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Making Technology Work

Making Technology Work Author John M. Deutch
ISBN-10 0521523176
Release 2004
Pages 272
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This book presents fifteen cases of technology applications in the energy and environment sectors, including solar, wind, fuel cell, nuclear, coal combustion and emission control technologies. The case studies demonstrate the importance of an interdisciplinary approach, integrating technical and non-technical aspects of the problem. They also introduce a toolbox of analytical techniques useful in the context of realistic technology application. These techniques include energy and mass balances, project financial analysis tools, treatment of external costs and benefits, probabilistic risk assessment, learning curves, regression analysis, and life cycle costing. Each case study presents a description of the relevant technology at a level accessible to anyone familiar with elementary concepts in basic science and engineering. The book is addressed to upper-level undergraduate students in the natural sciences, engineering and the social sciences who are interested in learning about problems of technology application, as well as technology practitioners in industry and government.



The Ethics of Nuclear Energy

The Ethics of Nuclear Energy Author Behnam Taebi
ISBN-10 9781316352090
Release 2015-08-07
Pages
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Despite the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan, a growing number of countries are interested in expanding or introducing nuclear energy. However, nuclear energy production and nuclear waste disposal give rise to pressing ethical questions that society needs to face. This book takes up this challenge with essays by an international team of scholars focusing on the key issues of risk, justice, and democracy. The essays consider a range of ethical issues, including radiological protection, the influence of gender in the acceptability of nuclear risk, and environmental, international, and intergenerational justice in the context of nuclear energy. They also address the question of when, and under which conditions, nuclear energy should play a role in the world's future supply of electricity, looking at both developing and industrialized countries. The book will interest readers in ethics and political philosophy, social and political sciences, nuclear engineering, and policy studies.



Kicking the Carbon Habit

Kicking the Carbon Habit Author William Sweet
ISBN-10 9780231510370
Release 2006-05-16
Pages 272
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With glaciers melting, oceans growing more acidic, species dying out, and catastrophic events like Hurricane Katrina ever more probable, strong steps must be taken now to slow global warming. Further warming threatens entire regional economies and the well being of whole populations, and in this century alone, it could create a global cataclysm. Synthesizing information from leading scientists and the most up-to-date research, science journalist William Sweet examines what the United States can do to help prevent climate devastation. Rather than focusing on cutting oil consumption, which Sweet argues is expensive and unrealistic, the United States should concentrate on drastically reducing its use of coal. Coal-fired plants, which currently produce more than half of the electricity in the United States, account for two fifths of the country's greenhouse gas emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Sweet believes a mixture of more environmentally sound technologies-wind turbines, natural gas, and nuclear reactors-can effectively replace coal plants, especially since dramatic improvements in technology have made nuclear power cleaner, safer, and more efficient. Sweet cuts through all the confusion and controversies. He explores dramatic advances made by climate scientists over the past twenty years and addresses the various political and economic issues associated with global warming, including the practicality of reducing emissions from automobiles, the efficacy of taxing energy consumption, and the responsibility of the United States to its citizens and the international community to reduce greenhouse gases. Timely and provocative, Kicking the Carbon Habit is essential reading for anyone interested in environmental science, economics, and the future of the planet.



Industrial Plasma Technology

Industrial Plasma Technology Author Yoshinobu Kawai
ISBN-10 9783527325443
Release 2010-04-26
Pages 434
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Clearly structured in five major sections on applications, this monograph covers such hot technologies as nanotechnology, solar cell technology, biomedical and clinical applications, and sustainability. Since the topic, applications and readers are highly interdisciplinary, the book bridges materials science, industrial chemistry, physics, and engineering - making it a must-have for researchers in industry and academia, as well as those working in application-oriented plasma technology. FROM THE CONTENTS: Environmental Technologies - Thermal and Non-Thermal Plasma for Environmental Applications - Atmospheric Plasma Air Pollution Control, Water and Waste Treatment Technology - Chemistry of Organic Polluctants in Atmospheric Plasmas - and more Applications in Life Science and Medicine - Pharmaceutical Engineering by Plasma Techniques - Applications of Pulsed Power and Plasmas to Biosystems and Living Organisms - Plasma Sterilization at low pressure and Antibacterial Effect of Short-Pulse Discharge - Plasma-Enhanced Synnthesis of Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications - and more Solar Cells - Plasma Processing for Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells - Characteristics of VHF Plasma with Large Area - Diagnostics and Modeling of SiH 4/H2 Plasmas for the Deposition of Microcrystalline Silicon - and more Diamond like Carbon Films - Applications of DLCs to Bio-Processing - DLC Thin Films Grown in Pulsed Plasmas - Plasma Processing of Nanocrystalline Semiconductive Cubic Borone Nitride Thin FIlms - and more Bascic and Novel Approaches - Novel Electromagnetic and Reactive Media from Microplasmas - Crystallized nanodusst Particle Growth in Low Pressure Cold Plasmas - Thomson Scattering Diagnostics of Discharge Plasmas - Collection and Removal of Fine Particles in Plasma Chambers - and more



Sci tech News

Sci tech News Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066139471
Release 2006
Pages
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Sci tech News has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Sci tech News also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Sci tech News book for free.



Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies Author Martin Abraham
ISBN-10 9780128047927
Release 2017-07-04
Pages 2262
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Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies provides an authoritative assessment of the sustainable technologies that are currently available or in development. Sustainable technology includes the scientific understanding, development and application of a wide range of technologies and processes and their environmental implications. Systems and lifecycle analyses of energy systems, environmental management, agriculture, manufacturing and digital technologies provide a comprehensive method for understanding the full sustainability of processes. In addition, the development of clean processes through green chemistry and engineering techniques are also described. The book is the first multi-volume reference work to employ both Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Triple Bottom Line (TBL) approaches to assessing the wide range of technologies available and their impact upon the world. Both approaches are long established and widely recognized, playing a key role in the organizing principles of this valuable work. Provides readers with a one-stop guide to the most current research in the field Presents a grounding of the fundamentals of the field of sustainable technologies Written by international leaders in the field, offering comprehensive coverage of the field and a consistent, high-quality scientific standard Includes the Life Cycle Analysis and Triple Bottom Line approaches to help users understand and assess sustainable technologies



Decision Making in the U S Department of Energy s Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology

Decision Making in the U S  Department of Energy s Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology Author Committee on Prioritization and Decision Making in the Department of Energy Office of Science and Technology
ISBN-10 9780309592703
Release 1999-07-26
Pages 207
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Decision Making in the U S Department of Energy s Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Decision Making in the U S Department of Energy s Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Decision Making in the U S Department of Energy s Environmental Management Office of Science and Technology book for free.



Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water Author Mamadou Diallo
ISBN-10 0815519737
Release 2009-02-12
Pages 700
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The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book. Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal. From the Foreword: "Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs." - Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative • Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa • Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications • Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. • Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors • Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.



Energy Efficient Microwave Systems

Energy Efficient Microwave Systems Author Lambert E. Feher
ISBN-10 3540921222
Release 2009-04-21
Pages 114
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Many individual technological solutions for microwave applications in industries have been developed without a clear pattern for a key strategy to replace conventional industrial technologies. In this work, the author shows how a modular microwave system line for very homogenous microwave fields is originated. "Energy Efficient Microwave Technologies" is designed for engineers and scientists from industry and academic research. The number of applications of this new technology is enormous: In this book, applications in the avionic field are shown as well as new methods in microwave materials processing for composite materials including new quantum aspects on microwave heating.



Fiberglass and Glass Technology

Fiberglass and Glass Technology Author Frederick T. Wallenberger
ISBN-10 144190736X
Release 2009-11-27
Pages 474
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Fiberglass and Glass Technology: Energy-Friendly Compositions and Applications provides a detailed overview of fiber, float and container glass technology with special emphasis on energy- and environmentally-friendly compositions, applications and manufacturing practices which have recently become available and continue to emerge. Energy-friendly compositions are variants of incumbent fiberglass and glass compositions that are obtained by the reformulation of incumbent compositions to reduce the viscosity and thereby the energy demand. Environmentally-friendly compositions are variants of incumbent fiber, float and container glass compositions that are obtained by the reformulation of incumbent compositions to reduce environmentally harmful emissions from their melts. Energy- and environmentally-friendly compositions are expected to become a key factor in the future for the fiberglass and glass industries. This book consists of two complementary sections: continuous glass fiber technology and soda-lime-silica glass technology. Important topics covered include: o Commercial and experimental compositions and products o Design of energy- and environmentally-friendly compositions o Emerging glass melting technologies including plasma melting o Fiberglass composite design and engineering o Emerging fiberglass applications and markets Fiberglass and Glass Technology: Energy-Friendly Compositions and Applications is written for researchers and engineers seeking a modern understanding of glass technology and the development of future products that are more energy- and environmentally-friendly than current products.



Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications

Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications Author Juan M. Coronado
ISBN-10 9781447150619
Release 2013-05-27
Pages 348
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Research for the development of more efficient photocatalysts has experienced an almost exponential growth since its popularization in early 1970’s. Despite the advantages of the widely used TiO2, the yield of the conversion of sun power into chemical energy that can be achieved with this material is limited prompting the research and development of a number of structural, morphological and chemical modifications of TiO2 , as well as a number of novel photocatalysts with very different composition. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a systematic account of the current understanding of the relationships between the physicochemical properties of the catalysts and photoactivity. The already long list of photocatalysts phases and their modifications is increasing day by day. By approaching this field from a material sciences angle, an integrated view allows readers to consider the diversity of photocatalysts globally and in connection with other technologies. Design of Advanced Photocatalytic Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a valuable road-map, outlining the common principles lying behind the diversity of materials, but also delimiting the imprecise border between the contrasted results and the most speculative studies. This broad approach makes it ideal for specialist but also for engineers, researchers and students in related fields.



