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Liberalism Fascism or Social Democracy

Liberalism  Fascism  or Social Democracy Author Gregory M. Luebbert
ISBN-10 9780198023074
Release 1991-07-25
Pages 432
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This work provides a sweeping historical analysis of the political development of Western Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Arguing that the evolution of most Western European nations into liberal democracies, social democracies, or fascist regimes was attributable to a discrete set of social class alliances, the author explores the origins and outcomes of the political development in the individual nations. In Britain, France, and Switzerland, countries with a unified middle class, liberal forces established political hegemony before World War I. By coopting considerable sections of the working class with reforms that weakened union movements, liberals essentially excluded the fragmented working class from the political process, remaining in power throughout the inter-war period. In countries with a strong, cohesive working class and a fractured middle class, Luebbert points out, a liberal solution was impossible. In Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Czechoslovakia, political coalitions of social democrats and the "family peasantry" emerged as a result of the First World War, leading to social democratic governments. In Italy, Spain, and Germany, on the other hand, the urban middle class united with a peasantry hostile to socialism to facilitate the rise of fascism.



The Conditions of Democracy in Europe 1919 39

The Conditions of Democracy in Europe 1919 39 Author D. Berg-Schlosser
ISBN-10 9780333993774
Release 2000-02-23
Pages 503
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Why did democracy survive in some European countries between the wars while fascism or authoritarianism emerged elsewhere? This innovative study approaches this question through the comparative analysis of the inter-war experience of eighteen countries within a common comprehensive analytical framework. It combines (social and economic) structure- and (political) actor-related aspects to provide detailed historical accounts of each case which serve as background information for the systematic testing of major theories of fascism and democracy.



Conservative Political Parties and the Birth of Modern Democracy in Europe

Conservative Political Parties and the Birth of Modern Democracy in Europe Author Daniel Ziblatt
ISBN-10 9781107001626
Release 2017-04-17
Pages 404
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A bold re-interpretation of democracy's historical rise in Europe, Ziblatt highlights the surprising role of conservative political parties with sweeping implications for democracy today.



Fascism Liberalism and Social Democracy in Central Europe

Fascism  Liberalism  and Social Democracy in Central Europe Author Lene Bøgh Sørensen
ISBN-10 8772887192
Release 2002
Pages 364
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The three main currents in twentieth century political thought and practice "fascism, liberalism, and social democracy", emerged not in isolation from one another, but rather as competing and conflicting ideologies connected with particular social strata in different parts of Central Europe. That historical legacy continues to exert influence on popular perceptions and the relationship of contemporary political parties in the post-communist world. This volume of essays seeks to place the forces of Neo-Liberalism, Social Democracy, and Neo-Fascism within their historical perspective and their appeal to contemporary constituencies. In addressing the left, center, and right political elements, an international group of authors presents detailed analyses of a myriad of political options, including the skinheads and Neo-Nazis of central Europe, Hungarian Social Democracy, the Civic Forum in the Czech Republic, the party system in Slovakia, the development of FPÖ in Austria, and the Radical right in the Czech Republic. Papers also document the fall and rise of Social Democracy in the Czech Republic, the undermining of Slovak democracy, and Austrian Social Democracy before and after 1945. Concluding articles reflect on the limitations of Liberalism in Hungary and the ideology and role of socialist parties in the post-socialist milieu of Eastern-Central Europe. This book will be invaluable in providing the historical environment with an understanding of a vibrant, sometimes turbulent political arena.



Democracy Revolution and History

Democracy  Revolution  and History Author Theda Skocpol
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066075352
Release 1998
Pages 273
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The work of Barrington Moore, Jr., is one of the landmarks of modern social science. A distinguished roster of contributors here discusses the influence of his best-known work, Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Their individual perspectives combine in delineating Moore's contributions to the transformation of comparative and historical social science over the past several decades. The essays in Democracy, Revolution, and History all address substantive and methodological problems, asking questions about the different historical paths toward democratic or nondemocratic political outcomes. Following Moore's example, they use well-researched comparative cases to make their arguments. In the process, they demonstrate how vital Moore's work remains to contemporary research in the social sciences. This volume points, as well, to new frontiers of scholarship, suggesting lines of work that build upon Moore's achievements.



