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Meinong Arg Philosophers

Meinong Arg Philosophers Author Reinhardt Grossmann
ISBN-10 9781136957918
Release 2010-07-13
Pages 272
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First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Russell Arg Philosophers

Russell Arg Philosophers Author R.M. Sainsbury
ISBN-10 9781136957710
Release 2010-07-13
Pages 364
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First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Presocratics Arg Philosophers

Presocratics Arg Philosophers Author Jonathan Barnes
ISBN-10 9781136291128
Release 2013-10-08
Pages 728
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First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Hegel Arg Philosophers

Hegel Arg Philosophers Author M. J. Inwood
ISBN-10 9781136292538
Release 2013-07-04
Pages 600
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First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Marx Arg Philosophers

Marx Arg Philosophers Author Allen Wood
ISBN-10 9781136293450
Release 2013-07-04
Pages 304
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First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Russell s Logical Atomism

Russell s Logical Atomism Author David Bostock
ISBN-10 9780199651443
Release 2012-04-19
Pages 302
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David Bostock presents a detailed account and critical appraisal of the development of Bertrand Russell's philosophy from 1900 to 1924. He explores Russell's logical atomism, which applies logic to problems in the theory of knowledge and metaphysics and was central to Russell's work over this period.



An Introduction to Philosophical Logic

An Introduction to Philosophical Logic Author Anthony C. Grayling
ISBN-10 0631199829
Release 2001-05-08
Pages 352
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An Introduction to Philosophical Logic has been a popular mainstay among students taking courses in philosophical logic and the philosophy of language since it was first published in 1982.



Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy

Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy Author John Palmer
ISBN-10 9780191609992
Release 2009-10-29
Pages 442
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John Palmer develops and defends a modal interpretation of Parmenides, according to which he was the first philosopher to distinguish in a rigorous manner the fundamental modalities of necessary being, necessary non-being or impossibility, and non-necessary or contingent being. This book accordingly reconsiders his place in the historical development of Presocratic philosophy in light of this new interpretation. Careful treatment of Parmenides' specification of the ways of inquiry that define his metaphysical and epistemological outlook paves the way for detailed analyses of his arguments demonstrating the temporal and spatial attributes of what is and cannot not be. Since the existence of this necessary being does not preclude the existence of other entities that are but need not be, Parmenides' cosmology can straightforwardly be taken as his account of the origin and operation of the world's mutable entities. Later chapters reassess the major Presocratics' relation to Parmenides in light of the modal interpretation, focusing particularly on Zeno, Melissus, Anaxagoras, and Empedocles. In the end, Parmenides' distinction among the principal modes of being, and his arguments regarding what what must be must be like, simply in virtue of its mode of being, entitle him to be seen as the founder of metaphysics or ontology as a domain of inquiry distinct from natural philosophy and theology. An appendix presents a Greek text of the fragments of Parmenides' poem with English translation and textual notes.



A History of Modern Psychology in Context

A History of Modern Psychology in Context Author Wade Pickren
ISBN-10 9780470586013
Release 2010-02-19
Pages 408
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A fresh look at the history of psychology placed in its social, political, and cultural contexts A History of Modern Psychology in Context presents the history of modern psychology in the richness of its many contexts. The authors resist the traditional storylines of great achievements by eminent people, or schools of thought that rise and fall in the wake of scientific progress. Instead, psychology is portrayed as a network of scientific and professional practices embedded in specific temporal, social, political, and cultural contexts. The narrative is informed by three key concepts—indigenization, reflexivity, and social constructionism—and by the fascinating interplay between disciplinary Psychology and everyday psychology. The authors complicate the notion of who is at the center and who is at the periphery of the history of psychology by bringing in actors and events that are often overlooked in traditional accounts. They also highlight how the reflexive nature of Psychology—a science produced both by and about humans—accords history a prominent place in understanding the discipline and the theories it generates. Throughout the text, the authors show how Psychology and psychologists are embedded in cultures that indelibly shape how the discipline is defined and practiced, the kind of knowledge it creates, and how this knowledge is received. The text also moves beyond an exclusive focus on the development of North American and European psychologies to explore the development of psychologies in other indigenous contexts, especially from the mid-20th-century onward.



