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Legal Pluralism in Indonesia

Legal Pluralism in Indonesia Author Ratno Lukito
ISBN-10 9780415673426
Release 2013
Pages 271
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With the revival of Islamic law and adat (customary) law in the country, this book investigates the history and phenomenon of legal pluralism in Indonesia. It looks at how the ideal of modernity in Indonesia has been characterized by a state-driven effort in the post-colonial era to make the institution of law an inseparable part of national development. Focusing on the aspects of political and 'conflictual' domains of legal pluralism in Indonesia, the book discusses the understanding of the state's attitude and behaviour towards the three largest legal traditions currently operative in the society: adat law, Islamic law and civil law. The first aspect is addressed by looking at how the state specifically deals with Islamic law and adat law, while the second is analysed in terms of actual cases of private interpersonal law, such as interfaith marriage, interfaith inheritance and gendered inheritance. The book goes on to look at how socio-political factors have influenced the relations between state and non-state laws, and how the state's strategy of accommodation of legal pluralism has in fact largely depended on the extent to which those legal traditions have been able to conform to national ideology. It is a useful contribution for students and scholars of Asian Studies and Law.



Tradisi Hukum Indonesia

Tradisi Hukum Indonesia Author Ratno Lukito
ISBN-10 9786027598089
Release 2012-05-10
Pages
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Pembangunan "sistem hukum nasional" merupakan salah satu agenda utama dalam pembangunan nasional sebagaimana ditunjukkan dalam berbagai dokumen resmi negara yang diadopsi sejak masa awal kemerdekaan. Awal dari upaya ini mungkin, tidak hanya bisa dirujuk pada perjuangan Supomo dengan konsepsi negara integralistik-nya yang kental dengan fasisme yang kemudian diadopsi UUD 1945 tapi juga sampai masa . Bagaimanapun, dalam perjalanannya, proyek kolosal ini mengalami banyak hambatan dan tentangan serius, entah itu di tataran akademis ataupun praktis. Kesimpang-siuran berlanjut ketika dihadapkan pada realitas di lapangan yang menegaskan masih diberlakukannya berbagai produk hukum kolonial untuk mengatur berbagai aspek fundamental dalam kehidupan bernegara. Bahkan sebagai bagian dari proyek nasionalisme konvensional ini seakan menjadi semakin usang ketika dihadapkan pada berbagai tuntutan kontemporer, utamanya, internasionalisme, berupa pengadopsian berbagai standar kemanusiaan universal (HAM), yang makin hari makin kuat intensitasnya. Terlepas dari berbagai anomali dan kesulitan yang mengemuka selama ini, aspirasi bagi pembentukannya masih tetap kuat seperti sediakala, termasuk di kalangan akademis dan masyarakat sipil secara luas di tanah air. Anehnya, bukannya tanggapan berupa maraknya studi kesarjanaan yang berbobot atau hadirnya upaya sistematis bagi pemajuannya malahan kemunduran yang didorong oleh berbagai bentuk partikularisme, mulai dari inkorporasi moralitas keagamaan secara kasat mata melalui populisme. Melalui buku ini, Profesor Ratno Lukito, sarjana perbandingan hukum, menjawab pertanyaan tersebut dengan menyediakan kajian kesarjanaan terdepan terkait apa saja yang menjadi unsur bagi hadirnya sebuah "tradisi hukum Indonesia" yang pada gilirannya mampu menghadirkan sebuah "sistem hukum nasional" yang khas. Sebagaimana dituangkan dalam postscript, kontribusi akademis ini tidak hanya diharapkan mampu merangsang "pemikiran ulang" terkait sistem hukum seperti apa yang dibutuhkan untuk merespon tantangan "Reformasi" tapi juga menyampaikan berbagai arahan baru dalam isu yang sangat mendesak ini.



Passage of Change

Passage of Change Author Anita Jowitt
ISBN-10 9781921666896
Release 2010-11-01
Pages 357
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Numerous issues face Pacific states trying to find their way in the early 21st century. Countries are striving to secure the benefits of modernisation. Governance, law and order are needed to reach such a goal, but development cannot be at the price of culture or the environment. The question of how to develop and maintain sound legal systems and legal rules whilst maintaining the unique cultural heritages within the Pacific is a challenge with no easy answer. This interdisciplinary collection locates issues of law and governance within the particular socio-political context of the Pacific island region, presenting sociological, anthropological and political insights alongside jurisprudential analysis. Key issues including corruption, the role of customary law in modern legal systems, the place of human rights in the Pacific, environmental issues and the structure of the state are explored from a variety of perspectives.



