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Logic Language Information and Computation

Logic  Language  Information  and Computation Author Valeria de Paiva
ISBN-10 9783662477090
Release 2015-06-28
Pages 201
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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation, WoLLIC 2015, held in the campus of Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA in July 2015. The 14 contributed papers, presented together with 8 invited lectures and 4 tutorials, were carefully reviewed and selected from 44 submissions. The focus of the workshop was on interdisciplinary research involving formal logic, computing and programming theory, and natural language and reasoning.

Logic Language Information and Computation

Logic  Language  Information and Computation Author Daniel Leivant
ISBN-10 9783540734451
Release 2007-07-04
Pages 366
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The 14th International Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation focused on foundations of computing and programming; novel computation models and paradigms; broad notions of proof and belief; formal methods in software and hardware development; logical approach to natural language and reasoning; logics of programs, actions, and resources; and foundational aspects of information organization, search, flow, sharing, and protection.

Logic and Program Semantics

Logic and Program Semantics Author Robert L. Constable
ISBN-10 9783642294853
Release 2012-04-26
Pages 357
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This Festschrift volume is published in honor of Dexter Kozen on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Dexter Kozen has been a leader in the development of Kleene Algebras (KAs). The contributions in this volume reflect the breadth of his work and influence. The volume includes 19 full papers related to Dexter Kozen's research. They deal with coalgebraic methods, congruence closure; the completeness of various programming logics; decision procedure for logics; alternation; algorithms and complexity; and programming languages and program analysis. The second part of this volume includes laudatios from several collaborators, students and friends, including the members of his current band.

Reasoning About Knowledge

Reasoning About Knowledge Author Ronald Fagin
ISBN-10 0262562006
Release 2003
Pages 517
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Reasoning about knowledge—particularly the knowledge of agents who reason about the world and each other's knowledge—was once the exclusive province of philosophers and puzzle solvers. More recently, this type of reasoning has been shown to play a key role in a surprising number of contexts, from understanding conversations to the analysis of distributed computer algorithms. Reasoning About Knowledge is the first book to provide a general discussion of approaches to reasoning about knowledge and its applications to distributed systems, artificial intelligence, and game theory. It brings eight years of work by the authors into a cohesive framework for understanding and analyzing reasoning about knowledge that is intuitive, mathematically well founded, useful in practice, and widely applicable. The book is almost completely self-contained and should be accessible to readers in a variety of disciplines, including computer science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science, and game theory. Each chapter includes exercises and bibliographic notes.

Programming with Higher Order Logic

Programming with Higher Order Logic Author Dale Miller
ISBN-10 9780521879408
Release 2012-06-11
Pages 306
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Formal systems that describe computations over syntactic structures occur frequently in computer science. Logic programming provides a natural framework for encoding and animating such systems. However, these systems often embody variable binding, a notion that must be treated carefully at a computational level. This book aims to show that a programming language based on a simply typed version of higher-order logic provides an elegant, declarative means for providing such a treatment. Three broad topics are covered in pursuit of this goal. First, a proof-theoretic framework that supports a general view of logic programming is identified. Second, an actual language called λProlog is developed by applying this view to higher-order logic. Finally, a methodology for programming with specifications is exposed by showing how several computations over formal objects such as logical formulas, functional programs, and λ-terms and π-calculus expressions can be encoded in λProlog.

Iteration Theories

Iteration Theories Author Stephen L. Bloom
ISBN-10 9783642780349
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 630
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This monograph contains the results of our joint research over the last ten years on the logic of the fixed point operation. The intended au dience consists of graduate students and research scientists interested in mathematical treatments of semantics. We assume the reader has a good mathematical background, although we provide some prelimi nary facts in Chapter 1. Written both for graduate students and research scientists in theoret ical computer science and mathematics, the book provides a detailed investigation of the properties of the fixed point or iteration operation. Iteration plays a fundamental role in the theory of computation: for example, in the theory of automata, in formal language theory, in the study of formal power series, in the semantics of flowchart algorithms and programming languages, and in circular data type definitions. It is shown that in all structures that have been used as semantical models, the equational properties of the fixed point operation are cap tured by the axioms describing iteration theories. These structures include ordered algebras, partial functions, relations, finitary and in finitary regular languages, trees, synchronization trees, 2-categories, and others.

