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Meta Analysis Decision Analysis and Cost Effectiveness Analysis

Meta Analysis  Decision Analysis  and Cost Effectiveness Analysis Author Diana B. Petitti
ISBN-10 9780195133646
Release 2000
Pages 306
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public health and in health policy courses at the undergraduate and graduate level.



Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics Author Giuseppe La Torre
ISBN-10 8889688564
Release 2010-11-25
Pages 400
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This book provides not only the theory of biostatistics, but also the opportunity of applying it in practice. In fact, each chapter presents one or more specific examples on how to perform an epidemiological or statistical data analysis and includes download access to the software and databases, giving the reader the possibility of replicating the analyses described.



Small Clinical Trials

Small Clinical Trials Author Committee on Strategies for Small-Number-Participant Clinical Research Trials
ISBN-10 9780309073332
Release 2001-01-01
Pages 222
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Clinical trials are used to elucidate the most appropriate preventive, diagnostic, or treatment options for individuals with a given medical condition. Perhaps the most essential feature of a clinical trial is that it aims to use results based on a limited sample of research participants to see if the intervention is safe and effective or if it is comparable to a comparison treatment. Sample size is a crucial component of any clinical trial. A trial with a small number of research participants is more prone to variability and carries a considerable risk of failing to demonstrate the effectiveness of a given intervention when one really is present. This may occur in phase I (safety and pharmacologic profiles), II (pilot efficacy evaluation), and III (extensive assessment of safety and efficacy) trials. Although phase I and II studies may have smaller sample sizes, they usually have adequate statistical power, which is the committee's definition of a "large" trial. Sometimes a trial with eight participants may have adequate statistical power, statistical power being the probability of rejecting the null hypothesis when the hypothesis is false. Small Clinical Trials assesses the current methodologies and the appropriate situations for the conduct of clinical trials with small sample sizes. This report assesses the published literature on various strategies such as (1) meta-analysis to combine disparate information from several studies including Bayesian techniques as in the confidence profile method and (2) other alternatives such as assessing therapeutic results in a single treated population (e.g., astronauts) by sequentially measuring whether the intervention is falling above or below a preestablished probability outcome range and meeting predesigned specifications as opposed to incremental improvement.



Basic Epidemiology

Basic Epidemiology Author R. Bonita
ISBN-10 9789241547079
Release 2006
Pages 213
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Basic epidemiology provides an introduction to the core principles and methods of epidemiology, with a special emphasis on public health applications in developing countries. This edition includes chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study designs; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health.



Clinical Epidemiology Evidence Based Medicine

Clinical Epidemiology   Evidence Based Medicine Author David L. Katz
ISBN-10 9781506319650
Release 2001-08-21
Pages 320
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"The presentation is consistently excellent. One, the writing is lucid and organized in a way that should be very natural for the clinical reader. Two, the text requires no background in mathematics and uses a minimum of symbols. And, three, the methodological concepts and clinical issues are well integrated through a number of carefully prepared and comprehensive examples." Greg Samsa, Associate Director, Duke Center for Clinical Health Policy Research If a patient is older or younger than, sicker or healthier than, taller or shorter than or simply different from the subjects of a study, do the results pertain? Clinical Epidemiology & Evidence-based Medicine is a resource for all health-care workers involved in applying evidence to the care of their patients. Using clinical examples and citing liberally from the peer-reviewed literature, the book shows how statistical principles can improve medical decisions. Plus, as Katz shows how probability, risk and alternatives are fundamental considerations in all clinical decisions, he demonstrates the intuitive basis for using clinical epidemiolgy as a science underlying medical decisions. After reading this text, the practitioner should be better able to access, interpret, and apply evidence to patient care as well as better understand and control the process of medical decision making.



Practical Statistics for Medical Research

Practical Statistics for Medical Research Author Douglas G. Altman
ISBN-10 0412276305
Release 1990-11-22
Pages 624
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Most medical researchers, whether clinical or non-clinical, receive some background in statistics as undergraduates. However, it is most often brief, a long time ago, and largely forgotten by the time it is needed. Furthermore, many introductory texts fall short of adequately explaining the underlying concepts of statistics, and often are divorced from the reality of conducting and assessing medical research. Practical Statistics for Medical Research is a problem-based text for medical researchers, medical students, and others in the medical arena who need to use statistics but have no specialized mathematics background. The author draws on twenty years of experience as a consulting medical statistician to provide clear explanations to key statistical concepts, with a firm emphasis on practical aspects of designing and analyzing medical research. The text gives special attention to the presentation and interpretation of results and the many real problems that arise in medical research.



