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Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production Author Robert Heidersbach
ISBN-10 0470934662
Release 2010-12-01
Pages 296
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This book is intended for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. It is also an asset to the entry-level corrosion control professional who may have a theoretical background in metallurgy, chemistry, or a related field, but who needs to understand the practical limitations of large-scale industrial operations associated with oil and gas production. While the may use by technicians and others with limited formal technical training, it will be written on a level intended for use by engineers having had some exposure to college-level chemistry and some familiarity with materials and engineering design.



Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry Author Sankara Papavinasam
ISBN-10 9780123973061
Release 2013-10-15
Pages 1020
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The effect of corrosion in the oil industry leads to the failure of parts. This failure results in shutting down the plant to clean the facility. The annual cost of corrosion to the oil and gas industry in the United States alone is estimated at $27 billion (According to NACE International)—leading some to estimate the global annual cost to the oil and gas industry as exceeding $60 billion. In addition, corrosion commonly causes serious environmental problems, such as spills and releases. An essential resource for all those who are involved in the corrosion management of oil and gas infrastructure, Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry provides engineers and designers with the tools and methods to design and implement comprehensive corrosion-management programs for oil and gas infrastructures. The book addresses all segments of the industry, including production, transmission, storage, refining and distribution. Selects cost-effective methods to control corrosion Quantitatively measures and estimates corrosion rates Treats oil and gas infrastructures as systems in order to avoid the impacts that changes to one segment if a corrosion management program may have on others Provides a gateway to more than 1,000 industry best practices and international standards



Green Corrosion Inhibitors

Green Corrosion Inhibitors Author V. S. Sastri
ISBN-10 9781118015414
Release 2012-02-14
Pages 304
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A book to cover developments in corrosion inhibitors is long overdue. This has been addressed by Dr Sastri in a book which presents fundamental aspects of corrosion inhibition, historical developments and the industrial applications of inhibitors. The book deals with the electrochemical principles and chemical aspects of corrosion inhibition, such as stability of metal complexes, the Hammett equation, hard and soft acid and base principle, quantum chemical aspects and Hansch' s model and also with the various surface analysis techniques, e.g. XPS, Auger, SIMS and Raman spectroscopy, that are used in industry for corrosion inhibition. The applications of corrosion inhibition are wide ranging. Examples given in this book include: oil and gas wells, petrochemical plants, steel reinforced cement, water cooling systems, and many more. The final chapters discuss economic and environmental considerations which are now of prime importance. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, practicing corrosion engineers and students of materials science, engineering and applied chemistry.



Corrosion Prevention and Protection

Corrosion Prevention and Protection Author Edward Ghali
ISBN-10 9780470024034
Release 2007-01-30
Pages 574
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Corrosion Prevention and Protection: Practical Solutions presents a functional approach to the various forms of corrosion, such as uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, galvanic corrosion, stress corrosion, hydrogen-induced damage, sulphide stress cracking, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue in various industrial environments. The book is split into two parts. The first, consisting of five chapters: Introduction and Principles (Fundamentals) of Corrosion Corrosion Testing, Detection, Monitoring and Failure Analysis Regulations, Specifications and Safety Materials: Metals, Alloys, Steels and Plastics Corrosion Economics and Corrosion Management The second part of the book consists of two chapters which present: a discussion of corrosion reactions, media, active and active-passive corrosion behaviour and the various forms of corrosion, a collection of case histories and practical solutions which span a wide range of industrial problems in a variety of frequently encountered environments, including statues & monuments, corrosion problems in metallurgical and mineral processing plants, boilers, heat exchangers and cooling towers, aluminum and copper alloys, galvanized steel structures as well as hydrogeological environmental corrosion This text is relevant to researchers and practitioners, engineers and chemists, working in corrosion in industry, government laboratories and academia. It is also suitable as a course text for engineering students as well as libraries related to chemical and chemical engineering institutes and research departments.



