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Liberalising Trade in the EU and the WTO

Liberalising Trade in the EU and the WTO Author Sanford E. Gaines
ISBN-10 9781139560603
Release 2012-08-02
Pages
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This comparison of EU and WTO approaches to common trade-liberalisation challenges brings together eighteen authors from Europe and America. Together they explore fundamental legal issues, such as the role of general principles of law, the role of the judiciary in the development of law, the effect of the principle of non-discrimination and the elimination of non-discriminatory barriers to trade. The contributions also examine the most recent developments in trade law across a full range of trade issues, including TBT and SPS, services, intellectual property, customs rules, safeguards, anti-dumping and government procurement. Adopting a comparative perspective throughout, this volume sheds light on today's trade law and suggests paths forward for each system through the perennial tensions between open, non-discriminatory trade and strongly held national values and objectives.



Basic Legal Instruments for the Liberalisation of Trade

Basic Legal Instruments for the Liberalisation of Trade Author Federico Ortino
ISBN-10 9781841134253
Release 2004-01
Pages 502
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The interpretation and application of the rules of international and regional trade is becoming an increasingly specialised field. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the core legal concepts characterising the two most prominent and successful efforts in the regulation of international trade to date. Adopting a comparative method, it analyses the basic legal instruments employed by the EU and the WTO for the purpose of liberalising trade in goods among their respective Members. To this end, this study offers a fresh look at the principles underlying the basic rules of international trade law, including the prohibition of border measures, the principle of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality, and the principle of reasonableness.



The EU and the WTO

The EU and the WTO Author Gráinne de BÃorca
ISBN-10 9781847310392
Release 2002-10-01
Pages 352
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The essays in this volume attempt to explore and elucidate some of the legal and constitutional complexities of the relationship between the EU and the WTO,focusing particularly on the impact of the latter and its relevance for the former. The effect of WTO norms is evident across a broad range of European economic and social policy fields, affecting regulatory and distributive policies alike. A number of significant areas have been selected in this book to exemplify the scope and intensity of impact, including EC single market law, external trade, structural and cohesion funding, cultural policy, social policy, and aspects of public health and environmental policy. Certain chapters seek to examine the legal and political points of intersection between the two legal orders, and many of the essays explore in different ways the normative dimension of the relationship between the EU and the WTO and the legitimacy claims of the latter.



International Trade and Economic Law and the European Union

International Trade and Economic Law and the European Union Author Sara Dillon
ISBN-10 9781847312464
Release 2002-09-09
Pages 400
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This timely book explores the developing nature of international trade law,with particular emphasis on World Trade Organization law and its effects within the European Union. In the aftermath of the Seattle upheaval, vital questions are being raised as to the future course of global economic law; its overall legitimacy, implications for democracy, for national social and environmental policies, and for the well being of the world's people. This highly technical subject is rigorously analysed, yet the main legal developments and the major trade disputes are discussed in an accessible narrative style. The first section covers the common historical roots of the GATT and the EC, systems of integration that were part of an idealistic post-war heritage. The book goes on to demonstrate the idiosyncratic development of GATT law, leading to the launch of the WTO in 1995 and the controversial Uruguay Round Agreements which represented the beginning of an enormous proliferation of causes of action and a greatly enhanced legalism for the global trading system.



The WTO and the Regulation of International Trade

The WTO and the Regulation of International Trade Author Nicholas Perdikis
ISBN-10 1781958491
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 295
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'The book is an excellent introduction to understanding the principal trade disputes between the United States and EU over the last decade and a half.' - International Trade Law and Regulation This book provides a critical overview and assessment of the WTO's dispute settlement procedures in the context of several recent trade-related disputes between the EU and the US.



