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Light Emitting Electrochemical Cells

Light Emitting Electrochemical Cells Author Rubén D. Costa
ISBN-10 9783319586137
Release 2017-07-31
Pages 371
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This book presents the recent achievements towards the next generation of Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEC). Its first part focus on the definition, history and mechanism of LEC, going then to concepts and challenges and, finally, giving the reader examples of current application of new electroluminescent materials. The chapters are written by different international groups working on LEC.



Iridium III in Optoelectronic and Photonics Applications

Iridium III  in Optoelectronic and Photonics Applications Author Eli Zysman-Colman
ISBN-10 9781119007159
Release 2017-03-07
Pages 736
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The fundamental photophysical properties of iridium(III) materials make this class of materials the pre-eminent transition metal complex for use in optoelectronic applications. Iridium(III) in Optoelectronic and Photonics Applications represents the definitive account of photoactive iridium complexes and their use across a wide variety of applications. This two-volume set begins with an overview of the synthesis of these complexes and discusses their photophysical properties. The text highlights not only mononuclear complexes but also the properties of multinuclear and polymeric iridium-based materials and the assembly of iridium complexes into larger supramolecular architectures such as MOFs and soft materials. Chapters devoted to the use of these iridium-based materials in diverse optoelectronic applications follow, including: electroluminescent devices such as organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs); electrochemiluminescence (ECL); bioimaging; sensing; light harvesting in the context of solar cell applications; in photoredox catalysis and as components for solar fuels. Although primarily targeting a chemistry audience, the wide applicability of these compounds transcends traditional disciplines, making this text also of use to physicists, materials scientists or biologists who have interests in these areas.



Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge

Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge Author Javier Garc?a-Mart?nez
ISBN-10 9783527665129
Release 2013-05-20
Pages 600
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With the daunting energy challenges faced by Mankind in the 21st century, revolutionary new technologies will be the key to a clean, secure and sustainable energy future. Nanostructures often have surprising and very useful capabilities and are thus paving the way for new methodologies in almost every kind of industry. This exceptional monograph provides an overview of the subject, and presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable production, efficient storage and low-impact use of energy. Comprised of eighteen chapters, the book is divided in three thematic parts: Part I Sustainable Energy Production covers the main developments of nanotechnology in clean energy production and conversion, including photovoltaics, hydrogen production, thermal-electrical energy conversion and fuel cells. Part II Efficient Energy Storage is concerned with the potential use of nanomaterials in more efficient energy storage systems such as advanced batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage. Part III Energy Sustainability shows how nanotechnology helps to use energy more efficiently, and the mitigation of impacts to the environment, with special emphasis on energy savings through green nanofabrication, advanced catalysis, nanostructured light-emitting and eletrochromic devices and CO2 capture by nanoporous materials . An essential addition to any bookshelf, it will be invaluable to a variety of research fields including materials science, chemical engineering, solid state, surface, industrial, and physical chemistry, as this is a subject that is very interdisciplinary.



Novel Functional Materials Based on Cellulose

Novel Functional Materials Based on Cellulose Author Haisong Qi
ISBN-10 9783319495927
Release 2016-11-09
Pages 87
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This Brief presents a review of new eco-friendly processes, design and applications for novel cellulose-based materials, including regenerated materials, composites, nanocellulose and cellulose derivatives. Application of these materials in smart textiles, packaging, energy storage, sensors, gas separations, tissue engineering and drug release are highlighted.



Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence

Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Author Allen J. Bard
ISBN-10 0203027019
Release 2004-07-20
Pages 552
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The first source on this expanding analytical science, this reference explores advances in the instrumentation, design, and application of techniques with electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL), examining the use and impact of ECL-based assays in clinical diagnostics, life science research, environmental testing, food and water evaluation, and the detection of biowarfare agents. Compiled by the pioneer of this highly innovative technology, this volume provides contributions from 16 leading authorities. They discuss the simulation of ECL behavior using commercial software, summarize key characteristics of organic ECL systems, and cover developments in metal chelate ECL.



Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors Author Oleksandr Stroyuk
ISBN-10 9783319688794
Release 2017-11-07
Pages 378
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This book explains the use of nanocrystalline semiconductors in the harvesting of energy from solar light. It introduces promising methodology and technology which may help to increase the efficiency of light harvesting – one of the major challenges on the way toward sustainable energy generation.The book starts with a general introduction to the photochemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals. In the introductory chapter, the author also provides a frank and critical discussion on perspectives and limitations of the photocatalytic processes for solar light conversion including a historical account on semiconductor photocatalysis. He discusses that (and also why) it is a long way from laboratory prototypes to real sustainable technologies.The following chapters outline the conversion of solar light energy in semiconductor nanophotocatalysis on the one hand, and to (electric) energy in nanocrystalline semiconductor-based solar cells on the other hand. Topics addressed include nanophotocatalytic hydrogen production, artificial photosynthesis, quantum-dot sensitized liquid-junction and bulk heterojunction solar cells. Perspectives and opportunities, but also bottlenecks and limitations are discussed and the novel systems compared with established technology, such as classical silicon solar cells. While readers in this way learn to understand the basics and get introduced to the current research in the field, the final chapter provides them with the necessary knowledge about methodology, both in synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanophotocatalysts and semiconductor nanomaterials, including examples for the practice of photocatalytic experiments and the studies of semiconductor-based solar cells.



Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds I

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds I Author Vincenzo Balzani
ISBN-10 9783540733478
Release 2007-07-31
Pages 273
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This book presents critical reviews of the current position and future trends in modern chemical research. It offers short and concise reports on chemistry, each written by world renowned experts.



Composite Materials

Composite Materials Author Krishan K. Cha
ISBN-10 9780387743646
Release 2013-05-03
Pages 542
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The third edition of Krishan Chawla's widely used textbook, Composite Materials, offers integrated and completely up-to-date coverage of composite materials. The book focuses on the triad of processing, structure, and properties, while providing a well-balanced treatment of the materials science and mechanics of composites. In this edition of Composite Materials, revised and updated throughout, increasing use of composites in industry (especially aerospace and energy) and new developments in the field are highlighted. There is a new chapter on non-conventional composites, which covers polymer, metal and ceramic matrix nanocomposites, self-healing composites, self-reinforced composites, biocomposites and laminates made of metals and polymer matrix composites. The third edition, featuring all figures in color, also includes new solved examples and problems as well as increased coverage of: Carbon/carbon brakes. Composites for civilian aircraft and jet engines. Second generation high-temperature superconducting composites. Composites for use in windmill blades. WC/metal particulate composites. Examples of practical applications in various fields are given throughout the book, and extensive references to the literature are provided. The book is intended for use in graduate and upper-division undergraduate courses, and as a reference for the practicing engineers and researchers in industry and academia.



Luminescence in Electrochemistry

Luminescence in Electrochemistry Author Fabien Miomandre
ISBN-10 9783319491370
Release 2016-12-31
Pages 361
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This book highlights the various topics in which luminescence and electrochemistry are intimately coupled. The topic of this book is clearly at the frontier between several scientific domains involving physics, chemistry and biology. Applications in these various fields naturally also need to be mentioned, especially concerning displays and advanced investigation techniques in analytical chemistry or for biomedical issues.



Electrochemical Cell Design

Electrochemical Cell Design Author R.E. White
ISBN-10 9781461327950
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 400
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Electrochemical Cell Design has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Electrochemical Cell Design also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Electrochemical Cell Design book for free.



Nanowires

Nanowires Author Anqi Zhang
ISBN-10 9783319419817
Release 2016-07-26
Pages 322
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This book provides a comprehensive summary of nanowire research in the past decade, from the nanowire synthesis, characterization, assembly, to the device applications. In particular, the developments of complex/modulated nanowire structures, the assembly of hierarchical nanowire arrays, and the applications in the fields of nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, quantum devices, nano-enabled energy, and nano-bio interfaces, are focused. Moreover, novel nanowire building blocks for the future/emerging nanoscience and nanotechnology are also discussed.Semiconducting nanowires represent one of the most interesting research directions in nanoscience and nanotechnology, with capabilities of realizing structural and functional complexity through rational design and synthesis. The exquisite control of chemical composition, morphology, structure, doping and assembly, as well as incorporation with other materials, offer a variety of nanoscale building blocks with unique properties.



Photoluminescent Materials and Electroluminescent Devices

Photoluminescent Materials and Electroluminescent Devices Author Nicola Armaroli
ISBN-10 9783319593043
Release 2017-05-25
Pages 395
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The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.



Renewable Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals from Carbon Dioxide

Renewable Synthetic Fuels and Chemicals from Carbon Dioxide Author David S.A. Simakov
ISBN-10 9783319611129
Release 2017-07-24
Pages 69
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This book outlines the most recent progress in the development of technologies for carbon dioxide utilization into renewable synthetic fuels and platform chemicals via chemical and biological routes. Various processes are discussed, including thermocatalytic, electrocatalytic, photocatalytic, and biological conversion. This SpringerBrief consists of four chapters, each chapter outlining fundamentals and catalytic mechanisms, and discussing main design considerations and major technological challenges, providing also a brief outline of the most recent progress. The book is useful for a broad community of academic and industrial researchers in the fields of chemical reaction engineering, electro- and photo-chemistry, and biochemical engineering, with specific emphasizes on heterogeneous catalysis, reactor design and process development.



