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Microwave Radiation of the Ocean Atmosphere

Microwave Radiation of the Ocean Atmosphere Author Alexander G. Grankov
ISBN-10 9783319216478
Release 2015-12-18
Pages 193
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The book describes different approaches to the analysis of heat and dynamic processes in the ocean-atmospheric interface with satellite passive radiometric observations at microwaves. It examines the feasibility of determining synoptic, seasonal and year-to-year variations of sensible, latent and momentum fluxes to a useful accuracy using the DMSP SSM/I and EOS Aqua AMSR-E data directly from the measured brightness temperatures. An important object in the studies is the North Atlantic with emphasize on the areas with high midlatitude cyclon activity: here the main results have been obtained by combining data from the vessel experiments NEWFOUEX-88, ATLANTEX-90 and the data of microwave radiometers from the DMSP and EOS Aqua satellites. The role of vertical turbulent and horizontal advective heat transfer in forming interrelations between the brightness temperature of the system ocean-atmosphere and surface heat fluxes in the range of synoptic time scales is analyzed. Special sections of the book describe some results of analysis of reaction of the system ocean-atmosphere on passing of the tropical cyclone Katrina (August 2005) in the Florida Strait as well as a behavior of the system in the period of a time preceding to origination the cyclone Humberto (September 2007) in the Mexico Gulf. The long-term goal of this research is the search for effects and regularities, which can explain the reasons for the tropical cyclones appearance. Some characteristics of the tropical cyclones (brightness temperature and heat contrasts, etc.) are compared with those for midlatitude cyclones. At the same time as covering a key topic area with implications for global warming research, this text is also usefull to students who want to gain insight into application of satellite microwave radiometric methods for studying the air-sea interaction. Key themes: microwave radiometry, air-sea interaction, midlatitude and tropical cyclones, atmosphere boundary layer, heat and momentum surface fluxes.



New Ecoinformatics Tools in Environmental Science

New Ecoinformatics Tools in Environmental Science Author Vladimir F. Krapivin
ISBN-10 9783319139784
Release 2015-01-24
Pages 903
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This book provides new insights on the study of global environmental changes using the ecoinformatics tools and the adaptive-evolutionary technology of geoinformation monitoring. The main advantage of this book is that it gathers and presents extensive interdisciplinary expertise in the parameterization of global biogeochemical cycles and other environmental processes in the context of globalization and sustainable development. In this regard, the crucial global problems concerning the dynamics of the nature-society system are considered and the key problems of ensuring the system’s sustainable development are studied. A new approach to the numerical modeling of the nature-society system is proposed and results are provided on modeling the dynamics of the system’s characteristics with regard to scenarios of anthropogenic impacts on biogeochemical cycles, land ecosystems and oceans. The main purpose of this book is to develop a universal guide to information-modeling technologies for assessing the function of environmental subsystems under various climatic and anthropogenic conditions.



Oceanology

Oceanology Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015059058860
Release 2004
Pages
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Oceanology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Oceanology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Oceanology book for free.



Oceanic Abstracts

Oceanic Abstracts Author
ISBN-10 UVA:X006072915
Release 1997-10
Pages
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Oceanic Abstracts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Oceanic Abstracts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Oceanic Abstracts book for free.



Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes

Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015013028652
Release 1987
Pages
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Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Oceanic Abstracts with Indexes book for free.



International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105016617123
Release 1993
Pages
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International Aerospace Abstracts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from International Aerospace Abstracts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full International Aerospace Abstracts book for free.



Marine Research 1973

Marine Research  1973 Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P010878359
Release 1973
Pages 1175
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Marine Research 1973 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Marine Research 1973 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Marine Research 1973 book for free.



Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Author
ISBN-10 UIUC:30112106767152
Release 1992
Pages
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Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book for free.



