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Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading

Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading Author David Freestone
ISBN-10 9780199565931
Release 2009-10-01
Pages 657
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Since 2005 the carbon market has grown to a value of nearly $100 billion per annum, including the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and other schemes. This work covers the legal aspects of these schemes, as well as reform of the ETS, and the successor regime to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol currently being negotiated. It will be invaluable to those involved in the field.

Emissions Trading Schemes

Emissions Trading Schemes Author Sanja Bogojevic
ISBN-10 9781782251651
Release 2013-07-04
Pages 228
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Over the last four decades emissions trading has enjoyed a high profile in environmental law scholarship and in environmental law and policy. Much of the discussion is promotional, preferring emissions trading above other regulatory strategies without, however, engaging with legal complexities embedded in conceptualising, scrutinising and managing emissions trading regimes. The combined effect of these debates is to create a perception that emissions trading is a straightforward regulatory strategy, imposable across various jurisdictions and environmental settings. This book shows that this view is problematic for at least two reasons. First, emissions trading responds to distinct environmental and non-environmental goals, including creating profit-centres, substituting bureaucratic control of resources, and ensuring regulatory compliance. This is important, as the particular purpose entrusted to a given emissions trading regime has, as its corollary, a particular governance structure, according to which the regime may be constructed and managed, and which trusts the emissions market, the state and rights in emissions allowances with distinct roles. Second, the governance structures of emissions trading regimes are culture-specific, which is a significant reminder of the importance of law in understanding not only how emissions trading schemes function but also what meaning is given to them as regulatory strategies. This is shown by deconstructing emissions trading discourses: that is, by inquiring into the assumptions about emissions trading, as featuring in emissions trading scholarship and in debates involving law and policymakers and the judiciary at the EU level. Ultimately, this book makes a strong argument for reconfiguring the common understanding of emissions trading schemes as regulatory strategies, and sets out a framework for analysis to sustain that reconfiguration.

The Allocation of Regulatory Competence in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

The Allocation of Regulatory Competence in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Author Josephine van Zeben
ISBN-10 9781107042261
Release 2014-04-17
Pages 280
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Analysis of the law and politics of regulatory competence allocation in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme.

Criminological and Legal Consequences of Climate Change

Criminological and Legal Consequences of Climate Change Author Stephen Farrall
ISBN-10 9781847319203
Release 2012-04-02
Pages 282
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This edited collection, the result of an international seminar held at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oñati, Spain in 2010, explores the potential legal and criminological consequences of climate change, both domestically and for the international community. A novel feature of the book is the consideration given to the potential synergies between the two disciplinary foci, thus to encourage among legal scholars and criminologists not only an analysis of the consequences of climate change from these perspectives but to bring these fields together to provide a unique, inter-disciplinary exploration of the ways in which climate change does, or could, impact on our societies. Such an inter-disciplinary approach is necessary given that climate change is a multifaceted phenomenon and one which is intimately linked across disciplines. To study this topic from the point of view of a single social science discipline restricts our understanding of the societal consequences of climate change. It is hoped that this edited collection will identify emerging areas of concern, illuminate areas for further research and, most of all, encourage future academic discussion on this most critical of issues.

International Trade Regulation and the Mitigation of Climate Change

International Trade Regulation and the Mitigation of Climate Change Author Thomas Cottier
Release 2009-09-24
Pages 437
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Drawing on the expertise of leading voices, this book takes stock of key challenges in addressing climate change mitigation, serving as a reference tool for understanding the interface between international trade and climate and shedding light on key issues including global commons, border tax adjustment, subsidies and biofuels.

