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Long Island Sound

Long Island Sound Author James S. Latimer
ISBN-10 9781461461265
Release 2013-11-22
Pages 558
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The U.S. Ocean Commission Report identified the need for regional ecosystem assessments to support coastal and ocean management. These assessments must provide greater understanding of physical and biological dynamics than assessments at global and national scales can provide but transcend state and local interests. This need and timeliness is apparent for Long Island Sound, where a multi-state regional restoration program is underway for America’s most urbanized estuary. Synthesis of the Long Island Sound ecosystem is needed to integrate knowledge across disciplines and provide insight into understanding and managing pressing issues, such as non-point sources of pollution, coastal development, global climatic change, and invasive species. Currently, there is a need for a comprehensive volume that summarizes the ecological and environmental dynamics and status of Long Island Sound and its myriad ecosystems. It has been 30 years since a comprehensive summary of Long Island Sound was prepared and 50 years since the pioneering work of Gordon Riley. Major advances in estuarine science are providing new insights into these systems, and yet, the condition of many estuaries is in decline in the face of continuing coastal development. There is an opportunity to lay a foundation for integrative coastal observing systems that truly provide the foundation for improved decision-making. This book will provide a key reference of our scientific understanding for work performed over the past three decades and guide future research and monitoring in a dynamic urbanized estuary.



Selected Papers from the 14th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference

Selected Papers from the 14th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference Author Richard P. Signell
ISBN-10 9783038423621
Release 2018-06-27
Pages 420
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Selected Papers from the 14th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference" that was published in JMSE



Changing Global Perspectives on Horseshoe Crab Biology Conservation and Management

Changing Global Perspectives on Horseshoe Crab Biology  Conservation and Management Author Ruth H. Carmichael
ISBN-10 9783319195421
Release 2015-11-09
Pages 599
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This book reports significant progress of scientific research on horseshoe crabs, including aspects of evolution, genetics, ecology, population dynamics, general biology and physiology, within the recent 10 years. It also highlights the emerging issues related to world-wide conservation threats, status and needs. The contributions in this book represent part of an ongoing global effort to increase data and concept sharing to support basic research and advance conservation for horseshoe crabs.



Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides

Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides Author R. Lawrence Swanson
ISBN-10 9781438462356
Release 2016-12-30
Pages 152
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Examines the ecological and historical significance of the harbor and what it can bring to future residents. Stony Brook Harbor, or Three Sisters Harbor as it was known historically, is perhaps the most pristine of the Long Island north shore pocket bays. Untouched by major commercialization, it has been designated a Significant Coastal Fish and Wildlife Habitat by the New York State Department of State and a Significant Coastal Habitat by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Despite these designations, however, there is constant pressure to increase development of and around the harbor. Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides interweaves scientific understandings of the harbor with a consideration of its colorful history to inform and educate a general audience about its unique and delicate state. Data is used to illustrate the harbor’s tides and currents and to show how they influence geological processes and pollution susceptibility. Storm surge measurements going back to the early 1990s document some of the extreme high waters experienced, and descriptions of some of the more interesting or important marine species of plants and animals found in the harbor are also included. The book discusses the century-long conflicts that local residents have fought in order to preserve this beautiful place, and it documents the tools that currently exist to help manage the harbor well into the twenty-first century. An excellent supplement to any high school or undergraduate environmental course, Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides provides readers with a basis for embracing the significance of the harbor and what it can bring to future residents. “This book is a small gem, an intimate look at a small local place that—like many small local places—is very special indeed. Many people have such places, often overlooked as too familiar, undervalued as too ordinary. The reader can take a hint from the authors and seek deeper acquaintance with one’s own special places, wherever they are.” — Carl Safina, author of The View from Lazy Point: A Natural Year in an Unnatural World “I was impressed by Between Stony Brook Harbor Tides’ well-written and comprehensive overview of the rich history of Stony Brook Harbor. The research in this was thorough and well documented using both current and historical studies of Stony Brook Harbor. It is vital when looking forward to future planning of our waterways to examine the historical background, as this book does, in order to move forward without harming the natural ecosystems that have developed over many thousands of years.” — Suffolk County Legislator Kara Hahn, 5th District “This book, by two eminent coastal oceanographers, is a must read for those interested or concerned with coastal community planning, management, or marine environmental processes.” — Lee E. Koppelman, Executive Director Emeritus, Long Island Regional Planning Board “It was at Cordwood Beach at the southern end of Stony Brook Harbor, where, at the age of six, I saw my first horseshoe crab. ‘Don’t step on its tail; it’s poisonous and will sting you,’ I remember imploring my friend, and, in so doing, perpetuating a persistent myth about the animal. As Larry Swanson and Malcolm Bowman indicate, in this interesting and informative book, while horseshoe crab tails are sharp, and were used for spear tips by Native Americans, they are not poisonous. This and a good many more fascinating facts about the harbor’s cultural and natural history await the reader. It is a must read for anyone who loves this charming and special part of Long Island.” — John Turner, author of Exploring the Other Island: A Seasonal Guide to Nature on Long Island



Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016 Part 4 A 2015 114 1

Interior  Environment  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016  Part 4 A  2015  114 1 Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105050681126
Release 2015
Pages
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Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016 Part 4 A 2015 114 1 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016 Part 4 A 2015 114 1 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016 Part 4 A 2015 114 1 book for free.



