics in a variety of topics related to chemical engineering Supported by industry examples to help readers solve real-world problems Single subject volumes provide key facts for professionals Pocket publication format can be easily carried or accessed electronically

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling

Adsorption Calculations and Modelling Author Howard Brenner
ISBN-10 9781483292243
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 288
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'Adsorption Calculations and Modelling' provides readers with practical, useful information about how to make adsorption calculations and formulate models describing adsorption processes. Unlike most books on this subject, this book treats both gas phase adsorption and liquid phase adsorption with equal emphasis, and supplies a rigorous treatment of multi-component adsorption. It also covers adsorption applications in environmental applications including the use of impregnated adsorbents for protection against toxic gases and carbon adsorption in water and wastewater treatment. Explores the most up-to-date information on multicomponent adsorption Details adsorption applications in environmental application Explains the fundamentals of adsorption calculation in a simple, straightforward manner.

Coulson and Richardson s Chemical Engineering

Coulson and Richardson   s Chemical Engineering Author R. Ravi
ISBN-10 9780081012239
Release 2017-09-26
Pages 596
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Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering: Volume 3A: Chemical and Biochemical Reactors and Reaction Engineering, Fourth Edition, covers reactor design, flow modelling, gas-liquid and gas-solid reactions and reactors. Captures content converted from textbooks into fully revised reference material Includes content ranging from foundational through technical Features emerging applications, numerical methods and computational tools

Ludwig s Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants

Ludwig s Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants Author A. Kayode Coker
ISBN-10 0080469701
Release 2011-08-30
Pages 1024
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This complete revision of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume 1 builds upon Ernest E. Ludwig’s classic text to further enhance its use as a chemical engineering process design manual of methods and proven fundamentals. This new edition includes important supplemental mechanical and related data, nomographs and charts. Also included within are improved techniques and fundamental methodologies, to guide the engineer in designing process equipment and applying chemical processes to properly detailed equipment. All three volumes of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants serve the practicing engineer by providing organized design procedures, details on the equipment suitable for application selection, and charts in readily usable form. Process engineers, designers, and operators will find more chemical petrochemical plant design data in: Volume 2, Third Edition, which covers distillation and packed towers as well as material on azeotropes and ideal/non-ideal systems. Volume 3, Third Edition, which covers heat transfer, refrigeration systems, compression surge drums, and mechanical drivers. A. Kayode Coker, is Chairman of Chemical & Process Engineering Technology department at Jubail Industrial College in Saudi Arabia. He’s both a chartered scientist and a chartered chemical engineer for more than 15 years. and an author of Fortran Programs for Chemical Process Design, Analysis and Simulation, Gulf Publishing Co., and Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Butterworth-Heinemann. Provides improved design manuals for methods and proven fundamentals of process design with related data and charts Covers a complete range of basic day-to-day petrochemical operation topics with new material on significant industry changes since 1995.

Reaction Engineering

Reaction Engineering Author Shaofen Li
ISBN-10 9780124104785
Release 2017-07-14
Pages 676
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Reaction Engineering clearly and concisely covers the concepts and models of reaction engineering and then applies them to real-world reactor design. The book emphasizes that the foundation of reaction engineering requires the use of kinetics and transport knowledge to explain and analyze reactor behaviors. The authors use readily understandable language to cover the subject, leaving readers with a comprehensive guide on how to understand, analyze, and make decisions related to improving chemical reactions and chemical reactor design. Worked examples, and over 20 exercises at the end of each chapter, provide opportunities for readers to practice solving problems related to the content covered in the book. Seamlessly integrates chemical kinetics, reaction engineering, and reactor analysis to provide the foundation for optimizing reactions and reactor design Compares and contrasts three types of ideal reactors, then applies reaction engineering principles to real reactor design Covers advanced topics, like microreactors, reactive distillation, membrane reactors, and fuel cells, providing the reader with a broader appreciation of the applications of reaction engineering principles and methods

Dust Explosion Dynamics

Dust Explosion Dynamics Author Russell A. Ogle
ISBN-10 9780128038291
Release 2016-09-10
Pages 686
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Dust Explosion Dynamics focuses on the combustion science that governs the behavior of the three primary hazards of combustible dust: dust explosions, flash fires, and smoldering. It explores the use of fundamental principles to evaluate the magnitude of combustible dust hazards in a variety of settings. Models are developed to describe dust combustion phenomena using the principles of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics. Simple, tractable models are described first and compared with experimental data, followed by more sophisticated models to help with future challenges. Dr. Ogle introduces the reader to just enough combustion science so that they may read, interpret, and use the scientific literature published on combustible dusts. This introductory text is intended to be a practical guide to the application of combustible dust models, suitable for both students and experienced engineers. It will help you to describe the dynamics of explosions and fires involving dust and evaluate their consequences which in turn will help you prevent damage to property, injury and loss of life from combustible dust accidents. Demonstrates how the fundamental principles of combustion science can be applied to understand the ignition, propagation, and extinction of dust explosions Explores fundamental concepts through model-building and comparisons with empirical data Provides detailed examples to give a thorough insight into the hazards of combustible dust as well as an introduction to relevant scientific literature