The International Law of Property

The International Law of Property Author John G. Sprankling
ISBN-10 9780191502521
Release 2014-05-01
Pages 400
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Does a right to property exist under international law? The traditional answer to this question is no: a right to property can only arise under the domestic law of a particular nation. But the view that property rights are exclusively governed by national law is obsolete. Identifiable areas of property law have emerged at the international level, and the foundation is now arguably being laid for a comprehensive international regime. This book provides a detailed investigation into this developing international property law. It demonstrates how the evolution of international property law has been influenced by major economic, political, and technological changes: the embrace of private property by former socialist states after the end of the Cold War; the globalization of trade; the birth of new technologies capable of exploiting the global commons; the rise of digital property; and the increasing recognition of the human right to property. The first part of the book analyzes how international law impacts rights in specific types of property. In some situations, international law creates property rights, such as rights in aboriginal lands, deep seabed minerals, and satellite orbits. In other areas, it harmonizes property rights that arise at the national level, such as rights in intellectual property, rights in foreign investments, and security interests in personal property. Finally, it restricts property rights that may be recognized at the national level, such as rights in celestial bodies, contraband, and slaves. The second part of the book explores the thesis that a global right to property should be recognized as a general matter, not merely as a moral precept but rather as an entitlement that all nations must honour. It establishes the components of such a right, arguing that the right to property at the international level should be seen in the context of five key components of ownership: acquisition, use, destruction, exclusion, and transfer. This highly innovative book makes an important contribution to how we conceptualize the protection of property and to the understanding that much of this protection now takes place at the international level.

Compliance with the EU ETS

Compliance with the EU ETS Author Sophia Künze
ISBN-10 9783656328803
Release 2012-12-03
Pages 53
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Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Law - Miscellaneous, Maastricht University (Faculty of Law), course: Environmental Law, language: English, abstract: [...] Subject of the examination of the paper is the system of enforcement the EU ETS provides in the field of monitoring, reporting and verifying by analyzing the compliance tools and by taking the German implementation as an example to review problems and case law of the first trading periods. Since a sound system of enforcement provided by the EU-ETS to ensure compliance is extremely important, the second chapter of this thesis will review the mechanism foreseen in the directive, the so-called compliance cycle, which is based on monitoring, reporting and verifying; taking into account also the enforcement system’s unique characteristics in contrast to other environmental law instruments. After documenting the obligation of the operators of the installations covered by the directive have, like monitoring and constantly reporting on their emission in order to achieve the permission to emit, possibly appearing problems will be shown. Since the member states themselves are in charge of enforcement and therefore control the obligations of operators and verifier provided in the Directive 2003/87 in connection with the Monitoring and Reporting Guidelines of the Commission, in the third chapter of this thesis a case study will show how this challenge is implemented practically on the German example. More specifically, after analyzing the framework given by the EU in the Directive 2003/87, it will be analyzed throughout the third chapter how the German legislator coped with the challenge of implementing an effective system and what possible weaknesses are detected. Moreover, it will be reviewed what problems the operators have been facing in the first trading periods and also how the German authorities dealt with upcoming challenges. Due to the different operators and the different steps within the compliance cycle, different defects at different levels may appear: incomplete or incorrect data can be forwarded by the installation operators, verification by the private verifier could be biased in favor for one party and installations can emit more than they are allowed to. Additionally case law will show what role the courts in the compliance system play and how their decisions influenced the development of the enforcement system in Germany. At last section four of this article provides some concluding remarks.

EU Climate Policy Explained

EU Climate Policy Explained Author Jos Delbeke
ISBN-10 9781317338116
Release 2015-10-05
Pages 152
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The EU has been the region of the world where the most climate policies have been implemented, and where practical policy experimentation in the field of the environment and climate change has been taking place at a rapid pace over the last twenty-five years. This has led to considerable success in reducing pollution, decoupling emissions from economic growth and fostering global technological leadership. The objective of the book is to explain the EU's climate policies in an accessible way, to demonstrate the step-by-step approach that has been used to develop these policies, and the ways in which they have been tested and further improved in the light of experience. The book shows that there is no single policy instrument that can bring down greenhouse gas emissions, but the challenge has been to put a jigsaw of policy instruments together that is coherent, delivers emissions reductions, and is cost-effective. The book differs from existing books by the fact it covers the EU's emissions trading system, the energy sector and other economic sectors, including their development in the context of international climate policy. Set against the backdrop of the 2015 UN Climate Change conference in Paris, this accessible book will be of great relevance to students, scholars and policy makers alike.

