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Measuring Efficiency in Health Care

Measuring Efficiency in Health Care Author Rowena Jacobs
ISBN-10 9781139456876
Release 2006-06-01
Pages 262
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With the healthcare sector accounting for a sizeable proportion of national expenditures, the pursuit of efficiency has become a central objective of policymakers within most health systems. However, the analysis and measurement of efficiency is a complex undertaking, not least due to the multiple objectives of health care organizations and the many gaps in information systems. In response to this complexity, research in organizational efficiency analysis has flourished. This 2006 book examines some of the most important techniques currently available to measure the efficiency of systems and organizations, including data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis, and also presents some promising new methodological approaches. Such techniques offer the prospect of many new and fruitful insights into health care performance. Nevertheless, they also pose many practical and methodological challenges. This is an important critical assessment of the strengths and limitations of efficiency analysis applied to health and health care.

Measuring Efficiency in Health Care

Measuring Efficiency in Health Care Author Rowena Jacobs
ISBN-10 OCLC:270709991
Release 2006
Pages 243
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Measuring Efficiency in Health Care has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Measuring Efficiency in Health Care also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Measuring Efficiency in Health Care book for free.

Health System Efficiency

Health System Efficiency Author Jonathan Cylus
ISBN-10 9289050411
Release 2016-12-15
Pages 264
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Efficiency is one of the central preoccupations of health policy-makers and managers, and justifiably so. Inefficient care can lead to unnecessarily poor outcomes for patients, either in terms of their health, or in their experience of the health system. What is more, inefficiency anywhere in the system is likely to deny health improvement to patients who might have been treated if resources had been used better. Improving efficiency is therefore a compelling policy goal, especially in systems facing serious resource constraints. The desire for greater efficiency motivates a great deal of decision-making, but the routine use of efficiency metrics to guide decisions is severely lacking. To improve efficiency in the health system we must first be able to measure it and must therefore ensure that our metrics are relevant and useful for policy-makers and managers. In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: 1) the core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle -- maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations; 2) there have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered; 3) our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators. The authors use examples from Europe and around the world to explore how policy-makers and managers have used efficiency measurement to support their work in the past, and suggest ways they can make better use of efficiency measurement in the future. The study came out of the Observatory's LSE hub. It links to a forthcoming study offering further insights into how to develop and interpret policy relevant efficiency metrics and to the earlier volumes on performance measurement. It will be of considerable use to policymakers and their advisors, health care regulators, patient representative groups, managers and researchers.

Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement

Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement Author Peter C. Smith
ISBN-10 9781139483933
Release 2010-01-07
Pages 748
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In a world where there is increasing demand for the performance of health providers to be measured, there is a need for a more strategic vision of the role that performance measurement can play in securing health system improvement. This volume meets this need by presenting the opportunities and challenges associated with performance measurement in a framework that is clear and easy to understand. It examines the various levels at which health system performance is undertaken, the technical instruments and tools available, and the implications using these may have for those charged with the governance of the health system. Technical material is presented in an accessible way and is illustrated with examples from all over the world. Performance Measurement for Health System Improvement is an authoritative and practical guide for policy makers, regulators, patient groups and researchers.

Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement

Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement Author Trevor L. Strome
ISBN-10 9781118760154
Release 2013-10-02
Pages 240
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Improve patient outcomes, lower costs, reduce fraud—all with healthcare analytics Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement walks your healthcare organization from relying on generic reports and dashboards to developing powerful analytic applications that drive effective decision-making throughout your organization. Renowned healthcare analytics leader Trevor Strome reveals in this groundbreaking volume the true potential of analytics to harness the vast amounts of data being generated in order to improve the decision-making ability of healthcare managers and improvement teams. Examines how technology has impacted healthcare delivery Discusses the challenge facing healthcare organizations: to leverage advances in both clinical and information technology to improve quality and performance while containing costs Explores the tools and techniques to analyze and extract value from healthcare data Demonstrates how the clinical, business, and technology components of healthcare organizations (HCOs) must work together to leverage analytics Other industries are already taking advantage of big data. Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement helps the healthcare industry make the most of the precious data already at its fingertips for long-overdue quality and performance improvement.