The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South

The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South Author Susan Parnell
ISBN-10 9781136678202
Release 2014-03-26
Pages 636
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The renaissance in urban theory draws directly from a fresh focus on the neglected realities of cities beyond the west and embraces the global south as the epicentre of urbanism. This Handbook engages the complex ways in which cities of the global south and the global north are rapidly shifting, the imperative for multiple genealogies of knowledge production, as well as a diversity of empirical entry points to understand contemporary urban dynamics. The Handbook works towards a geographical realignment in urban studies, bringing into conversation a wide array of cities across the global south – the ‘ordinary’, ‘mega’, ‘global’ and ‘peripheral’. With interdisciplinary contributions from a range of leading international experts, it profiles an emergent and geographically diverse body of work. The contributions draw on conflicting and divergent debates to open up discussion on the meaning of the city in, or of, the global south; arguments that are fluid and increasingly contested geographically and conceptually. It reflects on critical urbanism, the macro- and micro-scale forces that shape cities, including ideological, demographic and technological shifts, and constantly changing global and regional economic dynamics. Working with southern reference points, the chapters present themes in urban politics, identity and environment in ways that (re)frame our thinking about cities. The Handbook engages the twenty-first-century city through a ‘southern urban’ lens to stimulate scholarly, professional and activist engagements with the city.



Reformation of Islamic Thought

Reformation of Islamic Thought Author Naṣr Ḥāmid Abū Zayd
ISBN-10 9789053568286
Release 2006
Pages 112
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After September 11, Islam became nearly synonymous with fundamentalism in the eyes of Western media and literature. However widely held this view may be, it is at odds with Islam’s rich political history. Renowned Egyptian scholar Nasr Abû Zayd here considers the full breadth of contemporary Muslim writings to examine the diverse political, religious, and cultural views that inform discourse in the Islamic world. Reformation of Islamic Thought explores the writings of intellectuals from Egypt to Iran to Indonesia, probing their efforts to expand Islam beyond traditional and legalistic interpretations. Zayd reveals that many Muslim thinkers advocate culturally enlightened Islam with an emphasis on individual faith. He then investigates the extent of these Muslim reformers’ success in generating an authentic renewal of Islamic ideology, asking if such thinkers have escaped the traditionalist trap of presenting a negative image to the West. A fascinating and highly relevant study for our times, Reformation of Islamic Thought is an essential analysis of Islam’s present and future.



Contemporary Anarchist Studies

Contemporary Anarchist Studies Author Randall Amster
ISBN-10 9781134026425
Release 2009-02-10
Pages 336
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This volume of collected essays by some of the most prominent academics studying anarchism bridges the gap between anarchist activism on the streets and anarchist theory in the academy. Focusing on anarchist theory, pedagogy, methodologies, praxis, and the future, this edition will strike a chord for anyone interested in radical social change. This interdisciplinary work highlights connections between anarchism and other perspectives such as feminism, queer theory, critical race theory, disability studies, post-modernism and post-structuralism, animal liberation, and environmental justice. Featuring original articles, this volume brings together a wide variety of anarchist voices whilst stressing anarchism's tradition of dissent. This book is a must buy for the critical teacher, student, and activist interested in the state of the art of anarchism studies.



The Multicultural Riddle

The Multicultural Riddle Author Gerd Baumann
ISBN-10 9781135961886
Release 2002-09-11
Pages 198
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Multicultural Riddle is a comprehensive exploration of all the issues that shape our search for a multicultural society. The book examines how we can establish a state of justice and equality between and among three groups: those who believe in a unified national culture, those who trace their culture to their ethnic identity, and those who view their religion as their culture. To solve the multicultural riddle, one must rethink national identity, ethnicity and the role of religion in the modern world.



War and Law in the Islamic World

War and Law in the Islamic World Author Matthias Vanhullebusch
ISBN-10 9789004298248
Release 2015-06-05
Pages 302
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A three-part investigation on the origins and evolving roles that Islamic law and international humanitarian law have played in regulating conflict and violence, War and Law in the Islamic World brings to light legal and policy complexities that plague modern-day armed conflict in the region.



