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Logic Language and Meaning Volume 1

Logic  Language  and Meaning  Volume 1 Author L. T. F. Gamut
ISBN-10 0226280845
Release 1991
Pages 296
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Although the two volumes of Logic, Language, and Meaning can be used independently of one another, together they provide a comprehensive overview of modern logic as it is used as a tool in the analysis of natural language. Both volumes provide exercises and their solutions. Volume 1, Introduction to Logic, begins with a historical overview and then offers a thorough introduction to standard propositional and first-order predicate logic. It provides both a syntactic and a semantic approach to inference and validity, and discusses their relationship. Although language and meaning receive special attention, this introduction is also accessible to those with a more general interest in logic. In addition, the volume contains a survey of such topics as definite descriptions, restricted quantification, second-order logic, and many-valued logic. The pragmatic approach to non-truthconditional and conventional implicatures are also discussed. Finally, the relation between logic and formal syntax is treated, and the notions of rewrite rule, automation, grammatical complexity, and language hierarchy are explained.



The Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts Volume 1 Logic and the Philosophy of Language

The Cambridge Translations of Medieval Philosophical Texts  Volume 1  Logic and the Philosophy of Language Author Norman Kretzmann
ISBN-10 052128063X
Release 1988
Pages 531
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This volume is concerned with the logic and the philosophy of language and has a comprehensive index.



Puzzles in Logic Languages and Computation

Puzzles in Logic  Languages and Computation Author Dragomir Radev
ISBN-10 9783642343728
Release 2013-02-11
Pages 191
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This is the second volume of a unique collection that brings together the best English-language problems created for students competing in the Computational Linguistics Olympiad. These problems are representative of the diverse areas presented in the competition and designed with three principles in mind: · To challenge the student analytically, without requiring any explicit knowledge or experience in linguistics or computer science; · To expose the student to the different kinds of reasoning required when encountering a new phenomenon in a language, both as a theoretical topic and as an applied problem; · To foster the natural curiosity students have about the workings of their own language, as well as to introduce them to the beauty and structure of other languages; · To learn about the models and techniques used by computers to understand human language. Aside from being a fun intellectual challenge, the Olympiad mimics the skills used by researchers and scholars in the field of computational linguistics. In an increasingly global economy where businesses operate across borders and languages, having a strong pool of computational linguists is a competitive advantage, and an important component to both security and growth in the 21st century. This collection of problems is a wonderful general introduction to the field of linguistics through the analytic problem solving technique. "A fantastic collection of problems for anyone who is curious about how human language works! These books take serious scientific questions and present them in a fun, accessible way. Readers exercise their logical thinking capabilities while learning about a wide range of human languages, linguistic phenomena, and computational models. " - Kevin Knight, USC Information Sciences Institute



An Advanced Logic Programming Language

An Advanced Logic Programming Language Author Tony Dodd
ISBN-10 1871516102
Release 1990-01
Pages 392
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This guide consists of a number of tutorials that provide detailed, comprehensive coverage of different aspects of Prolog in general, and Prolog-2 in particular. The first two thirds of the book covers facilities that exist in most DEC-10 style implementations which will in all likelihood form a major part of the forthcoming standard definition of the language. The remaining chapters deal wth the details of Prolog-2 in different environments.



Puzzles in Logic Languages and Computation

Puzzles in Logic  Languages and Computation Author Dragomir Radev
ISBN-10 9783642343780
Release 2013-02-11
Pages 178
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This is the first volume of a unique collection that brings together the best English-language problems created for students competing in the Computational Linguistics Olympiad. These problems are representative of the diverse areas presented in the competition and designed with three principles in mind: · To challenge the student analytically, without requiring any explicit knowledge or experience in linguistics or computer science; · To expose the student to the different kinds of reasoning required when encountering a new phenomenon in a language, both as a theoretical topic and as an applied problem; · To foster the natural curiosity students have about the workings of their own language, as well as to introduce them to the beauty and structure of other languages; · To learn about the models and techniques used by computers to understand human language. Aside from being a fun intellectual challenge, the Olympiad mimics the skills used by researchers and scholars in the field of computational linguistics. In an increasingly global economy where businesses operate across borders and languages, having a strong pool of computational linguists is a competitive advantage, and an important component to both security and growth in the 21st century. This collection of problems is a wonderful general introduction to the field of linguistics through the analytic problem solving technique. "A fantastic collection of problems for anyone who is curious about how human language works! These books take serious scientific questions and present them in a fun, accessible way. Readers exercise their logical thinking capabilities while learning about a wide range of human languages, linguistic phenomena, and computational models. " - Kevin Knight, USC Information Sciences Institute



Essays on Logic and Language Second series

Essays on Logic and Language  Second series Author Antony Flew
ISBN-10 UOM:39015032523857
Release 1993-04-08
Pages 256
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Essays on Logic and Language Second series has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Essays on Logic and Language Second series also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Essays on Logic and Language Second series book for free.