WTO Law

WTO Law Author Birgitte Egelund Olsen
ISBN-10 9041133585
Release 2012
Pages 507
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The European Union (EU) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) share the distinction of having proven themselves as the two most successful large-scale international trade regulation regimes. This very useful book analyses the core legal concepts and rules that characterise the regulation of trade in the WTO. At the heart of the analysis is a comparison of WTO rules with parallel rules in the EU trade system, revealing how similar trade issues are dealt with in the two systems a perspective that not only sheds light on how WTO law and EU law interact, but also greatly facilitates an understanding of the special features of WTO law for readers who are more familiar with EU law. Within this framework, the authors explore such key trade issues as the following: dispute settlement; implementation of judicial decisions and enforcement; principles of non-discrimination; trade in goods; non-discriminatory restrictions as barriers to trade; exceptions from trade-liberalisation obligations; trade and environmental protection;trade in agricultural products; conditions for applying safeguard and anti-dumping measures; prohibited and actionable subsidies; regulation of services; protection of intellectual property rights; regional trade agreements; special and differential treatments; government procurement; competition policy; and regulation of investment. As a timely and accessible analysis of the WTO and its interaction with the EU, this book is sure to be welcomed by international trade professionals, government officials, and interested academics, students, and researchers."



Banking Regulation and World Trade Law

Banking Regulation and World Trade Law Author Lazaros E. Panourgias
ISBN-10 9781847311818
Release 2006-04-07
Pages 312
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Banking Regulation and World Trade Law concerns the legal aspects of the interaction between banking regulation and international trade in financial services. The author studies the internal banking market of the European Union, the liberalisation of financial services trade in the World Trade Organization, the accords of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and the European Central Bank. The book focuses on the balancing between banking regulation and international trade law. It discusses discrimination and proportionality in national banking regulation, the allocation of prudential regulation and supervision between home and host country, and international financial law-making. The author questions decentralised/nation-based banking regulation and supervision as a foundation for a sustainable liberalisation of international trade in financial services. The book considers various reforms of the international financial architecture, such as the incorporation of the Basel processes and accords into the WTO system, and the setting up of new international institutions by building on the Basel Committees or the IMF structures. The role of central banking in designing the international financial architecture is also explored: the book reviews the ECB's competence over foreign exchange policy and its function as lender of last resort, and treats price stability, banking soundness and representation as critical concepts. The analysis also reveals that the concept of 'prudential', despite its extensive use in banking regulation, has not been defined with adequate precision. In seeking to delineate the interface between international economic law and banking regulation, Dr Panourgias builds on the rich European scholarship on institutional financial issues and the US interdisciplinary approach to world trade law. He also entertains the notion of international financial law as a distinct field. The book will be of particular interest to those concerned with financial law and international banking.



Energy Security Trade and the EU

Energy Security  Trade and the EU Author Rafael Leal-Arcas
ISBN-10 9781785366741
Release 2016-10-28
Pages 488
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Energy security is a burning issue in a world where 1.4 billion people still have no access to electricity. This book is about finding solutions for energy security through the international trading system. Focusing mainly on the European Union as a case study, this holistic and comprehensive analysis of the existing legal and geopolitical instruments strives to identify the shortcomings of the international and EU energy trade governance systems, concluding with the notion of a European Energy Union and what the EU is politically prepared to accept as part of its unified energy security.



The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law

The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law Author Marcus Klamert
ISBN-10 9780199683123
Release 2014
Pages 327
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The principle of loyalty requires the EU and its Member States to co-operate sincerely towards the implementation of EU law. Under the principle, the European courts have developed significant public law duties on States to deepen the reach of EU law. This is the first full-length analysis of the loyalty principle and its legal implications.



Liberalization of Trade in Banking Services

Liberalization of Trade in Banking Services Author Bart De Meester
ISBN-10 9781107038493
Release 2014-07-10
Pages 407
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To what extent does WTO and EU law restrict governments to determine a balance between regulation and liberalization of banking?