International Climate Change Law

International Climate Change Law Author Daniel Bodansky
ISBN-10 9780191643149
Release 2017-05-25
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This textbook, by three experts in the field, provides a comprehensive overview of international climate change law. Climate change is one of the fundamental challenges facing the world today, and is the cause of significant international concern. In response, states have created an international climate regime. The treaties that comprise the regime - the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and the 2015 Paris Agreement establish a system of governance to address climate change and its impacts. This book provides a clear analytical guide to the climate regime, as well as other relevant international legal rules. The book begins by locating international climate change law within the broader context of international law and international environmental law. It considers the evolution of the international climate change regime, and the process of law-making that has led to it. It examines the key provisions of the Framework Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. It analyses the principles and obligations that underpin the climate regime, as well as the elaborate institutional and governance architecture that has been created at successive international conferences to develop commitments and promote transparency and compliance. The final two chapters address the polycentric nature of international climate change law, as well as the intersections of international climate change law with other areas of international regulation. This book is an essential introduction to international climate change law for students, scholars and negotiators.

Climate Finance

Climate Finance Author Richard B. Stewart
ISBN-10 9780814741382
Release 2009-11-01
Pages 323
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Preventing risks of severe damage from climate change not only requires deep cuts in developed country greenhouse gas emissions, but enormous amounts of public and private investment to limit emissions while promoting green growth in developing countries. While attention has focused on emissions limitations commitments and architectures, the crucial issue of what must be done to mobilize and govern the necessary financial resources has received too little consideration. In Climate Finance, a leading group of policy experts and scholars shows how effective mitigation of climate change will depend on a complex mix of public funds, private investment through carbon markets, and structured incentives that leave room for developing country innovations. This requires sophisticated national and global regulation of cap-and-trade and offset markets, forest and energy policy, international development funding, international trade law, and coordinated tax policy. Thirty-six targeted policy essays present a succinct overview of the emerging field of climate finance, defining the issues, setting the stakes, and making new and comprehensive proposals for financial, regulatory, and governance mechanisms that will enrich political and policy debate for many years to come. The complex challenges of climate finance will continue to demand fresh insights and creative approaches. The ideas in this volume mark out starting points for essential institutional and policy innovations.

Professional Networks in Transnational Governance

Professional Networks in Transnational Governance Author Leonard Seabrooke
ISBN-10 9781316858059
Release 2017-10-12
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Who controls how transnational issues are defined and treated? In recent decades professional coordination on a range of issues has been elevated to the transnational level. International organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and firms all make efforts to control these issues. This volume shifts focus away from looking at organizations and zooms in on how professional networks exert control in transnational governance. It contributes to research on professions and expertise, policy entrepreneurship, normative emergence, and change. The book provides a framework for understanding how professionals and organizations interact, and uses it to investigate a range of transnational cases. The volume also deploys a strong emphasis on methodological strategies to reveal who controls transnational issues, including network, sequence, field, and ethnographic approaches. Bringing together scholars from economic sociology, international relations, and organization studies, the book integrates insights from across fields to reveal how professionals obtain and manage control over transnational issues.

