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Legal Reason

Legal Reason Author Lloyd L. Weinreb
ISBN-10 9781107153462
Release 2016-09-30
Pages 200
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In this book, the pervasive use of analogies in the reasoning of lawyers and judges is explained in clear, simple, untechnical prose.



Legal Reason

Legal Reason Author Lloyd L. Weinreb
ISBN-10 9781316982761
Release 2016-09-29
Pages
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Legal Reason describes and explains analogical reasoning, the distinctive feature of legal argument. It challenges the prevailing view that analogical reasoning is a logically flawed, defective form of deductive reasoning. Drawing on work in epistemology and cognitive psychology, the book shows that analogical reasoning in the law is the same as that used by everyone routinely in ordinary life, and that it is a valid form of reasoning, derived from the innate human capacity to recognize the general in the particular. The use of analogical reasoning in law is dictated by the nature of law, which calls for the application of general rules to particular facts. Critiques of the first edition of the book are addressed directly and objections answered in a new chapter. Written for scholars, students, and persons interested in law, Legal Reason is written in accessible prose, with examples drawn from the law and everyday experience.



Legal Reason

Legal Reason Author Lloyd L. Weinreb
ISBN-10 0521614902
Release 2005-02-14
Pages 184
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Legal Reason is written in accessible prose, with examples from law and from everyday life.



Thinking Like a Lawyer

Thinking Like a Lawyer Author Frederick Schauer
ISBN-10 9780674032705
Release 2009-04-27
Pages 239
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This primer on legal reasoning is aimed at law students and upper-level undergraduates. But it is also an original exposition of basic legal concepts that scholars and lawyers will find stimulating. It covers such topics as rules, precedent, authority, analogical reasoning, the common law, statutory interpretation, legal realism, judicial opinions, legal facts, and burden of proof.



An Introduction to Legal Reasoning

An Introduction to Legal Reasoning Author Edward H. Levi
ISBN-10 9780226089867
Release 2013-10-11
Pages 128
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Originally published in 1949, An Introduction to Legal Reasoning is widely acknowledged as a classic text. As its opening sentence states, “This is an attempt to describe generally the process of legal reasoning in the field of case law and in the interpretation of statutes and of the Constitution.” In elegant and lucid prose, Edward H. Levi does just that in a concise manner, providing an intellectual foundation for generations of students as well as general readers. For this edition, the book includes a substantial new foreword by leading contemporary legal scholar Frederick Schauer that helpfully places this foundational book into its historical and legal contexts, explaining its continuing value and relevance to understanding the role of analogical reasoning in the law. This volume will continue to be of great value to students of logic, ethics, and political philosophy, as well as to members of the legal profession and everyone concerned with problems of government and jurisprudence.



Modeling Legal Argument

Modeling Legal Argument Author Kevin D. Ashley
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105043530497
Release 1990
Pages 329
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Modeling Legal Argument provides a comprehensive treatment of case-based reasoning and a detailed description of a computer program called Hypo, that models the way attorneys argue with cases, real and hypothetical. The program offers significant advantages over "keyword" case retrieval systems in the legal field and demonstrates how to design expert systems that assist the user by presenting reasonable alternative answers on all sides of an issue and by citing case examples to explain their advice.Hypo analyzes problem situations dealing with trade secrets disputes, retrieves relevant legal cases from its database and fashions them into reasonable legal arguments about who should win. The arguments demonstrate the program's ability to reason symbolically with past cases, to draw factual analogies between cases, to cite them in arguments, to distinguish them, and to pose counter-examples and hypotheticals based on past cases.Modeling Legal Argument discusses the law as a paradigm of case-based argument, introduces Hypo and its adversarial reasoning process, provides an overview of the Hypo program, and gives extended examples of the model's reasoning capabilities. It describes the case knowledge base, a dimensional index, basic mechanisms of case-based reasoning, and offers a theory of case-based argument in Hypo. Ashley evaluates Hypo's performance and takes up adversarial case-based reasoning beyond the law and extensions of the Hypo model.Kevin D. Ashley is a Research Scientist at the Learning Research an Development Center and Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Pittsburgh. Modeling Legal Argument is included in the Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning series, edited by L. Thorne McCarty and Edwina L. Rissland.



Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory

Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory Author Neil MacCormick
ISBN-10 9780191018596
Release 1994-08-11
Pages 322
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What makes an argument in a law case good or bad? Can legal decisions be justified by purely rational argument or are they ultimately determined by more subjective influences? These questions are central to the study of jurisprudence, and are thoroughly and critically examined in Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory, now with a new and up-to-date foreword. Its clarity of explanation and argument make this classic legal text readily accessible to lawyers, philosophers, and any general reader interested in legal processes, human reasoning, or practical logic.