Clinical Epidemiology

Clinical Epidemiology Author Noel S. Weiss
ISBN-10 019530523X
Release 2006
Pages 178
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Examining the principles and methods of research on the evaluation of factors affecting the outcome of illness, this volume emphasizes diagnostic and therapeutic interventions - the factors most readily modified by health care providers. The author discusses various ways of structuring observations on patient groups and appraises the nature and strength of inferences drawn from those observations. Weiss also demonstrates how the results of this type of research - clinical epidemiologic research - can be incorporated into the decision-making process utilized in clinical medicine." Among other changes, this new edition of Clinical Epidemiology greatly expands the chapter on randomized controlled trials and includes a whole new chapter on meta-analysis, authored by Peter Cummings with Noel S. Weiss. Meta-analysis, the statistical synthesis of data from comparable studies, was unheard of thirty years ago, but with the advent of increased computer technology, the method has been steadily growing in importance in the interpretation of the results of patient-oriented medical research. Clinical Epidemiology is an essential reference guide to the quantitative assessment of the consequences of illness for clinicians in training or in practice.



AMSTAT News

AMSTAT News Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015035151938
Release 1994
Pages
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AMSTAT News has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from AMSTAT News also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full AMSTAT News book for free.



Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data Author S. Selvin
ISBN-10 UOM:49015002334978
Release 1996
Pages 467
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This book combines applied and theoretical approaches to the analysis of epidemiologic issues. It goes beyond elementary material to deal with real problems generated by disease data, and delves into less usual areas such as the analysis of spatial distributions, survival data, proportional hazards regression, and "computer-intensive" approaches to statistical estimation. Each method discussed in the text is illustrated with examples which include complete sets of data. Using actual data demonstrates the strengths and weaknesses of different analytic approaches in describing a disease process. The goal of the book is to allow the reader to develop a clear understanding of analytic approaches to problems in epidemiologic data analysis without relying on sophisticated mathematics and advanced statistical theory. For the Second Edition a new chapter on the analysis of matched data has been added. This covers both discrete and continuous outcomes and explains both the classic analytic approach and the conditional logistic regression model. New sections have also been added on contingency table data, misclassification, and additive models underlying tabular data. In all the chapters there are new applications and other revisions that make this Second Edition a clearer and more helpful exposition of the way statistical tools are used to analyze epidemiologic data.



Handbook of Meta analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Handbook of Meta analysis in Ecology and Evolution Author Julia Koricheva
ISBN-10 9781400846184
Release 2013-04-21
Pages 520
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Meta-analysis is a powerful statistical methodology for synthesizing research evidence across independent studies. This is the first comprehensive handbook of meta-analysis written specifically for ecologists and evolutionary biologists, and it provides an invaluable introduction for beginners as well as an up-to-date guide for experienced meta-analysts. The chapters, written by renowned experts, walk readers through every step of meta-analysis, from problem formulation to the presentation of the results. The handbook identifies both the advantages of using meta-analysis for research synthesis and the potential pitfalls and limitations of meta-analysis (including when it should not be used). Different approaches to carrying out a meta-analysis are described, and include moment and least-square, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian approaches, all illustrated using worked examples based on real biological datasets. This one-of-a-kind resource is uniquely tailored to the biological sciences, and will provide an invaluable text for practitioners from graduate students and senior scientists to policymakers in conservation and environmental management. Walks you through every step of carrying out a meta-analysis in ecology and evolutionary biology, from problem formulation to result presentation Brings together experts from a broad range of fields Shows how to avoid, minimize, or resolve pitfalls such as missing data, publication bias, varying data quality, nonindependence of observations, and phylogenetic dependencies among species Helps you choose the right software Draws on numerous examples based on real biological datasets



EPA 630 R

EPA 630 R Author United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Risk Assessment Forum
ISBN-10 UOM:39015043186355
Release 1998
Pages
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EPA 630 R has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from EPA 630 R also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full EPA 630 R book for free.



Epidemiology

Epidemiology Author Moyses Szklo
ISBN-10 9781449604691
Release 2012-10-24
Pages 515
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This book is specifically designed to expand reader knowledge while avoiding complex statistical formulations. Emphasizing the quantitative issues of epidemiology, this book focuses on study design, measures of association, interaction, research assessment, and other methods and practice. The Second Edition takes readers who have a good understanding of basic epidemiological principles through more rigorous discussions of concepts and methods.



A Meta analysis of Outcome Studies in Long term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis

A Meta analysis of Outcome Studies in Long term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis Author William Kemp Lamb
ISBN-10 UCAL:C3496000
Release 2004
Pages 130
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"This meta-analysis synthesizes quantitatively the extant empirical literature pertaining to the effectiveness of treatment in outcome studies of long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis."--Abstract.



Federal Register

Federal Register Author
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112059140787
Release 1998-05-14
Pages
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Federal Register has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Federal Register also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Federal Register book for free.



Environment Reporter

Environment Reporter Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105062209486
Release 1996
Pages
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Environment Reporter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Environment Reporter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Environment Reporter book for free.



Comprehensive Systematic Review for Advanced Nursing Practice

Comprehensive Systematic Review for Advanced Nursing Practice Author Cheryl Holly
ISBN-10 9780826117786
Release 2011-09-12
Pages 336
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Print+CourseSmart



Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Author Dean T. Jamison
ISBN-10 9780821361801
Release 2006-04-02
Pages 1452
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Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.