Balancing Human Rights Environmental Protection and International Trade

Balancing Human Rights  Environmental Protection and International Trade Author Emily Reid
ISBN-10 9781782252528
Release 2015-02-26
Pages 272
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This book explores the means by which economic liberalisation can be reconciled with human rights and environmental protection in the regulation of international trade. It is primarily concerned with identifying the lessons the international community can learn, specifically in the context of the WTO, from decades of European Community and Union experience in facing this question. The book demonstrates first that it is possible to reconcile the pursuit of economic and non-economic interests, that the EU has found a mechanism by which to do so, and that the application of the principle of proportionality is fundamental to the realisation of this. It is argued that the EU approach can be characterised as a practical application of the principle of sustainable development. Secondly, from the analysis of the EU experience, this book identifies fundamental conditions crucial to achieving this 'reconciliation'. Thirdly, the book explores the implications of lessons from the EU experience for the international community. In so doing it assesses both the potential and limits of the existing international regulatory framework for such reconciliation. The book develops a deeper understanding of the inter-relationship between the legal regulation of economic and non-economic development, adding clarity to the debate in a controversial area. It argues that a more holistic approach to the consideration of 'development', encompassing economic and non-economic concerns - 'sustainable' development - is not only desirable in principle but realisable in practice.



Negotiating Trade Liberalization at the WTO

Negotiating Trade Liberalization at the WTO Author Eugénia da Conceição-Heldt
ISBN-10 1349324051
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 275
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This book shows how domestic political institutions and the lack of time pressure have an impact on negotiations at the WTO. It provides detailed information on WTO ministerial meetings as well as on the political economy of trade policy in the EU, U.S., Brazil, and Australia.



Services Liberalization in the EU and the WTO

Services Liberalization in the EU and the WTO Author Marcus Klamert
ISBN-10 9781107034594
Release 2014-10-16
Pages 356
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"Both in WTO law and EU law there is a dichotomy between liberalisation based on market access and targeting domestic regulation. Consequently, both regimes share the problem of distinguishing national measures impairing market access and those that do not have such effect. Looking at the provision of services, a cornerstone of EU substantive law, in the EU and the WTO this book offers a comprehensive evaluation of the current legal status quo on transnational services provision on a global level. Based on thorough analysis of both EU and WTO law, policymakers are provided with concrete proposals for fostering the consistency and effectiveness of the current regime. A final chapter discusses possible approaches to regulation such as home state rule, hoststate rule and mutual recognition from a comparative perspective. Written by a highly respected author team, this is essential reading for EU internal market specialists and WTO law scholars alike"--



The European Union s Trade Policies and their Economic Effects

The European Union s Trade Policies and their Economic Effects Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264188532
Release 2000-11-20
Pages 132
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This book retraces the Communities external liberalisation efforts, and discusses, where relevant, the repercussions of internal liberalisation on foreign competitors.



The World Trade Organization Millennium Round

The World Trade Organization Millennium Round Author Klaus Gunter Deutsch
ISBN-10 9781134557172
Release 2002-09-11
Pages 336
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This book draws together key issues resulting from the World Trade Organisation's planned 'Millennium Round' and the hope that it will lead to freer trade as we begin this new century.



The European Commission s Negotiating Strategy for the WTO Hong Kong Ministerial

The European Commission s Negotiating Strategy for the WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Author Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Trade and Industry Committee
ISBN-10 0215029720
Release 2006-07-11
Pages 108
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European Commission's negotiating strategy for the WTO Hong Kong Ministerial : Oral and written Evidence



Trade Liberalization Competition and the WTO

Trade Liberalization  Competition  and the WTO Author Chris Milner
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822031869852
Release 2002-01-01
Pages 318
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The prospective WTO Millennium Round of negotiations will highlight critical economic issues regarding the application and implementation of the WTO rules to international trade in goods and services. In this book, a distinguished group of academic experts considers the agenda and areas of interest for the next Round in light of Seattle, the functions of the WTO and competition policy issues arising from trade liberalisation. This is followed by a focus on a wide range of WTO-specific economic issues and debates, including: * state trading and state aids * regional integration * agriculture, including the EU-US banana dispute * international investment * patents * financial services.