Deals and Development

Deals and Development Author Lant Pritchett
ISBN-10 9780198801641
Release 2018-01-16
Pages 400
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When are developing countries able to initiate periods of rapid growth and why have so few of these countries been able to sustain growth over decades? Deals and Development: The Political Dynamics of Growth Episodes seeks to answer these questions and many more through a novel conceptual framework built from a political economy of business-government relations. Economic growth for most developing countries is not a linear process. Growth instead proceeds in booms and busts, yet most frameworks for thinking about economic growth are built on the faulty assumption that a country's economic performance is largely stable. Deals and Development explains how growth episodes emerge and when growth, once ignited, is maintained for a sustained period. It applies its new framework to examine the growth of countries across a range of institutional and political contexts in Africa and Asia, using the examples of Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Ghana, Liberia, Malawi, Rwanda and Uganda. Through these country analyses it demonstrates the explanatory power of its framework and the importance of feedback cycles in which economic trends interact with political behaviour to either sustain or terminate a growth episode. Offering a lens through which to analyse complex scenarios and unwieldy amounts of information, this book provides actionable levers of intervention to bring around reform and improve a country's chance at achieving transformative economic growth.



Media Consumption in Malaysia

Media Consumption in Malaysia Author Tony Wilson
ISBN-10 9781317589037
Release 2015-01-09
Pages 194
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How do visitors immersing themselves in material places such as shopping malls or video sites online make sense of the experience, enabling criticizing - or consenting to content? How is this evident in behaviour? Reflecting on accounts by Chinese, Indian, Malay and Indigenous members of Malaysian society, this book addresses these questions from a practices perspective increasingly adopted by scholars in marketing and media studies. The volume provides an account of practices theory from its origins in critical hermeneutics (such as Heidegger, Gadamer and Ricoeur), as reflecting on the processes of embodied understanding, developing alongside interpretive and reception theory. Part I draws upon authors as diverse as Heidegger and Henry Jenkins, with a practices perspective on media and mall consuming shown as developing from forty years of theorizing about audience activity. An empirical study of Malaysian blogging and branding on YouTube exemplifies this approach. Part II considers Malaysians absorbed in social media sites, as everyday visitors and the subjects of consumer research. The book then returns to the material world, exploring the horizons of understanding from which Malaysians enter their mediated malls, and concludes by positioning media practices theory within a spectrum of philosophical ideas. Recognizing the current (re)turn in Consumer and Media Studies to employing hermeneutics as an account of our embodied human understanding, this book presents its major philosophical proponents, showing how close attention to their writing can now inform and shape research on ubiquitous screen users. As such, it will be of particular interest to students and scholars of Media Studies, Asian Studies and Marketing Studies.



Mapping Applied Linguistics

Mapping Applied Linguistics Author Christopher J. Hall
ISBN-10 9781351849661
Release 2017-05-18
Pages 444
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Mapping Applied Linguistics: A guide for students and practitioners, second edition, provides a newly updated, wide-ranging introduction to the full scope of applied linguistics. This innovative book maps the diverse and constantly expanding range of theories, methods and issues faced by students and practitioners around the world, integrating both sociocultural and cognitive perspectives. Practically oriented and ideally suited to students new to the discipline, Mapping Applied Linguistics provides in-depth coverage of: multilingualism, language variation and Global Englishes literacy, language teaching and bilingual education discourse analysis language policy and planning lexicography and translation language pathology and forensic linguistics The new second edition features contemporary examples of global applied linguistics research and practice, and includes updated further reading and new fieldwork suggestions for each chapter. The companion website at cw.routledge.com/textbooks/hall provides a wealth of additional learning material, including activities, flashcards and links to the latest online resources. Mapping Applied Linguistics is essential reading for students studying applied linguistics, TESOL, general linguistics and language and literacy education at the advanced undergraduate or master’s degree level. It also provides a gateway for practitioners and specialists seeking to better understand the wider scope of their work.



Paradoxes of Cultural Recognition

Paradoxes of Cultural Recognition Author Sharam Alghasi
ISBN-10 9781409491637
Release 2012-12-28
Pages 318
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Explicitly comparative in its approach, Paradoxes of Cultural Recognition discusses central issues regarding multiculturalism in today's Europe, based on studies of Norway and the Netherlands. Distinguishing clearly the four social fields of the media, education, the labour market and issues relating to gender, it presents empirical case studies, which offer valuable insights into the nature of majority/minority relationships, whilst raising theoretical questions relevant for further comparisons. With clear comparisons of integration and immigration policies in Europe and engagement with the questions surrounding the need for more culturally sensitive policies, this volume will be of interest to scholars and policy-makers alike.