The Third Wave

The Third Wave Author Samuel P. Huntington
ISBN-10 9780806186047
Release 2012-09-06
Pages 384
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Between 1974 and 1990 more than thirty countries in southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democratic revolution is probably the most important political trend in the late twentieth century. In The Third Wave, Samuel P. Huntington analyzes the causes and nature of these democratic transitions, evaluates the prospects for stability of the new democracies, and explores the possibility of more countries becoming democratic. The recent transitions, he argues, are the third major wave of democratization in the modem world. Each of the two previous waves was followed by a reverse wave in which some countries shifted back to authoritarian government. Using concrete examples, empirical evidence, and insightful analysis, Huntington provides neither a theory nor a history of the third wave, but an explanation of why and how it occurred. Factors responsible for the democratic trend include the legitimacy dilemmas of authoritarian regimes; economic and social development; the changed role of the Catholic Church; the impact of the United States, the European Community, and the Soviet Union; and the "snowballing" phenomenon: change in one country stimulating change in others. Five key elite groups within and outside the nondemocratic regime played roles in shaping the various ways democratization occurred. Compromise was key to all democratizations, and elections and nonviolent tactics also were central. New democracies must deal with the "torturer problem" and the "praetorian problem" and attempt to develop democratic values and processes. Disillusionment with democracy, Huntington argues, is necessary to consolidating democracy. He concludes the book with an analysis of the political, economic, and cultural factors that will decide whether or not the third wave continues. Several "Guidelines for Democratizers" offer specific, practical suggestions for initiating and carrying out reform. Huntington's emphasis on practical application makes this book a valuable tool for anyone engaged in the democratization process. At this volatile time in history, Huntington's assessment of the processes of democratization is indispensable to understanding the future of democracy in the world.



History in Dispute Twentieth century European social and political movements Second series

History in Dispute  Twentieth century European social and political movements  Second series Author Benjamin Frankel
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105120000802
Release 2004-05-27
Pages 416
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Addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe. This volume covers twentieth-century European social and political movements. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of events only summarized in history texts, helps stimulate critical thinking and provides ideas for papers and assignments.



Forward to the Past

Forward to the Past Author Lene Bøgh Sørensen
ISBN-10 UOM:39015045977777
Release 1997
Pages 307
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These eleven essays by historians, political scientists, sociologists and anthropologists establish a foundation for appreciating the political history of Central Europe. By examining the political landscape in each country, the contributors aim to evoke the legacy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and bridge the gap between the two extreme images of Central European history. Specific topics presented include: the lost dimensions of social movements and classes; the relationship between the concepts of "nation" and "state"; Austrian democracy; party system development; the myth of Czech liberalism; the Sudeten-German problem; Slovak politics; the regime change in Hungary; and the relationship between democracy and organised interests. By focusing on the consequences of past regime types, social structures and cultural contexts for democractic development, this volume presents a significant base from which future scholars can proceed on a country-by-country analysis.



Social democracy welfare capitalism

Social democracy   welfare capitalism Author Alexander M. Hicks
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105028535230
Release 1999
Pages 276
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What has brought about the widespread public provision of welfare and income security within free-market liberalism? Some social scientists have regarded welfare as a preindustrial atavism; others, as a functional requirement of industrial society. Most recently, scholars have stressed the reformist actions of center-left parties during the decades following World War II, the workings of "new" post-industrial politics lately, and a multifaceted role of politics and state institutions overall. Alexander Hicks thoroughly revises these views, stressing the enduring significance of class organizations, however political embedded, from the era of Bismark until the present.Social Democracy and Welfare Capitalism describes and explains income security programs in affluent and democratic capitalist nations, from the proto-democratic innovators of the 1880s to the globally buffeted democracies of the 1990s. Hicks's account stresses the reformist role of employee political and economic organization and derivative institutions, in particular, social democratic parties, labor unions, and neocorporatist arrangements. These forces, arrayed as th