Nanotechnology Applications for Improvements in Energy Efficiency and Environmental Management

Nanotechnology Applications for Improvements in Energy Efficiency and Environmental Management Author Shah, M. A.
ISBN-10 9781466663053
Release 2014-07-31
Pages 478
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As nanoscale research continues to advance, scientists and engineers are developing new applications for many different disciplines, including environmental remediation and energy optimization. Nanotechnology Applications for Improvements in Energy Efficiency and Environmental Management combines up-to-date research findings and relevant theoretical frameworks on the subject of micro-scale technologies being used to promote environmental sustainability. Highlighting the impacts this technology has on energy production and remediation, this book is an all-inclusive reference source for professionals and researchers interested in understanding the multi-disciplinary applications of nanotechnology and nanoscience.



Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy Water and Environment

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy  Water  and Environment Author Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
ISBN-10 9781118190142
Release 2012-01-20
Pages 320
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A detailed look at the most recent developments in sustainable membrane technology for use in energy, water, and the environment A collection of twenty-seven groundbreaking papers on important ideas about the development of membrane science and technology, Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy, Water, and Environment brings together contributions from leading international experts in one comprehensive volume. Covering the latest developments and most innovative ideas in the field, this book is a unique resource for understanding the growing interest in using membranes across several industries. Divided into six chapters that cover new membrane materials and membrane development; membrane applications for gas and vapor separation; membrane applications in water treatment; environmental applications of membranes; energy applications of membranes; and other industrial membrane applications, the book looks at the current and emerging applications for membrane science and technology in detail. As the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Middle East emerge as the next generation of membrane research and development centers, in part due to their need for water and natural gas production technology, this book provides invaluable insights into the cutting-edge work taking place in these regions. Additional topics covered also include new membrane materials, membrane applications for food processing, and much more. Designed for engineers, scientists, professors, and graduate students who are engaged in membrane R&D activities, as well as for anyone interested in sustainable development, Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy, Water, and Environment is a cutting-edge look at membrane applications.



Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectric Energy Author Bikash Pandey
ISBN-10 9781439811689
Release 2016-11-17
Pages 419
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Providing essential theory and useful practical techniques for implementing hydroelectric projects, this book outlines the resources, power generation technologies, applications, and strengths and weaknesses for hydroelectric technologies. Emphasizing the links between energy and the environment, it serves as a useful background resource and facilitates decision-making regarding which renewable energy technology works best for different types of applications and regions. Including examples, real-world case studies, and lessons learned, each chapter contains exercise questions, references, and ample photographs and technical drawings from actual micro hydropower plants.



Visionary Manufacturing Challenges for 2020

Visionary Manufacturing Challenges for 2020 Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 0309173566
Release 1998-11-18
Pages 172
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Manufacturing will unquestionably be a very different enterprise in 2020 from what it is today. This book presents an exciting picture of the profitable and productive potential of manufacturing two decades hence. This book takes an international view of future manufacturing that considers the leaps and bounds of technological innovation and the blurring of the lines between the manufacturing and service industries. The authors identify ten strategic technology areas as the most important for research and development and they recommend ways to address crosscutting questions. Representing a variety of industries, the authors identify six "grand challenges" that must be overcome for their vision to be realized, including the human/technology interface, environmental concerns, and miniaturization. A host of issues are discussed that will push and pull at manufacturing over the next 20 years: the changing workforce, the changing consumer, the rise of bio- and nanotechnology, the prospects for waste-free processing, simulation and modeling as design tools, shifts in global competition, and much more. The information and analyses in this book will be vitally important to everyone concerned about the future of manufacturing: policymakers, executives, design and engineering professionals, researchers, faculty, and students.



Producer gas Technology for Rural Applications

Producer gas Technology for Rural Applications Author Ibarra E. Cruz
ISBN-10 9251014663
Release 1985-01-01
Pages 132
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Producer gas Technology for Rural Applications has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Producer gas Technology for Rural Applications also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Producer gas Technology for Rural Applications book for free.



Energy and the Environment

Energy and the Environment Author Reza Toossi
ISBN-10 9781427618672
Release 2009
Pages 515
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Energy and the Environment is conceived and written at a level suitable for use as an introductory undergraduate textbook in energy and environment for students with very little mathematics or science background. It can also be used by anyone interested in technical, political, environmental, and economical issues related to energy. To make the text appropriate for engineering and science students, additional topics are included within information boxes placed throughout the book, and in the appendices. Examples requiring algebra are indicated in a similar manner. Depending on the audience, instructors can decide to eliminate all or part of this material without loss of continuity. Each chapter in Energy and the Environment stands alone, and the text can be taught in any order that the instructor deems suitable. Widely different curricula can therefore be designed and tailored for any audience simply by focusing on the appropriate sections from the appropriate chapters. For example, an environmental engineering course might include the summaries of various energy sources types, with an emphasis on air pollution, radiation, and environmental economics. A science curriculum might alternately emphasize the various technological sections and incorporate some of the engineering designs. This book is now available and can be purchased at http://vervepublishers.com. You may also order a free examination copy if you are considering adopting the Energy and the Environment for your classes. I would be most pleased to receive comments and thank you for your time!