Routledge Handbook of Global Public Health in Asia

Routledge Handbook of Global Public Health in Asia Author Siân M. Griffiths
ISBN-10 9781317817703
Release 2014-04-16
Pages 738
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Global public health is of growing concern to most governments and populations, nowhere more so than in Asia, the world’s largest and most populous continent. Whilst major advances have been made in controlling infectious diseases through public health measures as well as clinical medical treatments, the world now faces other challenges including ageing populations and the epidemic crisis of obesity and non-communicable diseases. New emerging infections continue to develop and the growing threats to health due to environmental pollution and climate change increase the need for resilience and sustainability. These threats to health are global in nature, and this Handbook will explore perspectives on current public health issues in South, Southeast and East Asia, informing global as well as regional debate. Whilst many books cite Western examples of the development of global public health, this Handbook brings together both Western and Eastern scholarship, creating a new global public health perspective suitable to face modern challenges in promoting the population’s health. This Handbook is essential reading not only for students, professionals and scholars of global public health and related fields but is also written to be accessible to those with a general interest in the health of Asia.

Health Care Systems Efficiency and Policy Settings

Health Care Systems Efficiency and Policy Settings Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264094901
Release 2010-11-02
Pages 212
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This book explores trends in health care outcomes and spending; ways of assessing efficiency; new indicators of health care policies and institutions; and the characteristics and performance of health care systems.

Health System Performance Comparison An Agenda For Policy Information And Research

Health System Performance Comparison  An Agenda For Policy  Information And Research Author Papanicolas, Irene
ISBN-10 9780335247264
Release 2013-06-01
Pages 416
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This book seeks to identify the current ‘state of the art’ of health system comparison, identifying data and methodological issues and exploring the current interface between evidence and practice.

Healthcare Business Intelligence

Healthcare Business Intelligence Author Laura Madsen
ISBN-10 9781118282335
Release 2012-07-20
Pages 336
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Solid business intelligence guidance uniquely designed for healthcare organizations Increasing regulatory pressures on healthcare organizations have created a national conversation on data, reporting and analytics in healthcare. Behind the scenes, business intelligence (BI) and data warehousing (DW) capabilities are key drivers that empower these functions. Healthcare Business Intelligence is designed as a guidebook for healthcare organizations dipping their toes into the areas of business intelligence and data warehousing. This volume is essential in how a BI capability can ease the increasing regulatory reporting pressures on all healthcare organizations. Explores the five tenets of healthcare business intelligence Offers tips for creating a BI team Identifies what healthcare organizations should focus on first Shows you how to gain support for your BI program Provides tools and techniques that will jump start your BI Program Explains how to market and maintain your BI Program The risk associated with doing BI/DW wrong is high, and failures are well documented. Healthcare Business Intelligence helps you get it right, with expert guidance on getting your BI program started and successfully keep it going.

Encyclopedia of Health Economics

Encyclopedia of Health Economics Author
ISBN-10 9780123756794
Release 2014-02-21
Pages 1664
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The Encyclopedia of Health Economics offers students, researchers and policymakers objective and detailed empirical analysis and clear reviews of current theories and polices. It helps practitioners such as health care managers and planners by providing accessible overviews into the broad field of health economics, including the economics of designing health service finance and delivery and the economics of public and population health. This encyclopedia provides an organized overview of this diverse field, providing one trusted source for up-to-date research and analysis of this highly charged and fast-moving subject area. Features research-driven articles that are objective, better-crafted, and more detailed than is currently available in journals and handbooks Combines insights and scholarship across the breadth of health economics, where theory and empirical work increasingly come from non-economists Provides overviews of key policies, theories and programs in easy-to-understand language

Inspection of Medical Devices

Inspection of Medical Devices Author Almir Badnjević
ISBN-10 9789811066504
Release 2017-10-26
Pages 289
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This book offers all countries a guide to implementing verification systems for medical devices to ensure they satisfy their regulations. It describes the processes, procedures and need for integrating medical devices into the legal metrology framework, addresses their independent safety and performance verification, and highlights the associated savings for national healthcare systems, all with the ultimate goal of increasing the efficacy and reliability of patient diagnoses and treatment. The book primarily focuses on diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices, and reflects the latest international directives and regulations. Above all, the book demonstrates that integrating medical devices into the legal metrology system and establishing a fully operational national laboratory for the inspection of medical devices could significantly improve the reliability of medical devices in diagnosis and patient care, while also reducing costs for the healthcare system in the respective country.