Language Truth and Logic

Language  Truth and Logic Author Alfred Jules Ayer
ISBN-10 9780486113098
Release 2012-04-18
Pages 160
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"A delightful book … I should like to have written it myself." — Bertrand Russell First published in 1936, this first full-length presentation in English of the Logical Positivism of Carnap, Neurath, and others has gone through many printings to become a classic of thought and communication. It not only surveys one of the most important areas of modern thought; it also shows the confusion that arises from imperfect understanding of the uses of language. A first-rate antidote for fuzzy thought and muddled writing, this remarkable book has helped philosophers, writers, speakers, teachers, students, and general readers alike. Mr. Ayers sets up specific tests by which you can easily evaluate statements of ideas. You will also learn how to distinguish ideas that cannot be verified by experience — those expressing religious, moral, or aesthetic experience, those expounding theological or metaphysical doctrine, and those dealing with a priori truth. The basic thesis of this work is that philosophy should not squander its energies upon the unknowable, but should perform its proper function in criticism and analysis.



Logic Language and Computation

Logic  Language and Computation Author Jerry Seligman
ISBN-10 UOM:39015037427054
Release 1996-04-26
Pages 218
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This volume presents work that evolved out of the Third Conference on Situation Theory and Its Applications, held at Oiso, Japan, in November of 1991. The chapters presented in this volume continue the mathematical development of situation theory, including the introduction of a graphical notation; and the applications of situation theory discussed are wide-ranging, including topics in natural language semantics and philosophical logic, and exploring the use of information theory in the social sciences. The research presented in this volume reflects a growing international and interdisciplinary activity of importance for many fields concerned with information.



Logic Language and Computation

Logic  Language and Computation Author Jonathan Ginzburg
ISBN-10 1575861801
Release 1999-08-28
Pages 398
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Ideas from theoretical computer science continue to have an important influence on areas of philosophy and linguistics. The papers contained in this volume by some of the most influential computer scientists, linguists, logicians and philosophers of today cover subjects such as channel theory, presupposition and constraints, the modeling of discourse, and belief. The contributors include: Jon Barwise, who shows how the ideas of channel theory fit in with non-monotonic logic; Jelle Gerbrandy shows how ideas from dynamic logic can be used to study the notion of common knowledge among groups of agents; Wiebe van der Hoek and Maarten de Rijke provide ideas from theoretical computer science to a more philosophical area, belief revision; Rohit Parikh proposes a solution to one of the problems of belief revision; Paul Skokowski discusses Fred Dretske's theory of content; and Thomas Ede Zimmermann discusses the notions of discourse referent and information states.



From Discourse to Logic

From Discourse to Logic Author Hans Kamp
ISBN-10 079232403X
Release 1993-01-01
Pages 713
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This is the first textbook that approaches natural language semantics and logic from the perspective of Discourse Representation Theory, an approach which emphasizes the dynamic and incremental aspects of meaning and inference. The book has been carefully designed for the classroom. It is aimed at students with varying degrees of preparation, including those without prior exposure to semantics or formal logic. Moreover, it should make DRT easily accessible to those who want to learn about the theory on their own. Exercises are available to test understanding as well as to encourage independent theoretical thought. The book serves a double purpose. Besides a textbook, it is also the first comprehensive and fully explicit statement of DRT available in the form of a book. The first part of the book develops the basic principles of DRT for a small fragment of English (but which has nevertheless the power of standard predicate logic). The second part extends this fragment by adding plurals; it discusses a wide variety of problems connected with plural nouns and verbs. The third part applies the theory to the analysis of tense and aspect. Many of the problems raised in Parts Two and Three are novel, as are the solutions proposed. For undergraduate and graduate students interested in linguistics, theoretical linguistics, computational linguistics, artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Suitable for students with no previous exposure to formal semantics or logic.



Tome 1 Philosophie du langage Logique philosophique Volume 1 Philosophy of language Philosophical logic

Tome 1 Philosophie du langage  Logique philosophique   Volume 1 Philosophy of language  Philosophical logic Author Guttorm Fløistad
ISBN-10 9789400983564
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 404
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The present publication is a continuation of two earlier series of chronicles, Philosophy in the Mid-Century (Firenze 1958/59) and Contemporary Philosophy (Firenze 1968), edited by Raymond KJibansky. As with the earlier series the present chronicles purport to give a survey of significant trends in contemporary philosophi cal discussion. The time space covered by the present series is (approximately) 1966-1978. The need for such surveys has, I believe, increased rather than decreased over the last years. The philosophical scene appears, for various reasons, more complex than ever before. The continuing process of specialization in most branches, the emergence of new schools of thought, particularly in philosophical logic and the philosophy of language, the convergence of interest (though not necessarily of opinion) of different traditions upon certain prob lems, and the increasing attention being paid to the history of philosophy in discussions of contemporary problems are the most important contributory factors. Surveys of the present kind are a valuable source of knowledge of this complexity and may as such be an assistance in renewing the understanding of one's own philosophical problems. The surveys, it is to be hoped, may also help to strengthen the Socratic element of modem philosophy, the dialogue or Kommu nikationsgemeinschajt. So far, four volumes have been prepared for the new series. The present chronicles in the Philosophy of Language and Philosophi cal Logic (Vol. I), are followed by chronicles in the Philosophy of Science (Vol. II), and Philosophy of Action (Vol.