Philosophical Analysis in Latin America

Philosophical Analysis in Latin America Author J.J. Gracia
ISBN-10 9789400963757
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 431
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Historians of Latin American philosophy have paid relatively little attention to the development of philosophical analysis in Latin America. There are two reasons for this neglect: First, they have been primarily concerned with the forma tive period of philosophical development, in particular with the so called "founders" of La ti n American philosophy. And second. philosophical analysis did not become a noticeable philosophical trend in Latin America until recent years. True. a nunber of Latin American philosophers took notice of Moore. Russell. the members of the Vienna Circle and other important figures in the analytic movement qui te early. But these were isolated instances that lacked the sustained effort and broad base indispensible to make a serious impact in the development of Latin American philosophy. That has changed now. There are not only good numbers of philosophers who work within the analytic tradition, but also some journals and institutes dedicated to the analytic mode of philosophizing. It is. therefore. most appropriate to publish a collection of articles which would introduce the reader of philosophy to the most representative analytic material produced so far in Latin America. Indeed. it is not only appropriate. but also necessary. since most of the published analytic literature to date is scattered in various journals, sometimes of difficult access. Moreover, not all that has been published is representative of the best already produced and of the potential that the movement has in Latin America.



Meditations on First Philosophy

Meditations on First Philosophy Author René Descartes
ISBN-10 9780191604942
Release 2008-05-08
Pages 336
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'It is some years now since I realized how many false opinions I had accepted as true from childhood onwards...I saw that at some stage in my life the whole structure would have to be utterly demolished' In Descartes's Meditations, one of the key texts of Western philosophy, the thinker rejects all his former beliefs in the quest for new certainties. Discovering his own existence as a thinking entity in the very exercise of doubt, he goes on to prove the existence of God, who guarantees his clear and distinct ideas as a means of access to the truth. He develops new conceptions of body and mind, capable of serving as foundations for the new science of nature. Subsequent philosophy has grappled with Descartes's legacy, questioning many of its conclusions and even his basic approach, but his arguments set the agenda for many of the greatest philosophical thinkers, and their fascination endures. This new translation includes the Third and Fourth Objections and Replies in full, and a selection from the rest of these exchanges with Descartes's contemporaries that helped to expound his philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.



Epistemology Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis

Epistemology  Logic  and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis Author Bimal K. Matilal
ISBN-10 9783110813562
Release 2017-09-25
Pages 183
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Epistemology Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Epistemology Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Epistemology Logic and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis book for free.



God and Philosophy

God and Philosophy Author Antony Flew
ISBN-10 9781615921409
Release 1966
Pages 208
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In this classic primer to the philosophy of religion, Antony Flew subjects a wide range of philosophical arguments for the existence of the Christian God to intense critical scrutiny. However, the rumor in some circles is that Flew - longtime advocate of atheistic humanism - has become a theist. Judge for yourself by reading his new introduction in which he addresses the ancient arguments of Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, and Gottfried Leibniz, among others, as well as the contemporary perspective of Richard Swinburne. Flew confronts head-on arguments grounded in order and design, existence and causality, meaning and morality, and miracles, as well as authority and faith. Each is approached with a degree of keen insight that only Flew can muster.Both believers and nonbelievers will benefit greatly from Flew's critical analysis of Christian theism and his Socratic commitment to follow the argument wherever it leads.Antony Flew is emeritus professor of philosophy at Reading University, England, and the author of Atheistic Humanism; God, Freedom, and Immortality; Thinking About Social Thinking; and How to Think Straight.