Corrosion Chemistry

Corrosion Chemistry Author Volkan Cicek
ISBN-10 9781118232132
Release 2011-11-29
Pages 190
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Corrosion Chemistry details the scientific background of the corrosion process and contemporary applications for dealing with corrosion for engineers and scientists, covering the most recent breakthroughs and trends. Corrosion is in essence a chemical process, and it is crucial to understand the dynamics from a chemical perspective before proceeding with analyses, designs and solutions from an engineering aspect. This book can be used both as a textbook and a reference book both by academics and engineers and scientists in the field. As a reference for the engineer in the field, it is both a refresher for the veteran on the causes of corrosion and the methods, processes, and technologies to deal with it, over a variety of industries. It is the most up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of corrosion available, covering the most cutting-edge new processes and theories. For the freshman engineer just entering the field, it is a tremendous introduction to corrosion. As a textbook, it can be used for a single semester technical elective course in undergraduate and postgraduate education for disciplines such as chemistry, chemical engineering, petroleum engineering, civil engineering, material engineering, mechanical engineering, metallurgical engineering, mining engineering, agricultural engineering, and other related technical fields.



Challenges in Corrosion

Challenges in Corrosion Author V. S. Sastri
ISBN-10 9781119069607
Release 2015-07-02
Pages 432
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Provides detailed methods to reduce or eliminate damage caused by corrosion Explains the human and environmental costs of corrosion Explains causes of and various types of corrosion Summarizes the costs of corrosion in different industries, including bridges, mining, petroleum refining, chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, agricultural, food processing, electronics, home appliances etc Discusses the technical aspects of the various methods available to detect, prevent, and control corrosion



Oil and Gas Pipelines

Oil and Gas Pipelines Author R. Winston Revie
ISBN-10 9781118216712
Release 2015-04-20
Pages 856
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A comprehensive and detailed reference guide on the integrity and safety of oil and gas pipelines, both onshore and offshore Covers a wide variety of topics, including design, pipe manufacture, pipeline welding, human factors, residual stresses, mechanical damage, fracture and corrosion, protection, inspection and monitoring, pipeline cleaning, direct assessment, repair, risk management, and abandonment Links modern and vintage practices to help integrity engineers better understand their system and apply up-to-date technology to older infrastructure Includes case histories with examples of solutions to complex problems related to pipeline integrity Includes chapters on stress-based and strain-based design, the latter being a novel type of design that has only recently been investigated by designer firms and regulators Provides information to help those who are responsible to establish procedures for ensuring pipeline integrity and safety



Corrosion Failures

Corrosion Failures Author K. Elayaperumal
ISBN-10 9781119043119
Release 2015-04-27
Pages 256
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Provides corrosion basics in a lucid manner to students and working professionals and over 80 corrosion-failure analysis case studies Correlates Failure Analysis with Corrosion Science Exclusively provides corrosion-related failure analysis case histories in one place in a convenient format One-stop shop for both science and real time occurrence of the phenomenon of corrosion Full coverage of all MOC, Materials of Construction, used for process equipments Simple but Lucid presentation of Failure Analysis procedure



Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering Author Volkan Cicek
ISBN-10 9781118720981
Release 2014-04-03
Pages 288
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Corrosion costs billions of dollars to each and every single economy in the world. Corrosion is a chemical process, and it is crucial to understand the dynamics from a chemical perspective before proceeding with analyses, designs and solutions from an engineering aspect. The opposite is also true in the sense that scientists should take into consideration the contemporary aspects of the issue as it relates to the daily life before proceeding with specifically designed theoretical solutions. Corrosion Engineering is advised to both theoreticians and practitioners of corrosion alike. Corrosion engineering is a joint discipline associated primarily with major engineering sciences such as chemical engineering, civil engineering, petroleum engineering, mechanical engineering, metallurgical engineering, mining engineering among others and major fundamental sciences such as sub-disciplines of physical, inorganic and analytical chemistry as well as physics and biology, such as electrochemistry, surface chemistry, surface physics, solution chemistry, solid state chemistry and solid state physics, microbiology, and others. Corrosion Engineering is a must-have reference book for the engineer in the field that covers the corrosion process with its contemporary aspects with respect to both of its scientific and engineering aspects. It is also a valuable textbook that could be used in an engineering or scientific course on corrosion at the university level.



Applied Metallurgy and Corrosion Control

Applied Metallurgy and Corrosion Control Author Amiya Kumar Lahiri
ISBN-10 9789811046841
Release 2017-09-08
Pages 544
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This book serves as a comprehensive resource on metals and materials selection for the petrochemical industrial sector. The petrochemical industry involves large scale investments, and to maintain profitability the plants are to be operated with minimum downtime and failure of equipment, which can also cause safety hazards. To achieve this objective proper selection of materials, corrosion control, and good engineering practices must be followed in both the design and the operation of plants. Engineers and professional of different disciplines involved in these activities are required to have some basic understanding of metallurgy and corrosion. This book is written with the objective of servings as a one-stop shop for these engineering professionals. The book first covers different metallic materials and their properties, metal forming processes, welding, and corrosion and corrosion control measures. This is followed by considerations in material selection and corrosion control in three major industrial sectors, oil & gas production, oil refinery, and fertilizers. The importance of pressure vessel codes as well as inspection and maintenance repair practices have also been highlighted. The book will be useful for technicians and entry level engineers in these industrial sectors. Additionally, the book may also be used as primary or secondary reading for graduate and professional coursework.