Atmosphere Ocean Dynamics

Atmosphere   Ocean Dynamics Author Adrian E. Gill
ISBN-10 9781483281582
Release 2016-06-03
Pages 682
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Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics deals with a systematic and unified approach to the dynamics of the ocean and atmosphere. The book reviews the relationship of the ocean-atmosphere and how this system functions. The text explains this system through radiative equilibrium models; the book also considers the greenhouse effect, the effects of convection and of horizontal gradients, and the variability in radiative driving of the earth. Equations in the book show the properties of a material element, mass conservation, the balance of scalar quantity (such as salinity), and the mathematical behavior of the ocean and atmosphere. The book also addresses how the ocean-atmosphere system tends to adjust to equilibrium, both in the absence and presence of driving forces such as gravity. The text also explains the effect of the earth's rotation on the system, as well as the application of forced motions such as that produced by wind or temperature changes. The book explains tropical dynamics and the effects of variation of the Coriolis parameter with latitude. The text will be appreciated by meteorologists, environmentalists, students studying hydrology, and people working in general earth sciences.



The Near Surface Layer of the Ocean

The Near Surface Layer of the Ocean Author Alexander Soloviev
ISBN-10 1402040520
Release 2006-03-13
Pages 574
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Until the 1980s, a tacit agreement among many physical oceanographers was that nothing deserving attention could be found in the upper few meters of the ocean. The lack of adequete knowledge about the near-surface layer of the ocean was mainly due to the fact that the widely used oceanographic instruments (such as bathythermographs, CTDs, current meters, etc.) were practically useless in the upper few meters of the ocean. Interest in the ne- surface layer of the ocean rapidly increased along with the development of remote sensing techniques. The interpretation of ocean surface signals sensed from satellites demanded thorough knowledge of upper ocean processes and their connection to the ocean interior. Despite its accessibility to the investigator, the near-surface layer of the ocean is not a simple subject of experimental study. Random, sometimes huge, vertical motions of the ocean surface due to surface waves are a serious complication for collecting quality data close to the ocean surface. The supposedly minor problem of avoiding disturbances from ships’ wakes has frustrated several generations of oceanographers attempting to take reliable data from the upper few meters of the ocean. Important practical applications nevertheless demanded action, and as a result several pioneering works in the 1970s and 1980s laid the foundation for the new subject of oceanography – the near-surface layer of the ocean.



Air Sea Interaction

Air Sea Interaction Author G. T. Csanady
ISBN-10 0521796806
Release 2001-03-19
Pages 239
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A comprehensive treatment of air-sea interaction for graduate students and researchers in meteorology, oceanography, environmental engineering, first published in 2001.



The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars

The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars Author Robert M. Haberle
ISBN-10 9781108179386
Release 2017-06-29
Pages
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Humanity has long been fascinated by the planet Mars. Was its climate ever conducive to life? What is the atmosphere like today and why did it change so dramatically over time? Eleven spacecraft have successfully flown to Mars since the Viking mission of the 1970s and early 1980s. These orbiters, landers and rovers have generated vast amounts of data that now span a Martian decade (roughly eighteen years). This new volume brings together the many new ideas about the atmosphere and climate system that have emerged, including the complex interplay of the volatile and dust cycles, the atmosphere-surface interactions that connect them over time, and the diversity of the planet's environment and its complex history. Including tutorials and explanations of complicated ideas, students, researchers and non-specialists alike are able to use this resource to gain a thorough and up-to-date understanding of this most Earth-like of planetary neighbours.



Coastal Meteorology

Coastal Meteorology Author Shih-Ang Hsu
ISBN-10 9780080502151
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 260
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Coastal meteorology is an integral part of the total system approach to understanding coastal environments. This book provides information for students who are not necessarily majoring in meteorology or atmospheric sciences but who nonetheless have need of such knowledge. Scientists, engineers, and coastal planners will also find this book a useful resource for familiarizing themselves with meteorological information.



Inverse Problems in Groundwater Modeling

Inverse Problems in Groundwater Modeling Author Ne-Zheng Sun
ISBN-10 9789401719704
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 338
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... A diskette with the updated programme of Appendix C and examples is available through the author at a small fee. email: [email protected] fax: 1--310--825--5435 ... This book systematically discusses basic concepts, theory, solution methods and applications of inverse problems in groundwater modeling. It is the first book devoted to this subject. The inverse problem is defined and solved in both deterministic and statistic frameworks. Various direct and indirect methods are discussed and compared. As a useful tool, the adjoint state method and its applications are given in detail. For a stochastic field, the maximum likelihood estimation and co-kriging techniques are used to estimate unknown parameters. The ill-posed problem of inverse solution is highlighted through the whole book. The importance of data collection strategy is specially emphasized. Besides the classical design criteria, the relationships between decision making, prediction, parameter identification and experimental design are considered from the point of view of extended identifiabilities. The problem of model structure identification is also considered. This book can be used as a textbook for graduate students majoring in hydrogeology or related subjects. It is also a reference book for hydrogeologists, petroleum engineers, environmental engineers, mining engineers and applied mathematicians.