Logic for Lawyers A Guide to Clear Legal Thinking

Logic for Lawyers  A Guide to Clear Legal Thinking Author NITA
ISBN-10 9781632813121
Release 2015-03-11
Pages
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To win in court, you must master the elements of legal logic - the ultimate tool of persuasion in the courtroom. In Logic for Lawyers: A Guide to Clear Legal Thinking, Senior U.S. Circuit Judge Ruggero J. Aldisert, tells how to use legal reasoning to persuade judges and juries. A 30-year veteran of the bench, Aldisert helps litigators understand and apply the elements of legal logic. Using these skills, you can argue more persuasively - both in briefs and before the court. And just as critically, you can also expose flaws in adversaries' arguments. The result? A competitive edge in the courtroom. Rather than miring readers in exotic formulas and theories often found in logic texts, Aldisert explains in broad strokes the basics of logic and its application to legal thinking. You'll gain important insight into the mental processes we use in "thinking like a lawyer." Reviews "This is a book about legal reasoning or legal logic. While not challenging Justice Holmes' classic statement, 'The life of the law has not been logic; it has been experience,' it offers telling arguments that legal reasoning, or legal logic, may plan an equal or even more significant role in the life of the law ... All judges, lawyers, and law students will greatly profit by reading it." -William J. Brennan, Jr., U.S. Supreme Court Justice (Ret.) "Logic for Lawyers is the product of a keen mind that has benefited from opportunities to engage in and examine legal thinking from a variety of perspectives. This volume fills a surprising void in the current legal literature. Its publication should be particularly welcomed by law students and those who teach them." -Mark A. Nordenberg, Chancellor and Professor of Law, University of Pittsburgh The eBook versions of this title feature links to Lexis Advance for further legal research options.



The Architecture of Law

The Architecture of Law Author Brian M. McCall
ISBN-10 9780268103361
Release 2018-05-30
Pages 612
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What is law? How should law be made? Using St. Thomas Aquinas’s analogy of God as an architect, Brian McCall argues that classical natural law jurisprudence provides an answer to these questions far superior to those provided by legal positivism or the “new” natural law theories. The Architecture of Law explores the metaphor of law as an architectural building project, with eternal law as the foundation, natural law as the frame, divine law as the guidance provided by the architect, and human law as the provider of the defining details and ornamentation. Classical jurisprudence is presented as a synthesis of the work of the greatest minds of antiquity and the medieval period, including Cicero, Artistotle, Gratian, Augustine, and Aquinas; the significant texts of each receive detailed exposition in these pages. Along with McCall’s development of the architectural image, he raises a question that becomes a running theme throughout the book: To what extent does one need to know God to accept and understand natural law jurisprudence, given its foundational premise that all authority comes from God? The separation of the study of law from knowledge of theology and morality, McCall argues, only results in the impoverishment of our understanding of law. He concludes that they must be reunited in order for jurisprudence to flourish. This book will appeal to academics, students in law, philosophy, and theology, and to all those interested in legal or political philosophy.



Elements of Moral Cognition

Elements of Moral Cognition Author John Mikhail
ISBN-10 9780521855785
Release 2011-06-13
Pages 406
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John Mikhail explores whether moral psychology is usefully modelled on aspects of Universal Grammar.



Ideological Conflict and the Rule of Law in Contemporary China

Ideological Conflict and the Rule of Law in Contemporary China Author Samuli Seppänen
ISBN-10 9781107142909
Release 2016-07-31
Pages 300
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This book studies ideological divisions within Chinese legal academia and their relationship to arguments about the rule of law.



The Five Types of Legal Argument

The Five Types of Legal Argument Author Wilson Ray Huhn
ISBN-10 1594605165
Release 2008
Pages 212
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"The Five Types of Legal Argument succeeds both as a work of legal theory and as a practical guide to legal reasoning for law students, lawyers and judges. Huhn shows readers how to identify, create, attack, and evaluate the five types of legal arguments (text, intent, precedent, tradition and policy) and how to weave the different types of arguments toge the theoretical and practical themes of the work. Huhn introduces two additional ways of attacking legal arguments, and in a new chapter he utilizes principles of deductive logic to demonstrate the validity of the theory of the five types of legal arguments. The principal strength of this book is its clarity. Organized simply and logically, the book is written in plain language that is easily understood both by lay persons and professionals. The Five Types of Legal Argument is required reading at a number of leading American law schools, and it is recommended for anyone who wishes to understand how to construct and how to critique legal arguments. ther to make them more persuasive. The second edition further develops both the theoretical and practical themes of the work.Huhn introduces two additional ways of attacking legal arguments, and in a new chapter he utilizes principles of deductive logic to demonstrate the validity of the theory of the five types of legal arguments. The principal strength of this book is its clarity. Organized simply and logically, the book is written in plain language that is easily understood both by lay persons and professionals. The Five Types of Legal Argument is required reading at a number of leading American law schools, and it is recommended for anyone who wishes to understand how to construct and how to critique legal arguments."