Corrosion inhibitors

Corrosion inhibitors Author V. S. Sastri
ISBN-10 0471976083
Release 1998-06-16
Pages 903
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A book to cover developments in corrosion inhibitors is long overdue. This has been addressed by Dr Sastri in a book which presents fundamental aspects of corrosion inhibition, historical developments and the industrial applications of inhibitors. The book deals with the electrochemical principles and chemical aspects of corrosion inhibition, such as stability of metal complexes, the Hammett equation, hard and soft acid and base principle, quantum chemical aspects and Hansch' s model and also with the various surface analysis techniques, e.g. XPS, Auger, SIMS and Raman spectroscopy, that are used in industry for corrosion inhibition. The applications of corrosion inhibition are wide ranging. Examples given in this book include: oil and gas wells, petrochemical plants, steel reinforced cement, water cooling systems, and many more. The final chapters discuss economic and environmental considerations which are now of prime importance. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, practicing corrosion engineers and students of materials science, engineering and applied chemistry.



Corrosion and Corrosion Control

Corrosion and Corrosion Control Author R. Winston Revie
ISBN-10 0470277254
Release 2008-05-16
Pages 512
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The classic book on corrosion science and engineering—now in a valuable new edition The ability to prevent failures by managing corrosion is one of the main global challengesof the twenty-first century. However, most practicing engineers and technologists have only a basic understanding of how they can actively participate in this urgent economic and environmental issue. Now, students and professionals can turn to this newly revised edition of the trusted Corrosion and Corrosion Control for coverage of the latest developments in the field, including advances in knowledge, new alloys for corrosion control, and industry developments in response to public demand. This Fourth Edition presents an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools and technologies used for managing corrosion, enhancing reliability, and preventing failures. Although the basic organization of the book remains unchanged from the previous edition, this new update includes: An introduction to new topics, including the element of risk management in corrosion engineering and new advanced alloys for controlling corrosion Expanded discussions on electrochemical polarization, predicting corrosion using thermodynamics, steel reinforcements in concrete, and applications of corrosion control technologies in automotive, nuclear, and other industries A stronger emphasis on environmental concerns and regulations in the context of their impact on corrosion engineering A discussion of the challenge of reliability in nuclear reactors; stainless steels; the concept of critical pitting temperature; and information on critical pitting potential (CPP) Complemented with numerous examples to help illustrate important points, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Fourth Edition enables readers to fully understand corrosion and its control and, in turn, help reduce massive economic and environmental loss. It is a must-read for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering and materials science courses, as well as for engineers, technologists, researchers, and other professionals who need information on this timely topic.



Handbook of Corrosion Engineering 2 E

Handbook of Corrosion Engineering 2 E Author Pierre Roberge
ISBN-10 9780071750370
Release 2012-07-10
Pages 1078
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"This comprehensive resource covers all aspects of corrosion damage, including detection, monitoring, prevention, and control." - back cover.



Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines Author Y. Frank Cheng
ISBN-10 9781118537084
Release 2013-02-13
Pages 288
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Explains why pipeline stress corrosion cracking happens and how it can be prevented Pipelines sit at the heart of the global economy. When they are in good working order, they deliver fuel to meet the ever-growing demand for energy around the world. When they fail due to stress corrosion cracking, they can wreak environmental havoc. This book skillfully explains the fundamental science and engineering of pipeline stress corrosion cracking based on the latest research findings and actual case histories. The author explains how and why pipelines fall prey to stress corrosion cracking and then offers tested and proven strategies for preventing, detecting, and monitoring it in order to prevent pipeline failure. Stress Corrosion Cracking of Pipelines begins with a brief introduction and then explores general principals of stress corrosion cracking, including two detailed case studies of pipeline failure. Next, the author covers: Near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines High pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines Stress corrosion cracking of pipelines in acidic soil environments Stress corrosion cracking at pipeline welds Stress corrosion cracking of high-strength pipeline steels The final chapter is dedicated to effective management and mitigation of pipeline stress corrosion cracking. Throughout the book, the author develops a number of theoretical models and concepts based on advanced microscopic electrochemical measurements to help readers better understand the occurrence of stress corrosion cracking. By examining all aspects of pipeline stress corrosion cracking—the causes, mechanisms, and management strategies—this book enables engineers to construct better pipelines and then maintain and monitor them to ensure safe, reliable energy supplies for the world.