The Arctic Climate System

The Arctic Climate System Author Mark C. Serreze
ISBN-10 9781139952484
Release 2014-07-21
Pages
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This second edition brings this definitive book up to date with the many advances in our understanding of Arctic climate since the first edition was published in 2005. The book has also been extensively reorganized to weave issues of Arctic change throughout the text, rather than confining them to a single chapter. It is the first to provide an integrated assessment of the Arctic climate system, recognizing that a true understanding of how the Arctic functions lies in appreciating the interactions among its various components. The book begins with a historical perspective, followed by discussion of the basic physical and climatic characteristics of the Arctic. Following a review of past climates (paleoclimates), the book closes with an assessment of the Arctic's uncertain future. Though targeted mainly at advanced students and researchers, this book is accessible to anyone with an interest in the Arctic and a basic understanding of climate science.



Earth s Climate

Earth s Climate Author Chunzai Wang
ISBN-10 UOM:39015061867027
Release 2004-01-09
Pages 414
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 147. It is more than 30 years since the publication of Jacob Bjerknes' groundbreaking ideas made clear the importance of ocean-atmosphere interaction in the tropics. It is now more than 20 years since the arrival of a massive El Niño in the fall of 1982 set off a cascade of observational and theoretical studies. During the following decades, the climate research community has made exceptional progress in refining our capacity to observe earth's climate and theorize about it, including new satellite-based and in situ monitoring systems and coupled ocean-atmosphere predictive numerical models. Of equal importance. is the expanding scope ofresearch, which now reaches far beyond the Pacific El Niño and includes climate phenomena in other ocean basins. In order to cover the now global context of ocean-atmosphere interaction we have organized this monograph around five principal themes, each introduced by one or more broad overview papers. Theme I covers interaction and climate variability in the Pacific sector, with extensive discussion of El Niño-Southern Oscillation, and with the possible causes and consequences of variability on both shorter and longer timescales. Theme II is devoted to interaction in the Atlantic sector. This basin exhibits complex behavior, reflecting its geographic location between two major zones of convection as well as neighboring the tropical Pacific. Theme III reviews the recent, exciting progress in our understanding of climate variability in the Indian sector. Theme IV addresses the interaction between the tropics and the extratropics, which are linked through the presence of shallow meridional overturning cells in the ocean. Finally, Theme V discusses overarching issues of cross-basin interaction.



The Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Composition from Space

The Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Composition from Space Author John P. Burrows
ISBN-10 3642147917
Release 2011-01-15
Pages 551
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The impact of anthropogenic activities on our atmospheric environment is of growing public concern and satellite-based techniques now provide an essential component of observational strategies on regional and global scales. The purpose of this book is to summarise the state of the art in the field in general, while describing both key techniques and findings in particular. It opens with an historical perspective of the field together with the basic principles of remote sensing from space. Three chapters follow on the techniques and on the solutions to the problems associated with the various spectral regions in which observations are made. The particular challenges posed by aerosols and clouds are covered in the next two chapters. Of special importance is the accuracy and reliability of remote sensing data and these issues are covered in a chapter on validation. The final section of the book is concerned with the exploitation of data, with chapters on observational aspects, which includes both individual and synergistic studies, and on the comparison of global and regional observations with chemical transport and climate models and the added value that the interaction brings to both. The book concludes with scientific needs and likely future developments in the field, and the necessary actions to be taken if we are to have the global observation system that the Earth needs in its present, deteriorating state. The appendices provide a comprehensive list of satellite instruments, global representations of some ancillary data such as fire counts and light pollution, a list of abbreviations and acronyms, and a set of colourful timelines indicating the satellite coverage of tropospheric composition in the foreseeable future. Altogether, this book will be a timely reference and overview for anyone working at the interface of environmental, atmospheric and space sciences.