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Lawyers and Savages

Lawyers and Savages Author Kaius Tuori
ISBN-10 9781317815983
Release 2014-09-19
Pages 224
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Legal primitivism was a complex phenomenon that combined the study of early European legal traditions with studies of the legal customs of indigenous peoples. Lawyers and Savages: Ancient History and Legal Realism in the Making of Legal Anthropology explores the rise and fall of legal primitivism, and its connection to the colonial encounter. Through examples such as blood feuds, communalism, ordeals, ritual formalism and polygamy, this book traces the intellectual revolution of legal anthropology and demonstrates how this scholarship had a clear impact in legitimating the colonial experience. Detailing how legal realism drew on anthropology in order to help counter the hypothetical constructs of legal formalism, this book also shows how, despite their explicit rejection, the central themes of primitive law continue to influence current ideas – about indigenous legal systems, but also of the place and role of law in development. Written in an engaging style and rich in examples from history and literature, this book will be invaluable to those with interests in legal realism, legal history or legal anthropology.



The Cheyenne Way

The Cheyenne Way Author Karl Nickerson Llewellyn
ISBN-10 1575887177
Release 1941
Pages 360
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The Cheyenne Indians are one of the most famous tribes of the Great American Plains. While they lived a nomadic, semi-pastoral, hunting existence, the Cheyenne still abided by a clear and well-organized legal and social system. In an effort to examine the way of the Cheyenne more closely, authors Karl N. Llewellyn (a specialist in law) and E. Adamson Hoebel (an anthropologist) decided to perform a field investigation in the summer of 1936. The result of their work was The Cheyenne Way, an illuminating study of the guidance of group conduct without violence in a primitive society having no organized government. It presents 53 cases recorded in the words of Cheyenne informants, ranging from the crime of murder to breaches upon domestic relations. The authors adopted the inductive case-method of American law schools as an exploratory technique to probe Cheyenne jurisprudence. Because the tribe had a non-literate culture, it was necessary to resort to extensive field work to find the case histories recorded only in the memories of tribal storytellers. Prior to delving into the cases, Llewellyn and Hoebel detail the historical background, origin, and development of the Council of Forty-four, the tribal council of civil chiefs that was not only the supreme policy-making body, but which also possessed many judicial functions. After discussing the cases dealing with the Council, the volume explores other elements of the Cheyenne legal system as they related to the military societies, homicide and the supernatural, marriage and sex, property and inheritance, and informal pressures and the integration of the individual. The Cheyenne Way created an abundance of discussion in the legal, academic, and North American Indian communities when it was originally published in 1941, and the relevance of this exceptional work endures for members of these communities today



Plunder

Plunder Author Ugo Mattei
ISBN-10 9780470695807
Release 2008-04-30
Pages 296
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Plunder examines the dark side of the Rule of Law and explores how it has been used as a powerful political weapon by Western countries in order to legitimize plunder – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones. Challenges traditionally held beliefs in the sanctity of the Rule of Law by exposing its dark side Examines the Rule of Law's relationship with 'plunder' – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones – in the service of Western cultural and economic domination Provides global examples of plunder: of oil in Iraq; of ideas in the form of Western patents and intellectual property rights imposed on weaker peoples; and of liberty in the United States Dares to ask the paradoxical question – is the Rule of Law itself illegal?



Passage of Change

Passage of Change Author Anita Jowitt
ISBN-10 9781921666896
Release 2010-11-01
Pages 357
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Numerous issues face Pacific states trying to find their way in the early 21st century. Countries are striving to secure the benefits of modernisation. Governance, law and order are needed to reach such a goal, but development cannot be at the price of culture or the environment. The question of how to develop and maintain sound legal systems and legal rules whilst maintaining the unique cultural heritages within the Pacific is a challenge with no easy answer. This interdisciplinary collection locates issues of law and governance within the particular socio-political context of the Pacific island region, presenting sociological, anthropological and political insights alongside jurisprudential analysis. Key issues including corruption, the role of customary law in modern legal systems, the place of human rights in the Pacific, environmental issues and the structure of the state are explored from a variety of perspectives.