Light Metals 2014

Light Metals 2014 Author John Grandfield
ISBN-10 9783319481449
Release 2016-12-23
Pages
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The Light Metals symposia are a key part of the TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition, presenting the most recent developments, discoveries, and practices in primary aluminum science and technology. Publishing the proceedings from these important symposia, the Light Metals volume has become the definitive reference in the field of aluminum production and related light metal technologies. The 2014 collection includes papers from the following symposia: •Alumina and Bauxite •Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications •Aluminum Processing •Aluminum Reduction Technology •Cast Shop for Aluminum Production •Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production •Light-metal Matrix (Nano)-composites



Corrosion and Corrosion Control 4th Ed Revie Uhlig 2008

Corrosion and Corrosion Control  4th Ed  Revie   Uhlig  2008 Author John Wiley & Sons,Inc
ISBN-10
Release 2008-07-08
Pages 513
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PREFACE The three main global challenges for the twenty - fi rst century are energy, water, and air — that is, suffi cient energy to ensure a reasonable standard of living, clean water to drink, and clean air to breathe. The ability to manage corrosion is a central part of using materials effectively and effi ciently to meet these challenges. For example, oil and natural gas are transmitted across continents using high - pressure steel pipelines that must operate for decades without failure, so that neither the groundwater nor the air is unnecessarily polluted. In design, operation, and maintenance of nuclear power plants, management of corrosion is critical. The reliability of materials used in nuclear waste disposal must be suffi cient so that that the safety of future generations is not compromised. Materials reliability is becoming ever more important in our society, particularly in view of the liability issues that develop when reliability is not assured, safety is compromised, and failure occurs. Notwithstanding the many years over which university, college, and continuing education courses in corrosion have been available, high - profi le corrosion failures continue to take place. Although the teaching of corrosion should not be regarded as a dismal failure, it has certainly not been a stellar success providing all engineers and technologists a basic minimum “ literacy level ” in corrosion that would be suffi cient to ensure reliability and prevent failures. Senior management of some organizations has adopted a policy of “ zero failures ” or “ no failures. ” In translating this management policy into reality, so that “ zero ” really does mean “ zero ” and “ no ” means “ no, ” engineers and others manage corrosion using a combination of well - established strategies, innovative approaches, and, when necessary, experimental trials. One objective of preparing the fourth edition of this book is to present to students an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools that are available and the technologies that are used for managing corrosion and preventing failures. A second objective is to engage students, so that they are active participants in understanding corrosion and solving problems, rather than passively observing the smorgasbord of information presented. The main emphasis is on quantitative presentation, explanation, and analysis wherever possible; for example, in this new edition, the galvanic series in seawater is presented with the potential range of each material, rather than only as a qualitative list. Considering the potential ranges that can be involved, the student can see how anodic/cathodic effects can develop, not only when different materials form a couple, but also when materials that are nominally the same are coupled. In this edition, some new numerical problems have been added, and the problems are integrated into the book by presenting them at the ends of the chapters. Since the third edition of this book was published, there have been many advances in corrosion, including advances in knowledge, advances in alloys for application in aggressive environments, and advances of industry in response to public demand. For example, consumer demand for corrosion protection of automobiles has led to a revolution of materials usage in the automotive industry. For this reason, and also because many students have a fascination with cars, numerous examples throughout this book illustrate advances that have been made in corrosion engineering of automobiles. Advances in protecting cars and trucks from corrosion must also be viewed in the context of reducing vehicle weight by using magnesium, aluminum, and other lightweight materials in order to decrease energy usage (increase the miles per gallon, or kilometers per liter, of gasoline) and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Although the basic organization of the book is unchanged from the previous edition, there is in this edition a separate chapter on Pourbaix diagrams, very useful tools that indicate the thermodynamic potential – pH domains of corrosion, passivity, and immunity to corrosion. A consideration of the relevant Pourbaix diagrams can be a useful starting point in many corrosion studies and investigations. As always in corrosion, as well as in this book, there is the dual importance of thermodynamics (In which direction does the reaction go? Chapters 3 and 4 ) and kinetics (How fast does it go? Chapter 5 ). After