Proslogium

Proslogium Author St. St. Anselm
ISBN-10 1503255573
Release 2014-11-01
Pages 32
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Anselm of Canterbury (circa 1033-1109), also called of Aosta for his birthplace, and of Bec for his home monastery, was a Benedictine monk, a philosopher, and a prelate of the church who held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. Called the founder of scholasticism, he is famous as the originator of the ontological argument for the existence of God. Anselm was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1720 by Pope Clement XI. Although utterly convinced of the truth of Christianity, Anselm of Canterbury struggled to make sense of his religion. He considered the doctrines of faith an invitation to question, to think, and to learn, and he devoted his life to confronting and understanding the most elusive aspects of Christianity. In Proslogium, his writings on matters the existence of God and His divine qualities make Anselm one of the greatest theologians and philosophers in history.



Towards Non Being

Towards Non Being Author Graham Priest
ISBN-10 9780198783596
Release 2016-08-11
Pages 416
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Towards Non-Being presents an account of the semantics of intentional language--verbs such as 'believes', 'fears', 'seeks', 'imagines'. Graham Priest tackles problems concerning intentional states which are often brushed under the carpet in discussions of intentionality, such as their failure to be closed under deducibility. Priest's account explores objects that may be either existent or non-existent, at worlds that may be either possible or impossible;he mounts a full-scale defence of non-existent objects. In the process, he offers an account of both fictional and mathematical objects as non-existent. This updated second edition addsten new chapters to the original eight. These further develop the ideas of the first edition, reply to critics, and explore new areas of relevance. New topics covered include: conceivability, realism/antirealism concerning non-existent objects, self-deception, and the verb to be.



Artefact Kinds

Artefact Kinds Author Maarten Franssen
ISBN-10 9783319008011
Release 2013-10-04
Pages 225
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This book is concerned with two intimately related topics of metaphysics: the identity of entities and the foundations of classification. What it adds to previous discussions of these topics is that it addresses them with respect to human-made entities, that is, artefacts. As the chapters in the book show, questions of identity and classification require other treatments and lead to other answers for artefacts than for natural entities. These answers are of interest to philosophers not only for their clarification of artefacts as a category of things but also for the new light they may shed on these issue with respect to to natural entities. This volume is structured in three parts. The contributions in Part I address basic ontological and metaphysical questions in relation to artefact kinds: How should we conceive of artefact kinds? Are they real kinds? How are identity conditions for artefacts and artefact kinds related? The contributions in Part II address meta-ontological questions: What, exactly, should an ontological account of artefact kinds provide us with? What scope can it aim for? Which ways of approaching the ontology of artefact kinds are there, how promising are they, and how should we assess this? In Part III, the essays offer engineering practice rather than theoretical philosophy as a point of reference. The issues addressed here include: How do engineers classify technical artefacts and on what grounds? What makes specific classes of technical artefacts candidates for ontologically real kinds, and by which criteria?​



G W Leibniz s Monadology

G W  Leibniz s Monadology Author Nicholas Rescher
ISBN-10 9780822971498
Release 1991-09
Pages 332
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G.W. Leibniz’s Monadology, one of the most important pieces of the Leibniz corpus, is at once one of the great classics of modern philosophy and one of its most puzzling productions. Because the essay is written in so condensed and compact a fashion, for almost three centuries it has baffled and beguiled those who read it for the first time. Nicholas Rescher accompanies the text of the Monadology section-by-section with relevant excerpts from some of Leibniz’s widely scattered discussions of the matters at issue. The result serves a dual purpose of providing a commentary of the Monadology by Leibniz himself, while at the same time supplying an exposition of his philosophy using the Monadology as an outline. The book contains all of the materials that even the most careful study of this could text could require: a detailed overview of the philosophical background of the work and of its bibliographic ramifications; a presentation of the original French text together with a new, closely faithful English translation; a selection of other relevant Leibniz texts; and a detailed commentary. Rescher also provides a survey of Leibniz’s use of analogies and three separate indices of key terms and expressions, Leibniz’s French terminology, and citations. Rescher’s edition of the Monadology presents Leibniz’s ideas faithfully, accurately, and accessibly, making it especially valuable to scholars and students alike.