The Life of the Law

The Life of the Law Author Laura Nader
ISBN-10 9780520229884
Release 2002-02-28
Pages 262
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Nader traces the evolution of the plaintiff's role in the United States in the second half of the twentieth century and convincingly argues that the atrophy of the plaintiff's power during this period undermines democracy.".



Anthropological Locations

Anthropological Locations Author Akhil Gupta
ISBN-10 0520206800
Release 1997
Pages 275
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"A vitally important contribution to anthropology. . . . Most importantly, although the critique is sharply directed, the tone of the volume is constructive rather than destructive--or deconstructive."--Joan Vincent, Barnard College "A rich, thought-provoking, and highly original collection. . . . The research presented is new and the perspectives original. This collection of essays casts significant new light on phenomena and practices which have long been central to anthropology, while at the same time introducing new substantive materials."--Don Brenneis, University of California, Santa Cruz



A Story of Ruins

A Story of Ruins Author Wu Hung
ISBN-10 9781861899767
Release 2013-02-15
Pages 296
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This richly illustrated book examines the changing significance of ruins as vehicles for cultural memory in Chinese art and visual culture from ancient times to the present. The story of ruins in China is different from but connected to ‘ruin culture’ in the West. This book explores indigenous Chinese concepts of ruins and their visual manifestations, as well as the complex historical interactions between China and the West since the eighteenth century. Wu Hung leads us through an array of traditional and contemporary visual materials, including painting, architecture, photography, prints and cinema. A Story of Ruins shows how ruins are integral to traditional Chinese culture in both architecture and pictorial forms. It traces the changes in their representation over time, from indigenous methods of recording damage and decay in ancient China, to realistic images of architectural ruins in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, to the strong interest in urban ruins in contemporary China, as shown in the many artworks that depict demolished houses and decaying industrial sites. The result is an original interpretation of the development of Chinese art, as well as a unique contribution to global art history.



The Language of Law School

The Language of Law School Author Elizabeth Mertz
ISBN-10 0195346092
Release 2007-02-03
Pages 336
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In this linguistic study of law school education, Mertz shows how law professors employ the Socratic method between teacher and student, forcing the student to shift away from moral and emotional terms in thinking about conflict, toward frameworks of legal authority instead.



Unfinished

Unfinished Author João Biehl
ISBN-10 9780822372455
Release 2017-11-10
Pages 400
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This original, field-changing collection explores the plasticity and unfinishedness of human subjects and lifeworlds, advancing the conceptual terrain of an anthropology of becoming. People's becomings trouble and exceed ways of knowing and acting, producing new possibilities for research, methodology, and writing. The contributors creatively bridge ethnography and critical theory in a range of worlds on the edge, from war and its aftermath, economic transformation, racial inequality, and gun violence to religiosity, therapeutic markets, animal rights activism, and abrupt environmental change. Defying totalizing analytical schemes, these visionary essays articulate a human science of the uncertain and unknown and restore a sense of movement and possibility to ethics and political practice. Unfinished invites readers to consider the array of affects, ideas, forces, and objects that shape contemporary modes of existence and future horizons, opening new channels for critical thought and creative expression. Contributors. Lucas Bessire, João Biehl, Naisargi N. Dave, Elizabeth A. Davis, Michael M. J. Fischer, Angela Garcia, Peter Locke, Adriana Petryna, Bridget Purcell, Laurence Ralph, Lilia M. Schwarcz



The Anthropology of Development and Globalization

The Anthropology of Development and Globalization Author Marc Edelman
ISBN-10 0631228799
Release 2005-01-14
Pages 420
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The Anthropology of Development and Globalization is a collection of readings that provides an unprecedented overview of this field that ranges from the field’s classical origins to today’s debates about the “magic” of the free market. Explores the foundations of the anthropology of development, a field newly animated by theories of globalization and transnationalism Framed by an encyclopedic introduction that will prove indispensable to students and experts alike Includes readings ranging from Weber and Marx and Engels to contemporary works on the politics of development knowledge, consumption, environment, gender, international NGO networks, the IMF, campaigns to reform the World Bank, the collapse of socialism, and the limits of “post-developmentalism” Fills a crucial gap in the literature by mingling historical, cultural, political, and economic perspectives on development and globalization Present a wide range of theoretical approaches and topics