establishing the essential basics of corrosion in the fi rst fi ve chapters, the next 23 chapters expand upon the fundamentals in specifi c systems and applications and discuss strategies for protection. There are separate chapters on aluminum (Chapter 21 ), magnesium (Chapter 22 ), and titanium (Chapter 25 ) to provide more information on these metals and their alloys than in the previous editions. Throughout this book, environmental concerns and regulations are presented in the context of their impact on corrosion and its control — for example, the EPA Lead and Copper rule enacted in the United States in 1991. The industrial developments in response to the Clean Air Act, enacted in 1970, have reduced air pollution in the United States, with some effect on atmospheric corrosion (Chapter 9 ). To meet the requirements of environmental regulations and reduce the use of organic solvents, compliant coatings have been developed (Chapter 16 ). This is primarily a textbook for students and others who need a basic understanding of corrosion. The book is also a reference and starting point for engineers, researchers, and technologists requiring specifi c information. The book includes discussion of the main materials that are available, including alloys both old and new. For consistency with current practice in metallurgical and engineering literature, alloys are identifi ed with their UNS numbers as well as with their commonly used identifi ers. To answer the question from students about why so many alloys have been developed and are commercially available, the contributions of individual elements to endow alloys with unique properties that are valuable for specifi c applications are discussed. Throughout the book, there are numerous references to further sources of information, including handbooks, other books, reviews, and papers in journals. At the end of each chapter, there is a list of “ General References ” pertinent to that chapter, and most of these were published in 2000 and later. This edition includes introductory discussions of risk (Chapter 1 ), AC impedance measurements (Chapter 5 ), Ellingham diagrams (Chapter 11 ), and, throughout the book, discussions of new alloys that have been developed to meet demands for increasing reliability notwithstanding the increased structural lifetimes that are being required in corrosive environments of ever - increasing severity. Perhaps nowhere are the demands for reliability more challenging than in nuclear reactors, discussed in Chapters 8 and 26 . In the discussion of stainless steels (Chapter 19 ), the concept of critical pitting temperature (CPT) is introduced, as well as the information on critical pitting potential (CPP). The important problem of corrosion of rebar (reinforced steel in concrete) is discussed in Chapter 7 on iron and steel. In addition to new technologies and new materials for managing corrosion, new tools for presenting books have become available; hence, this book is being published as an electronic book, as well as in the traditional print format. An instructor ’ s manual is also being prepared. Experience has been invaluable in using the book in a corrosion course in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Carleton University in Ottawa, which Glenn McRae and I developed along with other members of the Canadian National Capital Section of NACE International. It would be a delight for me to hear from readers of this book, with their suggestions and ideas for future editions. I would like to acknowledge my many friends and colleagues at the CANMET Materials Technology Laboratory, with whom it has been my privilege to work for the past nearly 30 years. I would also like to thank the many organizations and individuals who have granted permission to use copyright material; acknowledgments for specifi c material are provided throughout the book. In addition, I would like to thank Bob Esposito and his staff at John Wiley & Sons, Inc. for their encouragement with this book and also with the Wiley Series in Corrosion. I would like to thank the Uhlig family for their generosity and hospitality during fi ve decades, beginning when I was a student in the M.I.T. Corrosion Laboratory in the 1960s and 1970s. In particular, I would like to acknowledge Mrs. Greta Uhlig, who continues to encourage initiatives in corrosion education in memory of the late Professor Herbert H. Uhlig (1907 – 1993). Lastly, I would like to quote from the Preface of the fi rst edition of this book: If this book stimulates young minds to accept the challenge of continuing corrosion problems, and to help reduce the huge economic losses and dismaying wastage of natural resources caused by metal deterioration, it will have fulfi lled the author ’ s major objective. Indeed, this remains the main objective today. Ottawa, Canada R. W inston R evie September 2007



Cathodic Protection

Cathodic Protection Author Volkan Cicek
ISBN-10 9781118737941
Release 2013-05-29
Pages 360
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A companion to the title Corrosion Chemistry, this volume covers both the theoretical aspects of cathodic protection and the practical applications of the technology, including the most cutting-edge processes and theories. Engineers and scientists across a wide range of disciplines and industries will find this the most up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of cathodic protection available. A superb reference and refresher on the chemistry and uses of the technology for engineers in the field, the book also provides a tremendous introduction to the science for newcomers to the field.