Analytics and Decision Support in Health Care Operations Management

Analytics and Decision Support in Health Care Operations Management Author Yasar A. Ozcan
ISBN-10 9781119219811
Release 2017-04-10
Pages 600
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Preceded by Quantitative methods in health care management / Yasar A. Ozcan. 2nd ed. c2009.

Statistical Methods in Healthcare

Statistical Methods in Healthcare Author Frederick Faltin
ISBN-10 9781119942047
Release 2012-07-24
Pages 520
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In recent years the number of innovative medicinal products and devices submitted and approved by regulatory bodies has declined dramatically. The medical product development process is no longer able to keep pace with increasing technologies, science and innovations and the goal is to develop new scientific and technical tools and to make product development processes more efficient and effective. Statistical Methods in Healthcare focuses on the application of statistical methodologies to evaluate promising alternatives and to optimize the performance and demonstrate the effectiveness of those that warrant pursuit is critical to success. Statistical methods used in planning, delivering and monitoring health care, as well as selected statistical aspects of the development and/or production of pharmaceuticals and medical devices are also addressed. With a focus on finding solutions to these challenges, this book: Provides a comprehensive, in-depth treatment of statistical methods in healthcare, along with a reference source for practitioners and specialists in health care and drug development. Offers a broad coverage of standards and established methods through leading edge techniques. Uses an integrated, case-study based approach, with focus on applications. Looks at the use of analytical and monitoring schemes to evaluate therapeutic performance. Features the application of modern quality management systems to clinical practice, and to pharmaceutical development and production processes. Addresses the use of modern Statistical methods such as Adaptive Design, Seamless Design, Data Mining, Bayesian networks and Bootstrapping that can be applied to support the challenging new vision. Practitioners in healthcare-related professions, ranging from clinical trials to care delivery to medical device design, as well as statistical researchers in the field, will benefit from this book.

Value Management in Healthcare

Value Management in Healthcare Author Nathan William Tierney
ISBN-10 9781351591485
Release 2017-10-06
Pages 337
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Our current healthcare system’s broken. The Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) predicts health care costs could increase from 6% to 14% of GDP by 2060. The cause of this increase is due to (1) a global aging population, (2) growing affluence, (3) rise in chronic diseases, and (4) better-informed patients; all of which raises the demand for healthcare. In 2006, Michael Porter and Elizabeth Teisberg authored the book ‘Redefining Health Care: Creating Value-Based Competition on Results.’ In it, they present their analysis of the root causes plaguing the health care industry and make the case for why providers, suppliers, consumers, and employers should move towards a patient-centric approach that optimizes value for patients. According to Porter, "value for patients should be the overarching principle for our broken system." Since 2006, Mr. Porter, accompanied by his esteemed Harvard colleague, Robert Kaplan, have worked tirelessly to promote this new approach and pilot it with leading healthcare delivery organizations like Cleveland Clinic, Mayo Clinic, MD Anderson, and U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs. Given the current state of global healthcare, there is urgency to achieve widespread adoption of this new approach. The intent of this book is to equip all healthcare delivery organizations with a guide for putting the value-based concept into practice. This book defines the practice of value-based health care as Value Management. The book explores Mr. Porter’s Value Equation (Value = Outcomes/ Cost), which is central to Value Management, and provides a step-by-step process for how to calculate the components of this equation. On the outcomes side, the book presents the Value Realization Framework, which translates organizational mission and strategy into a comprehensive set of performance measures and contextualizes the measures for healthcare delivery. On the costs side, the book details the Harvard endorsed time-driven activity based costing (TDABC) methodology, which has proven to be a modern catalyst for defining HDO costs. Finally, this book covers the need and a plan to establish a Value Management Office to lead the delivery transformation and govern operations. This book is designed in a format where any organization can read it and acquire the fundamentals and methodologies of Value Management. It is intended for healthcare delivery organizations in need of learning the specifics of achieving the implementation of value-based healthcare.