Logic

Logic Author H. C. M. de Swart
ISBN-10 IND:30000035598519
Release 1993
Pages 577
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Logic has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Logic also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Logic book for free.



Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference Author R.H. Johnson
ISBN-10 0080532918
Release 2002-09-11
Pages 508
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The Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference is an authoritative reference work in a single volume, designed for the attention of senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in all the leading research areas concerned with the logic of practical argument and inference. After an introductory chapter, the role of standard logics is surveyed in two chapters. These chapters can serve as a mini-course for interested readers, in deductive and inductive logic, or as a refresher. Then follow two chapters of criticism; one the internal critique and the other the empirical critique. The first deals with objections to standard logics (as theories of argument and inference) arising from the research programme in philosophical logic. The second canvasses criticisms arising from work in cognitive and experimental psychology. The next five chapters deal with developments in dialogue logic, interrogative logic, informal logic, probability logic and artificial intelligence. The last chapter surveys formal approaches to practical reasoning and anticipates possible future developments. Taken as a whole the Handbook is a single-volume indication of the present state of the logic of argument and inference at its conceptual and theoretical best. Future editions will periodically incorporate significant new developments.



The Semantic Foundations of Logic Volume 1 Propositional Logics

The Semantic Foundations of Logic Volume 1  Propositional Logics Author R.L. Epstein
ISBN-10 9789400905252
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 388
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This book grew out of my confusion. If logic is objective how can there be so many logics? Is there one right logic, or many right ones? Is there some underlying unity that connects them? What is the significance of the mathematical theorems about logic which I've learned if they have no connection to our everyday reasoning? The answers I propose revolve around the perception that what one pays attention to in reasoning determines which logic is appropriate. The act of abstracting from our reasoning in our usual language is the stepping stone from reasoned argument to logic. We cannot take this step alone, for we reason together: logic is reasoning which has some objective value. For you to understand my answers, or perhaps better, conjectures, I have retraced my steps: from the concrete to the abstract, from examples, to general theory, to further confirming examples, to reflections on the significance of the work.



Science and Civilisation in China Volume 7 The Social Background Part 1 Language and Logic in Traditional China

Science and Civilisation in China  Volume 7  The Social Background  Part 1  Language and Logic in Traditional China Author Joseph Needham
ISBN-10 052157143X
Release 1998-02-19
Pages 504
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The first systematic survey of the conceptual history of basic logical terminology in ancient China.



Meaning and Speech Acts Volume 1 Principles of Language Use

Meaning and Speech Acts  Volume 1  Principles of Language Use Author Daniel Vanderveken
ISBN-10 0521104904
Release 2009-03-19
Pages 256
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In Meaning and Speech Acts Daniel Vanderveken further develops the logic of speech acts and the logic of propositions to construct a general semantic theory of natural languages.



Handbook of Mathematical Fuzzy Logic

Handbook of Mathematical Fuzzy Logic Author Petr Cintula
ISBN-10 1848901933
Release 2015-12-31
Pages 384
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Originating as an attempt to provide solid logical foundations for fuzzy set theory, and motivated also by philosophical and computational problems of vagueness and imprecision, Mathematical Fuzzy Logic (MFL) has become a significant subfield of mathematical logic. Research in this area focuses on many-valued logics with linearly ordered truth values and has yielded elegant and deep mathematical theories and challenging problems, thus continuing to attract an ever increasing number of researchers. This handbook provides, through its several volumes, an up-to-date systematic presentation of the best-developed areas of MFL. Its intended audience is researchers working on MFL or related fields, that may use the text as a reference book, and anyone looking for a comprehensive introduction to MFL. This handbook will be useful not only for readers interested in pure mathematical logic, but also for those interested in logical foundations of fuzzy set theory or in a mathematical apparatus suitable for dealing with some philosophical and linguistic issues related to vagueness. This third volume starts with three chapters on semantics of fuzzy logics, namely, on the structure of linearly ordered algebras, on semantic games, and on Ulam-Renyi games; it continues with an introduction to fuzzy logics with evaluated syntax, a survey of fuzzy description logics, and a study of probability on MV-algebras; and it ends with a philosophical chapter on the role of fuzzy logics in theories of vagueness."