Urbanization Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Challenges and Opportunities

Urbanization  Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services  Challenges and Opportunities Author Thomas Elmqvist
ISBN-10 9789400770881
Release 2013-09-21
Pages 755
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Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions: Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and China Urban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversity Urban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhere Future urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services



Rangeland Systems

Rangeland Systems Author David D. Briske
ISBN-10 9783319467092
Release 2017-04-12
Pages 661
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book provides an unprecedented synthesis of the current status of scientific and management knowledge regarding global rangelands and the major challenges that confront them. It has been organized around three major themes. The first summarizes the conceptual advances that have occurred in the rangeland profession. The second addresses the implications of these conceptual advances to management and policy. The third assesses several major challenges confronting global rangelands in the 21st century. This book will compliment applied range management textbooks by describing the conceptual foundation on which the rangeland profession is based. It has been written to be accessible to a broad audience, including ecosystem managers, educators, students and policy makers. The content is founded on the collective experience, knowledge and commitment of 80 authors who have worked in rangelands throughout the world. Their collective contributions indicate that a more comprehensive framework is necessary to address the complex challenges confronting global rangelands. Rangelands represent adaptive social-ecological systems, in which societal values, organizations and capacities are of equal importance to, and interact with, those of ecological processes. A more comprehensive framework for rangeland systems may enable management agencies, and educational, research and policy making organizations to more effectively assess complex problems and develop appropriate solutions.



Balanced Urban Development Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities

Balanced Urban Development  Options and Strategies for Liveable Cities Author Basant Maheshwari
ISBN-10 9783319281124
Release 2016-08-29
Pages 601
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This book provides a unique synthesis of concepts and tools to examine natural resource, socio-economic, legal, policy and institutional issues that are important for managing urban growth into the future. The book will particularly help the reader to understand the current issues and challenges and develop strategies and practices to cope with future pressures of urbanisation and peri-urban land, water and energy use challenges. In particular, the book will help the reader to discover underlying principles for the planning of future cities and peri-urban regions in relation to: (i) Balanced urban development policies and institutions for future cities; (ii) Understanding the effects of land use change, population increase, and water demand on the liveability of cities; (iii) Long-term planning needs and transdisciplinary approaches to ensure the secured future for generations ahead; and (iv) Strategies to adapt the cities and land, water and energy uses for viable and liveable cities. There are growing concerns about water, food security and sustainability with increased urbanisation worldwide. For cities to be liveable and sustainable into the future there is a need to maintain the natural resource base and the ecosystem services in the peri-urban areas surrounding cities. This need is increasing under the looming spectre of global warming and climate change. This book will be of interest to policy makers, urban planners, researchers, post-graduate students in urban planning, environmental and water resources management, and managers in municipal councils.



Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas Author Nadja Kabisch
ISBN-10 9783319560915
Release 2017-09-01
Pages 342
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This open access book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society. The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/



Environmental Management Accounting for Cleaner Production

Environmental Management Accounting for Cleaner Production Author Stefan Schaltegger
ISBN-10 9781402089138
Release 2008-10-10
Pages 500
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Sustainability requires companies to develop in an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable manner. Corporate sustainable development in turn requires movement towards cleaner production. In order to recognize the potential from cleaner production – reduced costs and fewer environmental impacts through the reduced use of materials – environmental management accounting (EMA) is a necessary information management tool. Environmental Management Accounting for Cleaner Production reveals a set of tools for companies to collect, evaluate and interpret the information they need to estimate their potential to use cleaner production to realize cost savings and to make the best decisions about the available cleaner production options. EMA is therefore the key for driving environmental progress, cost savings, increased competitiveness and corporate sustainability through the means of cleaner production.



Monitoring and Modeling of Global Changes A Geomatics Perspective

Monitoring and Modeling of Global Changes  A Geomatics Perspective Author Jonathan Li
ISBN-10 9789401798136
Release 2015-07-28
Pages 320
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The chapters in this book present state-of-the-art geomatics technologies applied in global environmental studies. This text provides the latest research findings and delivers complete references to related publications. This book will motivate the undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practitioners to better understand the environmental changes with informed solutions. Global Change studies are increasingly considered a vital source of information to understand the Earth Environment, especially in the framework of human-induced, climate change and land use transformation. Satellite Earth Observing systems and geomatics technologies provide a unique tool to monitor and model the changes, respectively. While the range of applications and innovative techniques are always increasing, this book provides a summary of key study cases where satellite data offers critical information to understand the usefulness of the geomatics technologies and global environmental issues. Geomatics technologies provide powerful tools to model and analyze the effects of those global environmental changes towards minimizing their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.