Liberal Fascism

Liberal Fascism Author Jonah Goldberg
ISBN-10 0385517696
Release 2008-01-08
Pages 272
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“Fascists,” “Brownshirts,” “jackbooted stormtroopers”—such are the insults typically hurled at conservatives by their liberal opponents. Calling someone a fascist is the fastest way to shut them up, defining their views as beyond the political pale. But who are the real fascists in our midst? Liberal Fascism offers a startling new perspective on the theories and practices that define fascist politics. Replacing conveniently manufactured myths with surprising and enlightening research, Jonah Goldberg reminds us that the original fascists were really on the left, and that liberals from Woodrow Wilson to FDR to Hillary Clinton have advocated policies and principles remarkably similar to those of Hitler's National Socialism and Mussolini's Fascism. Contrary to what most people think, the Nazis were ardent socialists (hence the term “National socialism”). They believed in free health care and guaranteed jobs. They confiscated inherited wealth and spent vast sums on public education. They purged the church from public policy, promoted a new form of pagan spirituality, and inserted the authority of the state into every nook and cranny of daily life. The Nazis declared war on smoking, supported abortion, euthanasia, and gun control. They loathed the free market, provided generous pensions for the elderly, and maintained a strict racial quota system in their universities—where campus speech codes were all the rage. The Nazis led the world in organic farming and alternative medicine. Hitler was a strict vegetarian, and Himmler was an animal rights activist. Do these striking parallels mean that today’s liberals are genocidal maniacs, intent on conquering the world and imposing a new racial order? Not at all. Yet it is hard to deny that modern progressivism and classical fascism shared the same intellectual roots. We often forget, for example, that Mussolini and Hitler had many admirers in the United States. W.E.B. Du Bois was inspired by Hitler's Germany, and Irving Berlin praised Mussolini in song. Many fascist tenets were espoused by American progressives like John Dewey and Woodrow Wilson, and FDR incorporated fascist policies in the New Deal. Fascism was an international movement that appeared in different forms in different countries, depending on the vagaries of national culture and temperament. In Germany, fascism appeared as genocidal racist nationalism. In America, it took a “friendlier,” more liberal form. The modern heirs of this “friendly fascist” tradition include the New York Times, the Democratic Party, the Ivy League professoriate, and the liberals of Hollywood. The quintessential Liberal Fascist isn't an SS storm trooper; it is a female grade school teacher with an education degree from Brown or Swarthmore. These assertions may sound strange to modern ears, but that is because we have forgotten what fascism is. In this angry, funny, smart, contentious book, Jonah Goldberg turns our preconceptions inside out and shows us the true meaning of Liberal Fascism.



The Formation of Precocious Keynesian States

The Formation of Precocious Keynesian States Author David A. Waldner
ISBN-10 UCAL:C3395278
Release 1996
Pages 1846
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The Formation of Precocious Keynesian States has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Formation of Precocious Keynesian States also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Formation of Precocious Keynesian States book for free.



The Political Impact of China s New Private Entrepreneurs

The Political Impact of China s New Private Entrepreneurs Author Andrea Lynne Roberts
ISBN-10 UCAL:C3407574
Release 1997
Pages 632
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The Political Impact of China s New Private Entrepreneurs has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Political Impact of China s New Private Entrepreneurs also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Political Impact of China s New Private Entrepreneurs book for free.



Democratization in Eastern and Western Europe

Democratization in Eastern and Western Europe Author Frederick D. Weil
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105005123356
Release 1993-01-01
Pages 378
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Provides research on democracy and society, discussing such topics as: reformed churches and the fall of communism in Hungary and Romania; the Polish conflict of the 1980s as a challenge to systemic transformations; and nationalism and democracy in England, France and Russia.



International Studies Review

International Studies Review Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105132696100
Release 2006
Pages
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International Studies Review has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from International Studies Review also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full International Studies Review book for free.



Fragmentation and Consensus

Fragmentation and Consensus Author Lauri Karvonen
ISBN-10 UOM:39015033143358
Release 1993
Pages 185
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Few aspects of American military history have been as vigorously debated as Harry Truman's decision to use atomic bombs against Japan. In this carefully crafted volume, Michael Kort describes the wartime circumstances and thinking that form the context for the decision to use these weapons, surveys the major debates related to that decision, and provides a comprehensive collection of key primary source documents that illuminate the behavior of the United States and Japan during the closing days of World War II. Kort opens with a summary of the debate over Hiroshima as it has evolved since 1945. He then provides a historical overview of thye events in question, beginning with the decision and program to build the atomic bomb. Detailing the sequence of events leading to Japan's surrender, he revisits the decisive battles of the Pacific War and the motivations of American and Japanese leaders. Finally, Kort examines ten key issues in the discussion of Hiroshima and guides readers to relevant primary source documents, scholarly books, and articles.



Defending Democracy

Defending Democracy Author Giovanni Capoccia
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822029751161
Release 2000
Pages 34
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Defending Democracy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Defending Democracy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Defending Democracy book for free.



Historical Social Research

Historical Social Research Author
ISBN-10 IND:30000105012722
Release 1995
Pages
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International journal for the application of formal methods to history.