Overcoming Law

Overcoming Law Author Richard A. Posner
ISBN-10 0674649257
Release 1995
Pages 597
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Legal theory must become more factual and empirical and less conceptual and polemical, Richard Posner argues in this wide-ranging new book. The topics covered include the structure and behavior of the legal profession; constitutional theory; gender, sex, and race theories; interdisciplinary approaches to law; the nature of legal reasoning; and legal pragmatism. Posner analyzes, in witty and passionate prose, schools of thought as different as social constructionism and institutional economics, and scholars and judges as different as Bruce Ackerman, Robert Bork, Ronald Dworkin, Catharine MacKinnon, Richard Rorty, and Patricia Williams. He also engages challenging issues in legal theory that range from the motivations and behavior of judges and the role of rhetoric and analogy in law to the rationale for privacy and blackmail law and the regulation of employment contracts. Although written by a sitting judge, the book does not avoid controversy; it contains frank appraisals of radical feminist and race theories, the behavior of the German and British judiciaries in wartime, and the excesses of social constructionist theories of sexual behavior. Throughout, the book is unified by Posner's distinctive stance, which is pragmatist in philosophy, economic in methodology, and liberal (in the sense of John Stuart Mill's liberalism) in politics. Brilliantly written, eschewing jargon and technicalities, it will make a major contribution to the debate about the role of law in our society.



Uncle Anthony s Unabridged Analogies

Uncle Anthony s Unabridged Analogies Author Tom Vesper
ISBN-10 0314195483
Release 2008
Pages 695
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Uncle Anthonys Unabridged Analogies offers an extensive and unique collection of thousands of topically-organized proverbs, quotations, and sayings drawn from a wide range of well-known and time-honored sources as the Bible, Shakespeare, Lincoln, Churchill, and hundreds more, as well as some lesser-known, but insightful, observers of life and the individual and collective challenges, frailties, and strengths that we all encounter.



Legal Argumentation and Evidence

Legal Argumentation and Evidence Author Douglas Walton
ISBN-10 0271048336
Release 2010-11-01
Pages
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A leading expert in informal logic, Douglas Walton turns his attention in this new book to how reasoning operates in trials and other legal contexts, with special emphasis on the law of evidence. The new model he develops, drawing on methods of argumentation theory that are gaining wide acceptance in computing fields like artificial intelligence, can be used to identify, analyze, and evaluate specific types of legal argument. In contrast with approaches that rely on deductive and inductive logic and rule out many common types of argument as fallacious, Walton&’s aim is to provide a more expansive view of what can be considered &"reasonable&" in legal argument when it is construed as a dynamic, rule-governed, and goal-directed conversation. This dialogical model gives new meaning to the key notions of relevance and probative weight, with the latter analyzed in terms of pragmatic criteria for what constitutes plausible evidence rather than truth.



Natural Law and Justice

Natural Law and Justice Author Lloyd L. Weinreb
ISBN-10 0674604261
Release 1987
Pages 320
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"Human beings are a part of nature and apart from it." The argument of Natural Law and Justice is that the philosophy of natural law and contemporary theories about the nature of justice are both efforts to make sense of the fundamental paradox of human experience: individual freedom and responsibility in a causally determined universe. Professor Weinreb restores the original understanding of natural law as a philosophy about the place of humankind in nature. He traces the natural law tradition from its origins in Greek speculation through its classic Christian statement by Thomas Aquinas. He goes on to show how the social contract theorists adapted the idea of natural law to provide for political obligation in civil society and how the idea was transformed in Kant's account of human freedom. He brings the historical narrative down to the present with a discussion of the contemporary debate between natural law and legal positivism, including particularly the natural law theories of Finnis, Richards, and Dworkin. Professor Weinreb then adopts the approach of modern political philosophy to develop the idea of justice as a union of the distinct ideas of desert and entitlement. He shows liberty and equality to be the political analogues of desert and entitlement and both pairs to be the normative equivalents of freedom and cause. In this part of the book, Weinreb considers the theories of justice of Rawls and Nozick as well as the communitarian theory of Maclntyre and Sandel. The conclusion brings the debates about natural law and justice together, as parallel efforts to understand the human condition. This original contribution to legal philosophy will be especially appreciated by scholars, teachers, and students in the fields of political philosophy, legal philosophy, and the law generally.



Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation

Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation Author Giorgio Bongiovanni
ISBN-10 9789048194520
Release 2018-07-02
Pages 764
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This handbook addresses legal reasoning and argumentation from a logical, philosophical and legal perspective. The main forms of legal reasoning and argumentation are covered in an exhaustive and critical fashion, and are analysed in connection with more general types (and problems) of reasoning. Accordingly, the subject matter of the handbook divides in three parts. The first one introduces and discusses the basic concepts of practical reasoning. The second one discusses the general structures and procedures of reasoning and argumentation that are relevant to legal discourse. The third one looks at their instantiations and developments of these aspects of argumentation as they are put to work in the law, in different areas and applications of legal reasoning.