Aquaculture Perspective of Multi Use Sites in the Open Ocean

Aquaculture Perspective of Multi Use Sites in the Open Ocean Author Bela H. Buck
ISBN-10 9783319511597
Release 2017-04-06
Pages 404
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume addresses the potential for combining large-scale marine aquaculture of macroalgae, molluscs, crustaceans, and finfish, with offshore structures, primarily those associated with energy production, such as wind turbines and oil-drilling platforms. The volume offers a comprehensive overview and includes chapters on policy, science, engineering, and economic aspects to make this concept a reality. The compilation of chapters authored by internationally recognized researchers across the globe addresses the theoretical and practical aspects of multi-use, and presents case studies of research, development, and demonstration-scale installations in the US and EU.



Sustainable Development Research and Practice in Mexico and Selected Latin American Countries

Sustainable Development Research and Practice in Mexico and Selected Latin American Countries Author Walter Leal Filho
ISBN-10 9783319705606
Release 2017-11-27
Pages 544
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This book provides an essential overview of sustainable development research in Mexico. It discusses the empirical research methods and findings, as well as practical initiatives and projects being pursued in Mexico and other countries in the region. Although a number of Mexican universities are now conducting high-quality research on matters related to sustainable development, there are few publications that offer a multidisciplinary overview of research efforts for a broader audience. This book addresses that gap in the literature, providing researchers at Mexican universities – including those from other countries working in Mexico – with an opportunity to present their work, i.e. curriculum innovations, empirical work, activities, case studies, and practical projects. As such, it fosters the exchange of information, ideas and experiences, successful initiatives and best practices.



Observed Climate Variability and Change over the Indian Region

Observed Climate Variability and Change over the Indian Region Author Madhavan Rajeevan Nair
ISBN-10 9789811025310
Release 2016-12-02
Pages 305
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The objective of the book is to make a comprehensive documentation of the observed variability and change of the regional climate system over the Indian region using the past observed data. The book addresses all the important parameters of regional climate system so that a physically consistent view of the changes of the climate system is documented. The book contains 16 chapters written by the subject experts from different academic and research institutes in India. The book addresses all important components/parameters of the climate system, like rainfall, temperature, humidity, clouds, moisture, sea surface temperature and ocean heat content, sea level, glaciers and snow cover, tropical cyclones and monsoon depressions, extreme rainfall and rainstorms, heat waves and cold waves, meteorological droughts, aerosols, atmospheric aerosols, ozone and trace gases and atmospheric radiative fluxes. One chapter deals with the past monsoon using monsoon proxy data. The last chapter deals with the future climate change projections over the Indian region (rainfall and temperature) made using coupled climate models. Most of the analyses (especially on rainfall, temperature, extreme rainfall, sea surface temperature, meteorological droughts) are based on the data for a longer period of 110 years, 1901–2010. For some other parameters like moisture, clouds, heat waves and cold waves, atmospheric aerosols, ozone and trace gases and radiative fluxes, data of shorter period have been used. The articles documented inter-annual and decadal variability in addition to documenting long term trends of different parameters. The trends have been tested for statistical significance using standard techniques. It is expected that the present book will be an excellent reference material for researchers as well as for policy makers. These results will be useful in interpreting future climate change scenarios over the region being projected using coupled climate models. Further analysis of these results is required for attributing the observed variability and change to natural and anthropogenic activities.



This Fine Piece of Water

This Fine Piece of Water Author Tom Andersen
ISBN-10 0300102879
Release 2004-01-04
Pages 274
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Covering 12,000 years of natural, social and political history, this tells the stories of the scientists and citizens who have been working to restore and preserve Long Island Sound.



Climate Time Series Analysis

Climate Time Series Analysis Author Manfred Mudelsee
ISBN-10 9048194822
Release 2010-08-26
Pages 474
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Climate is a paradigm of a complex system. Analysing climate data is an exciting challenge, which is increased by non-normal distributional shape, serial dependence, uneven spacing and timescale uncertainties. This book presents bootstrap resampling as a computing-intensive method able to meet the challenge. It shows the bootstrap to perform reliably in the most important statistical estimation techniques: regression, spectral analysis, extreme values and correlation. This book is written for climatologists and applied statisticians. It explains step by step the bootstrap algorithms (including novel adaptions) and methods for confidence interval construction. It tests the accuracy of the algorithms by means of Monte Carlo experiments. It analyses a large array of climate time series, giving a detailed account on the data and the associated climatological questions. This makes the book self-contained for graduate students and researchers.



Beach Management Tools Concepts Methodologies and Case Studies

Beach Management Tools   Concepts  Methodologies and Case Studies Author Camilo M. Botero
ISBN-10 9783319583044
Release 2017-12-04
Pages 960
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This book provides an overview of beach management tools, including carrying capacity, beach nourishment, environmental and tourism awards (like Blue Flag or others), bathing water quality, zoning, beach typologies, quality index, user's perception, interdisciplinary beach monitoring, coastal legislation, shore protection, social and economic indicators, ecosystem services, and coastal governance (applied in beach case studies). Beaches are one of the most intensely used coastal ecosystems and are responsible for more than half of all global tourism revenues, and as such the book introduces a wide range of state-of-the-art tools that can be used to deal with a variety of beach challenges. Each chapter features specific types of tools that can be applied to advantage in beach management practices. With examples of local and regional case studies from around the globe, this is a valuable resource for anyone involved in beach management.