Organic Nanophotonics

Organic Nanophotonics Author Yong Sheng Zhao
ISBN-10 9783662450826
Release 2014-11-05
Pages 208
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This comprehensive text collects the progress made in recent years in the fabrication, processing, and performance of organic nanophotonic materials and devices. The first part of the book addresses photonic nanofabrications in a chapter on multiphoton processes in nanofabrication and microscopy imaging. The second part of the book is focused on nanoscale light sources for integrated nanophotonic circuits, and is composed of three chapters on organic nano/microcavities, organic laser materials, and polymer light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). The third part is focused on the interactions between light and matter and consists in three chapters, including the propagation of light in organic nanostructures and photoswitches based on nonlinear optical polymer photonic crystals and photoresponsive molecules, respectively. The final chapter of this book introduces the integration of miniaturized photonic devices and circuits with various organic nanophotonic elements. The practical case studies demonstrate how the latest applications actually work, while tables throughout the book summarize key information and diagrams and figures help readers to grasp complex concepts and designs. The references at the end of each chapter can be used as the gateway to the relevant literature in the field. Moreover, this book helps researchers to advance their own investigations to develop the next generation of miniaturized devices for information processing, efficient energy conversion, and highly accurate sensing. Yong Sheng Zhao, PhD, is a Professor at the Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), China.



Electrochemical Analysis of Proteins and Cells

Electrochemical Analysis of Proteins and Cells Author Genxi Li
ISBN-10 9783642342523
Release 2012-10-30
Pages 69
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Electrochemical Analysis of Proteins and Cells presents the remarkable progress made over the years in the electrochemical analysis of proteins and cells, due to the rapid development of protein electrochemistry together with related technologies such as surface modification, molecular recognition, molecular assembly, and nanotechnology. As an interdisciplinary field combining electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biophysics, biomedicine and material science, the electrochemical analysis of proteins and cells has attracted broad and extensive research interest. The main emphasis of this book is on the principles of electrochemical strategies and the practical utility of related detection systems, which is of great importance in all biological sciences, such as cell biology and molecular biology, as well as in biomedical fields like cancer research. This brief offers an up-to-date, easy-to-follow presentation of recent advances on the subject and can serve as a supplement for graduate-level courses in analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biophysics, biotechnology, biomedical engineering, etc. It may also help young scientists get an overview of this topic.



Electrochemical Processes in Fuel Cells

Electrochemical Processes in Fuel Cells Author Manfred W. Breiter
ISBN-10 9783642461552
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 276
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The necessity for a better understanding of the basic processes that determine the operation of fuel cells became evident during the devel opment of practical units in the last three decades. The search for efficient electrocatalysts in low-temperature fuel cells intensified the general study of the nature and the role of the electrode material. Re search on the complex mechanisms of the anodic oxidation of different fuels and of the reduction of molecular oxygen on solid electrodes was stimulated, and the strong influence of adsorbed species on the electrode reaction in question was investigated. Suitable electrolytes had to be found for the high-temperature fuel cells. The use of electrodes with large internal surface lead to the development of models of porous electrode. structures and to the mathematical analysis of the operation of these models under certain conditions. While the chapters I to III introduce the reader to the general field offuel cells, the progress made in the understanding of the basic problems in the electrochemistry of fuel cells since the end of the second world war is reviewed in chapters IV to XVI of this monograph. In contrast, the technological aspects necessary for the development of practical units are not covered here. The open literature published as books or as papers in scientific journals has been considered up to the time of the writing of the final draft of the specific chapter, at least till the end of 1967.



A New Biology for the 21st Century

A New Biology for the 21st Century Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 0309147867
Release 2009-11-20
Pages 112
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Now more than ever, biology has the potential to contribute practical solutions to many of the major challenges confronting the United States and the world. A New Biology for the 21st Century recommends that a "New Biology" approach--one that depends on greater integration within biology, and closer collaboration with physical, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to find solutions to four key societal needs: sustainable food production, ecosystem restoration, optimized biofuel production, and improvement in human health. The approach calls for a coordinated effort to leverage resources across the federal, private, and academic sectors to help meet challenges and improve the return on life science research in general.