Legal Aspects of Implementing the Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms

Legal Aspects of Implementing the Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms Author David Freestone
ISBN-10 0199279616
Release 2005
Pages 643
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The first protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in Kyoto in 1997 and entered into force in February 2005. It is a unique international law instrument which sets legally binding targets for the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases which contribute to climate change. The targets are unprecedented in an environmental agreement and will involve substantial financial commitment in virtually all industrialized country parties to the protocol. The Kyoto Protocol is also the first international agreement to include economic instruments which are designed to involve private sector entities and assist parties to meet their targets. These economic instruments, known as the Kyoto or flexible mechanisms, are Joint Implementation (JI), the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), and International Emissions Trading. The Kyoto Protocol defined these mechanisms but did not set out the details necessary for their operation. After protracted negotiations, detailed rules were finalized at the Seventh Session of the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties held in Marrakech in 2001. The Marrakech Accords run to almost 250 pages but still leave many important practical issues unaddressed. As the 2008-2012 commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol draws close more and more projects under CDM and JI are being developed to take advantage of the Kyoto mechanisms and the key issues and problems are now becoming more apparent. Drawing on the emerging bodyof expertise in this complex area, this book conveys a knowledge of what is becoming known as 'Carbon Finance'. It thereby aims to contribute to the development of the market for carbon emission reductions - one of the objectives of the Kyoto mechanisms.

The Economics and Politics of Climate Change

The Economics and Politics of Climate Change Author Dieter Helm
ISBN-10 9780199573288
Release 2009-10-29
Pages 538
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The volume brings together leading climate change policy experts to set out the economic analysis and the nature of the negotiations at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen and beyond.

Global Carbon Trading

Global Carbon Trading Author Mark Lazarowicz
ISBN-10 0117064505
Release 2009
Pages 144
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The Global Carbon Trading report was commissioned by the Prime Minister to examine the role of cap and trade systems internationally and the main challenges that will be faced as they develop. There is now overwhelming evidence that climate change is happening more rapidly than scientists had predicted and the declaration was made at the G8 summit in July 2009 to reduce emissions and limit the global temperature rise to below 2 degree C. Global carbon trading is an important tool in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This report delivers an important contribution to tackling greenhouse gas emissions. It examines the strengths and limitations of current carbon trading systems and sets out a strategic approach to the development of global carbon trading over the coming years.The aims of this report fall into four broad categories: to provide a balanced assessment of evidence for the benefits and limitations of cap and trade; to set out a long-term framework for cap and trade systems; to provide a roadmap for expanding and linking cap and trade systems in developed countries and intermediary systems In developing countries; to assess the governance and institutional requirements of a global carbon trading system.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography Author Arthur James Wells
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105211722686
Release 2009
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The British National Bibliography has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The British National Bibliography also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The British National Bibliography book for free.

Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol Author Kheng Lian Koh
ISBN-10 9789814277525
Release 2010
Pages 576
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Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol: Asia and the World focuses on responses to climate change in the world's most populous region. This book provides the most comprehensive insight to the climate change discourse within Asia to date by drawing on the diverse disciplines and experience of legal practitioners, climate change consultants, government officials and academics. Individual chapters address issues such as how the various Asian countries ? highly disparate in their cultures, socio-economic conditions and political systems ? are responding to climate change, the challenges of mitigating and adapting to climate change, and the effective implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Asia.

Linking Emissions Trading Schemes

Linking Emissions Trading Schemes Author Andreas Tuerk
ISBN-10 9781849770118
Release 2009
Pages 97
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A growing number of GHG emissions trading schemes are being implemented at regional or national levels. However, even as the number of different schemes grows, few linkages exist between them. Major cap-and-trade proposals are currently at important stages in their development, especially in the United States, Japan and Australia, some of which explicitly emphasize the aim of linking with other schemes. One of the strategic goals of European climate policy is linking the EU ETS with other comparable schemes. The research presented in this volume is on actual economic, political and institutional constraints and implications. It examines the role of linking trading schemes for the development of the post-Kyoto climate architecture and for increasing linkage between schemes. This essential research will be relevant to both the scientific community and for policymakers who are involved in the design of emerging trading schemes and offset mechanisms, as well as in designing the post Kyoto climate regime.This volume focuses specifically on: o Economic, institutional/regulatory and legal dimensions of linkingo Implications of linking on the design of emerging trading schemeso The role of linking trading schemes for the development of the post-Kyoto climate regim