The Judicial Process

The Judicial Process Author E. W. Thomas
ISBN-10 0511128622
Release 2005-10-13
Pages 432
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In the absence of a sound conception of the judicial role, judges at present can be said to be 'muddling along'. They disown the declaratory theory of law but continue to behave and think as if it had not been discredited. Much judicial reasoning still exhibits an unquestioning acceptance of positivism and a 'rulish' predisposition. Formalistic thinking continues to exert a perverse influence on the legal process. This 2005 book dismantles these outdated theories and seeks to bridge the gap between legal theory and judicial practice. The author propounds a coherent and comprehensive judicial methodology for modern times. Founded on the truism that the law exists to serve society, and adopting the twin criteria of justice and contemporaneity with the times, a judicial methodology is developed which is realistic and pragmatic and which embraces a revised conception of practical reasoning, including in that conception a critical role for legal principles.



Fast Food Nation

Fast Food Nation Author Eric Schlosser
ISBN-10 9780547750330
Release 2012
Pages 362
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Explores the homogenization of American culture and the impact of the fast food industry on modern-day health, economy, politics, popular culture, entertainment, and food production.



The Media Book

The Media Book Author Chris Newbold
ISBN-10 0340740477
Release 2002
Pages 445
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The Media Book provides today's students with a comprehensive foundation for the study of the modern media. It has been systematically compiled to map the field in a way which corresponds to the curricular organization of the field around the globe, providing a complete resource for students in their third year to graduate level courses in the U.S.



Folk Devils and Moral Panics

Folk Devils and Moral Panics Author Stanley Cohen
ISBN-10 9781136807046
Release 2011-04-01
Pages 328
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'Richly documented and convincingly presented' -- New Society Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, designer drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. Every era has its own moral panics. It was Stanley Cohen’s classic account, first published in the early 1970s and regularly revised, that brought the term ‘moral panic’ into widespread discussion. It is an outstanding investigation of the way in which the media and often those in a position of political power define a condition, or group, as a threat to societal values and interests. Fanned by screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this leads to such groups being marginalised and vilified in the popular imagination, inhibiting rational debate about solutions to the social problems such groups represent. Furthermore, he argues that moral panics go even further by identifying the very fault lines of power in society. Full of sharp insight and analysis, Folk Devils and Moral Panics is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand this powerful and enduring phenomenon. Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology (1985) and is on the Board of the International Council on Human Rights. He is a member of the British Academy.



Ancient Mathematics

Ancient Mathematics Author Serafina Cuomo
ISBN-10 9781134710188
Release 2005-08-19
Pages 304
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The theorem of Pythagoras, Euclid's "Elements", Archimedes' method to find the volume of a sphere: all parts of the invaluable legacy of ancient mathematics. But ancient mathematics was also about counting and measuring, surveying land and attributing mystical significance to the number six. This volume offers the first accessible survey of the discipline in all its variety and diversity of practices. The period covered ranges from the fifth century BC to the sixth century AD, with the focus on the Mediterranean region. Topics include: * mathematics and politics in classical Greece * the formation of mathematical traditions * the self-image of mathematicians in the Graeco-Roman period * mathematics and Christianity * and the use of the mathematical past in late antiquity.



Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy

Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy Author Devaki Jain
ISBN-10 9788132107415
Release 2011-11-03
Pages 347
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Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy brings together 14 essays by feminist thinkers from different parts of the world, reflecting on the flaws in the current patterns of development and arguing for political, economic, and social changes to promote equality and sustainability. The contributors argue that the very approach being taken to understand and measure progress, and plan for and evaluate development, needs rethinking in ways that draw on the experiences and knowledge of women. All the essays, in diverse ways, offer proposals for alternative ideas to address the limitations and contradictions of currently dominant theories and practices in development, and move towards the creation of a socially just and egalitarian world.



Economies of Abandonment

Economies of Abandonment Author Elizabeth A. Povinelli
ISBN-10 9780822350842
Release 2011-11-11
Pages 236
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Examines how alternative social worlds and projects generate new possibilities of life in the context of ordinary and extraordinary acts of neglect and surveillance