Comparative Law in a Global Context

Comparative Law in a Global Context Author Werner F. Menski
ISBN-10 9781139452717
Release 2006-03-30
Pages
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Now in its second edition, this textbook presents a critical rethinking of the study of comparative law and legal theory in a globalising world, and proposes an alternative model. It highlights the inadequacies of current Western theoretical approaches in comparative law, international law, legal theory and jurisprudence, especially for studying Asian and African laws, arguing that they are too parochial and eurocentric to meet global challenges. Menski argues for combining modern natural law theories with positivist and socio-legal traditions, building an interactive, triangular concept of legal pluralism. Advocated as the fourth major approach to legal theory, this model is applied in analysing the historical and conceptual development of Hindu law, Muslim law, African laws and Chinese law.



Fragile Conviction

Fragile Conviction Author Mathijs Pelkmans
ISBN-10 9781501708374
Release 2017-03-01
Pages 232
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The Allied occupation of Japan is remembered as the "good occupation." An American-led coalition successfully turned a militaristic enemy into a stable and democratic ally. Of course, the story was more complicated, but the occupation did forge one of the most enduring relationships in the postwar world. Recent events, from the occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan to protests over American bases in Japan to increasingly aggressive territorial disputes between Asian nations over islands in the Pacific, have brought attention back to the subject of the occupation of Japan. In Architects of Occupation, Dayna L. Barnes exposes the wartime origins of occupation policy and broader plans for postwar Japan. She considers the role of presidents, bureaucrats, think tanks, the media, and Congress in policymaking. Members of these elite groups came together in an informal policy network that shaped planning. Rather than relying solely on government reports and records to understand policymaking, Barnes also uses letters, memoirs, diaries, and manuscripts written by policymakers to trace the rise and spread of ideas across the policy network. The book contributes a new facet to the substantial literature on the occupation, serves as a case study in foreign policy analysis, and tells a surprising new story about World War II.



Religion and Place

Religion and Place Author Peter Hopkins
ISBN-10 9789400746855
Release 2012-09-14
Pages 222
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This unique collection highlights the importance of landscape, politics and piety to our understandings of religion and place. The geographies of religion have developed rapidly in the last couple of decades and this book provides both a conceptual framing of the key issues and debates involved, and rich illustrations through empirical case studies. The chapters span the discipline of human geography and cover contexts as diverse as veiling in Turkey, religious landscapes in rural Peru, and refugees and faith in South Africa. A number of prominent scholars and emerging researchers examine topical themes in each engaging chapter with significant foci being: religious transnationalism and religious landscapes; gendering of religious identities and contexts; fashion, faith and the body; identity, resistance and belief; immigrant identities, citizenship and spaces of belief; alternative spiritualities and places of retreat and enchantment. Together they make a series of important contributions that illuminate the central role of geography to the meaning and implications of lived religion, public piety and religious embodiment. As such, this collection will be of much interest to researchers and students working on topics relating to religion and place, including human geographers, sociologists, religious studies and religious education scholars.



From Monologue to Dialogue

From Monologue to Dialogue Author E. Jurriëns
ISBN-10 9789004253834
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 196
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From Monologue to Dialogue: Radio and Reform in Indonesia analyses how radio journalism since the late 1990s has been shaped by and contributed to Reformasi, or the ambition of democratizing Indonesian politics, economy and society. The book examines ideas and practices such as independent journalism, peace journalism, meta-journalism, virtual interactivity, talk-back radio and community radio, which have all been designed to renew audience interest in media and societal affairs. It pays special attention to radio programmes that enable hosts, experts, listeners and other participants to discuss and negotiate the very rules and boundaries of Indonesia’s newly acquired media freedom. The author argues that these contemporary programmes provide dialogic alternatives to the official New Order discourse dominated by monologism.



From Early Tang Court Debates to China s Peaceful Rise

From Early Tang Court Debates to China s Peaceful Rise Author Friederike Assandri
ISBN-10 9789053567951
Release 2009
Pages 158
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Contributors to this insightful volume on topics in Chinese history from the past 1,400 years highlight the complexity at hand inside and outside modern China, while exploring issues related to political and social dynamics, economic structures, modernization, identity building, and Chinese interaction with the outside world. The articles presented here provide new insight on events as broad-ranging as the interreligious court debates of the Tang, the Jiaqing reform of the Qing, the Chinese display at the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago, China’s rise, and its current Internet regulation, making this highly interdisciplinary collection an important contribution to current scholarship on the nation of China.