Research in the Decision Sciences for Global Business

Research in the Decision Sciences for Global Business Author European Decision Sciences Institute
ISBN-10 9780134050966
Release 2015-02-18
Pages 384
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This volume brings together important new research in decision science, capturing the crucial role of local context in a globalized, standardized world. Assembling the best work presented at the 2013 Conference of the European Decision Sciences Institute, it considers classic decision science problems from a new perspective, offering insights for improving decision-making in government, business, healthcare, education, manufacturing, the military, and beyond. The papers in Common Disciplines that Separate Us embrace the duality of globally determined local contexts, offering new approaches to decision-making related to: Strengthening national economic competitiveness Reforming the public sector and higher education Deploying information technology more effectively throughout government Making healthcare policy that achieves better outcomes at lower cost Analyzing social networks Improving processes via data visualization, modeling, and simulation Gaining more value from enterprise business intelligence Offshoring, nearshoring, "right shoring," and other key manufacturing decisions Improving supply chain performance And much more The papers collected here will be valuable to wide audiences of faculty, researchers, and students in diverse programs covering business, public administration, and economics; and for others interested in the frontiers of decision science.

The Quality Imperative

The Quality Imperative Author John R Kimberly
ISBN-10 9781783261987
Release 1999-12-29
Pages 224
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Efforts to reform healthcare systems around the globe are proliferating rapidly. No country is immune from the two fundamental pressures that are driving change: cost and access. Every system is experimenting with measures designed to contain costs while simultaneously trying to determine how best to resolve the question of who should be eligible for what services under what conditions. In the midst of these experiments, serious concerns about quality are being raised. Are efforts to contain costs leading to practices which have a detrimental impact on quality? What, in fact, is “quality” in the world of healthcare? How should it be measured? And how can it be improved? These questions are on the cutting edge of debates about the management of healthcare in the future. This book examines these questions in detail by combining chapters outlining the basic issues with others describing state-of-the-art efforts to measure and manage quality more effectively. The result is an up-to-date compendium of issues and experiences presented by leading researchers and practitioners which should be of interest to healthcare managers and policy makers as well as to students and researchers in the field. Contents: Introduction: The Quality Imperative — Origins and ChallengesPart I — Perspectives:Information Systems and Quality in Health CareQuality Management in French Hospitals: From Implicit Concern to Radical ChangePart II — Practices:Coordination and Patient Care OutcomesImplementing Continuous Quality ImprovementEvaluation Units in French Hospitals: Experiences and LimitationsQuality Management at The University of Pennsylvania Health SystemPart III — Potential:Evaluating Quality Outcomes Against Best Practice: A New FrontierRethinking Quality: Complexity and Context in Health CareThe Quality Imperative: Lessons and Potential Readership: Healthcare practitioners and policymakers. Keywords:Quality;Health Care;Cross-Cultural;Management;Measurement;Organization Learning;Coordination;Managed Care;Consumer;Cost-Quality Trade-OffReviews:“This book makes a timely and very important contribution to our understanding of how to measure and manage the quality of health care … It will be of interest to a wide range of audiences, including health care providers, managers, and researchers.”Professor Thomas D'Aunno University of Chicago “The book gives reason to hope by showing how, in the US and in France, it is possible to move good ideas into practice. The authors show how to take into account simultaneously the various dimensions of quality of care, dimensions which are as often different as they are complementary … This insight alone justifies investment in this volume.”Professor Jean de Kervasdoue Chair in Health Economics and Management Conservatorie Nationale des Arts et Metiers “The editors, who are themselves the authors of several key integrative and contextual chapters, have done a masterful job of selecting some of the very best observers of the health care quality scene in both countries, and health services researchers, health care management experts, and health policy analysts will find the book exceedingly valuable.”Stephen S Mick Professor of Health Administration Virginia Commonwealth University

Epidemiologic Methods for Health Policy

Epidemiologic Methods for Health Policy Author Robert A. Spasoff
ISBN-10 0199771286
Release 1999-06-17
Pages 240
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This book is dedicated to the proposition that health policy should be evidence-based, and that epidemiology can provide much of the evidence. Unlike most textbooks of epidemiology, which focus on etiologic research, it emphasizes the descriptive methods that are more relevant to policy. Part I introduces the subject of policy and its formulation, reviews selected methods that are generally relevant to health policy, and provides an overview of health data and their manipulation. Part II proceeds through the policy cycle: assessing population health status, assessing potential interventions, making policy choices; implementing and finally evaluating policy. At each step it identifies the potential contributions of epidemiology and describes and demonstrates relevant methods. Many practical examples are provided, drawn from several developed countries, but mathematics is kept to an elementary level. A recurring theme is the interaction between health phenomena and the underlying population dynamics, and thus the close relationship of this type of epidemiology to demography.