Reference and Existence

Reference and Existence Author Saul A. Kripke
ISBN-10 9780199928385
Release 2013-06-06
Pages 170
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This volume collects Saul Kripke's Locke Lectures, which were delivered in Oxford in 1973.

Pazar Laz

Pazar Laz Author Markus Pöchtrager
ISBN-10 3862881490
Release 2011
Pages 167
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Pazar Laz has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Pazar Laz also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Pazar Laz book for free.

Dependence Logic

Dependence Logic Author Samson Abramsky
ISBN-10 9783319318035
Release 2016-06-29
Pages 276
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In this volume, different aspects of logics for dependence and independence are discussed, including both the logical and computational aspects of dependence logic, and also applications in a number of areas, such as statistics, social choice theory, databases, and computer security. The contributing authors represent leading experts in this relatively new field, each of whom was invited to write a chapter based on talks given at seminars held at the Schloss Dagstuhl Leibniz Center for Informatics in Wadern, Germany (in February 2013 and June 2015) and an Academy Colloquium at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (March 2014). Altogether, these chapters provide the most up-to-date look at this developing and highly interdisciplinary field and will be of interest to a broad group of logicians, mathematicians, statisticians, philosophers, and scientists. Topics covered include a comprehensive survey of many propositional, modal, and first-order variants of dependence logic; new results concerning expressive power of several variants of dependence logic with different sets of logical connectives and generalized dependence atoms; connections between inclusion logic and the least-fixed point logic; an overview of dependencies in databases by addressing the relationships between implication problems for fragments of statistical conditional independencies, embedded multivalued dependencies, and propositional logic; various Markovian models used to characterize dependencies and causality among variables in multivariate systems; applications of dependence logic in social choice theory; and an introduction to the theory of secret sharing, pointing out connections to dependence and independence logic.

Paraconsistent Logic Consistency Contradiction and Negation

Paraconsistent Logic  Consistency  Contradiction and Negation Author Walter Carnielli
ISBN-10 9783319332055
Release 2016-06-14
Pages 398
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This book is the first in the field of paraconsistency to offer a comprehensive overview of the subject, including connections to other logics and applications in information processing, linguistics, reasoning and argumentation, and philosophy of science. It is recommended reading for anyone interested in the question of reasoning and argumentation in the presence of contradictions, in semantics, in the paradoxes of set theory and in the puzzling properties of negation in logic programming. Paraconsistent logic comprises a major logical theory and offers the broadest possible perspective on the debate of negation in logic and philosophy. It is a powerful tool for reasoning under contradictoriness as it investigates logic systems in which contradictory information does not lead to arbitrary conclusions. Reasoning under contradictions constitutes one of most important and creative achievements in contemporary logic, with deep roots in philosophical questions involving negation and consistency This book offers an invaluable introduction to a topic of central importance in logic and philosophy. It discusses (i) the history of paraconsistent logic; (ii) language, negation, contradiction, consistency and inconsistency; (iii) logics of formal inconsistency (LFIs) and the main paraconsistent propositional systems; (iv) many-valued companions, possible-translations semantics and non-deterministic semantics; (v) paraconsistent modal logics; (vi) first-order paraconsistent logics; (vii) applications to information processing, databases and quantum computation; and (viii) applications to deontic paradoxes, connections to Eastern thought and to dialogical reasoning.

Dependence Logic

Dependence Logic Author Jouko Väänänen
ISBN-10 9781139465151
Release 2007-05-10
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Dependence is a common phenomenon, wherever one looks: ecological systems, astronomy, human history, stock markets - but what is the logic of dependence? This book is the first to carry out a systematic logical study of this important concept, giving on the way a precise mathematical treatment of Hintikka's independence friendly logic. Dependence logic adds the concept of dependence to first order logic. Here the syntax and semantics of dependence logic are studied, dependence logic is given an alternative game theoretic semantics, and results about its complexity are proven. This is a graduate textbook suitable for a special course in logic in mathematics, philosophy and computer science departments, and contains over 200 exercises, many of which have a full solution at the end of the book. It is also accessible to readers, with a basic knowledge of logic, interested in new phenomena in logic.

Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology

Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology Author Armando M. Haeberer
ISBN-10 9783540654629
Release 1998-12-15
Pages 540
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AMAST’s goal is to advance awareness of algebraic and logical methodology as part of the fundamental basis of software technology. Ten years and seven conferences after the start of the AMAST movement, I believe we are attaining this. The movement has propagated throughout the world, assembling many enthusiastic specialists who have participated not only in the conferences, which are now annual, but also in the innumerable other activities that AMAST promotes and supports. We are now facing the Seventh International Conference on Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology (AMAST’98). The previous meetings were held in Iowa City, USA (1989 and 1991), in Enschede, The Netherlands (1993), in Montreal, Canada (1995), in Munich, Germany (1996), and in Sydney, Australia (1997). This time it is Brazil’s turn, in a very special part of this colorful country – Amazonia. Thus, “if we have done more it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” The effort started by Teodor Rus, Arthur Fleck, and William A. Kirk at AMAST’89 was consolidated in AMAST'91 by Teodor Rus, Maurice Nivat, Charles Rattray, and Giuseppe Scollo. Then came modular construction of the building, wonderfully carried out by Giuseppe Scollo, Vangalur Alagar, Martin Wirsing, and Michael Johnson, as Program Chairs of the AMAST conferences held between 1993 and 1997.

New Perspectives on Games and Interaction

New Perspectives on Games and Interaction Author Krzysztof R. Apt
ISBN-10 9789089640574
Release 2008
Pages 328
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This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 2007 colloquium on new perspectives on games and interaction at the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam.

Handbook of Spatial Logics

Handbook of Spatial Logics Author Marco Aiello
ISBN-10 9781402055874
Release 2007-09-04
Pages 1058
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The aim of this handbook is to create, for the first time, a systematic account of the field of spatial logic. The book comprises a general introduction, followed by fourteen chapters by invited authors. Each chapter provides a self-contained overview of its topic, describing the principal results obtained to date, explaining the methods used to obtain them, and listing the most important open problems. Jointly, these contributions constitute a comprehensive survey of this rapidly expanding subject.

Four Lives

Four Lives Author Jason Rosenhouse
ISBN-10 9780486782942
Release 2014-02-20
Pages 352
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This "best of" hardcover collection of works by Raymond Smullyan features logic puzzles, musings on mathematical logic and paradoxes, chess problems, and thoughts on the philosophy of religion, plus personal tributes to the author.

Essays on Non classical Logic

Essays on Non classical Logic Author Heinrich Wansing
ISBN-10 9789812799746
Release 2001
Pages 262
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This book covers a broad range of up-to-date issues in non-classical logic that are of interest not only to philosophical and mathematical logicians but also to computer scientists and researchers in artificial intelligence. The problems addressed range from methodological issues in paraconsistent and deontic logic to the revision theory of truth and infinite Turing machines. The book identifies a number of important current trends in contemporary non-classical logic. Among them are dialogical and substructural logic, the classification of concepts of negation, truthmaker theory, and mathematical and foundational aspects of modal and temporal logic. Contents: Fine-Grained Theories of Time (P Blackburn); Revision Sequences and Computers with an Infinite Amount of Time (B LAwe); On Frege's Nightmare: A Combination of Intuitionistic, Free and Paraconsistent Logics (S Rahman); Truthmakers, Entailment and Necessity (S Read); Global Definability in Basic Modal Logic (M de Rijke & H Sturm); Ackermann's Implication for Typefree Logic (K Robering); Why Dialogical Logic? (H Rckert); Semantics for Constructive Negations (Y Shramko); Recent Trends in Paraconsistent Logic (M Urchs); Obligations, Authorities, and History Dependence (H Wansing). Readership: Graduate students and researchers in philosophical logic and mathematical logic, as well as computer scientists in artificial intelligence."

In Search of Elegance in the Theory and Practice of Computation

In Search of Elegance in the Theory and Practice of Computation Author Val Tannen
ISBN-10 9783642416606
Release 2013-10-28
Pages 569
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This Festschrift volume, published in honour of Peter Buneman, contains contributions written by some of his colleagues, former students, and friends. In celebration of his distinguished career a colloquium was held in Edinburgh, Scotland, 27-29 October, 2013. The articles presented herein belong to some of the many areas of Peter's research interests.